Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 07, 2009
Teaching resilience, sense of purpose in schools can prevent depression and improve grades
Teaching children how to be more resilient along with regular classroom instruction can improve children's outlook on life, curb depression and boost grades, according to a researcher who spoke at the American Psychological Association's convention Saturday.

Advances in lung cancer research announced at conference
Dr. Glen Weiss of the Translational Genomics Research Institute and Scottsdale Healthcare this week announced two significant advances in treating lung cancer at an international cancer research conference.

Out of court settlement of malpractice claims: Incorrect treatment of bone fractures in children
Incorrectly treated fractures in children are one of the errors most frequently confirmed in the arbitration process.

PECASE winner plans to continue research in detection
Dr. Scott Craver, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Binghamton University, is investigating the development of detectors that are resistant to exploitation for an adversary's algorithms.

Words matter in public health
Giving people a sense of being in control is an important element in health messages, according to researchers at Nottingham and De Montfort universities.

Ability to process information as a baby continues into adulthood
Infants who excel at processing new information at 6- and 12-months-old typically excel in intelligence and academic achievements as young adults in their 20s, according to a study directed by Case Western Reserve University psychologist Joseph Fagan.

The perfect cut
You need the right tool to slice silicon blocks into paper-thin wafers: a several-kilometer-long wire wetted with a type of grinding paste.

MU expert offers tips for finding the best long-term care
America's 77 million aging baby boomers and their families soon will face decisions about their long-term care needs.

NOAA and partners to survey marine life at USS Monitor wreck site
NOAA will participate in a private research expedition to study marine life living on and around the wreck of the USS Monitor.

Study finds no link between cognitive decline, socioeconomic status in elderly
New research suggests that for seniors age 70 and older, socioeconomic status does not play a major role in the brain's continued ability to function.

Configure your own operating software
Remote maintenance systems that monitor the status of facilities and machines have always had to be configured manually, a laborious task.

Hurricane Felicia eyeing Hawaii while weakening on weekend
NASA satellite imagery has helped forecasters see that Hurricane Felicia is running into cooler waters and increasing wind shear, two things have taken her strength

NASA satellite image shows deadly Typhoon Morakot slamming Taiwan
Sometimes satellite imagery will leave a person in awe of nature's power and that's what the latest satellite image from NASA's Aqua satellite will do as it shows the giant Typhoon Morakot's center about to cross Taiwan.

Fumbled handoffs can lead to medical errors
A new study by researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University School of Medicine has found that hospital discharge summaries are grossly inadequate at documenting both tests with pending results and information about which doctors should receive the post-discharge test results.

Yerkes researchers propose ambitious new strategies for AIDS vaccine research
Researchers believe conventional vaccine strategies should not be the only avenue explored in the development of an effective AIDS vaccine.

Microparts interest group workshop
Recent advances in modern manufacturing techniques has made it possible to manufacture small and complex components to extremely high accuracies.

Extension of vaccination policy could be more effective than giving antivirals to healthy adults with flu
A study published online first and in the September edition of the Lancet Infectious Diseases concludes that the use of antiviral drugs for the treatment of people presenting with symptoms is unlikely to be the most appropriate course of action during a seasonal outbreak.

How to make negative services less unpleasant for consumers
Service quality beliefs are usually positively related to customer satisfaction -- the higher the perceived service quality, the higher the customer's satisfaction.

Bladder cells feel stretch
A Japanese research group led by Prof. Makoto Tominaga and Dr.

Smile as you read this: Language that puts you in touch with your bodily feelings
Louis Armstrong sang,

Guided care reduces cost of health care for older persons with chronic conditions
The nation's sickest and most expensive patients need fewer health care resources and cost insurers less when they are closely supported by a nurse-physician primary care team that tracks their health and offers regular support, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Eminent Ecologist Award presented to Stephen P. Hubbell
The Ecological Society of America presented Stephen P. Hubbell, staff scientist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and distinguished professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at UCLA, with the 2009 Eminent Ecologist Award.

Unveiling the true face of a gigantic star
High-resolution observations of the star Betelgeuse show for the first time the violent gas movements on its surface.

Montana State University geologists join international team seeking answers from remote volcanoes
Sometime next spring, a Montana State University geologist and his graduate student will hike to the top of two volcanoes to help answer questions about the creation of the continents.

Conaway Lab uncovers function of potential cancer-causing gene product
The Stowers Institute's Conaway Lab has uncovered a previously unknown function of a gene product called Amplified in Liver Cancer 1 (Alc1), which may play a role in the onset of cancer.

NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists
At least 50 research projects so far, supported by more than $10 million in stimulus grants from the National Institutes of Health, are expected to lead to new discoveries at Emory University that will improve medical treatment, create new jobs, and provide additional educational opportunities for students.

Cost-effectiveness of cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer
From a health-care system perspective, it may be more efficient to use the drug cetuximab only in colorectal cancer patients whose tumors have a wild-type KRAS gene, according to a study published online Aug.

NOAA and partners to survey ships sunk off North Carolina in World War II
NOAA will lead a three-week research expedition in August to study World War II shipwrecks sunk in 1942 off the coast of North Carolina during the Battle of the Atlantic.

Highest ever winter water temperatures recorded
Tasmania's east coast is recording its highest-ever winter water temperatures of more than 13 C -- up to 1.5 C above normal -- due to a strengthening of an ocean current originating north of Australia.

Planning English football fixtures
Can computers solve the logistical nightmare of planning English football fixtures?

SLAC to receive additional $21.8M in recovery act funding for new research instruments
The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory will receive $21.8 million in new funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

Marine microbes creating green waves in industry
New technology designed to analyze large numbers of novel marine microbes could lead to more efficient and greener ways to manufacture new drugs for conditions such as epilepsy, diabetes, flu and other viruses, as well as improving the manufacture of other products such as agrochemicals.

Electronic health records help cardiac patients remain healthy
An innovative program that cut cardiac deaths by 73 percent by linking coronary artery disease patients and teams of pharmacists, nurses, primary care doctors and cardiologists with an electronic health record also kept the patients healthy two years after they left the program by keeping them in touch with their care givers electronically, according to a randomized study by Kaiser Permanente published in the American Journal of Managed Care this month.

Delays in UK child brain tumor diagnosis
Significant numbers of children in the UK are suffering from preventable levels of disability, particularly blindness, and premature death because of poor diagnosis of brain tumors.

Researcher: Narcissistic bosses destroy morale, drive down bottom line
In recent years, the motivations of business leaders such as financier Bernard Madoff and former Enron CEO Ken Lay have come under increased scrutiny as a result of behavior that caused both their employees and the public considerable distress.

2 lines account for most human embryonic stem cell research, Stanford scholar finds
For the past eight years, scientists who wanted to use federal funds for research on human embryonic stem cells had to restrict their studies to 21 cell lines approved by the National Institutes of Health.

IEEE-USA commends DOE's $2.4 billion grants to accelerate development of electric vehicles
IEEE-USA commends the Department of Energy for awarding $2.4 billion in grants to fund 48 new advanced battery and electric drive projects.

Psychological factors help explain slow reaction to global warming, says APA task force
While most Americans think climate change is an important issue, they don't see it as an immediate threat, so getting people to

Growth spurts
Berkeley Lab experts in nanocrystal growth and electron microscopy combined their skills to record the first ever direct observations in real-time of the growth of single nanocrystals in solution.

Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young
Researchers at Brown University have discovered that certain types of carbon nanoparticles can be environmentally toxic to adult fruit flies, although they were found to be benign when added to food for larvae.

Psychologists say longer lives can still lead to happier golden years
As more people live well into their 80s and 90s, it's reassuring to know that most people get happier as they age and exert more emotional control than younger adults, according to researchers who spoke at the 117th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association.

Navigating in the ocean of molecules
A computer program points the way to new candidate agents.

The hepatitis healing power of blueberry leaves
A chemical found in blueberry leaves has shown a strong effect in blocking the replication of the hepatitis C virus, opening up a new avenue for treating chronic HCV infections, which affect 200 million people worldwide and can eventually lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
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