Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 10, 2009
Brown engineering professor wins prestigious White House award
Rashid Zia, assistant professor of Engineering, has been named a winner of the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers.

Ruth's Hospitality Group Inc. donates Broad Street building to Tulane
In honor of founder Ruth Fertel, Ruth's Hospitality Group Inc., the parent company of Ruth's Chris Steak House, announced today that it has donated the site of the Broad Street Ruth's Chris Steak House to Tulane University for the creation of the Ruth U.

AIAA Los Angeles section to host celebration of the 40th anniversary of the Apollo XI lunar landing
The Los Angeles section of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics will host a tribute to the 40th anniversary of the Apollo XI lunar landing from noon to 3:30 p.m., on July 23, at the California Science Center, 700 Exposition Park Dr., Los Angeles, Calif.

Green industrial lubricant developed
A team of researchers from the University of Huelva has developed an environmentally-friendly lubricating grease based on ricin oil and cellulose derivatives, according to the journal Green Chemistry.

Herschel images promise bright future
Herschel has carried out the first test observations with all its instruments, with spectacular results.

Bureau of Justice Statistics has high-quality programs but needs greater independence
The Bureau of Justice Statistics' programs to collect data on crime in the US have generated a solid body of information, but the bureau should be repositioned within the Justice Department to provide the independence -- and protection against structural and political interference -- appropriate to a statistical agency, says a new report from the National Research Council.

Risky sexual behavior among male clients of Tijuana sex workers heightens risk of HIV transmission
A study by a bi-national team of global health researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, examining HIV infection among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, has found that over half of male clients had recently had unprotected sex.

New oral agents may prevent injury after radiation exposure
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and collaborators have discovered and analyzed several new compounds, collectively called the ''EUK-400 series,'' which could someday be used to prevent radiation-induced injuries to kidneys, lungs, skin, intestinal tract and brains of radiological terrorism victims.

ECCO 15 -- ESMO 34 multidisciplinary cancer congress
ECCO 15 - ESMO 34 will take place at the ICC Berlin -- Internationales Congress Centrum, Messedamm 22, D-14055 Berlin, Germany, from Sunday, September 20 to Thursday, September 24, 2009.

New research to reduce drug side-effects
They are a group of drugs which millions of people rely on to keep pain at bay but they can have unwanted side-effects which are sometimes more serious than the original health problem.

New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments
Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute are using the natural auto-fluorescence of plant cell walls to dynamically track how ionic liquids are able to dissolve lignocellulose into fermentable sugars for the production of advanced biofuels.

Environmental manganese good in trace amounts but can correlate to cancer rates
In the first ecological study of its kind in the world, a Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center researcher has uncovered the unique finding that groundwater and airborne manganese in North Carolina correlates with cancer mortality at the county level.

GOES-O satellite reaches orbit and renamed GOES-14
On June 27, 2009, the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, GOES-O, soared into space during a spectacular launch from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC scientists identify enzyme important in aging
The secret to longevity may lie in an enzyme with the ability to promote a robust immune system into old age by maintaining the function of the thymus throughout life, according to researchers studying an

Losing sight of people in a crowd can spell disaster, warns new report
Focusing on technology instead of people is a key factor in events going wrong, according to a major series of reports into crowd behavior and management, published this week.

University of Oklahoma professor selected for most prestigious award
Amy Cerato, assistant professor in the School of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science within the College of Engineering at the University of Oklahoma, is among 100 beginning researchers nationwide named by President Obama as a recipient of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, the highest honor bestowed by the US government on outstanding scientists and engineers starting their independent careers.

PNNL scientist garners early career presidential award
A computational mathematician at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been recognized with a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

Researchers consider herd movements to help eradicate bovine TB
The development of new tools to better understand bovine TB and to help disease eradication efforts by the USDA was the focus of a workshop held at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS), July 7-9, on the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, campus.

A matter of density, not quantity
A team working with Rustem F. Ismagilov at the University of Chicago has demonstrated that the absolute number of cells is irrelevant to The process of quorum sensing; only the number of bacteria in a given volume plays a role.

Herschel Space Telescope's SPIRE instrument package makes first-light observations
A scientific instrument package developed in part by the University of Colorado at Boulder for the $2.2 billion orbiting Herschel Space Observatory that was launched in May by the European Space Agency has made its first successful observations, targeting two star-forming galaxies near the Milky Way.

Down Under dinosaur burrow discovery provides climate change clues
Emory University paleontologist Tony Martin, who made the Montana discovery of the first known dinosaur burrow, has now found the trace fossil of a burrow in Australia almost identical to the one he identified in the US.

NOSCAR announces NOTES multicenter human trials in the US
The Natural Orifice Surgery Consortium for Assessment and Research, a joint effort of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons, announces the first Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery multicenter human trial in the United States.

PTs say proper fit and use of walking aids can prevent fall-related injuries in elderly
The American Physical Therapy Association is urging elderly adults who use canes and walkers as walking aids to be properly assessed and fitted by a physical therapist to avoid fall-related injuries.

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey
Most European countries have recognized mental health as a priority area in recent years.

New role discovered for molecule important in development of the pancreas
For years researchers have been searching for a way to treat diabetics by reactivating their insulin-producing beta cells, to no avail.

A complete view of complexity in science and society in a new authoritative reference work
A new unique work published by Springer, the Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, extends the influence of complexity and system science to a much wider audience than has been possible to date.

Study shows athletes and weekend warriors can keep playing after shoulder joint replacement
Replacing a joint in any part of the body often leads to a long recovery process and the possibility of not being able to return to a sport or activity.

Mount Sinai's Dr. Benjamin tenOever to be honored by White House
Benjamin tenOever, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Microbiology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, has been selected by the United States government for a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

Study suggests preseason shoulder strength may determine injury severity for baseball pitchers
Athletic injuries can derail any player's ability to compete, but for a baseball pitcher his shoulder strength and control is critical.

UAB students' Nintendo Wii CPR earns American Heart Association support
The American Heart Association has pledged $50,000 to fund the work of University of Alabama at Birmingham biomedical engineering undergraduate students who are working to develop a computer program that teaches CPR using hand-held remote controls from the Nintendo Wii video game console.

NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory arrives at Kennedy Space Center
NASA's upcoming mission to study the sun in unprecedented detail and its effects on Earth, the Solar Dynamics Observatory, arrived at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, Fla., on July 9.
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