Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 01, 2009
AIAA names top 10 emerging aerospace technologies of 2009
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics has released its first annual list of top emerging aerospace technologies.

Was Britain 'built on the blood of slaves'?
On June , a team of historians from University College London will launch a major investigation into Britain's debt to slavery and create the first 'Encyclopedia of British slave owners'.

Endless original, copyright-free music
A group of researchers from the University of Granada has developed Inmamusys, a software program that can create music in response to emotions that arise in the listener.

LA BioMed researcher receives clinical teaching award
Darryl Y. Sue, M.D., an investigator at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute will receive the Serge & Yvette Dadone Clinical Teaching Award for his

Mosquito evolution spells trouble for Galapagos wildlife
The Galapagos giant tortoise and other iconic wildlife are facing a new threat from disease, as some of the islands' mosquitoes develop a taste for reptile blood.

Back to normal: Surgery improves outcomes for spine patients
People with the spine disease called degenerative spondylolisthesis -- who choose surgical treatment -- experience substantially greater relief from pain over time compared to those who do not have surgery, according to a study published in the June 2009 issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.

Inflammatory bowel disease on the rise in specific populations
Researchers are making great strides in understanding the development and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, a chronic inflammatory condition of the digestive tract that affects more than a half million Americans, according to several studies being presented at Digestive Disease Week 2009.

Squid 'sight': Not just through eyes
It's hard to miss the huge eye of a squid.

Lower levels of key protein influence tumor growth in mice, Stanford study shows
Tumors need a healthy supply of blood to grow and spread.

Nature parks can save species as climate changes
Retaining a network of wildlife conservation areas is vital in helping to save up to 90 percent of bird species in Africa affected by climate change, according to scientists.

Food security and the income gap
The income gap between the

Biomimetic-engineering design can replace spaghetti tangle of nanotubes in novel material
Nanoelectromechanical systems devices have the potential to revolutionize the world of sensors: motion, chemical, etc.

Genes and smoking play role in rheumatoid arthritis
Recent genetic studies have revealed several new sites of genes that are risk factors for developing rheumatoid arthritis.

Carbon monoxide reverses diabetic gastric problem in mice
Mayo Clinic researchers have shown that very low doses of inhaled carbon monoxide in diabetic mice reverses the condition known as gastroparesis or delayed stomach emptying, a common and painful complication for many diabetic patients.

In the turf war against seaweed, coral reefs more resilient than expected
There's little doubt that coral reefs the world over face threats on many fronts: pollution, diseases, destructive fishing practices and warming oceans.

Surgery proves effective in treating pediatric obstructive sleep apnea
Infants and young toddlers with obstructive sleep apnea and sleep disordered breathing experience significant improvement following surgical treatment of the ailment, according to an invited article in the June 2009 issue of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery.

Global Sourcing Council 2009 summit: Global Sourcing After the Meltdown, June 3
The Global Sourcing Council will present the 2009 Annual Summit -- Global Sourcing After The Meltdown: In Search of Sustainability.

Elevated water temperature and acidity boost growth of key sea star species: UBC researchers
New research by UBC zoologists indicates that elevated water temperatures and heightened concentrations of carbon dioxide can dramatically increase the growth rate of a keystone species of sea star.

UT Southwestern president honored for contributions, leadership in gastroenterology
Dr. Daniel K. Podolsky, president of UT Southwestern Medical Center, has received the American Gastroenterological Association's 2009 Julius Friedenwald Medal for Distinguished Service for his lifelong contributions to the field of gastroenterology.

Common autism medication is ineffective for repetitive behaviors, study finds
Citalopram (Celexa), a medication commonly prescribed to children with autism spectrum disorders, was no more effective than a placebo at reducing repetitive behaviors, according to a multisite clinical trial.

Hitting where it hurts: Exploiting cancer cell 'addiction' may lead to new therapies
A new study uncovers a gene expression signature that reliably identifies cancer cells whose survival is dependent on a common signaling pathway, even when the cells contain multiple other genetic abnormalities.

Software engineers honor Nico Habermann with inaugural Influential Educator Award
The late A. Nico Habermann, founding dean of Carnegie Mellon University's School of Computer Science, has been honored by the Association for Computing Machinery's Special Interest Group on Software Engineering with its inaugural Influential Educator Award.

Protein linked to mental retardation controls synapse maturation, plasticity, CSHL team finds
A team of neuroscientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory has demonstrated the mechanism by which a signaling protein found throughout the brain controls the maturation and strength of excitatory synapses, the tiny gaps across which the majority of neurons communicate.

Antidepressant ineffective against autism spectrum disorder children's obsessive behavior
A new multicenter study, conducted at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research in collaboration with five other centers throughout the country, tested the commonly prescribed antidepressant citalopram and found that it was no more effective than placebo in altering obsessive features of the condition -- the spinning, rocking and repetitive behavior.

Scientists use high-energy particles from space to probe thunderstorms
Three scientists, Joseph Dwyer and Hamid Rassoul from Florida Tech and Martin Uman from the University of Florida, recently published a paper in the Journal of Geophysical Research titled,

Online cognitive behavioral therapy is effective in treating chronic insomnia
study in the June 1 issue of the journal Sleep demonstrates that online cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic insomnia significantly improves insomnia severity, daytime fatigue and sleep quality.

Stellar explosion displays massive carbon footprint
While humans are still struggling to get rid of unwanted carbon it appears that the heavens are really rather good at it.

17 million US children live more than an hour away from trauma care
More than 17 million US children live more than an hour away by ground or air transportation from a life-saving pediatric trauma center, according to a new study by researchers at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania.

Henry Ford Hospital study may hold promise for future disease therapies
Linking genetic material microRNAs with cells that regulate the immune system could one day lead to new therapies for treating cancer, infections and autoimmune diseases, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study.

FDA approves labeling change for VYVANSE CII to efficacy at 13 hours postdose in children with ADHD
Shire plc announced the FDA approved a change to the prescribing information for its once-daily Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder treatment VYVANSE (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) CII to include supplemental data that demonstrated significant ADHD symptom control in children aged 6 to 12 years from the first time point measured (1.5 hours) through 13 hours postdose.

Meteorite bombardment may have made Earth more habitable, says study
Large bombardments of meteorites approximately four billion years ago could have helped to make the early Earth and Mars more habitable for life by modifying their atmospheres, suggests the results of a paper published today in the journal Geochimica et Cosmochima Acta.

Hispanic children in US at greater risk for obesity than other ethnic/racial groups
The prevalence of overweight in the US population is among the highest in Mexican-American children and adolescents.

Wet ear wax and unpleasant body odors signal breast cancer risk
If having malodorous armpits (called osmidrosis) and goopy earwax isn't bad enough, a discovery by Japanese scientists may add a more serious problem for women facing these cosmetic calamities.

Olympus broadens portfolio with new biliary metallic stent
Olympus America Inc. today expanded its medical portfolio by introducing the X-Suit NIR, a biliary metallic stent designed with exceptional anatomic conformability and superior radial support.

JCI online early table of contents: June 1, 2009
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, June 1st, 2009, in the JCI, including: The immune response to influenza virus isn't 'all good'; Enhancing the effects of platinum-based anticancer drugs; Chronic prostatitis is an autoimmune condition; New pathway underlying pulmonary hypertension; New function for the peptides ANP and BNP; and Developing insulin-producing cells.

Antidepressant does not stop repetitive behaviors in autistic children
The antidepressant citalopram does not appear to reduce the occurrence of repetitive behaviors in children and teens with autism spectrum disorders, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Pay-for-performance may benefit doctors who care for very sick
Physicians who treat patients with multiple health problems will fare well under pay-for-performance, which bases physician reimbursement on the quality of care provided, said researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and the Michael E.

Overweight male teens with normal blood pressures showing signs of heart damage
Even while their blood pressures are still normal, overweight male teens may have elevated levels of a hormone known to increase pressures as well as early signs of heart damage, researchers say.

REGiMMUNE presents enhanced efficacy data in preclinical transplantation models
REGiMMUNE Corporation today announced that its lead product candidate RGI-2001, in combination with a low-dose of Sirolimus, demonstrated enhanced efficacy in transplantation tolerance induction in models of skin transplantation and acute Graft-versus-Host disease (GvHD).

Researchers identify gene that regulates tumors in neuroblastoma
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have identified a gene that may play a key role in regulating tumor progression in neuroblastoma, a form of cancer usually found in young children.

Is your environment damaging your health? New center aims to find out
The damage that our modern living and working environment could be doing to our health will be investigated by a new £5 million ($8.2 million) MRC-HPA Center for Environment and Health at Imperial College London and King's College London, which launches today.

When lawn mowers attack
Using a lawn mower can be as routine as bike riding or barbecues during spring and summer.

Language use decreases in young children and caregivers when television is on, study finds
In a new study, young children and their adult caregivers uttered fewer vocalizations, used fewer words and engaged in fewer conversations when in the presence of audible television.

Cancer patients want genetic testing to predict metastasis risk
If you had cancer and a genetic test could predict the risk of the tumor spreading aggressively, would you want to know -- even if no treatments existed to help you?

New study finds lowfat chocolate milk is effective post-exercise recovery aid for soccer players
Soccer players and exercise enthusiasts now have another reason to reach for lowfat chocolate milk after a hard workout, suggests a new study from James Madison University presented at the American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting.

Stanford scientists identify molecular powerbrokers involved in cancer's spread
Scientists have known for some time that biological molecules interact with one another in a similarly complex pattern.

Researchers determine predicting factors of positive lung cancer diagnoses in chest radiographs
Dr. Martin Carl Tammemagi and his team of researchers examined the chest radiographs of 12,314 individuals obtained through the National Cancer Institute's Prostate Lung Colorectal Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial.

FDA warnings led to unintended changes in depression diagnosis
Government warnings about suicidality among children taking antidepressants appear to be associated with unintended and persistent changes in the diagnosis and treatment of depression in children and adults, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Stem cell protein offers a new cancer target
A study led by Children's Hospital Boston stem cell researcher George Daley, M.D., Ph.D., shows that a protein that keeps embryonic stem cells in their stem-like state, called LIN28, is also important in cancer.

Hopkins study: When adult patients have anxiety disorder, their children need help too
In what is believed to be the first US study designed to prevent anxiety disorders in the children of anxious parents, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center have found that a family-based program reduced symptoms and the risk of developing an anxiety disorder among these children.

New research identifies more effective tools for detection of colorectal cancer
The latest advances in polyp detection, assessment of colorectal cancer risk, and patient sedation during colonoscopy will be presented today at Digestive Disease Week 2009.

Newly discovered reactions from an old drug may lead to new antibiotics
A mineral found at health food stores could be the key to developing a new line of antibiotics for bacteria that commonly cause diarrhea, tooth decay and, in some severe cases, death.

Intervention reduces delinquent teenage pregancy rates
A program aimed at reducing criminal behavior in juvenile justice teens has yielded a surprising side benefit.

Most common brain cancer may start in neural stem cells
A University of Michigan finding that glioblastoma appears to start with a p53 mutation in neural stem cells in a specific brain niche could lead to more effective treatment and early detection.

Public health campaign associated with major reduction in antibiotic use
A national public health campaign in France was associated with a marked reduction of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions, particularly in children, says new research published in this week's open-access journal PLoS Medicine.

HPV vaccine effective in women aged 24-45 not already infected with human papilloma virus
Women aged 24-45 years not already infected with the human papilloma virus can be protected by the HPV vaccine, concludes an article published online first and in an upcoming edition of the Lancet, written by Dr.

Tai chi improves pain in arthritis sufferers
The results of a new analysis have provided good evidence to suggest that tai chi is beneficial for arthritis.

American Psychological Association 117th Annual Convention in Toronto, Canada, Aug. 6-9, 2009
The American Psychological Association 117th Annual Convention takes place in Toronto, Canada, Aug.

Researchers find breast cancer gene that's blocked by blood pressure drug
Researchers have identified a gene that is overexpressed in up to 20 percent of breast cancers and that could be blocked in the lab by a currently available blood pressure drug, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Mayo Clinic finds new pathology tests double sensitivity to detect bile duct and pancreatic cancers
Pancreatic cancer and bile duct cancer are difficult to diagnose and often fatal because they are discovered in the advanced stages of the disease.

CU-Boulder study shows 53-million-year-old high Arctic mammals wintered in darkness
Ancestors of tapirs and ancient cousins of rhinos living above the Arctic Circle 53 million years ago endured six months of darkness each year in a far milder climate than today that featured lush, swampy forests, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Temporary infidelity may contribute to the stability of ancient relationships
Partner switching between fungus farming ants and their fungal clones during nest establishment may contribute to the stability of this long-term mutualistic relationship.

Australian Journal of Management to be published by SAGE
The Australian School of Business at the University of New South Wales and SAGE have announced that from 2010 the Australian Journal of Management will be published by SAGE.

Citalopram no better than placebo treatment for children with autism spectrum disorders
Citalopram, a medication commonly prescribed to children with autism spectrum disorders, was no more effective than a placebo at reducing repetitive behaviors, according to researchers funded by the National Institute of Mental Health and other NIH institutes.

A break from hormone therapy doesn't improve mammograms
It's the downside of not needing to wear a bra: Having

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009
The American Chemical Society Weekly Press Package with reports from 34 major peer-reviewed journals on chemistry, health, medicine, energy, environment, food, nanotechnology and other hot topics.

Glucose metabolism and recidivism of severe violent crimes in alcohol intoxications
A low glycogen level, which means non-oxidative glucose metabolism, predicts forthcoming violent offending among antisocial violent offender males, suggests a new study from the University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Finland.

Study examines relationship between bone density and erosion in arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis, the most common form of inflammatory arthritis, affects almost 3 percent of people over age 65.

Free music, sampled
A report to be published in the International Journal of Internet Marketing and Advertising reveals that longer, higher quality free music samples engage more listeners and reduce the number of free riders.

Liver disease: Better monitoring, better prognosis
The latest research in liver disease being presented at Digestive Disease Week 2009 has important implications for tracking disease development in patients and for current and future transplant recipients.

Time series identify population responses to climate change
Sophisticated studies that correlate fluctuations in animal populations with climate indices across large areas and over multiple years are revealing rich patterns.

Scientists explain how 'death receptors' designed to kill our cells may make them stronger
In a review article published in the June 2009 print issue of the FASEB Journal, scientists from the Mayo Clinic explain how cell receptors (called

Who will pick up the bill?
Ocean acidification, a direct result of increased CO2 emission, is set to change the Earth's marine ecosystems forever and may have a direct impact on our economy, resulting in substantial revenue declines and job losses.

UCLA cancer researchers first to link intestinal inflammation with systemic chromosome damage
UCLA scientists have linked for the first time intestinal inflammation with systemic chromosome damage in mice, a finding that may lead to the early identification and treatment of human inflammatory disorders, some of which increase risk for several types of cancer.

Findings in epilepsy gene in animals may guide treatment directions for infants
Researchers studying a difficult-to-treat form of childhood epilepsy called infantile spasms have developed a line of mice that experiences seizures with features closely resembling those occurring in human infants.

Closing the gaps in the human genome
Sequence gaps in human chromosome 15 have been closed by the application of 454 technology.

Culture, not biology, underpins math gender gap
For more than a century, the notion that females are innately less capable than males at doing mathematics, especially at the highest levels, has persisted in even the loftiest circles.

Suffer stroke symptoms? Second strokes often follow within hours
About half of all people who have a major stroke following a warning stroke (a transient ischemic attack or mild stroke) have it within 24 hours of the first event, according to research published in the June 2, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Mobile health clinics: Saving lives and money
Every $1 invested in mobile health care for the medically disenfranchised saves $36 in combined emergency department costs avoided and value of life years saved.

Scientists recreate Bach's forgotten horn
Cutting-edge computer modeling software has enabled a long-lost, trumpet-like instrument to be recreated -- allowing a work by Bach to be performed as the composer may have intended for the first time in nearly 300 years.

Group Health awarded $1 million in stimulus funds
The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded Group Health a $1 million stimulus grant to research more effective depression treatment.

ChemGenex's omacetaxine may provide first viable treatment option for highly resistant form of CML
Data from a pivotal study of omacetaxine in CML patients with the T315I drug resistance mutation show omacetaxine to be well tolerated and to produce durable hematological and cytogenic responses in some patients.

Changing residences associated with increased risk of suicidal behavior among children
Danish children who move frequently appear to have an increased risk of attempted or completed suicide between ages 11 and 17, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Australian men risk being lonely and isolated in retirement: Survey
Men are planning for their financial security in retirement but not for their happiness, according to a survey revealing that more women than men plan for their health and leisure interests before they stop working.

Wiping out the world's mass migrations
A new analysis recently published in Endangered Species Research shows that mass migrations of herbivores like pronghorn, zebra, and wildebeest are in a world-wide decline because of human changes to the landscape.

ChIP-Seq, Drosophila targeted mutagenesis featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
Highlights from the June 2009 issue of Cold Spring Harbor Protocols include protocols for ChIP-Seq and Drosophila targeted mutagenesis.

Retained elementary students often do not get special education plan
Many children who are retained in kindergarten, first or third grade for academic reasons do not subsequently receive a document outlining the individualized special education services they should receive, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Longer high-stakes tests may result in a sense of mental fatigue, but not in lower test scores
Spending hours taking a high-pressure aptitude test may make people feel mentally fatigued, but that fatigue doesn't necessarily lead to lower test scores, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Singapore scientists elected into National Academy of Sciences
Renowned Singapore-based cancer geneticists Neal Copeland, Ph.D., and Nancy Jenkins, Ph.D., who are among the top 50 most-cited biomedical scientists in the world today, have been elected into National Academy of Sciences.

Model for new generation of blood vessels challenged
In-growth and new generation of blood vessels, which must take place if a wound is to heal or a tumor is to grow, have been thought to occur through a branching and further growth of a vessel against a chemical gradient of growth factors.

Drug's epilepsy-prevention effect may be widely applicable
A drug with potential to prevent epilepsy caused by a genetic condition may also help prevent more common forms of epilepsy caused by brain injury, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Waist size and body mass index are risk factors for sleep disordered breathing in children
A study in the June 1 issue of the journal Sleep found that waist circumference and body mass index (BMI) are consistent, independent risk factors for all severity levels of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children, suggesting that as with adult SDB, metabolic factors are important risk factors for childhood SDB.

Tulane receives $7.07 million NIH grant to develop hemorrhagic fever virus detection kits
Researchers at Tulane University, in collaboration with Corgenix Medical Corporation, a worldwide developer and marketer of diagnostic test kits, have received a five-year grant of more than $7 million from the National Institutes of Health for continued development of detection kits for Lassa viral hemorrhagic fever, a serious disease spread by contact with infected rodents.

TV noise associated with fewer verbal interactions between infants and parents
For every hour they spend in the presence of an audible television, parents speak fewer words and infants are less likely to make vocalizations in response, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Obesity predicts inadequate bowel prep at colonoscopy
Obesity is an independent predictor of inadequate bowel preparation at colonoscopy, and the presence of additional risk factors further increases the likelihood of a poorly cleansed colon.

Quality and purity of popular stevia sweetener strengthened by new reference standards
As the number of food and beverage products sweetened with stevia-based ingredients continues to grow in the United States and worldwide, the US Pharmacopeial Convention today announces that new reference standards for Rebaudioside A and Stevioside are now available.

The immune response to influenza virus isn't 'all good'
How infection with influenza virus makes an individual sensitive to pneumonia-causing bacterial infections is clinically important but not well understood.

Cost-effective measures could stop child pneumonia deaths
Implementing measures to improve nutrition, indoor air pollution, immunization coverage and the management of pneumonia cases could be cost-effective and significantly reduce child mortality from pneumonia, according to a study led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Faster protein folding achieved through nanosecond pressure jump
A University of Illinois chemist says that prodding proteins to fold by suddenly removing high pressure (a technique also known as

Study shows gay couples want legal rights, regardless of marriage
New research from North Carolina State University shows that gay and lesbian couples are forming long-term, committed relationships, even in the absence of the right to marry.

Commonly used medications may produce cognitive impairment in older adults
Malaz Boustani, M.D., of Indiana University School of Medicine and the Regenstrief Institute, and colleagues conducted a systematic evidence-based analysis of 27 peer reviewed studies of the relationship of anticholinergic effect and brain function as well as investigating anecdotal information.

Targeting breast cancer stem cells in mice
In this week's PLoS Biology, researchers have identified roles for the gene PTEN, well known for its ability to suppress tumor growth, and for several pathways linked to PTEN in the growth of cells that give rise to breast cancer.

U-M researchers link pathway to breast cancer stem cells
A gene well known to stop or suppress cancer plays a role in cancer stem cells, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

I-SPY trial offers key insights into locally advanced breast cancer
Scientists are reporting two findings that could influence the way researchers screen for, treat and assess prognosis for women with locally advanced breast cancer, an aggressive form of the disease.

Religious devotion does not impact abortion decisions of young unwed women
Unwed pregnant teens and 20-somethings who attend or have graduated from private religious schools are more likely to obtain abortions than their peers from public schools, according to sociological research published in the June issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

ENT Society releases novel clinical practice guideline manual
The world's largest ear, nose and throat professional medical association, the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery, today released a manual detailing best practices for the creation of new clinical practice guidelines.

Corneal transplant failure, glaucoma patient compliance, preventing LASIK infections
The June issue of Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, includes new insights on why some corneal transplants fail, why some patients skip their glaucoma medications and why preventing infections after LASIK is a growing concern.

Most common brain cancer may originate in neural stem cells
University of Michigan scientists have found that a deficiency in a key tumor suppressor gene in the brain leads to the most common type of adult brain cancer.

MU public health program increases efforts to combat human trafficking
After drug dealing, trafficking of humans is tied with arms dealing as the second largest criminal industry in the world, and it is the fastest growing, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Don't mistake an athlete for a 'toxic jock'
A rose by any other name is still a rose, but is an athlete by another name ... a jock?

Cost shifting may make arthritis medications too expensive for medicare beneficiaries
Biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) such as adalimumab, etanercept and infliximab are effective at reducing symptoms and slowing progression of rheumatoid arthritis.

Many US children have inadequate access to pediatric trauma care
Approximately 30 percent US children live more than one hour away from a pediatric trauma center by ground or by air transportation, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

MIT: New system monitors fetal heartbeat
Tiny fluctuations in a fetus's heartbeat can indicate distress, but currently there is no way to detect such subtle variations except during labor, when it could be too late to prevent serious or even fatal complications.

African-Americans are more vulnerable to welfare penalties
African-Americans are significantly more likely to be sanctioned by the United States welfare system than whites, according to research published in the June issue of the American Sociological Review, the flagship journal of the American Sociological Association.

New device detects heart disease using less than one drop of blood
Testing people for heart disease might be just a finger prick away thanks to a new credit card-sized device created by a team of researchers from Harvard and Northeastern universities in Boston.

When hosts go extinct, what happens to their parasites?
Hands wring and teeth gnash over the loss of endangered species like the panda or the polar bear.

Enhancing the effects of platinum-based anti-cancer drugs
Researchers have now identified a way to enhance the in vitro anticancer effects of the commonly used platinum-based drug cisplatin and hope that it might be possible to translate these data into the development of a clinical strategy to enhance the anti-cancer effects of platinum-based drugs.
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