Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 28, 2009
Patients who have material causing narrowing in neck artery removed rather than angioplasty have lower chance of narrowing recurring and subsequent stroke (CAVATAS study)
Two articles published online first and in the October edition of the Lancet Neurology provide long-term data that show that, for patients with a narrowing of the carotid artery supplying blood to brain (carotid stenosis), removal of the material causing the narrowing could be a better option than balloon angioplasty with or without stenting.

New research findings pave the way to more accurate interpretation of brain imaging data
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a technique widely used in studying the human brain.

ORNL scientists hone technique to safeguard water supplies
A method to detect contaminants in municipal water supplies has undergone further refinements.

Novel genetic region identified for childhood asthma in Mexicans
Genetic variants in a region on chromosome 9q may influence asthma development in Mexican children, according to research published Aug.

Suburbanization: The impact on energy use, CO2 emissions
A new congressionally mandated report from the National Research Council,

Familiar and newly learned words are processed by the same neural networks in the brain
Our vocabulary continues to grow and expand even in adulthood.

Researchers find high-dose therapy for liver disease not effective
A national team of researchers led by scientists at Mayo Clinic has found that a common treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis, a chronic liver disease, is not helpful for patients, according to a study published this month in the journal Hepatology.

Acoustic tweezers can position tiny objects
Manipulating tiny objects like single cells or nanosized beads often requires relatively large, unwieldy equipment, but now a system that uses sound as a tiny tweezers can be small enough to place on a chip, according to Penn State engineers.

Science magazine to host webinar on apoptotic signaling
The business office of Science, the world's leading peer-reviewed research journal, is producing a webinar on

2 UC Riverside scientists selected as Entomological Society of America Fellows
Brian A. Federici and Alexander S. Raikhel, distinguished professors of entomology at the University of California, Riverside, have been selected as fellows of the Entomological Society of America.

HIV subtype linked to increased likelihood for dementia
Patients infected with a particular subtype of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, are more likely to develop dementia than patients with other subtypes, a study led by Johns Hopkins researchers shows.

Warped debris disks around stars are blowin' in the wind
The dust-filled disks where new planets may be forming around other stars occasionally take on some difficult-to-understand shapes.

Ewen Callaway named 2009 APS Plant Pathology Journalism awardee
The American Phytopathological Society is proud to announce that Ewen Callaway, a reporter with New Scientist, is the recipient of the 2009 Plant Pathology Journalism Award.

Finnish scientists discover nerve growth factor with therapeutic potential in Parkinson's disease
Scientists in the Academy of Finland's Neuroscience Research Program have reported promising new results with potential implications for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD).

Teetotallers more likely to be depressed
Abstaining from alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of depression according to a new study published in Addiction journal.

UF scientists construct 'off switch' for Parkinson therapy
Addressing safety concerns related to potential gene therapies for Parkinson's disease, researchers at the University of Florida's McKnight Brain Institute have constructed a gene transfer therapy that can be inhibited with a common antibiotic.

Baby's mp3 heart monitor
A new type of fetal heart monitor could save the lives of unborn infants in complicated pregnancies, according to a study published in the International Journal of Engineering Systems Modeling and Simulation.

12 science and technology tours being held in conjunction with Pittsburgh's G20 Summit
The University of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center will be hosting 12 science and technology tours Sept.

Racial disparity studied in patients undergoing liver transplantation for hepatitis B
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1.5 to 2 million Americans are infected with the hepatitis B virus.

Depression and anxiety affect up to 15 percent of preschoolers
Almost 15 percent of preschoolers have atypically high levels of depression and anxiety, according to a new study published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Mathematical keys to a 6th sense -- the lateral-line system
Biophysicists at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen are leading an effort to develop and apply models of the so-called lateral-line system found in fish and some amphibians.

New tool to predict the risk of death in COPD may help physicians to individualize treatment
Researchers have developed an index scale to help physicians predict a patient's risk of dying from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Marine biomedicine researchers decode structure of promising sea compound
A novel natural product yields potential new ways to fight diseases.

Handwriting-based tool offers alternate lie detection method
A handwriting lie detection tool may change the face of effective law enforcement.

Preparing for the unexpected
Caring Connections: A Hope and Comfort in Grief Program of the University of Utah College of Nursing has released the third edition of

The nutritional value of Andalusian lupines is revealed
A group of researchers from the Fat Institute (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas) and the University of Seville have confirmed that some wild plants have a high nutritional value.

Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation: New journal for 2010
SAGE and the Association for Assessment in Counseling and Education, a division of the American Counseling Association, are pleased to announce the 2010 launch of a new journal, Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation.

Hoover's pro-labor stance helped cause Great Depression, UCLA economist says
Pro-labor policies pushed by President Herbert Hoover after the stock market crash of 1929 accounted for close to two-thirds of the drop in the nation's gross domestic product over the two years that followed, causing what might otherwise have been a bad recession to slip into the Great Depression, concludes a UCLA economist in a new study.
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