Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 06, 2009
Insect gene expression responds to diet
Cabbage looper caterpillars are able to alter the expression of genes associated with metabolism, homeostasis and immunity in response to feeding on plants carrying bacteria.

Story tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory -- May 2009
The SNS has added another instrument to its eventual suite of 25.

International Meeting for Autism Research reports latest on autism causes and treatments
More than 900 research and educational presentations will be made at the 8th Annual International Meeting for Autism Research before 1,500 researchers and attendees in the world's largest gathering devoted to better understanding of autism at the Hilton Chicago Hotel from May 6-9, 2009, including demonstration of 30 latest Innovative Technologies for Autism.

Hebrew University researchers neutralize tumor growth in embryonic stem cell therapy
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have discovered a method to potentially eliminate the tumor-risk factor in utilizing human embryonic stem cells.

Genes found to play a role in breast cancer's spread to the brain
New research led by investigators at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center identifies three genes that specifically mediate the metastasis, or spread, of breast cancer to the brain and illuminates the mechanisms by which this spread occurs.

Why policy changes during Obama presidency will be more significant than during Clinton, Reagan eras
Unlike the post-election disappointment that has followed many election outcomes, the Obama presidency will likely break through a structural bias in American politics favoring the status quo and bring about significant changes in policy.

Teach your children well: Focused, happier kids grow up to be healthier adults, study finds
Children who can stay focused and don't sweat the small stuff have a better shot at good health in adulthood -- and this is especially true for girls, according to a new study.

Children as young as 19 months understand different dialects
The results suggest that phonological constancy (recognizing words in different dialects) is already evident by 19 months of age, but is not yet present at 15 months.

UCLA scientists reveal how deadly pediatric disorder develops in brain
UCLA scientists have discovered how a form of the rare genetic disease Sanfilippo syndrome develops in the young brain, causing severe mental retardation and death as early as age 14.

UCSF study shows attitudes toward tobacco industry linked to smoking behavior
A new study by UCSF researchers concludes that media campaigns that portray the tobacco industry in a negative light and that appeal to young adults may be a powerful intervention to decrease young adult smoking.

Chesley's Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy
Chesley's Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, remains one of the beacons to guide this field, recognized for its uniqueness and utility.

Transatlantic alliance supports breast cancer research
A new transatlantic alliance has formed in the global battle against breast cancer, with the US-based international grass-roots movement Susan G.

Putting 'effect' into comparative-effectiveness research
With the federal government putting $1.1 billion into comparative-effectiveness research, two Baylor College of Medicine researchers advocate investing in finding ways to put that science into practice in doctors' offices and clinics across the nation.

Minority groups pick up worst European eating habits
Immigrant populations in Europe face an increased risk of diet-related diseases as they adjust to a

First 2 ALMA antennas successfully linked
Scientists and engineers working on the world's largest ground-based astronomical project, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, have achieved another milestone -- the successful linking of two ALMA astronomical antennas, synchronized with a precision of one millionth of a millionth of a second -- to observe the planet Mars.

Superior entrepreneurial performance is not driven by technical knowledge
Entrepreneurs in high-technology industries often have significant prior industry experience.

Wind, salt and water are leading indicators of land degradation in Abu Dhabi
The desert lands of Abu Dhabi are subjected to various land degradation stresses, including wind erosion, salinization, waterlogging, landfilling and overgrazing.

Genetically engineered mice don't get obese, but do develop gallstones
Obesity and gallstones often go hand in hand. But not in mice developed at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

NIH multicenter AIDS cohort study commemorates 25 years of discovery
The longest US study of people with HIV/AIDS will be honored at a 25th anniversary commemoration on May 12, 2009, at the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington, D.C.

Treatment for extreme nausea, vomiting during pregnancy
A new medication protocol, introduced by the Universite de Montreal and its affiliated Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center, appears effective in improving symptoms more quickly and provides a safer option than those previously available.

A big lesson from the reef
The lesson from Australia's Great Barrier Reef is that we have to protect its biodiversity -- because biodiversity in turn protects us.

April 2009 Lithosphere media highlights
The second issue of GSA's newest journal, Lithosphere, investigates mantle cooling and craton thickness; hillslope steepness and erosion; the formation of the Ligurian Tethys oceanic basin; heat flow anomalies associated with the Rio Grande rift; seismic data networks in the north-central Apennines; the relationship between the number of faults in Earth's crust and the amount of tectonic stretching; how uplift of the ocean floor may affect sea-level rise; and the behavior of Earth's tectonic plates.

Coral 'can't escape the heat'
The world's corals cannot escape the inevitable impact on them caused by humanity's carbon emissions.

UF biologists join world experts in experiment to explore flu origins
Biologists begin international forum to share developing theories on the influenza outbreak.

UCSF study shows asthma self-management programs improve drug adherence, disease control
Asthma patients who spend as little as 30 minutes with a health-care professional to develop a personalized self-management plan show improved adherence to medications and better disease control, according to a new study by a team of researchers at the University of California, San Francisco.

The rise of oxygen caused Earth's earliest ice age
Earth's earliest ice ages may have been due to the rise of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere, which consumed atmospheric greenhouse gases and chilled the earth.

Chemists honor retired executive Norman Augustine and Reps. Honda, Gingrey
Reps. Mike Honda and Phil Gingrey, along with noted science policy expert Norman R.

Random picks better than complicated process in gene identification
Researchers at Purdue University have found a way to save time, money and a little frustration in searches for specific genes that shed light on the biological processes associated with all forms of life.

The go-to resource for data miners
This comprehensive professional reference book for business analysts, scientists, engineers and researchers brings together in a single resource all the information a beginner will need to rapidly learn how to conduct data mining and the statistical analysis required to interpret data patterns once mined.

AquaRing, semantic web for aquatic sector
AquaRing is the largest European multilingual portal dedicated to the aquatic environment and to its resources.

Iowa State University researcher develops vaccine for H1N1 flu virus in swine
The H1N1 virus has now been found in a Canadian swine herd, and an Iowa State University researcher has developed an H1N1 flu vaccine for pigs.

Tear research focused on contact lens risks, benefit
A new study explores the biological changes in the eye that may occur when wearing contacts.

See the force: Mechanical stress leads to self-sensing in solid polymers
Parachute cords, climbing ropes and smart coatings for bridges that change color when overstressed are several possible uses for force-sensitive polymers being developed by researchers at the University of Illinois.

Ocean carbon: A dent in the iron hypothesis
Oceanographers in the Earth Sciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory analyzed data from deep-diving Carbon Explorer floats that reported continuously for over a year following the SOFeX iron-fertilization experiment in the Southern Ocean.

Sleep apnea may not be closely linked to heart failure severity
Obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea are not markedly decreased in heart failure patients managed with beta-blockers and spironolactone, reports a study in the March issue of Journal of Cardiac Failure.

Study shows benefits of anti-clotting medications reduced by common heartburn drugs
The anti-clotting action of the medication clopidogrel can be compromised by common drugs for the treatment of heartburn and ulcers resulting in a roughly 50 percent increase in the combined risk of hospitalization for heart attack, stroke and other serious cardiovascular illnesses, according to a new study presented today at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions 32nd Annual Scientific Sessions.

MIT-led team IDs gene key to Alzheimer's-like reversal
A team led by researchers at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory has now pinpointed the exact gene responsible for a 2007 breakthrough in which mice with symptoms of Alzheimer's disease regained long-term memories and the ability to learn.

Health-care providers should explain vaccine refusal risks
Physicians and nurses need to explain the risks of vaccine refusal while respectfully listening to parents' concerns, a special article in the May 7 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine urges.

Songs raise awareness about aquatic invasive species
A new initiative at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is using music to raise public awareness about aquatic invasive species in the state.

Entomologists name 'diving beetle' for Comedy Central's Stephen Colbert
Agaporomorphus colberti, a diving beetle from Venezuela, was named by entomologists Quentin Wheeler of Arizona State University and Kelly Miller of the University of New Mexico to honor Stephen Colbert, the satirical host and executive producer of Comedy Central's

Studies may show how to close the gap between women and men who suffer heart attacks
Age, condition and treatment delay are among the reasons women who undergo angioplasty for heart attack often do not fare as well as do men, according to two studies presented today at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions 32nd Annual Scientific Sessions.

Geoscientists meet to discuss cordilleran geology
Geoscientists are gathering for the 105th Annual Meeting of the Cordilleran Section of the Geological Society of America, being held May 7-9, 2009, in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada.

NOAA, USFWS study finds potential disease threats to Washington sea otters
Many of Washington State's sea otters are exposed to the same pathogens responsible for causing disease in marine mammal populations in other parts of the country, according to a study published by researchers from NOAA's Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary, the US Fish and Wildlife Service and their partners.

Camphor-containing products may cause seizures in children
Inappropriate use of camphor-containing products may be a common and under-appreciated cause of seizures in young children, according to a new study by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

Admiral to discuss piracy on high seas at IEEE Homeland Security Conference
The Maersk Alabama incident and the latest threats to shipping on the high seas will be featured during the opening session of the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Technologies for Homeland Security (HST 09) at the Westin Waltham Boston Hotel, May 11-12.

Swine flu genes dissimilar to past pandemics
Some genetic markers of influenza infection severity have been identified from past outbreaks.

News briefs from the May issue of Chest
News briefs from the May issue of Chest highlight how a

IPM reduces cockroaches and allergens in schools
A new study in the May issue of Journal of Medical Entomology shows that using integrated pest management to control cockroaches is more effective at reducing cockroaches and their allergens than conventional methods which do not use IPM.

George M. Whitesides receives inaugural Dreyfus prize in the chemical sciences
The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation announced today that George M.

UW will be prominent in space shuttle mission to service Hubble telescope
Next week's mission will replace the Hubble Space Telescope's existing camera with the Wide Field Camera 3, which UW astronomers helped develop.

Babies brainier than many imagine
A new study from Northwestern University shows what many mothers already know: babies are a lot smarter than others may realize.

Drug-eluting stents prove more effective, equally as safe as bare-metal stents
CRF announced that its landmark study comparing the safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stents and bare-metal stents was published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

SCAAR registry provides reassurance on drug eluting stent safety
A study being published in the New England Journal of Medicine on May 7, 2009, analyzes the outcomes of 47,967 patients entered into the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry between 2003 and 2006.

WARF signs license agreement with Pfizer for human embryonic stem cells
Pfizer Inc., a major biopharmaceutical company, and the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, the private, nonprofit patenting and licensing organization for the University of Wisconsin-Madison, announced May 5 that they have signed a license for human embryonic stem cell patents for the development of new drug therapies.

New evidence ties gene to Alzheimer's
Of dozens of candidates potentially involved in increasing a person's risk for the most common type of Alzheimer's disease that affects more than 5 million Americans over the age of 65, one gene that keeps grabbing Johns Hopkins researchers' attention makes a protein called neuroglobin.

Lactate test made easy
The lactate value indicates levels of fitness. At present, athletes have to visit a doctor to have it measured.

New research study reveals origin of volcano's carbon-based lavas
Researchers analyze gas samples collected from Tasmanian volcano to determine processes at work in Earth's upper mantle.

UCLA physicists create world's smallest incandescent lamp
UCLA physicists have created the world's smallest incandescent lamp using a filament made from a single carbon nanotube only 100 atoms wide.

ALMA telescope passes major milestone with successful antenna link
The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, an immense international telescope project under construction in northern Chile, reached a major milestone on April 30, when two ALMA antennas were linked together as an integrated system to observe an astronomical object for the first time.

Star crust 10 billion times stronger than steel, IU physicist finds
Research by a theoretical physicist at Indiana University shows that the crusts of neutron stars are 10 billion times stronger than steel or any other of the earth's strongest metal alloys.

Study of arsenic in drinking water and cancer risk
A cancer prevention study, funded by the Canadian Cancer Society's new Prevention Initiative, will investigate the risk of bladder and kidney cancer associated with environmental exposure to arsenic in drinking water.

AGU Journal highlights -- May 6, 2009
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

New universal breast cancer marker predicts recurrence and clinical outcome
Reporting online in the American Journal of Pathology, researchers from the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson have implicated the loss of a stromal protein called caveolin-1 as a major new prognostic factor in patients with breast cancer, predicting early disease recurrence, metastasis and breast cancer patient survival.

From cars to cancer: UH professor employs auto industry tools for tumor therapy
An effort is under way at the University of Houston to use technologies with origins in the automobile industry to develop new tools that will help doctors and technicians better plan radiation therapy for patients with head and neck cancer.

New analysis shows 'hobbits' couldn't hustle
Homo floresiensis feet may help settle a hotly debated question among paleontologists: was this population similar to modern humans, or not?

New: Essentials of Stem Cell Biology
Fully revised, this full-color book continues to serve the needs of researchers, grad students and professionals working with stem cells including those working in biology, tissue engineering, genetics, cancer research, virology, immunology and biotechnology -- groups that are eager to find out the latest information from the leaders in the field.

Nurses are assessing mothers with mental health issues despite lack of guidance and formal training
Mental health nurses are being expected to take part in parenting assessments that could result in children being taken away from their mothers, without proper guidance or training.

Mini helicopters as disaster helpers
In the aftermath of an earthquake or chemical incident, every minute counts: the rescue team has to quickly gain an overview.
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