Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 15, 2009
Quality of early child care plays role in later reading, math achievement
Using information from the longitudinal study of early care and youth development, researchers found that children who spent more time in high-quality child care in the first five years of their lives had better math and reading scores in middle childhood.

AAPS and PhRMA co-sponsor stability workshop
This workshop will cover current trends in stability and challenges with today's new products.

Northwestern United States could face more tamarisk invasion by century's end
If future warming trends that scientists have projected are realized, one of the country's most aggressive exotic plants will have the potential to invade more US land area, according to a new study published in the current issue of the journal Invasive Plant Science and Management.

Acne really is a nightmare for some teens
Zits, pimples, bumps and blemishes are a young person's worst nightmare.

Parental physical discipline through childhood linked to behavior problems in teens
Using data collected in two longitudinal studies, researchers found that parents typically adjust the way they discipline their children in response to their children's cognitive abilities, using less physical discipline (spanking, slapping, hitting with an object) over time.

The role of genetic factors in adult ADHD
The majority of patients affected by ADHD in childhood carry ADHD symptoms into adulthood.

Treating bone loss in breast cancer survivors
Osteoporosis is a growing concern among breast cancer survivors and their doctors, because certain cancer drugs can cause bone loss.

Brain's response to seeing food may be linked to weight loss maintenance
A difference in brain activity patterns may explain why some people are able to maintain a significant weight loss while others regain the weight, according to a new study by researchers with The Miriam Hospital.

Scary music is scarier with your eyes shut
Dr. Talma Hendler of Tel Aviv University reports that the simple fact of closing the eyes can elicit more intense physical responses in the brain itself, visible on fMRIs.

New UBC sequencing technique could boost pine beetle fight, improve cancer research
UBC researchers have helped developed a cheaper, faster way to compile draft genome sequences that could advance the fight against mountain pine beetle (MPB) infestation and improve cancer research.

Treatment for severe respiratory failure from conditions like swine flu is better when ECMO is part of the treatment than with conventional ventilation
Patients with severe acute respiratory failure should be referred for treatment using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, rather than using conventional ventilator management, to improve their chances of survival without disability.

Teacher support is key to self-esteem for Chinese and US youth
A study of 1,500 urban middle school students in China and the US shows that -- for both populations -- students who felt more supported by their teachers were more likely to have high self-esteem, while students who didn't feel supported by their fellow students were more likely to be depressed.

Carnegie's Christopher Field to receive Heinz Award
Christopher Field, director of the Carnegie Institution's department of global ecology, has been awarded a prestigious Heinz award.

Exercise better than shockwave treatment for chronic shoulder pain
Supervised exercises are more effective than shockwave treatment to relieve chronic shoulder pain, finds a study published on today.

Copenhagen climate change conference is vital for our future as a species
A successful outcome at the UN climate change conference in Copenhagen this December is vital for our future as a species, and for our civilization.

2 treatment innovations improve heart function after heart attack
Supersaturated oxygen given during treatment for a STEMI heart attack can reduce heart muscle damage.

Egg-shaped legacy of Britain's mobile ice-sheet
The ice sheets that sculpted the landscape of Northern Britain moved in unexpected ways and left distinctive egg-shaped features according to new research.

Quantum to Cosmos Festival: Online and around the world
With only one month to go until launch, Perimeter Institute's Quantum to Cosmos Festival is gaining interest -- on-site, online and on TVO.

James Webb Space Telescope begins to take shape at Goddard
NASA's James Webb Space Telescope is starting to come together.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center awarded $11.5 million to research kidney cancer
The National Cancer Institute has awarded Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center an $11.5 million, five-year SPORE grant to focus on cancers of the kidney.

In-hospital kidney injury requiring dialysis linked to risk of chronic dialysis
Hospitalized patients who experience acute kidney problems that require dialysis are at increased risk of receiving chronic dialysis once discharged, but do not have an increased risk of death, according to a study in the Sept.

Black patients have lower rate of survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest
Compared with white patients, black patients who have an in-hospital cardiac arrest are significantly less likely to survive to hospital discharge, having lower rates of successful resuscitation and postresuscitation survival, although much of this survival difference was associated with the hospital in which black patients received care, according to a study in the Sept.

Acute kidney injury patients more likely to need dialysis within 5 years
Patients who sustain injury to their kidneys and require in-hospital dialysis are three times more likely to need long-term dialysis later in life compared to those without a history of this condition, says a new study from St.

Outcomes appear to be improving for conservative management of localized prostate cancer
A comparison of outcomes of different eras of conservative treatment for localized prostate cancer indicates that overall and prostate cancer-specific survival rates are higher for men diagnosed from 1992 through 2002 compared to men diagnosed in the 1970s and 1980s, according to a study in the Sept.

Research Councils UK sign groundbreaking MoU with Brazil
A pioneering MoU was signed today between Research Councils UK and FAPESP, the Research Council for the State of Sao Paulo, strengthening existing valuable research links between the UK and Brazil.

Life Sciences Discovery Fund 2009 Project grant awards
Six research project grant awards totaling $5.1 million will be made to Washington life sciences organizations and their partners, the state's Life Sciences Discovery Fund announced today.

Black patients experience worse cardiac care, lower survival rates
Black patients have lower rates of successful resuscitation and are less likely to survive an in-hospital cardiac arrest compared to white patients.

UGA licenses technology to make fuel from dead forests and agricultural waste
An innovative process for turning waste biomass -- such as dead trees, agricultural waste and lumber byproducts -- into a liquid fuel to power conventional engines has been licensed by the University of Georgia Research Foundation Inc. to Tolero Energy LLC, a private biofuels company based in Sacramento, Calif.

Comprehensive cardiac CT scan may give clearer picture of significant heart disease
A team of researchers led by Massachusetts General Hospital radiologists has developed a computed-tomography-based protocol that identifies both narrowing of coronary arteries and areas of myocardial ischemia -- restricted blood flow to heart muscle tissue -- giving a better indication of clinically significant coronary artery disease.

Failure to tackle climate change spells a global health catastrophe
An editorial and letter, published simultaneously by the BMJ and Lancet today, warn that failure to agree radical cuts in carbon dioxide emissions at the UN climate change conference in Copenhagen this December spells a global health catastrophe.

Direct evidence of role of sleep in memory formation is uncovered
A Rutgers University, Newark and Collége de France, Paris, research team has pinpointed for the first time the mechanism that takes place during sleep that causes learning and memory formation to occur, according to research published in Nature Neuroscience.

Study predicts an uncertain future for forests
The composition of some of our nation's forests may be quite different 200 to 400 years from today according to a recent study at the University of Illinois.

A rare discovery: An engraved gemstone carrying a portrait of Alexander the Great
A rare and surprising archaeological discovery at Tel Dor: A gemstone engraved with the portrait of Alexander the Great was uncovered during excavations by an archaeological team directed by Dr.

New textbook on pharmacology and drug discovery
Hacker, Messer and Bachman, in this new textbook make use of the latest pharma discoveries by moving logically from drug receptors to the target molecules drug researchers seek, and covering such modern topics along the way as side effects, drug resistance, pharmacogenomics, and even nutriceuticals, one in a string of culminating chapters on the drug discovery process.

Space-related radiation research could help reduce fractures in cancer survivors
A research project looking for ways to reduce bone loss in astronauts may yield methods of improving the bone health of cancer patients undergoing radiation treatment.

New X-ray technique illuminates reactivity of environmental contaminants
A chemical reaction can occur in the blink of an eye.

Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility chooses 2 new projects
Two new research teams have been selected to perform experiments with the Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility at the US Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory.

UT scientists discover link between protein and lung disease
In a development that could lead to a novel approach to the treatment of a devastating lung disease, biochemists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston report they are the first to link the osteopontin protein to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

2 international leaders receive Caltech Aerospace Award
Two distinguished aerospace leaders are the recipients of the 25th annual International von Kármán Wings Award.

Oxygen-saturated blood reduces levels of damaged heart tissue following a heart attack
Results of a clinical trial published today in Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions demonstrate that an infusion of blood that is

Moving toward a new vision of education
Successfully introducing Information and Communications Technologies into classrooms is one of the biggest challenges proposed by new educational plans.

Scientists say animal rights extremists threaten researchers and health outcomes
Two new expert commentaries released in the Sept. 16 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience spotlight the increasingly violent animal rights attacks and the need for an educated public and engaged research community to ensure the safety of animals and researchers, as well as the continuation of health advances.

Sending science down the phone: New technology will map research across the world
New mobile phone software will help epidemiologists and ecologists working in the field to analyze their data remotely and map findings across the world, without having to return to the lab, according to research published in PLoS ONE today.

Friction force differences could offer a new means for sorting and assembling nanotubes
Publishing in the journal Nature Materials, researchers report measuring different friction forces when a carbon nanotube slides along its axis compared to when it slides perpendicular to its axis.

Qatar home to world-class biomedical research program
Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development and Weill CornellMedical College in Qatar have unveiled a major initiative to establish a world-class biomedical research program, the first of its kind in the Middle East.

New Web site promotes interoperable newborn screening data
The National Library of Medicine today launched the Newborn Screening Coding and Terminology Guide, an important step toward efficient electronic exchange of standard newborn screening data.

Researchers help couples, kids experience benefits of healthy relationships
As part of the National Healthy Marriage Initiative, a University of Missouri program is addressing this issue by teaching parents to build healthy relationships for themselves and their children.

Study finds increased risk of death for patients with celiac disease-related disorders
New research indicates that patients with lesser degrees of celiac disease-related symptoms, such as intestinal inflammation or latent celiac disease, have a modestly increased risk of death, according to a study in the Sept.

University of Miami receives NIH grant to support novel technology for tissue engineering
A new grant from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, part of the National Institutes of Health, will provide funding for University of Miami College of Engineering researchers to develop a novel bioreactor system that will control mechano-electrochemical environment for tissue growth and also provide on-line monitoring for the properties of engineered tissues.

Machine vision for hot surface automatic inspection
Tecnalia Technological Corporation is developing an innovative application for the automatic inspection of hot steel surfaces, based on Machine Vision technologies that enhance quality control in hot rolling mill processes.

Set world standards for electronics recycling, reuse to curb e-waste exports to developing countries
Processes and policies governing the reuse and recycling of electronic products need to be standardized worldwide to stem and reverse the growing problem of illegal and harmful e-waste processing practices in developing countries, according to experts behind the world's first international e-waste academy.

URI researcher trips amputees in effort to develop improved prosthetic legs
A URI engineer has been tripping amputees in a laboratory study that seeks to improve the safety of prosthetic legs by developing a reliable and responsive stumble detection system.

Supplementing babies' formula with DHA boosts cognitive development
A study of 229 infants shows that babies fed formula supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid -- an essential fatty acid found in breast milk -- have higher cognitive skills than babies fed regular formula.

Insulin, metformin do not reduce inflammatory biomarkers for diabetes patients
In patients with recent onset type 2 diabetes, treatment with insulin or the diabetes drug metformin did not reduce inflammatory biomarkers, such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, although the treatment did improve glucose control, according to a study in the Sept.

Brookhaven Lab patents new method for mercury remediation
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have patented a new method to remove toxic mercury from soil, sediment, sludge and other industrial waste.

ACS Publications announces compliance with Release 3 of the COUNTER Code of Practice for Journals and Databases
The American Chemical Society Publications Division is pleased to announce full compliance with Release 3 of the COUNTER Code of Practice for Journals and Databases.

Caistor skeleton mystifies archaeologists
A skeleton, found at one of the most important, but least understood, Roman sites in Britain is puzzling experts from the University of Nottingham.

Indiana U medical researchers boost research and jobs with stimulus legislation grants
Indiana University School of Medicine scientists have received more than $12 million in grants funded by the federal economic stimulus legislation, funding that has bolstered both research initiatives and research employment on the medical center campus.

Gut ecology in transplant patients
A new genomic analysis shows that small-bowel transplant patients with an ileostomy have a very different population of bacteria living in their gut than patients whose ileostomy has been closed.

WCMC-Q researchers unlock genetic secrets of date palm
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar have mapped a draft version of the date palm genome, unlocking many of its genetic secrets.

Reactive oxygen's role in metastasis
Researchers at the Burnham Institute for Medical Research have discovered that reactive oxygen species, such as superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, play a key role in forming invadopodia, cellular protrusions implicated in cancer cell migration and tumor metastasis.

In study of low-income toddlers, spanking found to have negative effects
A longitudinal study of more than 2,500 low-income white, African-American and Mexican-American mothers and their children found that spanking at age 1 leads to more aggressive behaviors at age 2 and less sophisticated cognitive development at age 3.

Ecosystem researchers to hold science briefing for policymakers
On Thursday, Sept. 24, 2009, six leading ecosystem researchers will share with lawmakers key findings on the impacts of climate change on urban ecosystems.

ISU researchers study insecticide-free method for control of soybean aphids
Two Iowa State University researchers are looking at a way to genetically modify soybeans to prevent damage from aphids.

Rome was built in a day, with hundreds of thousands of digital photos
Using tourist photos downloaded from the Web, computer scientists created a digital version of Rome in about a day.

Background TV found to have negative effect on parent-child interactions
A new study looks for the first time at the effect of background TV on interactions between parents and young children.

Possible genetic factor for male infertility identified
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered a gene involved with the production of sperm that may contribute to male infertility, and lead to new approaches to male contraception.

Nanophotonic devices could revolutionize the telecommunications industry
This year's Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics will be awarded to Professor Motoichi Ohtsu for his pioneering and seminal work on nanophotonics and near field optics as well as for the development of innovative nanophotonic devices, fabrications, and systems.

Genes may explain why children who live without dads have earlier sex
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, researchers used a novel and complex study design to better understand the association between fathers' absence and children's sexuality.

Laser processes promise better artificial joints, arterial stents
Researchers are developing technologies that use lasers to create arterial stents and longer-lasting medical implants that could be manufactured 10 times faster and also less expensively than is now possible.

Sophisticated telescope camera debuts with peek at nest of black holes
Less than two months after they inaugurated the world's largest telescope, University of Florida astronomers have used one of the world's most advanced telescopic instruments to gather images of the heavens.

Under pressure: The impact of stress on decision making
We are faced with making decisions all the time. Often, we carefully deliberate the pros and cons of our choices, taking into consideration past experiences in similar situations before making a final decision.

CU-Boulder team identifies DNA 'barcodes' to help track illegal trading of wildlife products
Researchers from several institutions including the University of Colorado at Boulder have sequenced DNA

Reading Kafka improves learning, suggests UCSB psychology study
Reading a book by Franz Kafka -- or watching a film by director David Lynch -- could make you smarter.

American Cancer Society report describes unique cancer profile of Hispanic/Latino Americans
Report finds Hispanic/Latino Americans are less likely than non-Hispanic whites to develop and die from all cancers combined as well as the four most common cancers, but have higher rates of several cancers related to infections and are more likely to have cancer detected at a later stage.

Sheep that shed light on personality differences
The team led by Denis Reale, a professor in the department of biological sciences at UQAM and Canada research chair in behavioral ecology, recently completed a study showing the link between personality, survival and reproductive success in male bighorn sheep.

Mount Sinai researchers find phone assessment effective for evaluating cognition in the elderly
Cognitive testing by telephone in elderly individuals is generally as effective as in-person testing, according to a new study by Effie M.

High-quality child care leads to academic success for low-income kids
A new study of 1,300 middle school students shows high quality child care leads to improved math and reading achievement.

Weeding out marijuana: Researchers close in on engineering recognizable, drug-free Cannabis plant
In a first step toward engineering a drug-free Cannabis plant for hemp fiber and oil, University of Minnesota researchers have identified genes producing tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive substance in marijuana.

University of Toronto study shows disparity of effect of climate change on UV radiation
Physicists at the University of Toronto have discovered that changes in the Earth's ozone layer due to climate change will reduce the amount of ultraviolet radiation in northern high latitude regions such as Siberia, Scandinavia and northern Canada.

K-State's Robert Wolf a new fellow of the American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators
Robert Wolf, an associate professor of biological and agricultural engineering at Kansas State University, has been named a 2009 Fellow of the American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators.

Hazelden and Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center form publishing partnership
Hazelden and the Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center have announced a partnership to develop a variety of resources for the mental health and addiction treatment industries.

Meditation: Effective new aid for students with ADHD
A national webinar of physicians and scientists, hosted by the David Lynch Foundation, will report on the benefits of a simple meditation practice for aiding students diagnosed with ADHD, Wednesday, Sept.

Exotic timber plantations found to use more than twice the water of native forests
Ecologists have discovered that timber plantations in Hawaii use more than twice the amount of water to grow as native forests use.

Dartmouth researchers get personal with genetics
Two recent studies by Dartmouth researchers use individual genetic data to reveal the powers and limits of our current understanding of how the genome influences human health and what genes can reveal about the ancestry of the people of New Hampshire.

UCR Turfgrass Field Day to focus on water conservation, disease management, & natural turf
Turfgrass plays an important role in the landscape and is present in everyday life where sports and recreational activities are concerned.

Children under 3 can't learn action words from TV -- unless an adult helps
Using modified clips from the program is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to