Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 04, 2009
Office of Naval Research's Rear Admiral addresses diversity with HBCU presidents
The US Navy's Chief of Naval Research addressed a gathering of presidents of historically black colleges and universities on Sept.

Cardiac biomarker levels strongly predict outcome of bypass surgery
Levels of a biomarker used in the diagnosis of heart attacks are almost universally elevated in patients who have undergone coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) and, when markedly elevated, powerfully predict the risk of complications.

Lasers generate underwater sound
Scientists at the Naval Research Laboratory are developing a new technology for use in underwater acoustics.

West Coast's log, lumber exports increase in second quarter of 2009
A total of 239.5 million board feet of softwood logs and 80.2 million board feet of softwood lumber was exported from Washington, Oregon, northern California and Alaska in April, May and June of this year, according to the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Biophysical Society Announces 2010 society fellows
The Biophysical Society is delighted to announce its 2010 Society Fellows.

Monkey brains signal the desire to explore
Sticking with what you know often comes at the price of learning about more favorable alternatives.

Chimpanzees develop specialized tool kits to catch army ants
Chimpanzees in the Congo have developed specialized

Brown economists measure GDP growth from outer space
Measurements of economic growth often fall short for developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, and are rarely calculated at all for cities throughout the world.

Find local rideshares quickly via mobile phone
In spite of rising energy prices, many car drivers in large cities still ride alone.

No frontiers: Ushering in a new era of conferencing technology
Poor image and sound quality is encountered all too frequently in the world of video and telephone conferencing, but powerful compression technologies are set to consign these problems to the past -- even in the humble living room.

Biophysical Society names 2010 award recipients
The Biophysical Society is pleased to announce the recipients of its 2010 Society awards.

Lipid involved with gene regulation uncovered
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered a new role for the bioactive lipid messenger, sphingosine-1-phosphate, or S1P, that is abundant in our blood -- a finding that could lead to a new generation of drugs to fight cancer and inflammatory disease.

Syracuse University research team discovers switch that causes the body to produce cancerous cells
A team of Syracuse University researchers discovered a second molecular switch within the Mixed Lineage Leukemia protein complex that they believe could be exploited to prevent the overproduction of abnormal cells that are found in several types of cancer, including leukemia.

Ultra-flat loudspeakers with powerful sound reproduction
Bigger speakers, bigger sound -- this is the music lover's creed.

Anticancer compound found in American mayapple
A common weed called American mayapple may soon offer an alternative to an Asian cousin that's been harvested almost to extinction because of its anti-cancer properties.

Researchers identify key contributor to pre-eclampsia
A new study by researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine reveals a key component in the development of pre-eclampsia in pregnant women, a condition that can result in miscarriage and maternal death.

Scientists return from first ever riser drilling operations in seismogenic zone
The deep-sea drilling vessel CHIKYU successfully completed riser drilling operations on August 31, for IODP Expedition 319, Stage 2, of the Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment.

Smoke no longer found in European hospitals
Tobacco use is prohibited in hospitals in many European countries, although levels of compliance with this regulation differ.

Mercyhurst receives National Science Foundation grant for new infrared imaging system
Mercyhurst College's ability to identify pathogenic bateria in beach water samples at Presque Isle State Park gets boost with purchase of a new infrared imaging system, thanks to a grant from the National Science Foundation.

Montana State math researchers receive $3.5 million grant to study instructional coaching
Montana State University faculty members have received a five-year, $3.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to study mathematics instructional coaches and determine what these coaches need to know about coaching and math to do their jobs well.

Safe seed: Researchers yielding good results on food cotton in field
Field trials of a new cotton are verifying previous lab and greenhouse studies indicating the crop could become a source of protein for millions of malnourished people in the world.

Queen's University physicist unlocking the mysteries of neighboring galaxies
An international team of astronomers, including Queen's University physicist Larry Widrow, have uncovered evidence of a nearby cosmic encounter.

She's going back to school but can she read?
Five million students will return to Canadian schools this month.

Einstein scientists move closer to a safer anthrax vaccine
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have identified two small protein fragments that could be developed into an anthrax vaccine that may cause fewer side effects than the current vaccine.

Pesticides -- easier detection of pollution and impact in rivers
Leipzig: The long-term effects of pesticides on living organisms in rivers and on water quality can now be assessed more easily.

Migraine Research Foundation announces winners of 2009 research grants
The Migraine Research Foundation today announced the winners of the 2009 research grants.

Perennial vegetation, an indicator of desertification in Spain
A team of scientists has analyzed 29 esparto fields from Guadalajara to Murcia and has concluded that perennial vegetation cover is an efficient early warning system against desertification in these ecosystems.

LSU receives $3.6 million to fund center studying hazardous waste cleanup and health impacts
LSU Professor and Patrick F. Taylor Chair of Chemistry Barry Dellinger was recently awarded a grant of $3.6 million by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, or NIEHS, to support a Superfund Research Center focusing on hazardous waste disposal and its impact on public health.

The first DNA barcodes of commonly traded bushmeat are published
Researchers from the American Museum of Natural History, the University of Colorado, and other institutions have published the DNA barcodes of commonly traded bushmeat from Central Africa and South America.

MicroRNAs circulating in blood show promise as biomarkers to detect pancreatic cancer
A blood test for small molecules abnormally expressed in pancreatic cancer may be a promising route to early detection of the disease, researchers at the University of Texas M.

The war against wildlife comes to an end in Southern Europe
This is the conclusion of a study which has analyzed the persecution of birds as a result of hunting in Spain over 14 years.

U of T researchers identify protein
Researchers at the University of Toronto have identified a protein which plays a key role in the development of neurons, which could enhance our understanding of how the brain works, and how diseases such as Alzheimer's occur.

To get college students to wash hands requires proper tools, attention-getting tactics
Researchers observed that even during a high-profile norovirus outbreak, students followed recommended hand hygiene procedures just 17 percent of the time.

Discovery leads to rapid mouse 'personalized trials' in breast cancer
Using a finding that the genetic complexity of tumors in mice parallels that in humans, researchers at the Duke University Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy and Duke University Medical Center are starting trial studies in mice, just like human clinical trials, to evaluate whether understanding tumor diversity can improve cancer treatment.

Bringing harmony to electronic waste disposal
Disposal and recycling standards for old computer equipment and other electronic waste must be harmonized for this rapidly growing problem to be dealt with effectively across national borders.

Environmental effects of cold-climate strawberry farming
California and Florida grow more than 95 percent of the nation's strawberries but how do growing methods designed to ensure successful strawberry production in colder climates affect the environment?

Researchers identify critical gene for brain development, mental retardation
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine have now discovered that establishing the neural wiring necessary to function normally depends on the ability of neurons to make finger-like projections of their membrane called filopodia.

Insomnia is bad for the heart
Can't sleep at night? A new study published in the journal Sleep has found that people who suffer from insomnia have heightened nighttime blood pressure, which can lead to cardiac problems.

Organic apple orchard floor maintenance techniques
Organic apple farming starts from the ground up. Maintaining a healthy orchard floor is the key to preventing weeds and keeping soil healthy.

NSF grants LSU $5 million to develop Louisiana math and science teacher institute
NSF,has awarded $5 million to LSU to support and develop the Louisiana Math and Science Teacher Institute, or LAMSTI, which gives science and math teachers from grades seven through 12 the opportunity to earn a specialized Master of Natural Sciences, or MNS, degree specifically designed to meet the needs of teachers.

Watermelon's hidden killer
Watermelon vine decline is a new and emerging disease that has created devastating economic losses for watermelon producers in Florida.

For peat's sake: Alternative growing media
Peat, or semi-decayed vegetation matter, has been used by commercial growers and amateur gardeners since the middle of the 20th century.
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