Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 10, 2009
No change in the link between deprivation and death since 1900s
The link between deprivation and premature death is as strong today as it was in the early 1900s according to research published on bmj.com today.

Heavy-drinking colleges showing no improvements
US colleges with the biggest student drinking problems have so far failed to turn the tide, according to a new study.

Louisiana Tech professor's 'metamaterials' research lands cover of international journal
Dr. Dentcho Genov, an assistant professor of physics and electrical engineering at Louisiana Tech University and a Louisiana Optical Network Initiative Institute fellow, is featured on the cover of the most recent issue of Nature Physics, one of the most respected and prestigious physics journals in the world.

Changing the course of nature: Are fisheries directing the evolution of fish populations?
What are the long-term evolutionary implications of prolonged fishing for the fish that humans and, perhaps more importantly, diverse ecosystems so depend on?

Superscanner helps scientists see into the unknown
Researchers at the University of Nottingham have a new weapon in their arsenal of tools to push back the boundaries of science, engineering, veterinary medicine and archeology.

NASA microwave image sees eyewall opening in Hurricane Linda
Linda managed to power up to hurricane status at 11 p.m.

Sleep helps reduce errors in memory, MSU research suggests
Sleep may reduce mistakes in memory, according to a first-of-its-kind study led by a cognitive neuroscientist at Michigan State University.

Size of fat cells and waist size predict type 2 diabetes in women
When it comes to assessing risk for type 2 diabetes, not only do waistlines matter to women, but so does the size of their fat cells.

NJIT expert on market failure says letting Lehman go was good thing
Approaching the anniversary of Lehman Brothers' demise, NJIT Finance Professor Michael Ehrlich, an expert on market failure, says that the Feds made the right move when they allowed the investment firm to go bankrupt.

Pandemic flu can infect cells deep in the lungs, says new research
Pandemic swine flu can infect cells deeper in the lungs than seasonal flu can, according to a new study published today in Nature Biotechnology.

Globally, 2 in 5 adolescent deaths are due to injuries and violence, and death rates much lower in high-income countries
The first study to look at global death rates for young people aged 10-24 years has shown that the vast majority of deaths in this age group (97 percent) occur in low- and middle-income countries.

Mixed progress in reducing world under-5 mortality, with most regions not on track to meet Millennium Development Goal 4
There has been mixed progress in reducing world under-5 mortality.

A boy for every girl? Not even close
In a perfect world, for every boy there would of course be a girl, but a new study shows that actual sex ratios can sometimes sway very far from that ideal.

SNM applauds FDA's decision to approve Zevalin
SNM applauds the US Food and Drug Administration's recent decision to approve the radioimmunotherapy drug, Zevalin, as a front-line treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

20th World Diabetes Congress media opportunities
Numerous media opportunities are offered at the 20th World Diabetes Congress held in Montreal, Canada, Oct.

CSIRO sets science path for new telescope
CSIRO has chosen the major science projects that its Australian SKA Pathfinder telescope will tackle in its first five years.

Archaeologists discover oldest-known fiber materials used by early humans
Scientists have discovered the oldest-known fiber materials that could have been used by humans for making clothing, shoes, and other items for domestic use.

Transforming Pittsburgh's economy: Technology and science tours to media covering Pittsburgh summit
A series of tours will provide journalists with behind-the-scenes information and images needed to tell the story of how Pittsburgh has rebuilt its economy.

New WHO data underscores global threat of the world's leading child killer
New World Health Organization data to be published in this week's edition of the Lancet will shed new light on two leading causes of pneumonia, the world's leading killer of children under age 5, both globally and within specific countries.

A new protein partnership that leads to pediatric tumor regression
Weizmann Institute scientists have discovered that the cell receptor TrkA may be involved in the spontaneous regression of some pediatric cancers.

Dividing cells 'feel' their way out of warp
Every moment, millions of a body's cells flawlessly divvy up their genes and pinch perfectly in half to form two identical progeny for the replenishment of tissues and organs -- even as they collide, get stuck, and squeeze through infinitesimally small spaces that distort their shapes.

Finding of genetic region controlling cardiovascular sensitivity to anesthetic propofol
Researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee have identified the genetic region in rats responsible for cardiovascular collapse during anesthesia.

Scientists trace evolution of butterflies infected with deadly bacteria
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have traced the evolution of a species of tropical butterfly, infected with a bacterium that kills males, by comparing current butterfly populations with more than 200 museum specimens.

Sex talk revelations of the lonely Y chromosome
A new study proves that communication between male and female occurs in our innermost beings.

Evolution coup: Study reveals how plants protect their genes
Unlike animals and humans, plants can't run and hide when exposed to stressful environmental conditions.

Purdue receives $105 million award to lead national earthquake engineering network
Advancing research and education to reduce the devastation and loss of human life from earthquakes and tsunamis is the goal of a new center at Purdue University.

An invitation to the nation's premier aging conference
The Gerontological Society of America invites all journalists to attend its 62nd Annual Scientific Meeting -- the country's largest interdisciplinary conference in the field of aging -- Nov.

Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type B together account for 17 percent of global deaths in children aged 1-59 months
Two articles in this week's edition of the Lancet profile new figures from the World Health Organization revealing that potentially vaccine-preventable Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type B infections together account for 17 percent of global deaths in children aged 1-59 months.

Scientists seek new emphases in Arctic climate change research
Much of circumpolar Arctic research focuses on the physical, direct changes resulting from climate warming such as sea ice retreat and temperature increases.

Children with fatter midsections at increased risk for cardiovascular disease
Children with more fat around their midsections could be at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease later in life, researchers say.

MU engineers develop safer, blast-resistant glass
To protect from potential terrorist attacks, federal buildings and other critical infrastructures are made with special windows that contain blast-resistant glass.

Beans' defenses mean bacteria get evolutionary helping hand
Bean plants' natural defenses against bacterial infections could be unwittingly driving the evolution of more highly pathogenic bacteria, according to new research published today in Current Biology.

Caltech scientists develop novel use of neurotechnology to solve classic social problem
Economists and neuroscientists from the California Institute of Technology have shown that they can use information obtained through functional magnetic resonance imaging measurements of whole-brain activity to create feasible, efficient and fair solutions to one of the stickiest dilemmas in economics, the public-goods free-rider problem -- long thought to be unsolvable.

Virtual maps for the blind
Dr. Orly Lahav of Tel Aviv University has invented a new software tool, interfacing with the user through the sense of touch, to help the blind navigate through unfamiliar places.

TCT 2009 to address electronic health records
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics is the annual Scientific Symposium of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

IEEE-USA and IEEE Computer Society to develop professional exam for software engineering
IEEE-USA and the IEEE Computer Society will be working with the National Council of Examiners of Engineering and Surveying and others to develop an examination for licensing software engineering professionals.

Barrow scientist awarded $400,000 grant to study cell associated with intuition and autism
A scientist at Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center has been awarded a $400,000 grant from the James S.

Second-hand smoking results in liver disease, study finds
Scientists at the University of California, Riverside, have found that even second-hand tobacco smoke exposure can result in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a common disease in which fat accumulates in the liver of people who drink little or no alcohol.

Scientists discover mechanism to make existing antibiotics more effective at lower doses
A new study published in the Sept. 11, 2009, issue of Science by researchers at the NYU School of Medicine reveals a conceptually novel mechanism that plays an important role in making human pathogens like Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus anthracis resistant to numerous antibiotics.

Ketamine reduces suicidality in depressed patients
Drug treatment options for depression can take weeks for the beneficial effects to emerge, which is clearly inadequate for those at immediate risk of suicide.

Stevens to host 2009 N.J. Inventors Hall of Fame Dinner
Creative minds will be rewarded next month when Stevens Institute of Technology hosts the 2009 winners of the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame awards.

New approaches to capturing the value of culture, media and sport
Finding appropriate ways to understand the value of culture, media and sport to society and explain this with evidence that convinces has proved a challenge for many years.

UTSA physics department receives $2.7 million to study nanomaterials
The University of Texas at San Antonio has received $2.7 million to study nanomaterials and their biomedical applications.

Premium info for car drivers
What will the weather be like over the next few hours on the A3 between Nuremberg and Wuerzburg?

RNA interference found in budding yeasts
Some budding yeast species have the ability to silence genes using RNA interference (RNAi).

Graffiti-free historic buildings
Many a historic landmark is defaced with graffiti, but the spray paint can only be removed -- if at all -- using caustic solutions which risk damaging the underlying surface.

As H1N1 looms, study shows students aren't protecting themselves
As public health experts warn of potential widespread outbreaks of H1N1 flu this school year, a new study from North Carolina State University shows that students do not comply with basic preventative measures as much as they think do.

Groups are key to good health
The quality of a person's social life could have an even greater impact than diet and exercise on their health and well-being.

GSA 2009 Annual Meeting -- media advisory 2
More than 4,000 abstracts will underpin the robust technical geoscience program at the 121st Annual Meeting & Exposition of the Geological Society of America.

As ash borer claims more trees, researcher at ISU works for species survival
Estimates say more than 70 million ash trees have been destroyed nationally by the emerald ash borer insect.

Replication at DNA damage sites highlights Fanconi anemia and breast cancer proteins
While Fanconi anemia is a rare and dangerous disease, new laboratory research at the University of Texas M.

IPY follow-up requires year-round research on Arctic and global warming
Arctic and Antarctic research teams pulled back to warmer climates when the International Polar Year wrapped last March.

International conference on endothelin
Identified in 1988, endothelin (ET) is produced by most tissues in the body.

Carbon nanotubes could make efficient solar cells
Using a carbon nanotube instead of traditional silicon, Cornell researchers have created the basic elements of a solar cell that hopefully will lead to much more efficient ways of converting light to electricity than now used in calculators and on rooftops.

Energy experts helping Australian households reduce carbon emissions
CSIRO scientists say householders can reduce their home and car energy use by as much as 50 percent by making changes to daily activities.

Seaglider sets new underwater endurance and range records
A University of Washington Seaglider operated for nine months and five days in the Pacific Ocean, an endurance record more than double what any other autonomous underwater vehicle has accomplished on a single mission.

Combating heart disease and stroke: Planning for a healthier Europe
A major European Conference,

K-State art museum to enhance artistic experiences for children
More than $20,000 in grants from the Kansas Arts Commission and Target will enable Kansas State University's Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art to enhance its programming for children.

Vaccination of 70 percent of US population could control swine flu pandemic
An aggressive vaccination program that first targets children and ultimately reaches 70 percent of the US population would mitigate pandemic influenza H1N1 that is expected this fall, according to computer modeling and analysis of observational studies conducted by researchers at the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Plastic surgeons should be part of disaster relief planning, response
When a terrorist bomb explodes, a tornado rips through a town, a hurricane devastates a region, or wildfires ravage homes and businesses, plastic surgeons are not typically atop the list of emergency responders.

Engineered pea seeds protect against parasites
A breed of pea seeds has been created that contains antibodies against coccidiosis, a disease caused by a parasite that attacks chickens.

Don't stand by me: When involving an interested party may not be in your best interest
When business leaders leave organizations following poor decisions, constituents often find comfort in replacing them with insiders -- others familiar with the problem and original choices.

Dandelion rubber
Most natural rubber comes from rubber trees in Southeast Asia, but this source is now under threat from a fungus.

UM receives grant to support graduate students in the family nurse practitioner program
The University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies is receiving a grant from the Dr.

Vertical farming advocate to be featured at upcoming free lecture at NJIT
A farm on the 40th floor? That's a distinct possibility, according to Dickson D.

Genome sequencing reveals genetic diversity of the bacteria that cause Buruli ulcer
A new study lays the groundwork for development of a cost-effective tool for studying the population structure and spread of Mycobacterium ulcerans, the causative agent of Buruli ulcer.

Iowa Power Fund helps Iowa State establish Wind Energy Manufacturing Laboratory
Iowa State University researchers are working with TPI Composites Inc.

Top doctor backs BMA's call to ban alcohol advertising
The BMA's call to ban alcohol advertising because of its damaging effects on young people is

Top wheat experts call for scaling up efforts to combat Ug99 and other wheat rusts
Wheat experts from 26 countries warn that rapidly-moving, wind-borne transboundary wheat diseases continue to threaten food security and wheat genetic diversity worldwide -- particularly in the ancient breadbasket stretching from the Middle East to India -- as they vowed new action to isolate and interrupt the steady march of dangerous wheat rust diseases.

Picking quality health care: New study shows a little context makes a big difference
A hospital pneumonia survival rate of 93 percent may sound good, but knowing that it's actually merely

Doctor's dilemma over flu jab after Guillain-Barré syndrome
A doctor who developed Guillain-Barré syndrome will consider having the swine flu jab when she returns to work this autumn, despite claims that the vaccine is linked to an increased risk of the disease.

Anti-smoking law helps waiters to quit smoking
Researchers from the Catalan Institute of Oncology have studied the impact of the law banning smoking in public places such as bars and restaurants on those working in these places.

Endothelin receptor may play role in sickle cell pain
Endothelin may play a role in the pain of sickle cell disease because of a change in the endothelin B receptor.

Tweeting, more than just self expression
From CNN to Ashton Kutcher everyone is tweeting. In ads, many companies now display the logo of an animated blue bird holding a sign that says

Routine screening for gestational diabetes: IQWiG finds indication of positive effect
Pregnant women who develop marked increased blood sugar levels during pregnancy can reduce the risk of certain birth complications if they receive treatment.

NRL brings new hyperspectral atmospheric and ocean science to the International Space Station
NRL's Remote Sensing and Space Science Divisions and the Naval Center for Space Technology provide the first-ever high quality and real-time monitoring of space weather and coastal ocean environment directly from the new Japanese Experiment Module-Exposed Facility on the International Space Station.

Dramatic biological responses to global warming in the Arctic
The Arctic as we know it may soon be a thing of the past, according to the research of a large, international team led by Eric Post, associate professor of biology at Penn State University.

Environmental scientists estimate that China could meet its entire future energy needs by wind alone
A team of environmental scientists from Harvard and Tsinghua University demonstrated the enormous potential for wind-generated electricity in China.

UCLA researchers develop biomarker for rapid relief of major depression
It takes weeks before physicians know if a particular medication will work in treating major depression.

Endothelin drugs benefit those with pulmonary hypertension
Research on new drugs to block endothelin has led to successful treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension and provides hope for treating other chronic diseases.

Troublesome green algae serve as coating substrate in record-setting battery
Unwanted blooms of Cladophora algae throughout the Baltic and in other parts of the world are not entirely without a positive side.

Ground Zero-scale trauma can prompt psychological growth, says UB researcher
People who live through an extreme traumatic experience such as the 9/11 terrorist attacks or an airplane crash often have the capacity to bounce back or even grow to a higher level of functioning and personal strength, according to a University at Buffalo researcher and expert in the effects of horrifying trauma.

50 millionth unique chemical substance recorded in CAS Registry
Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of the American Chemical Society, announced that on Sept.

Common mental disorders may be more common than we think
The prevalence of anxiety, depression and substance dependency may be twice as high as the mental health community has been led to believe.

Children with emotional difficulties at higher risk for adult obesity
Previous research has shown that low self-esteem and emotional problems are found in people who are overweight or obese -- but not which influences which.

Oil and wildlife don't mix in Ecuador's Eden
What harm can a simple road do in a pristine place such as Ecuador's Yasuni National Park, home to peccaries, tapirs, monkeys and myriad other wildlife species?
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