Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 09, 2009
Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective treatment for chronic insomnia
A majority of people experiencing chronic insomnia can experience a normalization of sleep parameters through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Antibiotics, antimicrobials and antifungals in waterways
Antibiotics, antimicrobials and antifungals are seeping into the waterways of North America, Europe and East Asia, according to an investigation published in the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Health Perspectives.

USC researchers present new strategies to prevent childhood obesity
Researchers from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California will present new findings and strategies for combating childhood obesity at the 5th Biennial Childhood Obesity Conference being held June 9-12 in Los Angeles.

Alzheimer's disease: Newly found peptide offers hope of early test and better treatment
Researchers in Japan have detected a peptide in cerebrospinal fluid that can show whether a person is developing Alzheimer's disease.

Researchers create freestanding nanoparticle films without fillers
Nanoparticle films are no longer a delicate matter: Vanderbilt physicists have found a way to make them strong enough so they don't disintegrate at the slightest touch.

MIT takes aim at 'phantom' traffic jams
A team of MIT mathematicians has developed a model that describes how and under what conditions

Meditation may be an effective treatment for insomnia
Meditation may be an effective behavioral intervention in the treatment of insomnia, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Gene activity reveals dynamic stroma microenvironment in prostate cancer
As stroma -- the supportive framework of the prostate gland -- react to prostate cancer, changes in the expression of genes occur that induce the formation of new structures such as blood vessels, nerves and parts of nerves, said researchers at Baylor College of Medicine in a report that appears in the current issue of the journal Clinical Cancer Research.

UNC scientists identify growth factor as possible cancer drug target
Scientists at the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center report finding a new angiogenesis protein, SFRP2, found in the blood vessels of numerous tumor sites, including breast prostate, lung, pancreas, ovarian, colon, kidney tumors and angiosarcomas.

Obstructive sleep apnea patients have increased occurrences of parasomnia symptoms
Patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea have an increased prevalence of parasomnia symptoms compared with the prevalence rates of individual parasomnias, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Discovery raises new doubts about dinosaur-bird links
Researchers at Oregon State University have made a fundamental new discovery about how birds breathe and have a lung capacity that allows for flight -- and the finding means it's unlikely that birds descended from any known theropod dinosaurs.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2009
Scientists examining cells to study diseases could have a new tool that advances the field to a level previously imagined; Surgeons treating eye diseases could soon have three microfabricated surgical instruments; An analysis of the field of high-temperature superconductors which tracks global trends and performance in research, shows ORNL's Amit Goyal ranks no.

Physiological response may explain why some severely obese patients overeat
Severely obese adults respond more slowly to repeated food exposure than normal weight individuals.

UC San Diego engineers test world's first composite landing gear braces for Boeing 787
For the first time, UC San Diego engineers have performed tests on landing gear components for the aerospace industry.

New test could help diagnose early dementia
A new cognitive test for detecting Alzheimer's disease is quicker and more accurate than many current tests, and could help diagnose early dementia, concludes a study published on bmj.com today.

Close social ties make baboons better mothers, study finds
Baboons whose mothers have strong relationships with other females are much more likely to survive to adulthood than baboons reared by less social mothers, according to a new UCLA-University of Pennsylvania study.

Techniques appear to lower radiation exposure from cardiac scans without impairing image quality
An intervention that includes techniques to reduce the amount of radiation from cardiac computed tomography angiography (scanning used to diagnose coronary artery disease) was associated with decreasing patient exposure to radiation without significantly changing the quality of the images, according to a study in the June 10 issue of JAMA.

US Navy culture and workplace leads to heavy drinking
The nature of the US Navy workplace leads to higher heavy drinking for sailors than for civilians, according to an article in the May issue of the Journal of Mixed Methods Research published by SAGE.

Animal model for schizophrenia identifies a novel approach for treating cognitive impairments
Researchers have been seeking a safe and effective way to treat cognitive impairments associated with schizophrenia by enhancing N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptors.

JNCI June 9 issue tip sheet
Also in the June 9 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute is a study about autoimmune antibodies and improved outcome in melanoma patients and a study looking at risk assessment for prostate cancer metastasis and mortality.

Biologist discovers pink-winged moth in Chiricahua Mountains
University of Arizona biologist and amateur insect collector Bruce Walsh has published his discovery of a new species of moth.

2 studies find patients have lower health-related quality of life after cancer diagnosis
Cancer patients who are older than 65 years have poorer physical health and, in some cases, mental health when compared with people of the same age group without cancer, according to a study in the June 9 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Cancer found to be a moving target
In an article published in the open-access journal PLoS ONE, Robert A.

NIAID leaders outline research agenda for universal, voluntary HIV testing and treatment
Could a global program of universal, voluntary, annual HIV testing and immediate treatment for those who test positive effectively extinguish the HIV pandemic?

Evening chronotype in high school students is linked with lower college GPA
According to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, students who consider themselves to be evening types (that is someone who feels more alert and does their best work later in the day) have poorer sleep hygiene scores than morning and intermediate types.

Sleep apnea linked to sleepwalking, hallucinations and other 'parasomnias'
Nearly one in 10 patients with obstructive sleep apnea also experience

Colon cancer screening technique shows continued promise in new study
Recent clinical trials show that a new colon cancer screening technique created by Northwestern University researchers has a high enough sensitivity that it could potentially be as or more successful than a colonoscopy in screening for colon cancer.

New study indicates radiologists need standards to ensure optimal visual accuracy
Radiologists, like professional pilots for example, depend on good vision as part of their occupation.

NIH Autism Center of Excellence network studies earliest possible causes of autism
Leading autism researchers across the country launch one of the largest research studies to investigate early risk factors for autism spectrum disorders.

'Weedy' bird species may win as temperatures rise
Climate change is altering North American winter bird communities in ways that models currently favored by ecologists fail to predict.

Contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune -- Report release June 13
A new report from the National Research Council,

Mars mission could ease Earth's energy supply crisis
Techniques and instrumentation initially developed for ExoMars -- Europe's next robotic mission to Mars in 2016 -- but now due to fly on a NASA mission in 2018, could also provide the answers to the globally pressing issue of energy supply.

Advance in bowel cancer test research
Australian researchers have developed gene expression biomarkers which can accurately discriminate pre-cancerous and cancerous colorectal growths from noncancerous controls.

Botox injections can significantly improve quality of life for people with overactive bladders
Botox is well known for its cosmetic uses, but it can also significantly improve people's quality of life if they suffer from another problem that increases with age, an overactive bladder.

Moms, have you done drugs? Tell your kids
Moms who have used drugs may be doing their teens a favor by admitting to it, University of Alberta research shows.

Alcohol advertising self-regulation not working, as ads target younger drinkers
Addiction scientists are calling for tighter regulation of alcohol advertising, as new research shows that self-regulation by the alcohol industry does not protect impressionable children and youth from exposure.

Harvard biologist Jonathan Losos to receive 2009 E. O. Wilson Naturalist Award
The American Society of Naturalists is pleased to announce that Dr.

A real-time diagnosis for a treatable cancer
Tel Aviv University advances colorectal cancer screening with

Health-care issues lead latest Arizona State University-Southwest Poll
A majority of Southwesterners -- 86 percent -- think the US health care system is in need of some reform, and more than half -- 53 percent -- indicate

Study IDs benefit of donor SCT for adults with acute myeloid leukemia
A stem cell transplant from a compatible donor early in the course of disease is the best approach for the majority of young and middle-aged adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia, according to a Dana-Farber Cancer Institute study.

European top universities join forces in energy research
The Technical University of Denmark, the Technische Universitat Munchen and Eindhoven University of Technology are starting a graduate school in Sustainable Energy Technologies.

Red giant star Betelgeuse is mysteriously shrinking
The red supergiant star Betelgeuse, which is so large it would extend to Jupiter's orbit in our solar system, has steadily shrunk over the past 15 years, according to UC Berkeley physicists.

Later parental-mandated bedtimes for teens linked to depression and suicidal thoughts
Earlier parental-mandated bedtimes could help protect teens from depression and suicidal thoughts by lengthening sleep duration, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Study links primary insomnia to a neurochemical abnormality
A research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, is the first demonstration of a specific neurochemical abnormality in adults with primary insomnia, providing greater insight to the limited understanding of the condition's pathology.

The secret of a snake's slither
Snake locomotion may seem simple compared to walking or galloping.

Label for first homoeopathic product may be illegal, warns senior scientist
The labeling for the first homoeopathic product to get a license from the UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency should be illegal, because they breach Unfair Trading regulations, argues a senior scientist today.

Nightmares predict elevated suicidal symptoms
Self-reported nightmares among patients seeking emergency psychiatric evaluation uniquely predicted elevated suicidal symptoms, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Genetically elevated levels of lipoprotein associated with increased risk of heart attack
A genetic analysis of data from three studies suggests that genetically elevated levels of lipoprotein(a) are associated with an increased risk of heart attack, according to a study in the June 10 issue of JAMA.

Donor stem cell transplantation associated with survival benefit for patients with leukemia
An analysis of previous studies indicates that allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT -- stem cells from a compatible donor) is associated with significant overall and relapse-free survival benefit among adult patients with intermediate- and poor-risk but not good-risk acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission, compared with nonallogeneic SCT therapies, according to an article in the June 10 issue of JAMA.

Sight for sore eyes
In a world-first breakthrough, University of New South Wales medical researchers have used stem cells cultured on a simple contact lens to restore sight to sufferers of blinding corneal disease.

Ultracool stars take 'wild rides' around, outside the Milky Way
MIT astronomers and colleagues have found that stars of a recently discovered type, dubbed ultracool subdwarfs, take some pretty wild rides as they orbit around the Milky Way, following paths that are very different from those of typical stars.

Variability in pancreatic cancer care found with newly developed quality indicators
A set of expert consensus-based, quality-of-care indicators identified considerable variability in the quality of pancreatic cancer care among hospitals, and may be used to evaluate and identify areas for improvement, according to a new study in the June 9 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Math theories may hold clues to origin, future of life in universe, K-State professor says
Louis Crane, K-State professor of mathematics, is studying new theories about why the universe is the way it is.

Moving away lowers re-incarceration risk for parolees
Relocation substantially lowers the likelihood of re-incarceration for parolees, according to new research at the University of Texas at Austin.

VBI researchers develop new method for breast cancer biomarker discovery
Three researchers from the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech have developed and evaluated a new one-step bioanalytical approach that allows them to profile in detail complex cellular extracts of proteins.

Log on to beat the Black Dog
In a discovery that could lead to new treatment approaches for depression, researchers from the University of New South Wales have shown that internet-based therapy programs are as effective as face-to-face therapies in combating the illness.

Research puts police gun detectors a step closer
Scientists have developed a prototype scanner designed to help police identify criminals carrying guns and knives without putting themselves in the line of attack.

Individuals with family history of genetic disease at risk of discrimination
People with a family history of genetic disease are often discriminated against by insurance companies and their relatives and friends, according to research published on bmj.com today.

Insomnia suffers need increased brain activation to maintain normal daily function
According to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, patients suffering from chronic primary insomnia have higher levels of brain activation compared to normal sleepers during a working memory test.

Queen's astronomers propose new supernova interpretation
In a controversial new paper in the journal Nature, astronomers from Queen's University Belfast have proposed a new physical interpretation of a supernova discovered on November 7, 2008.

New accurate diagnostic test for swine H1N1 influenza using RT-PCR technology
A new, easy-to-perform method for detecting seasonal influenza A virus and the emerging H1N1 swine-derived influenza A virus in human clinical samples offers a fast, sensitive, and cost-effective diagnostic test that runs on standard laboratory equipment.

Immune cells ameliorate hypertension-induced cardiac damage in mice
Researchers in Berlin, Germany, have found that a specific type of immune cell, the regulatory T lymphocyte plays an important role in hypertension-induced cardiac damage.

New antibiotics could come from a DNA binding compound that kills bacteria in 2 minutes
A synthetic DNA binding compound has proved surprisingly effective at binding to the DNA of bacteria and killing all the bacteria it touched within two minutes.

Pregnancy and the flu: A link to schizophrenia
When mothers become infected with influenza during their pregnancy, it may increase the risk for schizophrenia in their offspring.

Supernova remnant is an unusual suspect
A new image from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory shows a supernova remnant with a different look.

Work of Field Museum scientist addresses question of chance in evolution
If the broad evolutionary diversification of a group of organisms were repeated by a few species in a single genus tens of millions of years after the group's initial diversification, what would that say about the roles of contingency, constraint and adaptation?

Fast pandemic detection tool ready to fight flu
In a joint effort by national laboratory-, university- and private-sector institutions, researchers are developing new tools for rapidly characterizing biological pathogens that could give rise to potentially deadly pandemics such as influenza A.

Caribbean coral reefs flattened
Coral reefs throughout the Caribbean have been comprehensively

Adolescent obesity linked to reduced sleep caused by technology use and caffeine
According to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, adolescent obesity is associated with having less sleep.

Genetic link found between stress-induced sleep loss and intrusive thinking
The genetic factors that cause increased sleep problems during times of stress seem to be the same as those that make people with intrusive and ruminative thoughts have a higher prevalence of insomnia, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Researchers estimate risk of transmission of Huntington's disease to offspring among male carriers
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have quantified the probability of a male who carries a

Hypertension among lower-status employees lingers well into retirement
Retirement from some occupations may not provide relief from the potentially devastating health effects of work-related hypertension, according to a new study from UC Davis.

Computer-related injuries on the rise
While back pain, blurred vision and mouse-related injuries are now well-documented hazards of long-term computer use, the number of acute injuries connected to computers is rising rapidly.

Are socialists happier than capitalists?
Do economic concerns outweigh political reforms in their impact on subjective well-being?

Catalan rivers suffer from sediment accumulation
Catalan researchers have analyzed the nine river basins in Catalonia that flow out into the Mediterranean, studying their various features in terms of geomorphology, climate, hydrology, soil use and sediments.

Researchers identify new risk factor gene for rheumatoid arthritis
Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and a team of collaborators from across the country have identified a new risk factor gene for rheumatoid arthritis.

Obstructive sleep apnea prevalent in nonobese patients
There is a high probability of obstructive sleep apnea in nonobese, middle-aged patients, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Dioxins in food chain linked to breastfeeding ills
Exposure to dioxins during pregnancy harms the cells in rapidly changing breast tissue, which may explain why some women have trouble breastfeeding or don't produce enough milk, according to a University of Rochester Medical Center study.

Writing in air not pie in the sky
Engineering students at Duke University have taken advantage of the accelerometers in emerging cell phones to create an application that permits users to write short notes in the air with their phone, and have that message automatically sent to an e-mail address.

Insomnia with short sleep duration is a risk factor for diabetes
Individuals with insomnia and objective short sleep duration are at increased risk for developing diabetes, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

UCLA study details quality of life for prostate cancer patients 4 years out from treatment
A long-term study by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center found that the three most common treatments for localized prostate cancer had significant impacts on patients' quality of life, a finding that could help guide doctors and patients in making treatment decisions.

Early stimulus funding supports research in adolescent addiction
Robert Miranda Jr., assistant professor (research) with the Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, will examine whether the drug topiramate can help reduce marijuana addiction among teens.

'If you can't stand the heat' -- how climate change could leave some species stuck in the kitchen
African bird species could struggle to relocate to survive global warming because natural features of the landscape will limit where they can move to, according to new research published today, June 10, in Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Researchers find how a common genetic mutation makes cancer radiation resistant
Many cancerous tumors possess a genetic mutation that disables a tumor suppressor called PTEN.

'Jellyfish joyride' a threat to the oceans
New research led by CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship and University of Queensland scientist, Dr Anthony Richardson, presents convincing evidence that this

When young men are scarce, they're more likely to play the field than to propose
In places where young women outnumber young men, research shows the hemlines rise but the marriage rates don't because the young men feel less pressure to settle down as more women compete for their affections.

Carnegie Mellon engineers unveil lighting solutions
A study by Carnegie Mellon University researchers argues that new lighting technologies can be a key player in the portfolio of strategies needed to promote energy efficiency and to help reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.

LA BioMed researcher honored for excellence in education
Carl D. Stevens, M.D., M.P.H., a researcher at Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed), recently received the Award for Excellence in Education from UCLA.

Embryology study offers clues to birth defects
Gregg Duester, Ph.D., professor of developmental biology at Burnham Institute for Medical Research, along with Xianling Zhao, Ph.D., and colleagues, have clarified the role that retinoic acid plays in limb development.

Wildlife Conservation Society supports world's first study of egg-laying mammal
A Wildlife Conservation Society research intern working in the wilds of Papua New Guinea has successfully completed what many other field biologists considered

Birth of a star predicted
A study carried out by two astronomers from the Calar Alto Observatory, in Almeria, and the observatory at the University of Munich, in Germany, has predicted that the dark nebula Barnard 68 will become a shining star in 200,000 years' time.

Study finds colorectal cancer rates increasing worldwide
A new study finds colorectal cancer incidence rates for both males and females increased in 27 of 51 countries worldwide between 1983 and 2002, and points to increasing Westernization as being a likely culprit.

CSIRO deal to commercialize 'artificial gut'
CSIRO Food Futures National Research Flagship and Australian company Stadvis Pty Ltd. have signed a worldwide license agreement to commercialize an automated instrument that accurately predicts glycemic index and resistant starch in food products.

Protein linked to Alzheimer's disease doesn't act alone
A team of US investigators led by neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center are steadily uncovering the role that amyloid precursor protein (APP) -- the protein implicated in development of Alzheimer's disease -- plays in normal brain function.

University of Texas 'Picosatellite' to be launched from space shuttle to begin milestone mission
In an initial step toward the first successful rendezvous and docking of very small satellites without human control, a pair of miniature

Playing a high resistance wind instrument may reduce risk for sleep apnea in musicians
The naturalistic respiratory muscle training with high resistance wind instruments may potentially reduce musicians' risk for obstructive sleep apnea, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday, June 9, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.
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