Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 18, 2009
Polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 gene complex may influence alcohol dependence
Cytokines are small proteins secreted by cells that serve as molecular messengers between cells.

Diamonds are a laser's best friend
Tomorrow's lasers may come with a bit of bling, thanks to a new technology that uses man-made diamonds to enhance the power and capabilities of lasers.

Typhoon Choi-Wan swinging by Japan on weekend
Typhoon Choi-Wan passed the island of Iwo To stirring up heavy surf, hurricane-force winds and torrential, flooding rains.

Researchers prolong the plasma half-life of biopharmaceutical proteins
To prolong the

President honors nation's top scientists and innovators
President Obama named nine researchers as recipients of the National Medal of Science, and four inventors and one company as recipients of the National Medal of Technology and Innovation, the highest honors bestowed by the United States government on scientists, engineers, and inventors.

Pedestrian crossings could be monitored
A team of researchers from the University of Castilla-La Mancha has developed an intelligent surveillance system able to detect aberrant behavior by drivers and people on foot crossing pedestrian crossings and in other urban settings.

Nevada professor discovers new way to calculate body's 'Maximum Weight Limit'
Body Mass Index, or BMI, is an index used to determine healthy body weight.

TECNALIA presents innovative mobile robots which are autonomous and polyvalent
TECNALIA Technological Corporation has introduced innovative robots at Euskotren's station in Atxuri (Bilbao) and which are mobile, multifunctional, collaborative, autonomous and polyvalent, suitable for a wide range of work from street cleaning and rubbish collection to accompanying elderly people.

World Education Research Association symposium to address key issues on quality in education research
The World Education Research Association has announced plans for its inaugural meetings to be held in late September 2009 in Vienna, Austria.

APS podcast updates research on elephant seismic communication
Caitlin O'Connell-Rodwell's insight that elephants

Education and reward genes interact to influence alcoholism among Mexican-Americans
Interaction of gene/gene, gene/environment and environment/environment factors can contribute to alcoholism.

Small gems in space
A combination of small satellites can, with innovative methods, use the signals of the navigation satellite systems GPS and Galileo to significantly improve remote sensing of the System Earth.

Studying the earliest brain changes that could lead to Alzheimer's disease
Five early-career scientists were awarded the Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Foundation/AFAR New Investigator Awards in Alzheimer's Disease.

Early age at first drink may modify tween/teen risk for alcohol dependence
People who begin drinking at an early age are more likely to subsequently develop alcohol dependence (AD).

Bugs in boxes show difficulty of predicting invaders' progress
A study in today's Science by University of California and University of Colorado researchers suggests it won't be as easy as some had hoped to catalog all the factors that influence the spread of an invading species.

Hot microbes cause groundwater cleanup rethink
CSIRO researchers have discovered that micro-organisms that help break down contaminants under the soil can actually get too hot for their own good.

Postmenopausal women, too, reap cardiovascular benefits from endurance training
After menopause, decreased estrogen and changes in body composition affect women's metabolism.

New rabies vaccine may require only a single shot ... not 6
A person, usually a child, dies of rabies every 20 minutes.

US tax breaks subsidize foreign oil production
The largest US subsidies to fossil fuels are attributed to tax breaks that aid foreign oil production, according to research to be released on Friday by the Environmental Law Institute in partnership with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Young age at first drink may affect genes and risk for alcoholism
The age at which a person takes a first drink may influence genes linked to alcoholism, making the youngest drinkers the most susceptible to severe problems.

Mount Sinai first in nation to ablate atrial fibrillation using new visually guided balloon catheter
Physicians at the Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York became the first in the US to ablate atrial fibrillation using a visually-guided laser balloon catheter.

Portable and precise gas sensor could monitor pollution and detect disease
Researchers have demonstrated a method for identifying nitric oxide gas using lasers and sensors that are inexpensive, compact and highly sensitive.

HIV uses several strategies to escape immune pressure
A study of how HIV mutates in response to immune system pressure by Emory Vaccine Center researchers shows that the virus can take several escape routes, not one preferred route.

New program in international research ethics commences at IUPUI
A ground breaking

Cybernetwork to help K-State researchers study tallgrass prairie, respond to global warming
The cyberCommons promises to help ecologists researching the tallgrass prairie by filling in gaps in common modeling methods and ecological forecasting.

All boom and no bust for bird book
A leading CSIRO ornithologist will receive the nation's most prestigious zoological award for his contribution to the field at a ceremony in Sydney tonight.

Medications effective in reducing risks for breast cancer can also cause serious side effects
Three drugs that reduce a woman's chance of getting breast cancer also have been shown to cause adverse effects.

Slow-moving Marty headed for drier air, cooler waters
Marty was still holding onto tropical storm status on Sept.

Cheap, quick bedside 'eye movement' exam outperforms MRI for diagnosing stroke in patients
In a small

Invading black holes explain cosmic flashes
Black holes are invading stars, providing a radical explanation to bright flashes in the universe that are one of the biggest mysteries in astronomy today.

Antioxidant controls spinal cord development
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine have discovered how one antioxidant protein controls the activity of another protein, critical for the development of spinal cord neurons.

Controlling the language of security
Korean computer scientists have developed a security policy specification for home networks that could make us more secure from cyber attack in our homes.

Seasonal influenza: Not enough health care workers have themselves vaccinated
Less than one third of healthcare workers have themselves vaccinated against classic influenza.

Topical erectile dysfunction therapy shows promise
An innovative drug-delivery system -- nanoparticles encapsulating nitric oxide or prescription drugs -- shows promise for topical treatment of erectile dysfunction, according to a new study by scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

Florida Tech particle physicist earns $380,000 for muon research and grid computing
One research project involves cargo inspection with muon tomography. A second project permits fundamental research in experimental particle physics with muons at the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at CERN, Switzerland.

Too many bars in rural America linked to high suicide rates instead of idyllic life
A new study has examined the relationship between suicide and number of alcohol outlets.

Using magnetism to turn drugs on and off
Many medical conditions, such as chronic pain, cancer and diabetes, require medications that cannot be taken orally, but must be dosed intermittently, on an as-needed basis, over a long period of time.

University of Miami residential community honored with Dream Green Reality Award
Smathers Four Fillies Farm, a residential community built for the University of Miami faculty has taken the top prize of a regional award that recognizes sustainable development, the Urban Land Institute's Woolbright Dream Green Reality Award.
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