Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 17, 2009
Springer to publish Journal of High Energy Physics
Beginning on Jan. 1, 2010, Springer will publish the Journal of High Energy Physics, a leading international, peer-reviewed, online-only, scientific journal owned by the International School for Advanced Studies.

NIST discovers how strain at grain boundaries suppresses high-temperature superconductivity
NIST researchers have discovered that a reduction in mechanical strain at the boundaries of crystal grains can significantly improve the performance of high-temperature superconductors.

Return to the moon
For nearly two years, Arizona State University Professor Mark Robinson and his team have been preparing for the launch of the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter; Robinson is principal investigator of an imaging system on board that will capture the moon's surface.

Study supports validity of test that indicates widespread unconscious bias
A new study validates the controversial finding that the Implicit Association Test indicated that about 70 percent of those people who took a version of the test that measures racial attitudes have unconscious preference for white people compared to blacks.

Free textbooks
The trend toward open-source textbooks raises thorny questions, including how authors will be compensated for their time and how open-source publications will be regarded in the academic tenure process.

Researchers make progress toward early identification of muscular dystrophy
New muscular dystrophy (MD) research is moving doctors and scientists closer to disease diagnosis in advance of patient symptoms.

The power of prayer?
Health and religion have always been intertwined, most obviously through prayer on behalf of the sick.

UC Davis researchers visualize formation of a new synapse
A protein called neuroligin that is implicated in some forms of autism is critical to the construction of a working synapse, locking neurons together like

Research uncovers clues to virus-cancer link
In a series of recently published articles, a research team from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center has uncovered clues to the development of cancers in AIDS patients.

Help for climate-stressed corals
Banning or restricting the use of certain types of fishing gear could help the world's coral reefs and their fish populations survive the onslaughts of climate change according to a study by the ARC Center of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University, the Wildlife Conservation Society, and other groups.

American Journal of Botany named a top 10 most influential journal of the century
We are pleased to announce the Special Libraries Association has selected the American Journal of Botany as one of the 10 most influential journals of the past 100 years in the field of biology and medicine.

Media invitation for the 27th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union
The International Year of Astronomy coincides with the 27th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union in 2009.

World Day to Combat Desertification focuses on human security
Human security is under threat from desertification, land degradation and drought.

Playing video games for better, not worse
Some video games can make children kinder and more likely to help -- not hurt -- other people.

Fallopian tubes offer new stem cell source
Human tissues normally discarded after surgical procedures could be a rich additional source of stem cells for regenerative medicine.

Local food environments can lead to obesity
Living in an area with more fast food outlets and convenience stores than supermarkets and grocers has been associated with obesity in a Canadian study.

Breaking medical and scientific news in angioplasty to be presented in San Francisco at TCT 2009
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics is the annual Scientific Symposium of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

Computer scientists develop model for studying arrangements of tissue networks by cell division
Computer scientists at Harvard have developed a framework for studying the arrangement of tissue networks created by cell division across a diverse set of organisms, including fruit flies, tadpoles and plants.

Beaked, bird-like dinosaur tells story of finger evolution
Scientists have discovered a unique beaked, plant-eating dinosaur in China.

Researchers putting a freeze on oscillator vibrations
University of Oregon physicists have successfully landed a one-two punch on a tiny glass sphere, refrigerating it in liquid helium and then dosing its perimeter with a laser beam, to bring its naturally occurring mechanical vibrations to a near standstill.

When palm trees gave way to spruce trees
One long-standing climate puzzle relates to the Late Eocene and Early Oligocene.

Telemedicine expands reach of care for Parkinson's patients
A unique and innovative telemedicine project is providing distant nursing home patients with Parkinson's disease access to neurologists at the University of Rochester Medical Center.

The bitter side of sweeteners
Sewage treatment plants fail to remove artificial sweeteners completely from waste water.

Rising acidity levels could trigger shellfish revenue declines, job losses
Changes in ocean chemistry -- a consequence of increased carbon dioxide emissions from human industrial activity -- could cause US shellfish revenues to drop significantly in the next 50 years, according to a new study by researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Israeli scientists show bacteria can plan ahead
Israeli scientists have shown that microorganisms can

Vaccinating children may be effective at helping control spread of influenza, experts say
Targeting children may be an effective use of limited supplies of flu vaccine, according to research funded by the Wellcome Trust and the EU.

NICE approves use of lenalidomide in patients with multiple myeloma who have received 2 or more previous therapies
Around 2,000 multiple myeloma sufferers in the UK could have their lives extended by around three months after a decision by the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence to approve lenalidomide in those patients who have received two or more previous therapies -- provided that the cost of cycles beyond the 26th cycle of treatment are met by the drug manufacturer.

SAGE to publish Index on Censorship commencing 2010
SAGE and the Index on Censorship, Britain's leading organization promoting freedom of expression, are delighted to announce that SAGE will publish the award-winning Magazine Index on Censorship from January 2010.

New Cortex study uncovers how we recognize what is true and what is false
A recent neuroimaging study reveals that the ability to distinguish true from false in our daily lives involves two distinct processes.

Targeting children effective use of limited supplies of flu vaccine and could help control flu spread
Targeting children may be an effective use of limited supplies of flu vaccine, according to research at the University of Warwick funded by the Wellcome Trust and the EU.

New discovery suggests mammoths survived in Britain until 14,000 years ago
Research which finally proves that bones found in Shropshire, England, provide the most geologically recent evidence of woolly mammoths in northwestern Europe publishes today in the Geological Journal.

Study finds reproductive health effects from low doses of bisphenol-A
New research from North Carolina State University and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences shows significant reproductive health effects in rats that have been exposed to bisphenol-A at levels equivalent to or below the dose that has been thought not to produce any adverse effects.

NIST finds 'a touch of glass' in metal, settles century-old question
Scientists at NIST have found evidence of an important similarity between the behavior of polycrystalline materials -- like metals and ceramics -- and glasses, research that could lead to better predictions of how many valuable materials behave under stress.

New study finds that sharing genetic resources key to adaptation to climate change in Africa
As rapidly rising temperatures in Africa threaten to scorch local varieties of maize and other food staples, the food security of many Africans will depend on farmers in one country gaining access to climatically suitable varieties now being cultivated in other African nations, and beyond, according to a peer-reviewed study published in Global Environmental Change.

NIST, DOD, intelligence agencies join forces to secure US cyber infrastructure
NIST, DOD, the intelligence community and the Committee on National Security Systems has released the first installment of a three-year effort to build a unified information security framework for the entire federal government.

NIST study offers first detailed look at the progress of a wildland-urban fire
To better understand increasingly prevelant Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) fires -- and how best to prevent or fight them -- NIST researchers have issued an in-depth case study on fire behavior and defensive actions taken in a community during a major WUI fire in California.

ORNL finding could help electronics industry enter new phase
Electronic devices of the future could be smaller, faster, more powerful and consume less energy because of a discovery by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Wrong type of help from parents could worsen child's OCD
Soothing anxiety and helping with behaviors linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder could lead to more severe symptoms in children.

Key found to how tumor cells invade the brain in childhood cancer
Despite great strides in treating childhood leukemia, a form of the disease called T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) poses special challenges because of the high risk of leukemic cells invading the brain and spinal cord of children who relapse.

Researchers compare different systems of measuring treatment intensity in hypertension care
It is known that more intensive management of hypertension can improve blood pressure control and thus improve cardiovascular outcomes.

New findings encourage more vigilant monitoring of seizure activity among intensive care patients
Two new studies published by neurologists at Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital demonstrate a need for more vigilant monitoring for seizure activity among intensive care patients who may be experiencing subtle seizures that are typically unrecognized.

Texting in class
Texting in class usually gets kids in trouble. But some writing instructors, intrigued by the popularity of cell-phone novels in Japan, are considering phone composition as a way to get students interested in literature.

UBC researchers develop new method to study gambling addictions
UBC researchers have created the world's first animal laboratory experiment to successfully model human gambling.

A sonic boom in the world of lasers
It was an idea born out of curiosity in the physics lab, but now a new type of

St. Gallen consensus 2009: A radically different approach to treating early breast cancer
A radically different approach to choosing the best treatment options for early breast cancer has been proposed by an international panel of experts in a report from the 11th St.

University of Colorado team finds definitive evidence for ancient lake on Mars
A University of Colorado at Boulder research team has discovered the first definitive evidence of shorelines on Mars, an indication of a deep, ancient lake there and a finding with implications for the discovery of past life on the Red Planet.

JNCI tip sheet -- June 17
The June 17 online issue of the JNCI also features a study on the subsequent medical risks associated with survivors of childhood central nervous system cancer; a study that added seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms to the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool to improve its accuracy; a study looking at the risk of liver cancer for women with the hepatitis B virus infection; and finally, a study that looked at a polyomavirus's association with Merkel cell carcinoma.

Jean Tirole wins BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Economics
Jean Tirole wins the first edition of the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards in the Economics, Finance and Management category.

Rosenstiel students come out on top
Four University of Miami Marine Biology and Fisheries students have received recognition from the National Science Foundation.

SSPEED Center wins $1.25M for Ike study
Armed with a new $1.25 million two-year grant from Houston Endowment, researchers at the Rice University-based center for Severe Storm Prediction, Education and Evacuation from Disasters are tackling a big question posed by 2008's Hurricane Ike: What would have happened had the storm not weakened and turned its full fury away from Houston and toward the less populated side of Galveston Bay?

Brain detects happiness more quickly than sadness
People make value judgments about others based on their facial expressions.

Anime's fan girls
Girls are gathering online to remake male-oriented Japanese animation videos into romances -- and in the process are picking up skills in film editing, storytelling and feminist literary criticism.

Computers can boost literacy
Computers do not spell the demise of literacy -- in fact, they may help to create one of the most literate and engaged generations the world has seen.

UGR Hill house first research laboratory to study risk conducts when driving motorcycles
The Faculty of Psychology will house several state-of-the-art simulators that will permit to analyze teenagers' mental mechanisms when carrying out driving risk practices.

University of Houston diesel testing center teams with state transportation agency to cut emissions
The Texas Diesel Testing and Research Center at the University of Houston, in partnership with the Texas Department of Transportation, has been awarded a $500,000 grant from the Environmental Protection Agency to test a system designed to reduce emissions produced by construction vehicles.

'Life force' linked to body's ability to withstand stress
Our ability to withstand stress-related, inflammatory diseases may be associated, not just with our race and sex, but with our personality as well, according to a study published in the July issue of the journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity.

Scientists sequence genome of the N2-fixing, soil-living bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii
Researchers have completed the genome sequence of Azotobacter vinelandii, uncovering important genetic information that will contribute to a more complete understanding of the biology of this versatile, soil-living bacterium and pave the way for new applications, including the possible use of A. vinelandii for the production of other proteins.

IEEE-USA Engineering Mass Media Fellows begin interships reporting on sci-tech
Two IEEE-USA Engineering Mass Media Fellows have begun their 10-week media internships preparing news stories on science, engineering and technology.

Discovery of the cell's water gate may lead to new cancer drugs
The flow of water into and out from the cell may play a crucial role in several types of cancer.

Nottingham Primary Care Division a UK leading center
The University of Nottingham's Division of Primary Care has been invited to join a national partnership in recognition of its excellent research.

Promising biomarker and candidate tumor suppressor gene identified for colorectal cancer
Researchers have identified a new candidate tumor suppressor gene in colorectal cancer and examined its use as a potential biomarker in stool samples, according to a new study published online June 17 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Pitt team reports in Nature that unique portion of enzyme fights lung infection
An enzyme known to play a key role in the development of emphysema serves as the first line of defense against bacterial infection of the lung, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Roux-en-Y weight loss surgery raises kidney stone risk
The most popular type of gastric bypass surgery appears to nearly double the chance that a patient will develop kidney stones, despite earlier assumptions that it would not, Johns Hopkins doctors report in a new study.

Hodgkin lymphoma survivors have increased risk of stroke and transient ischemic attack
Patients treated for Hodgkin lymphoma with radiation therapy have a substantially higher risk of stroke, according to a new study published June 17 online in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Innovative system for monitoring coastline processes
AZTI-Tecnalia, the Basque technological center specializing in marine and food research, has developed a system for monitoring the coast in order to observe and monitor maritime processes along our coastline.

AACR CEO Margaret Foti receives honorary M.D. from the University of San Pablo CEU
The University of San Pablo CEU, a major academic and research institution in Madrid, Spain, today presented Margaret Foti, Ph.D., M.D., chief executive officer of the American Association for Cancer Research, with an honorary doctorate in medicine that recognizes her exceptional contributions to cancer research and leadership of the AACR, which have done so much to help those suffering from cancer.

Protecting the food crops of the future
Biologists in Leeds, UK, are investigating how to control when plants flower -- to help farmers reap a bumper harvest.

Structures from the human immune system's oldest branch shed light on a range of diseases
How molecules of the oldest branch of the human immune system have interconnected has remained a mystery.

Gear bans 'can help save reefs'
Banning or restricting the use of certain types of fishing gear could help the world's coral reefs and their fish populations survive the onslaughts of climate change.

NIST researchers 'all aglow' over new test of toxin strength
A new NIST assay using a

Beating the radar: Getting a jump on storm prediction
Satellite observation of cloud temperatures may be able to accurately predict severe thunderstorms up to 45 minutes earlier than relying on traditional radar alone, say researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Space Science and Engineering Center.

Cellular telephones to expand knowledge of health behaviors and microorganisms in adolescent males
A $4.15 million, four-year NIH grant will enable researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine to conduct the first health study of teenage boys using cellular telephones.

Sands of Gobi Desert yield new species of nut-cracking dinosaur
Plants or meat: that's about all that fossils ever tell paleontologists about a dinosaur's diet.

Slugs a home run with NIH
The National Resource for Aplysia at the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science has had its resources grant with the NIH extended for an additional five years.

Shape matters in the case of cobalt nanoparticles
New studies by scientists at NIST show that changing the shape of cobalt nanoparticles from spherical to cubic can fundamentally change their behavior.

Nonstick and laser-safe gold aids laser trapping of biomolecules
Biophysicists at JILA have made gold more precious than ever -- at least as a research tool -- by creating nonstick gold surfaces and laser-safe gold nanoposts to aid in trapping and fixing individual biomolecules for study.

U of Minnesota-led study finds that hunters are depleting lion and cougar populations
Sport hunters are depleting lion and cougar populations as managers respond to demands to control predators that threaten livestock and humans, according to a University of Minnesota-led study.

Group Health Cooperative shows investing in more primary care pays for itself
As the nation focuses on health care reform, the

Unlike rubber bands, molecular bonds may not break faster when pulled
From balloons to rubber bands, things always break faster when stretched.

Special Libraries Association honors Elsevier
Elsevier has been awarded the

Gene findings revealing reasons for neuroblastoma risk
Two new studies advance the search for genetic events that result in neuroblastoma, a puzzling, often-deadly type of childhood cancer.

Joan Massagué wins BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Biomedicine
Joan Massagué is the first winner of the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards in the Biomedicine category.

Addition of HPV test to UK cervical screening program no better at detecting cervical cancer
Combining human papillomavirus (HPV) testing with routine liquid-based cytology (LBC) screening does not increase the detection of cervical cancer compared with LBC screening alone, according to an article published online first and in the July edition of the Lancet Oncology.

Enzyme doesn't act alone in atrial fibrillation
An overactive enzyme is behind a leaky calcium channel that plays a role in the development of atrial fibrillation, which is the most common cardiac arrhythmia that is responsible for a third of all strokes.

Infant formula adulteration with melamine underscores need for better detection methods
Following the recent adulteration of infant formula and other milk products with the industrial chemical melamine, the US Pharmacopeial Convention is holding an international workshop this week to explore better ways to detect deliberately falsified protein content in food ingredients.

Carnegie Mellon develops Java programming tools employing human-centered design techniques
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's School of Computer Science have developed two new tools to help computer programmers select from among thousands of options within the application programming interfaces that are used to write applications in Java, today's most popular programming language.
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