Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 22, 2009
The challenges of avian influenza virus: Mechanism, epidemiology and control
The latest special issue of Science in China Series C: Life Sciences focuses on the recent progress in the H5N1-related research field.

UC Riverside chemist recognized for excellence in teaching and research
Yadong Yin, an assistant professor of chemistry at the University of California, Riverside, has been named a Cottrell Scholar -- an honor that carries with it an award of $100,000 to further his research and teaching.

Results of phase I trial of novel herbal therapy for men at high risk of prostate cancer
Results of a phase I clinical trial of a novel herb-based therapeutic called Zyflamend have demonstrated that the therapy is associated with minimal toxicity and no serious adverse events in men at high-risk for developing prostate cancer.

More than 6,500 scientists and doctors will convene at SLEEP 2009 in Seattle this June
Recent studies have linked sleep loss and sleep disorders to health problems such as depression, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and stroke.

Why the thumb of the right hand is on the left hand side
It is the concentration of a few signaling molecules that determines the fate of individual cells during the early development of organisms.

Institute for Aging Research finds modifiable hip fracture complications contribute to mortality
Potentially modifiable post-fracture complications, including pneumonia and pressure ulcers, are associated with an increased risk of death among nursing home residents who have suffered a hip fracture, according to a new study conducted by scientists at the Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife.

Ernst-Ludwig Winnacker awarded the Order of the Rising Sun
Professor Ernst-Ludwig Winnacker, the former president of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, has received the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon in Tokyo, in honor of his many years of service to scientific cooperation between Japan and Germany and to the internationalization of science and research.

Canadian men reluctant to consult mental health services
Between 20 and 70 percent of Canadians affected by mental illness shun medical treatment.

Waxy plant substance key for absorption of water, nutrients
While proving a long-held theory that suberin blocks water and nutrient absorption in plants, a Purdue University scientist learned more about manipulating the substance to better feed plants.

Investigating the development of mechanosensitivity
Researchers of the Max Delbrueck Center Berlin-Buch, Germany, have gained crucial insight into how mechanosensitivity arises.

'Extreme' college drinking and a sensation-seeking disposition lead to injury
Drinking on college campuses in the United States is a pervasive problem, leading to numerous problems.

African-American women with advanced breast cancer often forego vital treatment
A new study finds that nearly one in four African-American women with late stage breast cancer refused chemotherapy and radiation therapy, potentially life saving therapies.

Low levels of vitamin D linked to common vaginal infection in pregnant women
Pregnant women with low levels of vitamin D may be more likely to suffer from bacterial vaginosis -- a common vaginal infection that increases a woman's risk for preterm delivery, according to a University of Pittsburgh study.

A potential drug for liver carcinoma
A research group in China investigated the anti-tumor effects of a chrysin derivative, 5-allyl-7-gen-difluoromethylenechrysin (ADFMChR), on human liver carcinoma HepG2 cell line.

Binge drinking in childhood and adolescence
German adolescents are top at boozing! In the current edition of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, Martin Stolle et al. of the German Center for Addiction Research in Childhood and Adolescence in Hamburg report that the main change has been the increase in the number of intoxicated girls.

Nobel Laureate underscores importance of investment in basic research
Nobel laureate's ground-breaking research in laser cooling and trapping of atoms underscores the success of ONR's Naval S&T Strategy and the vital importance of a long-term approach to developing future S&T based upon solid fundamental research.

Younger men with advanced prostate cancer have shorter survival times
While young men with prostate cancer have a low risk of dying early, those with advanced forms of cancer do not live as long as older men with similar forms of the disease.

Alzheimer's discovery could bring early diagnosis, treatment closer
A discovery made by researchers at McGill University and the affiliated Lady Davis Research Institute for Medical Research at Montreal's Jewish General Hospital offers new hope for the early diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

NTU students crowned L'Oréal Brandstorm National Champions 2009
Three students from the Nanyang Business School at Nanyang Technological University have clinched the title of L'Oréal Brandstorm National Champions 2009.

Breast MRI detects additional 'unsuspected' cancers not seen on mammography or ultrasound
Nearly 20 percent of patients with recently diagnosed breast cancer had additional malignant tumors found only by MRI, according to a study performed at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center.

Democracy spreading in Africa despite challenges, survey finds
More Africans want democracy -- and more think they're getting it, according to an influential survey co-founded by Michigan State University.

TB -- hiding in plain sight
Current research suggests that Mycobacterium tuberculosis can evade the immune response.

An efficient approach to monitor gastrointestinal microflora changes
Pi-deficiency, a clinical syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine, is one of the most common digestive system diseases and generally considered linked to the abnormalities of gastrointestinal microflora.

'Intoxication' may not always be visible
One well-known and often deadly consequence of alcohol intoxication is impaired driving.

Biodiversity beyond the habitat's borders
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis, along with collaborators at three other universities, have discovered that the biodiversity in a patch of habitat can extend outside the borders of a protected area; this effect is magnified when corridors -- skinny strips of land -- connect the habitats.

Multiferroics -- making a switch the electric way
Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated that electric fields can be used as on/off switches in multiferroic materials, a development that holds promise for future magnetic data storage and spintronic devices.

Is there any association between COX2 and colon cancer?
A research group from the United States evaluated the association of variations in the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) and uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1A6 (UGT1A6) genes and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) use with risk of colon cancer.

Astronomers catch a star being revved-up
Researchers have witnessed a star being transformed into an object that spins at almost 600 times a second using telescopes in the USA and the Netherlands, and CSIRO's Parkes telescope in Australia.

A novel marker of colorectal carcinoma
A research group from China determined if TSPAN1 overexpression is associated with clinicopathological and prognostic factors in human colorectal adenocarcinoma.

Scientists announce top 10 new species, issue SOS
The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University announces the top 10 new species described in 2008.

Cole Foundation injects $2.5 million to bolster leukemia research
Canada has received new support to recruit some of its best minds in pediatric leukemia research, thanks to the Cole Foundation.

A first choice of renal function tests in hepatectomy patients
A research group from Japan compared creatinine clearance (Ccr) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in preoperative renal function tests in patients undergoing hepatectomy.

Recovery funds will support evaluation of suicide prevention training
NIMH is using funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to provide grant support for the completion of a project under way to evaluate the effectiveness of a new training program for telephone crisis counselors at suicide hotline centers.

Tips from the American Journal of Pathology
The following highlights summarize research articles that are published in the June 2009 issue of the American Journal of Pathology.

ER physicians don't follow clinical guidelines for diagnosing possible pulmonary emboli
The number of MDCT examinations for suspected pulmonary emboli (PE) is rapidly increasing amongst ER patients, with a decrease in the number of positive studies.

A person's high or low response to alcohol says much about their risk for alcoholism
Someone who has a low level of response (LR) to alcohol, meaning relatively little reaction to alcohol, has a higher risk for developing alcohol-use disorders (AUDs).

Penn Medicine honored for its historic role in the history of microbiology
The University of Pennsylvania was honored by the American Society for Microbiology last Friday with a plaque dedication ceremony celebrating the designation of its third Milestones in Microbiology site.

ESA map reveals European shipping routes like never before
A synoptic view of European shipping routes can be seen for the first time thanks to a new map created using seven years of radar data from ESA's Envisat satellite.

Online educational empowerment
Online learning communities flourish best if individual learners have self-governance.

New 3-D structural model of critical H1N1 protein developed
Singapore scientists report an evolutionary analysis of a critical protein produced by the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus strain in Biology Direct journal's May 20 issue.

New model suggests role of low vitamin D in cancer development
In studying the preventive effects of vitamin D, researchers at the Moores Cancer Center at the University of California, San Diego, have proposed a new model of cancer development that hinges on a loss of cancer cells' ability to stick together.
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