Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 19, 2009
Obstructive sleep apnea, retinopathy linked in diabetes
The eyes may be the window into the soul, but they may also contain important medical information.

Proteomics: Finding the key ingredients of disease
New findings from an international collaboration, involving McGill University, the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Center and the Human Proteome Organization published in Nature Methods show how to improve protein analysis to tease out relevant potential disease-causing molecules.

Better cardiorespiratory fitness related to lower risk of death, cardiovascular disease
Persons with higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness have a lower risk of all-cause death and coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease compared to persons with lower levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, according to an analysis of previous studies appearing in the May 20 issue of JAMA.

Cognitive behavior therapy appears beneficial for long-term treatment of insomnia
For patients with persistent insomnia, a combination of cognitive behavior therapy and the medication zolpidem for 6 weeks was associated with improvement in sleep, although for a longer treatment period CBT alone was more beneficial, according to a study in the May 20 issue of JAMA.

Mine safety system goes global
A real-time risk management system to improve safety and boost productivity in underground mines will be available globally after a Queensland company was awarded a license to commercialize the CSIRO technology.

Of body and mind, and deep meditation
Chinese researchers have unlocked the mechanism of an emerging mind-body technique that produces measurable changes in attention and stress reduction in just five days of practice.

Caltech, UCSF scientists determine how body differentiates between a scorch and a scratch
You can tell without looking whether you've been stuck by a pin or burnt by a match.

High self-reported asthma rates in Chinatown, N.Y.
Research conducted seven years after the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City found that children attending the socioeconomically and ethnically homogeneous elementary school closest to Ground Zero have high rates of self-reported asthma and airway obstruction.

Next generation of health care workers train through medical simulation
Soldiers and pilots use simulation training to learn accuracy, safety and confidence.

NC State and UNC Lineberger collaborate to combat cancer
Researchers from North Carolina State University's College of Veterinary Medicine and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center are combining their expertise to pinpoint the cause of -- and improve treatments for -- non-Hodgkin lymphoma in human and canine patients.

Mutant genes in high-risk childhood leukemias identified
A research team has pinpointed a new class of gene mutations, which identify cases of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia that have a high risk of relapse and death.

World's largest telescope at NJIT's Big Bear captures sun's magnetic field better
NJIT's new 1.6-meter clear aperture solar telescope -- the largest of its kind in the world -- is now operational.

Beetles drive groundbreaking conservation project
They are cursed the world over for contaminating food supplies and are a huge commercial pest, but the humble flour beetle is about to play a significant role in the management of endangered species.

Cocaine: Perceived as a reward by the brain?
The latest article by Dr. Marco Leyton, of the Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University and the McGill University Health Center, which was published in the journal Biological Psychiatry on May 15, 2009, demonstrates a link between cocaine and the reward circuits in the brain and also associates the susceptibility to addiction with these mechanisms.

Exposure to 2 languages carries far-reaching benefits
People who can speak two languages are more adept at learning a new foreign language than their monolingual counterparts, according to Northwestern University researchers.

Aerosolized nanoparticles show promise for delivering antibiotic treatment
Aerosol delivery of antibiotics via nanoparticles may provide a means to improve drug delivery and increase patient compliance, thus reducing the severity of individual illnesses, the spread of epidemics, and possibly even retarding antibiotic resistance.

Dying at home: A trend that could make hospitals more efficient
Hospitals across Canada are seeking ways to free up beds.

International team tracks clues to HIV
Rice University's Andrew Barron and his group, working with labs in Italy, Germany and Greece, have identified specific molecules that could block the means by which the deadly virus spreads by taking away its ability to bind with other proteins.

Breakthrough in radiotherapy promises targeted cancer treatment
A new development in radiotherapy will enable a far more precise and accurate treatment for cancerous tumors by using real-time images to guide the radiation beam.

Field Museum hosts international summit on little-known plant
In late May, Chicago's Field Museum will become the world's liverwort capital as botanists from 13 countries hold an historic meeting to sort out questions concerning a little-known but widespread group of plants that were the first to colonize land in the Earth's formative years.

Gene signature helps predict breast cancer prognosis
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center researchers have uncovered a gene signature that may help predict clinical outcomes in certain types of breast cancer.

Obese moms, asthmatic kids
Babies born to obese mothers may have an increased risk of asthma, according to data from a new study to be presented on May 19 at the 105th International Conference of the American Thoracic Society in San Diego.

MCG researcher among first to receive NIH stimulus funding
A Medical College of Georgia nurse researcher is among the first in the nation to receive National Institutes of Health stimulus funding through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Salmonella's sweet tooth predicts its downfall
For the first time UK scientists have shown what the food poisoning bug Salmonella feeds on to survive as it causes infection: glucose.

LA BioMed vice president named champion of immunization
The California Immunization Coalition recently bestowed the Natalie J. Smith, M.D., M.P.H., Immunization Champion Award upon Steve Baranov, vice president for community health at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed) and executive director of South Los Angeles Health Projects.

Scientists discover area of brain that makes a 'people person'
Cambridge University researchers have discovered that whether someone is a

Drug for urination difficulties linked with complications after cataract surgery
Use of the medication tamsulosin to treat male urination difficulties within two weeks of cataract surgery is associated with an increased risk of serious postoperative ophthalmic adverse events such as retinal detachment or lost lens, according to a study in the May 20 issue of JAMA.

Sick of the same old thing? U of Minnesota researcher finds satiation solution
Have you ever gotten sick of pizza, playing the same computer game, or had a song stuck in your head for so long you never wanted to hear it again?

Promotional tests can discourage some of the best says new research from U of T's Rotman School
Standardized tests are a common choice for organizations looking for an objective way of fairly evaluating who is the best person for the job.

'Singing brains' offers epilepsy and schizophrenia clues
Studying the way a person's brain

New data demonstrate RISPERDAL CONSTA (risperidone) long-acting treatment may improve health outcomes and reduce hospitalizations in patients with schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is one of the most disabling diseases, and frequent relapses and rehospitalization as a result of the disease place enormous burdens on patients, caregivers and society.

HIV's march around Europe mapped
Those traveling abroad should take seriously advice to pack their condoms and keep their needles to themselves.

Bolivian rainforest study suggests feeding behavior in monkeys and humans have ancient, shared roots
Research in the journal Behavioral Ecology shows spider monkeys and humans have similar ways of controlling their protein intake, suggesting that human susceptibility to obesity might have far earlier evolutionary origins than previously thought.

Pandemic passenger screening
Four major US national laboratories have worked together to develop a computer model to help airport authorities screen passengers for pandemic influenza.

Springer archive donated to Central and Regional Library Berlin
As a result of a donation agreement, the historical archive of the scientific publishing house Springer will be kept by Berlin's Central and Regional Library in future.

Fallow deer become hoarse in the hunt for a mate
Fallow deer become hoarse when trying to attract a mate, according to scientists from Queen Mary, University of London.

Acute respiratory disease poses significantly greater risk for black Americans
Black Americans are nearly twice as likely to develop acute lung injury, or ALI, as white Americans, according to researchers at the Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta.

There's a sensor in your pocket
Existing technologies in today's mobile phones and web services enable new approaches to citizen science, giving individuals and communities the power to shape the world around them in new ways.

Leading NGOs call for international action to combat epidemic of noncommunicable diseases
The International Diabetes Federation, International Union Against Cancer and World Heart Federation today issued a joint statement that calls on the international community to address urgently the epidemic of noncommunicable diseases, responsible for 35 million deaths a year.

Plastic that grows on trees, part two
To turn plants into a renewable, nonpolluting replacement for crude oil, scientists have to learn how to convert plant biomass into a building block for plastics and fuels cheaply and efficiently.

Study reveals critical role of evolutionary processes in species coexistence and diversity
A team of researchers, addressing long-standing conflicts in ecology and evolutionary science, has provided key directions for the future of community ecology.

Open-access membership: Reporting tool brings convenience and control
Following the recent rapid growth of institutional Memberships for open access publications, innovative publisher BioMed Central announces the introduction of the

Children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy and early childhood more likely to smoke as adults
Children of mothers who smoked during pregnancy and their early childhood years may be predisposed to take up smoking as teens and young adults, compounding the physical damage they sustained from the smoke exposure.

Electronic monitoring and mapping enables malaria management
A Geographic Information System-driven digital map of past and predicted malaria outbreak hotspots has been used in India as part of a national control program.

Protein identified as critical to insulating the body's wiring could also become treatment target
A new protein identified as critical to insulating the wiring that connects the brain and body could one day be a treatment target for divergent diseases, from rare ones that lower the pain threshold to cancer, Medical College of Georgia researchers say.

Workplace e-mail intervention program helps people sit less and eat better
An e-mail intervention program is an effective way to significantly improve diet and physical activity by helping people move more, sit less, and make healthier food choices, according to a Kaiser Permanente Research study.

Simulating pharmaceutical and personal care product transport
Physically based solute transport simulation models are widely used in environmental risk assessment for pesticides.

Plant Min protein sits tight and rescues E. coli
A protein vital for correct chloroplast division in plants is able to take on a similar role in bacterial cells, according to research published today in the open-access journal BMC Microbiology.

Perforomist Inhalation Solution data to be presented today at American Thoracic Society conference
Data from two presentations highlighting the use of Perforomist (formoterol fumarate) Inhalation Solution in moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were featured today at the International Conference of the American Thoracic Society in San Diego.

Bull's-eye electrode helps interpret thoughts, deliver stimulus to aid paralyzed, epileptic patients
A unique electrode developed for non-invasive use by a URI engineer is showing promising results in helping to interpret brain signals so paralyzed patients may control their environment.

Blood-pressure-lowering drugs should not be limited to people with high blood pressure
Blood-pressure-lowering drugs should be offered to anyone old enough to be at risk of a heart attack or stroke (or who is otherwise known to be at risk), regardless of their blood pressure, according to the largest analysis of blood pressure trials to date, published on today.

Substance abuse factor in higher risk of violent crime by persons with schizophrenia
The increased risk of persons with schizophrenia committing violent crime may be largely mediated by co-existing substance abuse problems, according to a study in the May 20 issue of JAMA.

Genetic factors may predict depression in heart disease patients
There's a greater prevalence of depression among patients with heart disease, although researchers don't know why.

Genetically engineered MSCs kill metastatic lung cancer cells in mice
Researchers in London have demonstrated the ability of adult stem cells from bone marrow (mesenchymal stem cells, or MSCs) to deliver a cancer-killing protein to tumors.

'Super-recognizers,' with extraordinary face recognition ability, never forget a face
Psychologists at Harvard University have discovered that some people have an extraordinary ability to recognize faces, a group that they call

Fire and water reveal new archaeological dating method
Scientists at the University of Manchester have developed a new way of dating archaeological objects -- using fire and water to unlock their

Mayo Clinic researchers find popular television shows inaccurately portray violent crime
Researchers at Mayo Clinic compared two popular television shows,

University of Haifa research team awarded European Union research grant
A research team composed of 14 European groups, headed by Prof.

New gene linked to autism risk, especially in boys
UCLA scientists have discovered a variant of a gene called CACNA1G that may increase a child's risk of developing autism, particularly in boys.

Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation awards $191,000 in grants
The Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation recently awarded 13 grants totaling more than $191,000 to encourage the development of interventional radiology research.

Michigan scientist, ethicist urge scientists to speak out on environmental policy
Should environmental scientists be advocates for environmental policy? To a wildlife ecologist from Michigan Technological University and an environmental ethicist from Michigan State University, the answer is a resounding yes.

New tool helps researchers identify DNA patterns of cancer, genetic disorders
A new tool will help researchers identify the minute changes in DNA patterns that lead to cancer, Huntington's disease and a host of other genetic disorders.

Bone marrow cell therapy may be beneficial for patients with ischemic heart disease
The injection of bone marrow cells into the heart of patients with chronic myocardial ischemia (reduced blood flow to some areas of the heart) was associated with modest improvements in blood flow and function of the left ventricle, according to a study in the May 20 issue of JAMA.

Tying education to future goals may boost grades more than helping with homework
Helping middle school students with their homework may not be the best way to get them on the honor roll.

Study suggests TB screening needs to be targeted for maximum public health benefit
New estimates of the likelihood that a latent case of tuberculosis will become active have resulted in a roughly 50 percent increase over previous estimates of the number of people needed to be screened to prevent an active infection, limiting the cost effectiveness of screening in many Center for Disease Control and Prevention-defined risk groups, according to an analysis conducted by experts in the epidemiology of the disease.

Flu shot not effective in preventing flu-related hospitalizations in asthmatic children
The inactivated flu vaccine does not appear to be effective in preventing influenza-related hospitalizations in children, especially the ones with asthma.

UnMASCing diseases of the brain
This release announces the discovery of a set of brain proteins that underlie some of the most devastating brain diseases including epilepsy, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disease, mental retardation and neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's and Huntington's diseases.

Microscopic manufacturers produce eco-friendly plastics
Last year's energy crisis highlighted an unforeseen by-product of the looming fuel shortages of the 21st century.

TB vaccine gets its groove back
A team of Vanderbilt University Medical Center investigators has cracked one of clinical medicine's enduring mysteries -- what happened to the tuberculosis vaccine.

New infectious diseases -- what's the risk?
With the current outbreak of swine flu, and in the absence of a vaccine or treatment at present, the only way to contain the virus is to get people around the world to take precautionary measures.

MIT: Climate change odds much worse than thought
The most comprehensive modeling yet carried out on the likelihood of how much hotter the Earth's climate will get in this century shows that without rapid and massive action, the problem will be about twice as severe as previously estimated six years ago -- and could be even worse than that.

A new way of treating the flu
Promising new research announced by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute could provide an entirely new tool to combat the flu.

Patients with sleep apnea should avoid driving after poor sleep or consuming alcohol
Patients with undiagnosed or untreated obstructive sleep apnea are especially vulnerable to the effects of sleep deprivation and even legal doses of alcohol when it comes to lowered driving performance and increased risk of vehicular accidents, according to new research to be announced on May 19 at the American Thoracic Society's 105th International Conference in San Diego.

Study calls for 'as soon as possible' treatment standard for heart attack patients
Once in hospital, heart attack patients should be treated without delay to cut their risk of death, ideally within even less than the 90 minutes currently recommended by clinical guidelines, say researchers in a paper published on today.

Anusha Prabhakar wins AIAA-NASA internship
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics is pleased to announce that Anusha Prabhakar, a third year student at California State University, Long Beach, has won the second AIAA-NASA Summer Internship.

Capsules encapsulated
A team led by Frank Caruso at the University of Melbourne has developed a microcontainer that can hold thousands of individual

Clemson energy research gets boost with NSF CAREER Award
Clemson University assistant professor of mechanical engineering Lin Ma has been awarded a National Science Foundation CAREER Award to study the science of turbulent combustion, the mode of combustion in many practical energy-generating devices.

Excessive cola consumption can lead to super-sized muscle problems warn doctors
Doctors have issued a warning about excessive cola consumption after noticing an increase in the number of patients suffering from muscle problems, ranging from mild weakness to profound paralysis.

Stanford scientists find heat-tolerant coral reefs that may resist climate change
Experts say that more than half of the world's coral reefs could disappear in the next 50 years, in large part because of higher ocean temperatures caused by climate change.

Consumers remain upbeat
Despite the global recession and the crisis in the banking sector, consumer confidence in financial services remains intact, according to a report compiled for the Nottingham University Business School.

U of Minnesota researcher develops brain-scanning process that holds promise for epilepsy treatments
University of Minnesota McKnight professor and director of Center for Neuroengineering Bin He has developed a new technique that has led to preliminary successes in noninvasive imaging of seizure foci.

Early exposure to tobacco smoke may lead to early emphysema later
Chronic exposure to tobacco smoke in childhood may contribute to early emphysema later in life, according to new research.

Quality measures improve outcomes more than hospital volume alone
A new study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, and Baystate Medical Center at Tufts University in Massachusetts concludes that patients facing coronary artery bypass surgery should, as a first priority, select a medical facility that has the highest adherence to quality standards.

RISPERDAL CONSTA (risperidone) long-acting treatment delayed the time to relapse in patients with Bipolar I Disorder
New data demonstrate that maintenance therapy with RISPERDAL CONSTA (risperidone) Long-Acting Treatment significantly delayed the time to relapse compared to placebo in patients with Bipolar I Disorder.

HRT-breast cancer risk stays same, regardless of family history
The risk of developing breast cancer due to taking hormone replacement therapy appears to be the same for women with a family history of the disease and without a family history, a University of Rochester Medical Center study concluded.

New contraceptive device is designed to prevent sexual transmission of HIV
Researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College have published results showing that a new contraceptive device may also effectively block the transmission of the HIV virus.

Where do penguins go to dance?
What is it like to sleep in an igloo? And have you ever wondered how ancient ice can be used as a time machine? is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to