Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 20, 2009
Quantum memory and turbulence in ultra-cold atoms
A key step toward the design of quantum information networks and a report on the controllable formation of quantum turbulence in an ultra-cold atom gas are among the advances described in forthcoming papers in Physical Review Letters.

Most women would choose surgical profession again
Most women surgeons would choose their career again, although many would favor more options for part-time or other alternative work schedules, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

UCLA researchers discover new molecular pathway for targeting cancer, disease
A UCLA study has identified a way to turn off a key signaling pathway involved in physiological processes that can also stimulate the development of cancer and other diseases.

Muscular protein bond -- strongest yet found in nature
As reported today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists in Munich and Hamburg have shed new light on the roots of mechanical strength in muscle tissue by probing -- through single-molecule experiments -- a super-stable protein bond, the titin-telethonin complex.

Chasing tiny vehicles
In future therapies, synthetic nanoparticles may well be able to ferry medicines and even genes to targets inside the body.

Could science use the common cold to cure cystic fibrosis?
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine scientists have found what may be the most efficient way to deliver a corrected gene to lung cells derived from CF patients, renewing hope that gene therapy for CF lung disease could be a successful future treatment.

Geoengineering: The promise and its limits
Four expert speakers attended an event organized by the Institute of Physics, the Royal Society of Chemistry and the Royal Academy of Engineering on July 15 at the House of Commons to address an audience curious about geoengineering the planet to combat the effects of global warming; the solutions it offers and the concerns it raises.

Young men living at home with parents are more violent
Young men who stay at home with their parents are more violent than those who live independently, according to new research at Queen Mary, University of London.

Evaluating more lymph nodes may not improve identification of late-stage colorectal cancer
Surgically removing and evaluating an increasing number of lymph nodes does not appear to identify a greater number of patients with stage III colorectal cancer, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Reveal the enemy
A Spanish research team has developed a new technique to detect extremely low concentrations of the typhus-inducing Salmonella typhi by using a biosensor, which is based on electrochemical measurements by means of carbon nanotubes equipped with aptamers as bacteria-specific binding sites.

UK bioscience sparkles with new Diamond fellowship
UK bioscience has received a major boost following the announcement of 16 new fellowships by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council including the first ever Diamond Fellowship, so named because the post will be based at the new Research Complex at Harwell, adjacent to the Diamond Light Source in Oxfordshire -- the UK national synchrotron facility.

University of Miami receives stimulus funds for study of hurricane impacts on structures, ecosystems
The National Institute for Standards and Technology today announced that the University of Miami has been awarded a $15 million grant as part of its American Recovery and Reinvestment Act efforts.

Extending the life of an appetite-suppressing peptide
The peptide alpha-MSH works in the brain to suppress appetite.

Testing relativity in the laboratory
Xiang Zhang, a faculty scientist with the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and professor at the University of California Berkeley, lead a study in which it was determined that the interactions of light and matter with spacetime, as predicted by general relativity, can be studied using the new breed of artificial optical materials that feature extraordinary abilities to bend light and other forms of electromagnetic radiation.

LSUHSC's Nichols to use LSD and fruit flies to identify novel genes for psychosis/schizophrenia
Charles Nichols, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmacology at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, has been awarded a grant in the amount of $1.4 million over four years by the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Mental Health to find and characterize novel genes involved in psychosis and schizophrenia, using novel research methods.

The right messenger for a healthy immune response
Cells of the immune system communicate using molecular messengers. One group of these substances are interferons.

Pacific tsunami threat greater than expected
The potential for a huge Pacific Ocean tsunami on the West Coast of America may be greater than previously thought, according to a new study of geological evidence along the Gulf of Alaska coast.

Improving the science of systematic reviews: Introducing the 'PRISMA' statement
David Moher, from the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, and an international consortium of contributors publish the PRISMA guidelines: a set of tools developed to help authors improve the reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

New breast cancer-promoting gene identified
Research has identified RCP as a new gene contributing to aggressive breast cancer behavior.

Professional lobbyists: Pragmatic operatives or just another partisan resource?
The thousands of professional lobbyists working in Washington, D.C., on issues tend to be professional partisans who mobilize resources for one preferred political party exclusively.

Future of West water supply threatened by climate change, says CU-Boulder study
As the West warms, a drier Colorado River system could see as much as a one-in-two chance of fully depleting all of its reservoir storage by mid-century assuming current management practices continue on course, according to a new University of Colorado at Boulder study.

Collaboration to conduct trial of TB vaccine candidate in people living with HIV announced
The Aeras Global TB Vaccine Foundation announces a new collaboration with the Aurum Institute on the first study to test the AERAS-402/Crucell Ad35 tuberculosis vaccine candidate for safety in people living with HIV.

Wolf reintroduction proposed in Scottish Highland test case
Researchers are proposing in a new report that a major experiment be conducted to reintroduce wolves to a test site in the Scottish Highlands, to help control the populations and behavior of red deer that in the past 250 years have changed the whole nature of large ecosystems.

C. difficile spores spread superbug
A team of scientists have modeled the infection cycle of C. difficile by generating a

Extreme glucose levels in diabetic patients with heart failure linked to increase risk of deaths
Compared with patients with moderately controlled glucose levels, diabetic patients who have heart failure and either too high or too low glucose levels may be at increased risk of death, said researchers at Baylor College of Medicine in a report published in the current issue of Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

UT Southwestern earns grant from American Heart Association for Cardiac Myogenesis Research Center
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers Drs. Jay Schneider, Joseph Hill and Eric Olson have been awarded a $2 million grant from the American Heart Association to study the development and mechanisms of generating new cardiac muscle cells.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The following are tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology:

Induced pluripotent stem cells repair heart, Mayo Clinic study shows
In a proof-of-concept study, Mayo Clinic investigators have demonstrated that induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can be used to treat heart disease. iPS cells are stem cells converted from adult cells.

Study offers insights into failed HIV-1 vaccine trial
The leading explanation for why the Merck HIV-1 vaccine candidate was ineffective is ruled out in new study.

Scientists discovers 'firework' display in Helix Nebula
A star does not die without getting noticed and may even leave the universe with

'Invisibility cloak' could protect against earthquakes
Research at the University of Liverpool has shown it is possible to develop an

Yale discovery may open door to drug that cuts appetite and boosts energy
In a major advance in obesity and diabetes research, Yale School of Medicine scientists have found that reducing levels of a key enzyme in the brain decreased appetites and increased energy levels.

Practice makes perfect -- motor memory possible for neuroprosthetic control
In this week's issue of PLoS Biology, new research reveals that macaque monkeys can achieve a kind of consolidation of motor memory when using a neuroprosthetic device to complete a motor action.

When context matters: Consumers link unfamiliar products to surrounding items
Sometimes we judge a product by the company it keeps.

Register now for international terminus lakes symposium Oct. 26-29
The latest research and findings on closed-basin lakes will be presented at the International Symposium on Terminus Lakes: Preserving Endangered Lakes through Research Oct.

NIST awards $55.5M in grants for new university research facilities
The US Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology announced today that it is awarding grants totaling more than $55.5 million to four universities to provide cost-shared support for the construction of new scientific research facilities.

NYU physicists find way to explore microscopic systems through holographic video
Physicists at New York University have developed a technique to record 3-D movies of microscopic systems, such as biological molecules, through holographic video.

Is school closure effective in reducing the impact of flu pandemics?
A paper in the August edition of the Lancet Infectious Diseases examines the health, social and economic impact of closing schools during flu pandemics.

Heart disease: Research off the beating patch
At the upcoming American Heart Association Cardiovascular Sciences Conference in Las Vegas, Nev., University of Arizona researchers will present a new 3-D scaffold of living, beating heart cells -- a promising step forward on the quest for viable strategies of transplanting cells into diseased hearts.

Iowa State University researchers develop process for 'surgical' genetic changes
Research led by scientists at Iowa State University's Plant Sciences Institute has resulted in a process that will make genetic changes in plant genes much more efficient, practical and safe.

University of Oklahoma GeoChip selected for 2009 R&D 100 Award
A technology developed by University of Oklahoma researchers -- the GeoChip -- is one of the top 100 most outstanding technology developments of 2009, editors of R&D Magazine announced today.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about four studies being published in the July 21 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Neural stem cells offer potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease
UC Irvine scientists have shown for the first time that neural stem cells can rescue memory in mice with advanced Alzheimer's disease, raising hopes of a potential treatment for the leading cause of elderly dementia that afflicts 5.3 million people in the US.

New life histories emerge for invasive wasps, magnify ecological harm
A switch from annual to multiyear colonies and a willingness to feed just about any prey to their young have allowed invasive yellowjacket wasps to disrupt native populations of insects and spiders on two Hawaiian islands, a new study has found.

King's €3 million EU grant for research into hospital quality and safety
King's Patient Safety and Service Quality Research Center (King's PSSQ) is taking the lead on a major new international research project on quality and safety in European hospitals.

New research to fight the challenges of poverty
It is estimated that 1.4 billion people live in extreme poverty, on less than $2 a day.

Human movement plays critical role in understanding disease transmission
To control mosquito-borne diseases like dengue, researchers need to look at the behavior of people, not just the insect that transmits the disease, according to new research by Steven Stoddard of the University of California, Davis, and intercollegiate colleagues.

PNNL wins 2 R&D 100 awards for human health, renewable energy advances
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have won two of R&D Magazine's prestigious

JCI table of contents: July 20, 2009
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published July 20, 2009, in the JCI: Extending the life of an appetite-suppressing peptide; New breast cancer-promoting gene identified; Killing off human tumor cells; Mopping up hemoglobin stops it constricting blood vessels; MicroRNAs block tumor growth; and Balancing liver regeneration and injury.

Clotting in veins close to skin may be associated with more dangerous deep-vein blood clots
About one-fourth of patients with superficial vein thrombosis -- clotting in blood vessels close to the skin -- also may have the life-threatening condition deep vein thrombosis, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Cuts to rewards plans unlikely to hurt credit card use, Rotman study shows
What would happen if credit card holders no longer received rewards?

New drug candidate prolongs the lives of pancreatic cancer patients
The new drug compound Salirasib, developed at Tel Aviv University, has shown positive results against pancreatic cancer and recently passed Phase I/II clinical trials.

Students embed stem cells in sutures to enhance healing
Biomedical engineering students have demonstrated a practical way to embed a patient's adult stem cells in the surgical thread used to repair serious orthopedic injuries such as ruptured tendons.

National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) Inc. passes major planning milestone
NEON Inc. recently passed a preliminary design review by the National Science Foundation of their plan to construct a $384 million continental-scale climate impacts observatory, a major milestone in the design and execution of the project.

Tension in axons is essential for synaptic signaling, researchers report
Every time a neuron sends a signal -- to move a muscle or form a memory, for example -- tiny membrane-bound compartments, called vesicles, dump neurotransmitters into the synapse between the cells.

Researchers identify genes linked to chemoresistance
Two genes may contribute to chemotherapy resistance in drugs like 5-fluorouracil, which is used in liver cancer treatment, according to Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center researchers.

Penn-Wistar team gains insight into HIV vaccine failure
A team of researchers from the Wistar Institute and the University of Pennsylvania reports new evidence refuting a popular hypothesis about the highly publicized failure in 2007 of the Merck STEP HIV vaccine study that cast doubt on the feasibility of HIV-1 vaccines.

Discovery of genetic toggle switch inches closer to possible diabetes cure
Scientists have identified a master regulator gene for early embryonic development of the pancreas and other organs, putting researchers closer to coaxing stem cells into pancreatic cells as a possible cure for type 1 diabetes.

OSU researchers receive NSF grant, will travel to Antarctica
Dr. Alex Simms, assistant professor in the Boone Pickens School of Geology, and Dr.

Genes that let creepy-crawlies survive a deep freeze
Arctic springtails (Megaphorura arctica) survive freezing temperatures by dehydrating themselves before the coldest weather sets in.

Genetic variation associated with survival advantage in African-Americans with HIV
From the start of the HIV epidemic, it appeared that some of the people who were infected with the virus were able to ward off the fatal effects of the disease longer than others.

Immunotherapy linked to lower risk of Alzheimer's disease
IVIg treatments, the addition of good antibodies into the blood stream, may hold promise for lowering the risk of Alzheimer's disease and other similar brain disorders, according to research published in the July 21, 2009, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Our brain looks at eyes first to identify a face
A study by the University of Barcelona has analyzed which facial features our brain examines to identify faces.

US energy use drops in 2008
Americans used more solar, nuclear, biomass and wind energy in 2008 than they did in 2007, according to the most recent energy flow charts released by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Brain develops motor memory for prosthetics, study finds
A new study by UC Berkeley researchers shows that the brain can develop a stable, neural map of a how to control a prosthetic device, providing hope that physically disabled people can one day master control of artificial limbs with greater ease.

Nature? Nurture? University of Iowa scientists say neither
It's easy to explain why we act a certain way by saying

New research provides insight into ice sheet behavior
A new study published this week takes scientists a step further in their quest to understand how Antarctica's vast glaciers will contribute to future sea-level rise.

Caltech-led team shows how evolution can allow for large developmental leaps
Most evolutionary changes happen in tiny increments. But when it comes to traits like the number of wings on an insect, or limbs on a primate, there is no middle ground.

Gene variations can be barometer of behavior, choices
Michael Frank, of the Brown Institute for Brain Science, has determined that variations of three different genes in the brain can predict whether individuals will make certain choices.

Protons in the war on cancer
Proton therapy -- which uses beams of the subatomic particles to treat cancer -- is a hot topic at this year's American Association of Physicists in Medicine meeting, which takes place from July 26-30 in Anaheim, Calif.

Can the relationship between doctors and drug companies ever be a healthy one?
Should the financial ties between doctors and drug companies be completely cut, or are healthy alliances between the two possible with the common aim of improving human health?

California's Channel Islands hold evidence of Clovis-age comets
A 17-member team has found what may be the smoking gun of a much-debated proposal that a cosmic impact about 12,900 years ago ripped through North America and drove multiple species into extinction.

Gene linked to increasingly common type of blood cancer
Carriers have nearly twice the risk of developing follicular lymphoma, according to cancer's first genome-wide association study.

Transplanted neurons develop disease-like pathology in Huntington's patients
The results of a recent study published in PNAS question the long-term effects of transplanted cells in the brains of patients suffering from Huntington's disease.

1 gene that contributes to breast cancer's aggressive behavior identified
Genome Institute of Singapore research identified a gene, known as RCP (or RAB11FIP1), that is frequently amplified and over-expressed in breast cancer, and functionally contributes to aggressive breast cancer behavior.

Earlier HIV antiviral treatment can be cost effective in areas of limited resources
Early initiation of lifesaving antiretroviral therapies should be the standard of care for all HIV-infected patients, even those in countries with limited medical and financial resources, according to a study led by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and the Desmond Tutu HIV Center, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

How children draw conclusions from the products they see
A new study in the Journal of Consumer Research examines children's tendencies to draw conclusions about social roles from the products they see.

Taste sensation: Ads work better if all senses are involved
Corporations spend billions of dollars each year on food advertising.

Can pen and paper help make electronic medical records better?
A Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis study reports that pen and paper workarounds employed by health-care providers who use an electronic medical record system may help make electronic medical records even more useful to health-care providers and the patients they serve.

Statistician emerges from numerical vortex with econometrics prize
Statisticians Wei Biao Wu and Xiaofeng Shao have received the Tjalling C.

A between-the-covers exposé of house dust mites
The many millions of people around the world with house dust mite allergies will be pleased to know that the first comprehensive book on the mites has just been published.

UCI scientists discover ozone-boosting chemical reaction
Burning of fossil fuels pumps chemicals into the air that react on surfaces such as buildings and roads to create photochemical smog-forming chlorine atoms, UC Irvine scientists report in a new study.

H1N1 influenza pandemic modeling for public health action
Mathematical modeling can help inform public health policy in outbreaks such as the H1N1 pandemic, write members of the Pandemic Influenza Outbreak Research Modeling Team in Canada in a CMAJ article.

The unwelcome gift: Marketing and cross-cultural differences
Westerner consumers are more receptive to unexpected promotional gifts than their East Asian counterparts, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Maintaining integrity of scientific data
Digital technologies and high-speed communications have vastly expanded scientists' capabilities but also raise difficult questions for institutions, journals, and researchers -- such as how to protect digital information from distortion and who should have access to this data.

Management guru offers solutions to combat worker disengagement
Worker disengagement, a monumental problem facing businesses worldwide, can be remedied by expanding an organization's

RI Hospital first in country to enroll patient in new study for recurrent chest wall breast cancer
Rhode Island Hospital is one of only four sites across the country to participate in a new clinical trial called the DIGNITY study.

Science adopts a new definition of seawater
The world's peak ocean science body has adopted a new definition of seawater developed by Australian, German and US scientists to make climate projections more accurate.

Babies understand dogs
A new BYU study shows that babies understand dogs. The experiments found 6-month-olds can match the sounds of friendly and aggressive barks to corresponding pictures of dogs, which they accomplished on the first try.

Johns Hopkins Medicine co-sponsors 2009 World Stem Cell Summit
Johns Hopkins Medicine is co-sponsoring the 2009 World Stem Cell Summit to be held in Baltimore this September.

Rice defies its reputation as a thirsty crop
Two new sister lines of rice are defying rice's reputation as a thirsty crop as they demonstrate their improved productivity in drought-prone regions of India and the Philippines.

UCLA scientists present first genetic evidence for why placebos work
Researchers at UCLA have found a new explanation for why placebos work -- genetics.

No race disparities in risk of AIDS and death in HIV patients in Kaiser Permanente system
Kaiser Permanente researchers found no disparities by race or ethnicity in risk of AIDS and death among HIV-infected patients in a setting of similar access to care.

Breast cancer drug shows promise against serious infections
An FDA-approved drug used for preventing recurrence of breast cancer shows promise in fighting life-threatening fungal infections common in immune-compromised patients, such as infants born prematurely and patients with cancer.

Trash or treasure? Families and their beloved possessions
Whether it's grandpa's piano or a Nintendo Wii, certain objects become a part of family routines and histories.

Earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy is cost-effective, effective for treating HIV in South Africa
International clinical trials are currently underway to assess when is the best time to initiate antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients.

Studies needed on susceptibility of immunosuppressed people to flu and the effects of vaccination
More research is needed on the susceptibility of a range of immunosuppressed populations to the new H1N1 flu strain, as well as the possible efficacy and side-effects of forthcoming vaccines.

Children's IQ can be affected by mother's exposure to urban air pollutants
Prenatal exposure to environmental pollutants known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons can adversely affect a child's intelligence quotient or IQ, according to new research by the the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health.

Argonne researchers win 4 R&D 100 awards
Researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory received four R&D 100 awards as judged by R&D Magazine.

Elsevier announces the 'article of the future'
Elsevier, the leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announces the

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease increasing in younger Canadians
The prevalence of heart disease and certain key risk factors -- hypertension, diabetes and obesity -- are increasing in all age groups and most income groups in Canada found a new study published in CMAJ.

Prehistoric cold case shows hints of interspecies homicide
The wound that ultimately killed a Neandertal man between 50,000 and 75,000 years was most likely caused by a thrown spear, the kind modern humans used but Neandertals did not, according to Duke University-led research.

Social support buffers adolescent depression after terrorist attacks: Ben-Gurion University
Researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev have conducted a

Slotted buses keep passengers cool
A simple redesign of public buses used in hot and dry climates could make passengers more comfortable without the need to use extra fuel running air conditioning, according to a study published in the International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems.

Promising new treatment for Alzheimer's suggested based on Hebrew University research
Research carried out at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has resulted in a promising approach to help treat Alzheimer's disease in a significant proportion of the population that suffers from a particularly rapid development of this disease.

What a coincidence! Personal connections improve sales
If a salesperson shares a birthday or a birthplace with you, you're more likely to make a purchase, and feel good about it, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Car horns warn against natural disasters
In the past, sirens howled to warn the population against floods, large fires or chemical accidents.

Sea lamprey jettison one-fifth of their genome
Sea lampreys, which arose from the jawless fish that first appeared a half-billion years ago, dramatically remodel their genomes during embronic development.

Adenotonsillectomy may offer long-term benefits for children with breathing problems during sleep
Two and a half years after children with sleep-related breathing disorders had surgery to remove their tonsils and adenoids (glands in the back of the throat), they appear to sleep better than they did before the procedure but not as well as they did six months after, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Studies shed light on preserving fertility among cancer patients
Successes in cancer treatment have created a challenge for young cancer patients since the chemotherapy and radiation treatments that save lives threaten fertility.

Researchers look to imprinted genes for clues to fetal growth restriction in cloned swine
Researchers at North Carolina State University have found that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), which results in low birth weight and long-term deleterious health effects in cloned swine, is linked to a type of gene -- known as an imprinted gene -- found only in placental mammals.

Common cold virus efficiently delivers corrected gene to cystic fibrosis cells
Scientists have worked for 20 years to perfect gene therapy for the treatment of cystic fibrosis, which causes the body to produce dehydrated, thicker-than-normal mucus that clogs the lungs and leads to life threatening infections.

Babies with mild facial paralysis from forceps typically do not need treatment
Mild facial nerve paralysis caused by the use of forceps during birth generally resolves on its own and does not require treatment, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Cell division find prompts overhaul of immune response modeling
Research at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute into the mechanics of how two types of white blood cells grow and die is fundamentally changing the development of computer models that are used to predict how immune system cells respond to a pathogenic threat.

Protein structures revealed at record pace
The structure of a protein in days -- not months or years -- ushers in a new era in genomics research.

HIPS fireproof coatings can really take the heat
Tough new fire-resistant coating materials called HIPS (

Laser microsurgery for tongue cancer is as effective as invasive open surgery according to new study
Transoral (through-the-mouth) laser surgery to remove cancer at the base of the tongue is as effective as more invasive open surgery, and may improve quality of life according to a new study by Rush University Medical Center.

New global subsidy for malaria medicines must ensure quality of care
A new subsidy designed to increase access to life-saving antiretrovirals must remain focused on quality patient care if it is to succeed, argues Tido von Schoen-Angerer and colleagues in this week's open-access journal PLoS Medicine.

Uterine cells produce their own estrogen during pregnancy
For the first time, researchers identify the uterus as an endocrine organ.

Starve a fever, feed a cold, don't be stressed
Whether it's getting a cold during exam time or feeling run-down after a big meeting, we've all experienced feeling sick following a particularly stressful time at work or school.

Risk factors of cardiovascular disease rising in poor, young
Cardiovascular disease is increasing in adults under 50 and those of lower socioeconomic status, despite recent trends which show that cardiovascular disease is declining in Canada overall, say researchers at the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre.

Stuff of stink bombs investigated for role in pregnancy
A University of Leicester researcher probes the role of hydrogen sulfide.

ORNL researchers win 8 R&D 100 awards
Researchers and engineers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have won eight R&D 100 Awards, which are presented each year by R&D Magazine in recognition of the year's most significant technological innovations.

Overfishing and evolution
Using snorkelers and SCUBA divers is not the best way to monitor fish populations, if we want to know the evolutionary effects of overfishing. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to