Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 25, 2009
NSF funds state's first imaging system for UAB microscale research lab
The National Science Foundation has awarded $431,200 to the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Physics to facilitate the purchase of a new highly-specialized imaging system -- the first of its kind in Alabama -- that will be a centerpiece of a new interdisciplinary research laboratory on campus.

Study finds intervention program increases kids' healthy eating, reduces screen time
A new Iowa State University study found that a family, school and community intervention program helps children live healthier lives and could be a new tool in the fight against the nation's childhood obesity epidemic.

Body's immune system response to dental plaque varies by gender and race
In a study of healthy men and women, Indiana University School of Dentistry researchers found that dental plaque accumulation did not result in a change in total white blood count, a known risk factor for adverse cardiac events.

4,000 numbers crunchers count on San Diego
When 4,000 experts in everything from problems with California's hospitals to a perpetual game of Monopoly come to San Diego on Oct.

Prototype developed to detect dark matter
A team of researchers from the University of Zaragoza and the Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale has developed a

Loyola University Chicago awarded scholarships for accelerated nursing students
Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing has been awarded Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funding through the RWJF New Careers in Nursing Scholarship Program.

Insulin boost restores muscle growth in elderly
Researchers have demonstrated that by increasing insulin levels above the normal range in elderly test subjects, they can restore the impaired muscle-building process responsible for age-related physical weakness.

Comprehensive understanding of bacteria could lead to new insights into many organisms
Investigators at Burnham Institute for Medical Research, University of California, San Diego, the Scripps Research Institute, Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation and other institutions have constructed a complete model, including three-dimensional protein structures, of the central metabolic network of the bacterium Thermotoga maritima.

Certain cancers more common among HIV patients than non-HIV patients
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that non-AIDS-defining malignancies such as anal and lung cancer have become more prevalent among HIV-infected patients than non-HIV patients since the introduction of antiretroviral therapies in the mid-1990s.

New ways to predict violent behavior?
In the future, diagnosing severe personality disorders, evaluating the childhood environment, assessing alcohol consumption and the analysis of the MAOA genotype may provide more accurate means for assessing risk among violent offenders, according to the research carried out jointly at the University of Helsinki, Finland.

High-tech nuke detectors check Puget Sound small vessels for WMD
More than 300 trained maritime law enforcement and first responder personnel from federal, state, local and tribal agencies participated in an operational maritime exercise in Puget Sound this week.

Erie County home to plant never before recorded in Pa.
Western Pennsylvania Conservancy scientists have discovered a plant in Erie County that has never been recorded in Pennsylvania.

Great Tits eat bats in times of need
Necessity is the mother of invention: Great Tits eat hibernating common pipistrelle bats under harsh conditions of snow cover.

Social background weighs heavily on teenage diet
Teenagers' attitudes to diet and weight are shaped by their social class, according to new research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

Researchers find group therapy benefits homeless veterans prone to violence
A new study examines the rates of violence among homeless veterans and their partners and the significant results of group therapy.

University of Calgary scientists find successful way to reduce bat deaths at wind turbines
Scientists at the University of Calgary have found a way to reduce bat deaths from wind turbines by up to 60 percent without significantly reducing the energy generated from the wind farm.

Public must be involved in nanotech policy debate demands groundbreaking
Decision-making on science -- especially emerging technologies such as nanotechnology -- must become more democratic, a new report on science policy released today argues.

OU student receives $10,000 scholarship from the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation
For the fifth consecutive year, a University of Oklahoma student has been selected to receive a $10,000 scholarship from the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation.

Ants vs. worms: New computer security mimics nature
In the never-ending battle to protect computer networks from intruders, researchers at Wake Forest University are working with security experts at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to develop a new defense modeled after one of nature's hardiest creatures -- the ant.

Pitt researchers net $5 million from NIH to explore better ways to grow cells for regenerative medicine
Regenerative medicine researchers at the University of Pittsburgh received two grants totaling more than $5 million from the National Institutes of Health to explore new methods for cultivating replacement cells from existing tissues and organs.

National Association of Neonatal Nurses & Lundbeck Inc. announce scholarship recipients
The National Association of Neonatal Nurses is proud to announce the recipients of the Lundbeck Neonatal Nursing Career Path Scholarship.

US needs nearly $200 million more on climate-related health research
A recent commentary suggests that the US should spend roughly $197 million more than it currently does to research the impact of climate change on public health.

Infant pain, adult repercussions
Scientists at Georgia State University have uncovered the mechanisms of how pain in infancy alters how the brain processes pain in adulthood.

How would Einstein use e-mail?
You're not as different from Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin after all, at least when it comes to patterns of correspondence.

Young adults visit doctors least at an age when risky behavior peaks
The prevalence of substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, homicide and motor vehicle crashes all peak in young adulthood.

Does Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy prevent gastric cancer?
A research team from Japan investigated whether eradication of H.

Draft potato genome based on unique potato variety
The Potato Genome Sequencing Consortium, an international team of scientists from industry and academia in 14 countries, has released a draft sequence of the potato genome.

Mechanism for potential Friedreich's ataxia drug uncovered
Using clever chemistry, a Scripps Research team has pinpointed the enzyme target of a drug group that stops the progression of the devastating disease Friedreich's ataxia in mice and may do the same for humans.

Yale engineers track bacteria's kayak paddle-like motion for first time
Yale engineers have for the first time observed and tracked E. coli bacteria moving in a liquid medium with a motion similar to that of a kayak paddle.

Drug-eluting stents better than bare-metal stents for heart attack patients
Late-breaking data from the landmark HORIZONS-AMI clinical trial, presented at the 21st annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics scientific symposium, demonstrated that after two years, in heart attack patients, the use of a drug-eluting stent (paclitaxel) was safer and more effective than a bare-metal stent; and that the administration of the anticoagulant medication bivalirudin enhanced safety and efficacy compared to the use of heparin + GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors.

Improving financial and food security for farmers in northern Ethiopia
Swiss Re, Oxfam America, the Rockefeller Foundation and the International Research Institute for Climate and Society at Columbia University announced a joint Commitment to Action at the Clinton Global Initiative meeting in New York.

Experts to review quality improvement programs to prevent preterm birth
The nation's leading maternal-child and quality assurance health care experts will review and develop programs to help lower the nation's costly preterm birth rate during a Quality Improvement Symposium, Oct.

MSU licenses plant oil enhancement technology to BASF Plant Science
Technology that could enhance plants' seed oil content for food and animal feed applications has been licensed to BASF Plant Science under an exclusive commercial agreement with Michigan State University.

M. D. Anderson scientist wins NIH New Innovator Award
A unique approach to understanding how cells develop resistance to drugs has won a scientist at the University of Texas M.

BUSM researchers propose a relationship between androgen deficiency and cardiovascular disease
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine in collaboration with researchers from Lahey Clinic Northshore, Peabody, Mass., believe that androgen deficiency might be the underlying cause for a variety of common clinical conditions, including diabetes, erectile dysfunction, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease.

NIH fellowship recipient to study disease ecology
Camille Harris of Ridgeland, Mississippi, a graduate student in biological sciences at Virginia Tech, has been awarded a National Institutes of Health Graduate Research Fellowship for her study of forest disturbance and its ecological impacts on LaCrosse virus, a mosquito-borne disease that can cause seizures, coma, paralysis, and permanent brain damage in severe cases.
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