Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 24, 2009
In vitro antibody production enables HIV infection detection in window period -- key to safer blood
Researchers in Israel and Kenya have shown that the contribution of variable degrees of immune suppression, either due to existing chronic infections such as parasitemias and/or nutrition, in different populations may influence and prolong the serological-diagnostic window period of HIV.

Red List overlooks island species
The criteria of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's Red List are an essential tool for evaluating the conservation status of species around the planet, and according to these criteria all the species in the Canary Islands are endangered.

Breast cancer research highlights from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine meeting in Anaheim, July 26-30
Half of all Americans will be diagnosed at some point in their lives with cancer, the number two killer in the United States.

Early detection and quick response are key to defense against anthrax attack
A large attack on a major metropolitan area with airborne anthrax could affect more than a million people, necessitating their treatment with powerful antibiotics.

Knee injuries may start with strain on the brain, not the muscles
New research shows that training your brain may be just as effective as training your muscles in preventing ACL knee injuries, and suggests a shift from performance-based to prevention-based athletic training programs.

AGU Fall Meeting: News media registration opens, book hotels now
Find out what's new (and important) in the Earth and space sciences at the 2009 AGU Fall Meeting.

UAB computer forensics links internet postcards to virus
Fake Internet postcards circulating through e-mail inboxes worldwide are carrying links to the virus known as Zeus Bot, said Gary Warner, director of computer forensics at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

If you're happy, then we know it
Scientist at UVM have created a mechanism to measure happiness of millions of bloggers.

UTMB study identifies women at risk of gaining excessive weight with injectable birth control
A study by the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has identified women who are likely to gain weight while using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, more commonly known as Depo-Provera or the birth control shot.

Neuronal survival and axonal regrowth obtained in vitro
While repair of the central nervous system has long been considered impossible, French researchers from INSERM, the CNRS and the UPMC have just developed a strategy that could promote neuronal regeneration after injury.

Airway cells use 'tasting' mechanism to detect and clear harmful substances
The same mechanism that helps you detect bad-tasting and potentially poisonous foods may also play a role in protecting your airway from harmful substances, according to a study by scientists at the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A.

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009
Energy Department-funded researchers have won 46 of the 100 awards given out this year by R&D Magazine for the most outstanding technology developments with promising commercial potential.

Fuel cells, energy conversion and mathematics
Concerns about dwindling fossil fuel resources, current levels of petroleum consumption, and growing pressure to shift to more sustainable energy sources are among many factors prompting the transition from our current energy infrastructure to one that uses less carbon and requires the efficient conversion of energy.

Ants more rational than humans
In a study released online on July 22 in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences, researchers at Arizona State University and Princeton University show that ants can accomplish a task more rationally than our -- multimodal, egg-headed, tool-using, bipedal, opposing-thumbed -- selves.

Improved air quality during Beijing Olympics could inform pollution-curbing policies
The air in Beijing during the 2008 Olympics was cleaner than the previous year's, due to aggressive efforts by the Chinese government to curtail traffic, increase emissions standards and halt construction in preparation for the games, according to a Cornell study.

Pandemic could overwhelm critical care beds in England, especially children's units
Experts in intensive care and anesthesia have predicted that the current swine flu pandemic could overwhelm critical care beds and ventilators in England, with hospitals on the southeast coast, and in the southwest, east of England and East Midlands, being worst hit.

High-tech vehicle design boosts emergency rescue capacity
Use of high-performance aerospace materials has resulted in a versatile rescue vehicle design offering high capacity and rapid reaction to environmental disasters and terrorist attacks.

Grant supports LSUHSC research on how like cell receptor systems determine very different functions
Andy Catling, Ph.D., associate professor in the department of pharmacology and the Stanley S.

Pinpointing cause of colic: UT Houston researchers identify organism
Researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston say one organism discovered during their study may unlock the key to what causes colic, inconsolable crying in an otherwise healthy baby.

Ozen Engineering Inc. donates human body-modeling software to Clemson
A gift from California-based Ozen Engineering Inc. to Clemson University is enabling researchers to create detailed computer models of the human body, which can be used to explore a variety of issues, from improving hip replacements to making more comfortable car seating.

Results of national assessment of first responder location systems to be announced Aug. 3
The results of a national assessment of indoor location systems for firefighters and other first responders will be announced at Worcester Polytechnic Institute during the 2009 Workshop on Precision Indoor Personnel Location and Tracking for Emergency Responders, which runs from Aug.

1 in 6 public health workers unlikely to respond in pandemic flu emergency
Approximately 1 in 6 public health workers said they would not report to work during a pandemic flu emergency regardless of its severity, according to a survey led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Limited data suggest possible association between Agent Orange exposure
A new report from the Institute of Medicine finds suggestive but limited evidence that exposure to Agent Orange.

Alternative agricultural practices combine productivity and soil health
The progressive degradation of useful soils for agriculture and farm animal husbandry is a growing environmental and social problem, given that it endangers the food safety of an increasing world population.

Hubble captures rare Jupiter collision
The checkout and calibration of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has been interrupted to aim the recently refurbished observatory at a new expanding spot on the giant planet Jupiter.

A combination of education methods could be the key for some students aiming for higher education
Those students with only a vocational background are still less likely to get to university than those with A levels, despite the fact that government policy advocates vocational education as an alternative route to higher education.

Delaware State U. scientists refine hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle power plants
Under study at Delaware State U. is a promising hydrogen-storage material -- the complex hydride LiBH4.

American Chemical Society supports House increase in math, science funding
American Chemical Society President Thomas H. Lane, Ph.D., today praised the House of Representatives for supporting a $5 million increase in funding for the Education Department's Math and Science Partnership program which he called a

Protein that promotes cancer cell growth identified
Scientists at Burnham Institute for Medical Research have found that the Caspase-8 protein, long known to play a major role in promoting programmed cell death (apoptosis), helps relay signals that can cause cancer cells to proliferate, migrate and invade surrounding tissues.
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