Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 09, 2009
Ethicists: Include pregnant women in national childrens' study
An ambitious new national study that aims to follow children from conception through adulthood will miss a golden opportunity to gather data on the most underrepresented population in clinical research -- pregnant women, say leading ethicists at Duke University Medical Center, Johns Hopkins and Georgetown Universities.

Scientific achievements less prominent than a decade ago
As the 40th anniversary of the moon landing approaches, a new Pew Research Center report finds that overwhelming majorities of Americans believe that science has had a positive effect on society and that science has made life easier for most people.

Living fossils hold record of 'supermassive' kick
The tight cluster of stars surrounding a supermassive black hole after it has been violently kicked out of a galaxy represents a new kind of astronomical object and a fossil record of the kick.

AACR applauds nomination of Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., to be the new NIH director
The American Association for Cancer Research applauds President Obama's nomination of Francis S.

Novel genetic finding offers new avenue for future Crohn's disease treatment
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine identified a novel link between ITCH, a gene known to regulate inflammation in the body and NOD2, a gene which causes the majority of genetic Crohn's Disease diagnoses.

Newborn brain cells show the way
Although the fact that we generate new brain cells throughout life is no longer disputed, their purpose has been the topic of much debate.

Spread your sperm the smart way
Attractive males release fewer sperm per mating to maximize their chances of producing offspring across a range of females, according to a new paper on the evolution of ejaculation strategies.

Withdrawal syndrome after consumption of 'Spice Gold'
A clinical report from Dresden supports the impression that

Material world: Graphene's versatility promises new applications
Since its discovery a few years ago, graphene has climbed to the top of the heap of new materials poised to transform the electronics and nanotechnology landscape.

Dialysis safe for kidney patients' heart health
Dialysis treatments do not affect the heart health of kidney disease patients who have had a heart attack, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

Researchers identify technique that improves ACL surgery
Surgeons from Hospital for Special Surgery have identified a drilling technique that improves the outcome of surgery to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament.

Research sheds light on early star formation
Work by Brian O'Shea, an MSU assistant professor of physics and astronomy, and two colleagues indicates that the universe's earliest inhabitants, known as Population III stars, were not nearly as massive as originally thought.

Finnish study identifies factors that increase death in stroke patients ages 15 to 49
Heavy drinking, heart failure, cancer, type 1 diabetes and preceding infection were identified as predictors of death among stroke patients 15 to 49 years old.

Seals quickly respond to gain and loss of habitat under climate change
Southern elephant seals responded rapidly to climate and habitat change and established a new breeding site thousands of kilometers from existing breeding grounds, according to new research.

Tremors on southern San Andreas Fault may mean increased earthquake risk
Tremors under the Parkfield segment of the San Andreas Fault have increased with increasing stress on a nearby locked segment of the fault, perhaps signaling a greater chance of an earthquake.

LA BioMed President and CEO will be named president of the American Judicature Society
Carole Wagner Vallianos, Esq., president and CEO of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, will be inaugurated as the president of the American Judicature Society at its Annual Meeting in Chicago on July 30.

Motion analysis helps soccer players get their kicks
As soccer continues to grow in popularity, injuries to soccer players are likely to increase as well.

Caltech chemists say antibody surrogates are just a 'click' away
Chemists at the California Institute of Technology and the Scripps Research Institute have developed an innovative technique to create cheap but highly stable chemicals that have the potential to take the place of the antibodies used in many standard medical diagnostic tests.

Systems biology recommended as a clinical approach to cancer
Researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech and the Wake Forest University School of Medicine are advocating the use of systems biology as an innovative clinical approach to cancer.

'Uphold the ban'
ITC applauds World Bank statement at the 58th meeting of the CITES Standing Committee that legalizing tiger farms would be too great a gamble for the future of wild tigers.

Ozone, nitrogen change the way rising CO2 affects Earth's water
Through a recent modeling experiment, a team of NASA-funded researchers have found that future concentrations of carbon dioxide and ozone in the atmosphere and of nitrogen in the soil are likely to have an important but overlooked effect on the cycling of water from sky to land to waterways.

Oral/body inflammatory connection explained
A strong connection between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been suggested in recent clinical studies.

Research may hold key to maintaining embryonic stem cells in lab
In a new study that could transform embryonic stem cell (ES cell) research, scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered why mouse ES cells can be easily grown in a laboratory while other mammalian ES cells are difficult, if not impossible, to maintain.

JNCI news brief: Breast cancer hormone receptor status and risk of a second primary tumor
Women with hormone receptor negative first tumors have twice as much risk for developing a second breast cancer as women with HR-positive tumors, according to a study published online July 9 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Study: Restoring lost privileges an overlooked key to discipline
Managers who dole out discipline by taking away privileges -- without considering the implications of restoring them -- are missing a key in their bid to improve performance and behavior, a new University of Illinois study says.

UCR physicist receives highest honor US government gives young scientists or engineers
Jeanie Lau of the University of California, Riverside, has been recognized with a national honor that is given only to a few outstanding researchers who are beginning their independent research careers.

American Chemical Society praises nomination of Collins as NIH Director
The American Chemical Society's President Thomas H. Lane today praised the nomination of Francis Collins to be Director of the National Institutes of Health.

Link between migraines and reduced breast cancer risk confirmed in follow-up study
The relationship between migraine headaches in women and a significant reduction in breast cancer risk has been confirmed in a follow-on study to landmark research published last year and conducted by scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Telomeres resemble DNA fragile sites
Although telomeres are fragile, they don't have to be handled with care.

2 reproductive factors are important predictors of death from ovarian cancer
Researchers from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that survival among women with ovarian cancer is influenced by age of menarche and total number of lifetime ovulatory cycles.

Nanopillars promise cheap, efficient, flexible solar cells
Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley grow dense arrays of single-crystal semiconductors arranged as nanoscale pillars on low-cost, aluminum foil substrates.

Toward an explanation for Crohn's disease?
Twenty-five percent of Crohn's disease patients have a mutation in what is called the NOD2 gene, but it is not precisely known how this mutation influences the disease.

Humans may give swine flu to pigs in new twist to pandemic
The strain of influenza, A/H1N1, that is currently pandemic in humans has been shown to be infectious to pigs and to spread rapidly in a trial pig population.

Of yeast and men: Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of Friedreich's ataxia
A Tufts University research team has created an experimental model that produces large-scale expansion of GAA repeats during DNA replication, which is the cause of Friedreich's Ataxia.

SF State professor honored by President Obama for science mentoring
SF State Professor Frank Bayliss has been honored with a Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring for two decades of mentoring and creating opportunities for underrepresented minority students in the sciences.

Annual costs of stroke in US children at least $42 million
Stroke in children costs at least $42 million annually for initial care in the United States.

Underwater exploration seeks evidence of early Americans
Where the first Americans came from, when they arrived and how they got here is as lively a debate as ever, only most of the research has focused on dry land excavations.

UT Southwestern, UT Arlington to develop magnetic surgery tools
UT Southwestern Medical Center and UT Arlington have reached an agreement with Ethicon Endo-Surgery Inc. to develop a groundbreaking toolbox of magnetically controlled surgical instruments for minimally invasive surgery.

Unleashing the power in beer
Brewing beer creates tons of leftover used grains. But that waste can be turned into fuel, as a EUREKA-backed partnership of German and Slovakian developers has shown.

Methane-eating microbes can use iron and manganese oxides to 'breathe'
Iron and manganese compounds, in addition to sulfate, may play an important role in converting methane to carbon dioxide and eventually carbonates in the Earth's oceans, according to a team of researchers looking at anaerobic sediments.

Academy Library accepted to prestigious Biodiversity Heritage Library
The Academy of Natural Sciences announced today that its Ewell Sale Stewart Library has been accepted as a member of the prestigious Biodiversity Heritage Library.

New lab test offers better prediction of HIV microbicide safety
Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have devised a laboratory test for predicting whether microbicides against HIV are safe for human use.

University of Hawaii at Manoa professor published in science journal
Dr. Craig R. Smith, oceanography professor at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, recently published a paper in Marine Ecology Progress Series titled,

New study ranks 'hotspots' of human impact on coastal areas
Coastal marine ecosystems are at risk worldwide as a result of human activities, according to scientists at UC Santa Barbara who have recently published a study in the Journal of Conservation Letters.

Manufacturers embrace longwall automation
CSIRO Exploration & Mining and Bucyrus Australia signed a non-exclusive worldwide licensing agreement giving Bucyrus access to CSIRO's LASC longwall automation technology.

Study identifies potential fix for damaged knees
Investigators from Hospital for Special Surgery have shown that a biodegradable scaffold or plug can be used to treat patients with damaged knee cartilage.

Reduced diet thwarts aging, disease in monkeys
The bottom-line message from a decades-long study of monkeys on a restricted diet is simple: Consuming fewer calories leads to a longer, healthier life.

Arctic climate under greenhouse conditions in the Late Cretaceous
New evidence for ice-free summers with intermittent winter sea ice in the Arctic Ocean during the Late Cretaceous -- a period of greenhouse conditions -- gives a glimpse of how the Arctic is likely to respond to future global warming.

Galileo's notebooks may reveal secrets of new planet
Galileo knew he had discovered a new planet in 1613, 234 years before its official discovery date, according to a new theory by a University of Melbourne physicist.

One secret to how TB sticks with you
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is arguably the world's most successful infectious agent because it knows how to avoid elimination by slowing its own growth to a crawl.

Addition of probiotics to functional foods does not improve severe malnutrition outcomes for African children
Addition of a probiotic/prebiotic mix to the conventional high-energy, ready-to-use therapeutic foods used in feeding programmes does not improve severe malnutrition outcomes for African children.

New theory gives more precise estimates of large-scale biodiversity
The Census Bureau is good at profiling the US population by sampling small groups of people.

Data published in the New England Journal of Medicine support use of raxibacumab (ABthrax) for the treatment of inhalation anthrax
Human Genome Sciences Inc. today announced publication by the New England Journal of Medicine of the results of two pivotal animal efficacy studies, which showed the life-saving potential of the Company's human monoclonal antibody drug raxibacumab (ABthrax), as well as the results of human safety studies, which supported the use of raxibacumab in the event of life-threatening inhalation anthrax disease.

Exploring standards to advance microbial genomics
Nikos Kyrpides, head of the DOE Joint Genome Institute's Genome Biology program, presents a perspective on microbial genomics in the journal Nature Biotechnology.

Rensselaer researchers to participate in seismic test of 7-story building
Rensselaer Associate Professor Michael Symans and incoming Dean of Engineering David Rosowsky are among the team of researchers who will converge in Japan next week to perform the largest earthquake simulation ever attempted on a wooden structure.

Kaiser Permanente project proves EHR improves chronic disease management
Specialty care physicians can improve the health of high-risk patients by reviewing electronic health records and proactively providing e-consultations and treatment plan recommendations with primary care physicians, according to a Kaiser Permanente paper published online in the British Medical Journal.

Springer to collaborate with the Human Genome Organization
Starting in October 2009, Springer will publish the HUGO Journal in cooperation with the Human Genome Organization.

Einstein scientists link elevated insulin to increased breast cancer risk
Elevated insulin levels in the blood appear to raise the risk of breast cancer in post-menopausal women, according to researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

Pre-cessation patch doubles quit success rate: Researchers call for labeling changes
Using a nicotine patch before quitting smoking can double success rates, according to Duke University Medical Center researchers.

Simulations illuminate universe's first twin stars
The earliest stars in the universe formed not only as individuals, but sometimes also as twins, according to a paper published today in Science Express.

4 from Penn State receive PECASE awards
The White House announced today that four Penn State researchers will receive 2009 Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers.

Experts call for local and regional control of sites for radioactive waste
The withdrawal of Nevada's Yucca Mountain as a potential nuclear waste repository has reopened the debate over how and where to dispose of spent nuclear fuel and high-level nuclear waste.

Diets bad for the teeth are also bad for the body
Dental disease reveals very early on that eating habits are putting a person at risk for systemic disease.

Cardiac CT is more cost effective when managing low-risk patients with chest pain
The use of cardiac CT for low-risk chest pain patients in the emergency department, instead of the traditional standard of care workup, reduces a patient's length of stay and hospital charges, according to a study performed at the University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Wash.

Dry mouth linked to prescription and over the counter drugs
Approximately 91 percent of dentists say patients complaining about dry mouth are taking multiple medications, according to a nationwide member survey conducted by the Academy of General Dentistry.

2 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists receive Presidential Early Career Award
President Obama today announced that two Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center investigators have been awarded the nation's highest honor for scientists at the beginning of their independent research careers.

New Bluetooth application will let sport fans share experiences in real time
By enabling mobiles to communicate with each other without sending messages via a network, new technology being developed will enable people in different parts of a stadium to share banter, photos and video clips instantly, reliably -- and free of charge.
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