Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 29, 2009
Training clinicians helps reduce rates of early childhood cavities
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine have found that pediatricians provided with the proper communication, educational and information technology tools and training could reduce the rates of children developing early childhood caries or cavities by 77 percent.

Masitinib -- targeted therapy for cancers, inflammatory diseases and neurological indications
In new research, Dr. Patrice Dubreuil and colleagues characterise the pharmacological profile of masitinib, a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets the stem cell factor, PDGFR and Lyn.

Study highlights HIV/AIDS challenge in American prison system
HIV/AIDS is up to five times more prevalent in American prisons than in the general population.

Revolutionary statewide UC collaboration targets breast cancer
The University of California is launching an unprecedented statewide collaboration for breast cancer patients with the goal of revolutionizing the course of their care by designing and testing new approaches to research, technology and health care delivery.

Young adults may outgrow bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder, or manic-depression, causes severe and unusual shifts in mood and energy, affecting a person's ability to perform everyday tasks.

Is trash the solution to tackling climate change?
Converting trashinto biofuel may be the answer to both the growing energy crisis and to tackling carbon emissions claims a paper in Global Change Biology: Bioenergy

UT Houston, Jamaica researchers launch autism study
Researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and the University of the West Indies have joined forces to launch a study of Jamaican children that they hope will unlock the secrets of how genetics and environment may interact to cause autism spectrum disorders.

LSUHSC researcher identifies new target to prevent fatal flu lung complication
Research led by Dr. Jay Kolls, professor and chairman of genetics at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, has identified a therapeutic target for acute lung injury resulting in acute respiratory distress syndrome, a highly fatal complication of influenza infection.

Arsenic toxic at low levels, ferrate oxidation is innovative approach to mediate
Arsenic is toxic even at low levels and different chemicals have been applied to remediate.

Baltimore City Public Schools honored for healthy menu
The Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future today recognized the Baltimore City Public Schools with the Center's 2009 Award for Visionary Leadership in Local Food Procurement and Food Education.

New book teaches core skills needed to create professional scientific communications
Strong communication skills are essential for preparing scientific articles, grant proposals, posters, and slide presentations.

UCF team developing tool kit to help diagnose dementia
With the risk of developing dementia growing at an alarming pace, a UCF research team is working with the Boston University School of Medicine to develop a miniature diagnostic toolkit in the hopes of stimulating earlier detection and treatment.

Cosmic rays hit space age high
Planning a trip to Mars? Take plenty of shielding. According to sensors on NASA's Advanced Composition Explorer spacecraft, galactic cosmic rays have just hit a Space Age high.

University of Basque Country research study on effects of climate on plankton in the estuaries
The main objective of the research was to gather information on the effects of climate changes and their consequent influence on the hydrological and dynamic characteristics of plankton in the estuaries.

Self-monitoring of blood glucose
Diabetes patients should always control their own blood sugar values if this leads to improvements in their treatment.

SDSC part of $15 million project to create 'FutureGrid' computer network
The San Diego Supercomputer Center at UC San Diego is part of a team chosen by the National Science Foundation to build and run an experimental high-performance grid test-bed, allowing researchers to collaboratively develop and test new approaches to parallel, grid and cloud computing.

No major role for fish in the prevention of heart failure
The consumption of fish has no major role in the prevention of heart failure, according to results from a large prospective population study.

A step toward better brain implants using conducting polymer nanotubes
Brain implants that can more clearly record signals from surrounding neurons in rats have been created at the University of Michigan.

Electronic medical records could be used as a predictor of domestic abuse
Doctors could predict a patient's risk of receiving a domestic abuse diagnosis years in advance by using electronic medical records as an early warning system, according to research published on bmj.com today.

PyroHands: NC State receives grant to develop next generation firefighter gloves
What is one of the biggest complaints firefighters have about their job?

Protein inhibitor helps rid brain of toxic tau protein
Inhibiting the protein Hsp70 rapidly reduces brain levels of tau, a protein associated with Alzheimer's disease when it accumulates as memory-choking tangles.

EPA announces research strategy to study nanomaterials
The US Environmental Protection Agency today outlined a new research strategy to better understand how manufactured nanomaterials may harm human health and the environment.

Obesity in middle-aged women cuts chance of a long and healthy life by almost 80 percent
The more weight women gain from the age of 18 until middle age, the less likely they are to enjoy a long and healthy life, according to new research published on bmj.com today.

New perspectives on cancer surgery
A German-Hungarian research team has developed a mass-spectrometry-based technique by which malignant tumor cells and the surrounding healthy tissue can be distinguished in real time during cancer surgery.

Unlocking the secrets of the seafloor: The future of scientific ocean drilling
Close to 600 scientists from 21 countries met Sept. 23-25, 2009, in Bremen, Germany, to outline major scientific targets for a new and ambitious ocean drilling research program.

NTU professor receives Friendship Award from China
Professor Francois Raymond Mathey, a Nanyang Professor at Nanyang Technological University's School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, has been awarded the People's Republic of China's highest award for foreign experts -- the Friendship Award.

Institute for Aging Research study links high-heels to heel and ankle pain
Women should think twice before buying their next pair of high-heels or pumps, according to researchers at the Institute for Aging Research of Hebrew SeniorLife in a new study of older adults and foot problems.

Small mammals have a 'Celtic fringe' too
The origin of the

Air pollutants from abroad a growing concern, says new report
Plumes of harmful air pollutants can be transported across oceans and continents -- from Asia to the United States and from the United States to Europe -- and have a negative impact on air quality far from their original sources, says a new report by the National Research Council.

Women who make poor shoe choices at risk for foot pain later in life
A recently published study determined that women who make poor shoe choices early in life suffer with foot pain in later years.

Predicting the climate of coming decades
The University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science will be the location for a workshop entitled

Boston University School of Medicine's black women's health study receives $9.1 million award
The Black Women's Health Study of the Sloan Epidemiology Center at Boston University School of Medicine's has received a five-year continuation of grant funding award from the National Cancer Institute.

Stem cell success points to way to regenerate parathyroid glands
An early laboratory success is taking University of Michigan researchers a step closer to parathyroid gland transplants that could one day prevent a currently untreatable form of bone loss associated with thyroid surgery.

Obesity in mid-life reduces the chance of healthy survival in women
A new study by Harvard School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital researchers has found that, among a large study population of women who lived until at least age 70, being overweight in mid-life was associated with having more health problems later in life.

Book by UCR biologist tells story of 100-year quest for elusive malaria vaccine
Malaria afflicts 350-500 million people worldwide each year and kills more than a million people.

Free AAPS Webinar will discuss design of experiments
AAPS is presenting a Webinar titled

Agronomy Society welcomes USDA Mississippi River Basin Initiative
The USDA's Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative provides a $320 million investment over four years to support programs in 12 states: Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Kentucky, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee and Wisconsin to help farmers voluntarily implement conservation practices which avoid, control and trap nutrient runoff, improve wildlife habitat and maintain agricultural productivity.

Scientists find obesity alone does not cause arthritis in animals
The link between obesity and osteoarthritis may be more than just the wear and tear on the skeleton caused by added weight.

Australian study sheds light on kidney repair and disease
A study by Monash University researchers has shed new light on the microscopic antennas in the kidney that are involved in the organ's repair process.

Sugar + weed killer = potential clean energy source
Researchers at Brigham Young University have developed a fuel cell that harvests electricity from glucose, using a common herbicide as a catalyst.

Fruit fly sperm makes females do housework after sex
The sperm of male fruit flies are coated with a chemical

Young in reformatories think that it will help them to find a job and give up delinquency
A research work carried out at the University of Granada suggests that reformatories should adapt training workshops to the real needs of the labor market.

Bio-optics breakthroughs: Highlights of medical and bioscience research at Frontiers in Optics 2009
From scopes that help premature babies breathe to techniques for imaging live neurons and beating hearts as they develop, the latest optical and laser technology being deployed in medicine and the biosciences will be on display at the Optical Society's Annual Meeting, Frontiers in Optics, which takes place Oct.

BioMed Central partners with AuthorMapper
BioMed Central, the world's largest open access publisher with over 200 peer-reviewed journals, has teamed up with AuthorMapper.com and SpringerExemplar.com to add data for its over 60,000 published articles to both platforms.

Scientists join forces to explain HIV spread in Central and East Africa
A research team led by scientists at the University of Florida explained why two subtypes of HIV-1 -- the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS -- held steady at relatively low levels for more than 50 years in west central Africa before erupting as an epidemic in east Africa in the 1970s.

Stimulus-funded university research addressing issues from climate change to cancer, creating jobs and training a new generation of scientists
The Association of American Universities, the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, and the Science Coalition today released highlighted examples of the important scientific work happening across the country as a result of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Combining sun, sand and science in the Bahamas
Researchers from the University of Miami teamed up with developers from Discovery Land Company to establish the first Bahamian project that employed on-site environmental scientists to guide the construction of a sustainable development called the Baker's Bay Golf and Ocean Club.

How the 100th protein structure solved at Diamond impacts our understanding of how insects smell
New research announced today, Wednesday, Sept. 30, by a team of leading scientists working with the UK's national Synchrotron, Diamond Light Source, could have a significant impact on the development and refinement of new eco-friendly pest control methods for worldwide agriculture.

Rebuilding the economy through engineering innovation -- forum Oct. 5 in Irvine, Calif.
The National Academy of Engineering will host a forum called

Eat soybeans to prevent diseases
Soybeans contain high levels of several health-beneficial compounds including tocopherols, which have antioxidant properties.

Perfect image without metamaterials ... and a reprieve for silicon chips
Inspired by James Clerk Maxwell's findings, first expounded in the 1850s, Leonhardt is reintroducing the idea of using a

Metabolic syndrome linked to liver disease in obese teenaged boys
Researchers studying a large sample of adolescent American boys have found an association between metabolic syndrome, which is a complication of obesity, and elevated liver enzymes that mark potentially serious liver disease.

Security versus privacy: How do we get the balance right?
With spectacular losses of personal details by major organizations still fresh in the public mind, a new booklet, Assessing Privacy Impact, provides important insights from leading academics, industry experts and information regulators into the whole debate around who knows what about us, whether they need to, and the treatment of often sensitive data.

Novel chemistry for ethylene and tin
New work by chemists at UC Davis shows that ethylene, a gas that is important both as a hormone that controls fruit ripening and as a raw material in industrial chemistry, can bind reversibly to tin atoms.

Book on ape evolution wins W. W. Howells Award
A book titled

Living, meandering river constructed
In a feat of reverse-engineering, Christian Braudrick of University of California at Berkeley and three coauthors have successfully built and maintained a scale model of a living meandering gravel-bed river in the lab.

Did Tyrannosaurus rex suffer from a common bird disease?
Paleontologists Ewan Wolff (University of Wisconsin-Madison), Steve Salisbury (University of Queensland), Jack Horner (Museum of the Rockies) and David Varricchio (Montana State University), published new research in the open-access, peer-reviewed scientific journal PLoS ONE that found the Tyrannosaurus rex and its close relatives suffered from a potentially life-threatening infectious disease similar to one that occurs in living birds known as trichomonosis.

Paul Marks prize recognizes 3 young cancer researchers
Three young investigators who have taken significant steps toward advancing the understanding of cancer will be the recipients of this year's Paul Marks Prize for Cancer Research, a prize awarded biennially since 2001 to scientists under the age of 46 by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.

Uninterrupted chest-compressions key to survival in cardiac arrest outside hospital setting
Maximizing the proportion of time spent performing chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation substantially improves survival in patients who suffer cardiac arrest outside a hospital setting, according to a multicenter clinical study that included UT Southwestern Medical Center.

PCPs are front line defense in diagnosing serious illness in patients with acute lower back pain
A study by researchers at the George Institute for International Health in Australia found that it is rare for patients presenting to PCPs with acute lower back pain to have previously undiagnosed serious diseases.

Combined drug treatment more effective than either alone at reducing neuropathic pain
Combination treatment using gabapentin and nortriptyline reduces neuropathic pain more than either drug alone, and thus could be used in patients that only partially respond to one drug or the other.

U-M physicists create first atomic-scale map of quantum dots
University of Michigan physicists have created the first atomic-scale maps of quantum dots, a major step toward the goal of producing

Researchers find a key mechanism in the development of nerve cells
Chaos brews in the brains of newborns: the nerve cells are still bound only loosely to each other.

World's most sensitive astronomical camera developed at the Universite de Montreal
A team of Universite de Montreal researchers, led by physics Ph.D. student Olivier Daigle, has developed the world's most sensitive astronomical camera.

Nanotechnology and synthetic biology: What does the American public think?
Nanotechnology and synthetic biology continue to develop as two of the most exciting areas of scientific discovery, but research has shown that the public is almost completely unaware of the science and its applications.

Most would refuse emergency use H1N1 vaccine or additive
A majority of Americans would not take an H1N1 flu vaccine or drug additive authorized for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health study in the journal Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice and Science.

Oleocanthal may help prevent, treat Alzheimer's
Oleocanthal, a naturally occurring compound in extra-virgin olive oil, alters the structure and increases antibody recognition of neurotoxic proteins associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Study suggests obesity alone does not cause knee osteoarthritis in mice
Researchers from Duke University, supported by a grant for the National Institutes of Health, studied leptin-deficient mice to determine the role of obesity in developing knee osteoarthritis (OA).

New blood-thinning drug safer than rat poison
A new drug has been declared to be safer but as effective as the standard anti-coagulant drug warfarin for treating patients with abnormal heart rhythms.

Rediscovering the dragon's paradise lost
The world's largest living lizard species, the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), is vulnerable to extinction and yet little is known about its natural history.

Study outlines strategies to test new payment models for health care
A new study outlines methods that might be used to test a novel payment system for medical care known as

SNM urges Congress to support CARE bill
SNM is calling on Congress to support the Consistency, Accuracy, Responsibility and Excellence in Medical Imaging and Radiation Therapy Act (CARE) bill, which would ensure that states set minimum education and credentialing standards for nuclear medicine technologists.

Spallation Neutron Source first of its kind to reach megawatt power
The US Department of Energy's Spallation Neutron Source, already the world's most powerful facility for pulsed neutron scattering science, is now the first pulsed spallation neutron source to break the one-megawatt barrier.

Climate change meets ocean life in new northeast research institute
Federal and academic marine scientists in the Northeast have combined resources in a new effort to understand how the large marine ecosystem off the northeastern US functions.

'Green' research at Louisiana Tech results in new geopolymer concrete technology
Dr. Erez Allouche, assistant professor of civil engineering at Louisiana Tech University and associate director of the Trenchless Technology Center, is conducting innovative research on geopolymer concrete and providing ways to use a waste byproduct from coal fired power plants and help curb carbon dioxide emissions.

Was mighty T. rex 'Sue' felled by a lowly parasite?
When pondering the demise of a famous dinosaur such as 'Sue,' the mighty Tyrannosaurus rex whose fossilized remains are a star attraction of the Field Museum in Chicago, it is hard to avoid the image of clashing Cretaceous titans engaged in bloody, mortal combat.

Study offers less complex, minimally invasive procedure to treat heart valve leak
Cardiac experts at Rush University Medical Center are studying a new, minimally invasive procedure to treat leaky heart valves.

NJIT to dedicate new telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory on Oct. 3, 2009
During the next decade, solar physicists will learn more than they might have dreamed possible about the sun, thanks to current technologies that have advanced the capacity of ground-based and space-based instruments.

Rice's Tapia receives Hispanic Heritage Award
Rice University mathematician Richard Tapia will be honored with the Hispanic Heritage Award for Math and Science today at the star-studded 22nd Annual Hispanic Heritage Awards ceremony on Capitol Hill.

Sold-out products influence consumer choice
An empty store shelf tempts shoppers to buy the next best thing, according to a new study from the University of Alberta.

U of A and leading German researchers team up to build oil sands sustainability
The University of Alberta and one of Europe's largest scientific research organizations are teaming up to develop technology aimed at increasing the sustainability of Alberta's oil sands resources.

Larry King to moderate panel of leading cardiologists and cardiac surgeons
The Ninth Annual Controversies and Advances in Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease continuing medical education conference will feature several discussions and presentations on how health care reform could affect cardiovascular disease patients' diagnosis, treatment and outcome.

Social isolation worsens cancer
Using mice as a model to study human breast cancer, researchers have demonstrated that a negative social isolation causes increased tumor growth.

Calcium scans may be effective screening tool for heart disease
A simple, non-invasive test appears to be an effective screening tool for identifying patients with silent heart disease who are at risk for a heart attack or sudden death.

Women fare better than men with metastatic colorectal cancer -- are hormones helping?
Younger women with metastatic colorectal cancer lived longer than younger men.

TGen provides Arizona with $77 million in annual economic impact
Biomedical breakthroughs by TGen help patients, create jobs, forge new businesses and propel Arizona's emerging knowledge-based economy.

Mystery solved: Marine microbe is source of rare nutrient
A new study of microscopic marine microbes, called phytoplankton, by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of South Carolina has solved a 10-year-old mystery about the source of an essential nutrient in the ocean.

Telltale moss
Dr. Nir Ohad of Tel Aviv University's Department of Plant Sciences and his colleagues have discovered a new use for the Polycomb group protein found in moss that have an important role in telling stem cells how to develop.

Security of biological select agents and toxins
A new report from the National Research Council,

Lack of social interaction affects health outcomes of breast cancer
Social environment can play an important role in the biology of disease, including breast cancer, and lead to significant differences in health outcome, according to results of a study published in Cancer Prevention Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
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