Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 05, 2009
Higher folates, not antioxidants, can reduce hearing loss risk in men
Increased intakes of antioxidant vitamins have no bearing on whether or not a man will develop hearing loss, but higher folate intake can decrease his risk by 20 percent, according to new research presented at the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Diego, Calif.

How should mental, neurological and substance use disorders be treated where resources are scarce?
How should mental, neurological and substance use disorders be treated where resource are scarce?

Child burn injuries down significantly
A new study finds burn injuries in children under age 21 are down significantly -- 31 percent.

Homebound termites answer 150-year-old evolution question
Staying at home may have given the very first termite youngsters the best opportunity to rule the colony when their parents were killed by their neighbors.

Multivisceral transplant survival rates improve with new treatment, says Pittsburgh study
Data from the largest single-center experience of adult and pediatric intestinal and multivisceral transplantation show that survival rates have improved with the advent of innovative surgical techniques, novel immunosuppressive protocols and better post-operative management, according to a Thomas E.

Jack W. Szostak, Ph.D. -- 2009 Nobel Recipient in Physiology or Medicine
Jack W. Szostak, Ph.D., of the Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Molecular Biology and Harvard Medical School has been named a recipient of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work predicting and then discovering telomerase, an enzyme that builds and maintains the protective caps at the tips of chromosomes.

Solving the period problem: Researchers develop sanitary pads from local, organic materials
For most women, their

New drug aims to 'seek and destroy' many types of cancer
A new drug designed to

Many childhood cancer survivors have uncomplicated pregnancies, healthy babies
Women who survived cancer in childhood or adolescence or women whose male partner is a childhood cancer survivor do not appear to have an increased risk of major complications during pregnancy, having babies with birth defects or infant deaths, according to two reports in the October issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

University of Arizona scholar to present AERA Brown Lecture in Education Research
Luis C. Moll, a University of Arizona scholar and expert on the connection among culture, psychology and education, will deliver the American Educational Research Association's 6th Annual Brown Lecture in Education Research this month.

Psychiatric symptoms may predict Internet addiction in adolescents
Adolescents with psychiatric symptoms such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, social phobia, hostility and depression may be more likely to develop an Internet addiction, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

NASA's Aqua Satellite sees Tropical Storm Parma lingering in the Luzon Strait
Two instruments on NASA's Aqua satellite captured views of Tropical Storm Parma early today, Oct.

SAGE launches Genes & Cancer
SAGE announces Genes & Cancer, a monthly journal edited by Dr.

Elevated lymphotoxin expression in liver leads to chronic hepatitis and causes HCC
A recent study maps the pathway that leads from infection with hepatitis B and C virus to chronic hepatitis and liver cancer and proposes a new therapeutic strategy for treating liver diseases with chronic inflammation.

Nose job recipients may want to consider chin augmentation as well
In order to ensure an aesthetically balanced face, surgeons performing rhinoplasty should also assess the patient's need for chin augmentation, according to new research presented at the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Diego, Calif.

NASA satellite sees Olaf stretch out and fizzle over northwestern mainland Mexico
Tropical Storm Olaf wasn't given much of a chance when he was born, and he never did make it to hurricane strength before fizzling out late Saturday night.

Boston University School of Medicine's Framingham Heart Study receives $1M challenge grant
Boston University School of Medicine's Framingham Heart Study has received a two-year $1 million challenge grant from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.

Novel breast tissue feature may predict woman's cancer risk
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that certain structural features within breast tissue can indicate a woman's individual cancer risk.

Research points to potential chink in cancer's armor
Scientists at the University of York have successfully silenced the JNK2 gene that appears essential to cancer cell survival.

USGS Science Picks
Do you want to know more about the recent Samoa and Sumatra earthquakes?

Organized phone therapy for depression found cost-effective
Significant benefits persist, with only modest cost increases, two years after people get their first session of brief, structured, phone-based cognitive behavioral psychotherapy soon after starting on antidepressant medication.

2 NASA satellites capture monster Super Typhoon Melor
NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites flew over Super Typhoon Melor early today, Oct.

Regional variations in rhinosinusitis shows southerners, women most frequent outpatients
A four-year study of the regional impact of chronic rhinosinusitis indicates that African-Americans living in southern states account for the highest proportion of CRS outpatient treatment, according to new research presented at the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Diego, Calif.

ACS congratulates member and journal author who is 2009 Nobel medicine winner
The American Chemical Society today congratulated its long-standing member and journal author Jack W.

Wistar researchers identify gene that regulates breast cancer metastasis
Researchers at the Wistar Institute have identified a key gene (KLF17) involved in the spread of breast cancer throughout the body.

Fruit juices contain more vitamin C than their labels indicate
A team of pharmacists from the University of Santiago de Compostela has established that the levels of vitamin C in many fruit juices and soft drinks are far higher than those indicated on their labels by the manufacturers.

Physicists seek to keep next-gen colliders in 1 piece
Controlling huge electromagnetic forces that have the potential to destroy the next generation of particle accelerators is the subject of a new paper by a University of Manchester physicist.

High-fat diet impairs muscle health before impacting function
McMaster University researchers report that the health of young adult muscle declines during the pre-diabetic state, which is when blood sugar levels are higher than normal but lower than during type 2 diabetes.

Men nearly 3 times as likely to develop noise-induced hearing loss
A comprehensive study of the prevalence and risk factors for noise-induced hearing loss show that men, especially those who are white and married, are significantly more at risk than women, according to new research presented at the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Diego, Calif.

Toronto researchers discover novel circulation in human eye, new glaucoma treatment target
Researchers at the University of Toronto, St. Michael's Hospital and Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre have discovered a previously unidentified form of circulation within the human eye which may provide important new insights into glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness.

George Whitesides accepts inaugural Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences
Dr. George M. Whitesides, the Woodford L. and Ann A.

Gulf of Maine Symposium in Saint Andrews-by-the-Sea, Plenary Sessions held Oct. 6-9, 2009
Two hundred leading marine scientists, managers and policy makers from the US and Canada have come together in Saint Andrews-by-the-Sea to further their collective knowledge about one of world's most productive marine ecosystems, the Gulf of Maine.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory's president congratulates alumna on winning Nobel Prize
In response to the announcement today that Carol Greider, Ph.D., has been named a Nobel Laureate, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory President Bruce Stillman said,

High mortality rates may explain small body size
A new study suggests that high mortality rates in small-bodied people, commonly known as pygmies, may be part of the reason for their small stature.

SEEM anniversary meeting held in Belgrade
On Oct. 9-10, the anniversary South Eastern European Meeting will be held in the Yugoslav Drama Theatre in Belgrade.

Alfalfa sprouts key to discovering how meandering rivers form and maintain
Restoring rivers to their natural state is now hit-and-miss, primarily because scientists don't really know what makes a river meander.

National report shines light on lupus 50-year treatment drought
The Lewin Group, a national health care consulting firm, today issued recommendations on ways to overcome the barriers that have obstructed lupus drug development resulting in no new drug approval for this disease in more than 50 years -- since the Eisenhower Administration.

Inventive combination of research approaches identifies new target for treating leukemia
New research integrates sophisticated interdisciplinary approaches to solve a molecular mystery that may lead to alternative therapeutic strategies for acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Reservoir of deforming tropical disease sought
Knowing what causes a disease may not make it easier to control and contain infection, but understanding how humans become infected and where the pathogens live may improve control.

Nonallergic rhinitis symptoms more severe than allergic rhinitis
A comparison of symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis and nonallergic rhinitis (NAR) revealed that those with the NAR experienced worse symptoms.

Police sketch artist evolves
Criminals are having a harder time hiding their faces, thanks to new software that helps witnesses recreate and recognize suspects using principles borrowed from the fields of optics and genetics.

Color sensors for better vision
CMOS image sensors in special cameras -- as used for driver assistance systems -- mostly only provide monochrome images and have a limited sensitivity to light.

World-first sustainable racing car to take on Formula 3 at Brands Hatch
Can the idea of

Telephone depression program offers benefits at a moderate cost
Patients who participate in a structured telephone program to manage their depression appear to experience significant benefits and only a moderate increase in health care costs when compared with those who receive usual care, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Panama butterfly migrations linked to El Niño, climate change
A 16-year study of tropical butterfly migration links a global climate pattern, El Niño, to local increases in plant production and peak migrations.

Iron regulates the TLR4 inflammatory signaling pathway
Iron is a micronutrient essential to the survival of both humans and disease-causing microbes.

Prostate cancer gives a new outlook on life
Men who have prostate cancer often feel quite healthy, but the diagnosis still gives them a whole new outlook on life.

Scripps Research scientists awarded $3.9 million grant to develop new compound screening platform
A pair of scientists from the Scripps Research Institute, one on each coast, has been awarded a five-year $3.9 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop a new technology to accelerate the search for new protein ligands -- compounds that bind to proteins and alter their function.

Depression predicts increases in inflammatory protein linked to heart disease
Researchers led by Jesse Stewart, Ph.D., of Indiana University -- Purdue University Indianapolis report that depressive symptoms are associated with increases over time in interleukin-6, an inflammatory protein that predicts cardiovascular events.

Study links electronic health records to improved quality in primary care treatment
A new study finds that routine use of electronic health records may improve the quality of care provided in community-based primary care practices more than other common strategies intended to raise the quality of medical care.

Researchers find demand for cosmetic and surgical procedures in dermatologic surgery rising rapidly
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and the Laser and Skin Cancer Center of Indiana, found that there has been a dramatic increase in the number of procedures performed and patient demand for dermatologic health care since 2000.

Forsyth receives highly competitive challenge grants
Four Forsyth scientists have received grants from the latest round of National Institutes of Health stimulus funding through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

ESAI provides grant to LA BioMed to investigate long-term correction of erectile dysfunction
Las-Vegas based ESAI awards a grant to LA BioMed to investigate long-term correction of erectile dysfunction.

The GalileoMobile starts its South American voyage
Today marks the beginning of the GalileoMobile Project, a two-month expedition to bring the wonder and excitement of astronomy to young people in Chile, Bolivia and Peru.

Hit by recession, IT industry changing focus rather than slashing jobs
The current recession has focused top information technology executives on cost-cutting, but they are not slashing jobs the way they did in previous economic downturns, according to a benchmark report commissioned by the Society for Information Management.

Hypertension and diabetes are concern in long-term care of liver transplant patients
A recent study by researchers from the University of Colorado looked at post-transplant care to determine whether primary care physicians or hepatologists are better suited to manage the overall health care of patients who received a liver transplant.

Acidic clouds nourish world's oceans
Acidic clouds are feeding bioavailable iron to the oceans -- a discovery which sheds light on the natural processes that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

US Chamber of Commerce releases questionable survey results
In an article from a forthcoming issue of the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies the results of the US Chamber of Commerce Liability Survey for recent years are analyzed.

Americans concerned about heart health, but not proactive enough to prevent it
Despite the success of past heart disease awareness and education campaigns, the trend toward reducing cardiovascular risk is now headed in a negative direction.

Mutated FGFR4 protein helps a childhood cancer spread
In patients with the childhood cancer rhabdomyosarcoma whose disease has spread from the initial tumor site, long-term survival is rare.

Vitamin D expert receives award from North American Menopause Society
Michael Holick, Ph.D., M.D., director of the Bone Healthcare Clinic and the Vitamin D, Skin and Bone Research Laboratory at Boston University School of Medicine BUSM recently received the 2009 NAMS/Upsher-Smith Laboratories Inc.

For future superconductors, a little bit of lithium may do hydrogen a lot of good
Scientists have a long and unsuccessful history of attempting to convert hydrogen to a metal by squeezing it under incredibly high and steady pressures.

NIH announces expansion of Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network
The National Institutes of Health announced today a second phase of the Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network including funds for 19 research consortia.

'Treason' by immune system cells aids growth of multiple myeloma
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute find Multiple myeloma cancer cells thwart many of the drugs used against them by causing nearby cells to turn traitor -- to switch from defending the body against disease to shielding the myeloma cells from harm.

And the beat goes on: Scientists jump-start the heart by gene transfer
Scientists from the Universities of Michigan and Minnesota show in a research report published online in the FASEB Journal that gene therapy may be used to improve an ailing heart's ability to contract properly.

Body's circadian rhythm tightly entwined with blood sugar control, Stanford/Packard scientist shows
Scientists have long struggled to understand the body's biological clock.

Animal research deserves defending, say our members
Faculty of 1000 Biology members throw their support behind a call to educate the public about animal research.

How will future sea-level rise linked to climate change affect coastal areas?
The anticipated sea-level rise associated with climate change, including increased storminess, over the next 100 years and the impact on the nation's low-lying coastal infrastructure is the focus of a new, interdisciplinary study led by geologists at the Florida State University.

A new look beneath the waves: Ocean Observatories Initiative gets underway
Giving scientists never-before-seen views of the world's oceans, the National Science Foundation and the Consortium for Ocean Leadership have signed a Cooperative Agreement that supports the construction and initial operation of the Ocean Observatories Initiative.

Race to the top education initiative
A new report from the National Research Council comments on the guidelines and offers recommendations for how reforms funded by Race to the Top should be evaluated.

So what makes a better business team? Ask NJIT's Jerry Fjermestad
Want to know more about getting productivity from your management team?

New technology detects chemical weapons in seconds
Scientists at Queen's University Belfast are developing new sensors to detect chemical agents and illegal drugs which will help in the fight against the threat of terrorist attacks.

Study of DuraPrep versus chlorhexidine
A new independent study found that Iodophor-based skin preparation solutions may be superior to chlorhexidine in preventing surgical-site infections.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about two articles being published in the Oct.

Federal government's share of university R&D funding drops to 60 percent
In fiscal year 2008, universities reported science and engineering research and development expenditures of $51.9 billion, according to a new report released by the National Science Foundation.

RadMD reaches 150th clinical trial
Completing a major milestone in its three years of operation, RadMD LLC announced that it has sourced readers for 150 clinical trials.

Breast reconstruction varies by race, U-M study finds
Latinas who spoke little English were less likely to undergo reconstruction surgery after a mastectomy for breast cancer, according to a study from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

UCF scientist, child advocate lands more than $2 million in NIH grants
University of Central Florida Associate Professor Cristina Fernandez-Valle just landed two federal grants worth $2 million to research a disease that can leave children and young adults deaf, partially paralyzed or brain damaged.

Costs of expanding health care coverage partly offset by future Medicare savings
The costs of universal coverage are partly offset by later savings in Medicare.

Violent upbringing may lead to domestic violence
A recent study from the latest issue of Personal Relationships shows that individuals who have experienced violence at an early age may have trouble adjusting to healthy, adult romantic relationships and are at a higher risk to experience marital difficulties.

Swine flu -- were people in the UK ever really that concerned?
Three quarters of European people surveyed between April 30 and May 6, 2009, said they were either not at all concerned or only a little concerned about swine flu.

Research gives new meaning to 'green' cross code
Pedestrians could reduce the amount of traffic pollution they breathe in simply by crossing the street, according to the latest research from the University of Leeds.

Bizarre new horned tyrannosaur from Asia described
A paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences describes a new, exceptionally well-preserved fossil, Alioramus altai: a horned, gracile tyrannosaur.

NIH funds new phase of high school-university research partnership
A five-year-old Virginia Tech outreach program, which has more than 12,000 high school students doing research and providing results that scientists can use, has received a $1.3 million Science Education Partnership Award and a $200,000 administrative supplement to expand benefits to more students and more high schools.

First direct information about the prion's molecular structure reported
A collaboration between scientists at Vanderbilt University and the University of California, San Francisco, has led to the first direct information about the molecular structure of prions.

New recommendations on hoarseness for primary care physicians
Primary care physicians face limitations when evaluating patients for voice problems including hoarseness, according to new research presented at the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Diego, Calif.

Mediterranean diet associated with reduced risk of depression
Individuals who follow the Mediterranean dietary pattern -- rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, whole grains and fish -- appear less likely to develop depression, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Tracing ultra-fine dust
Limit values for fine dust emissions are based on total particle weight.

Silver nanoparticles give polymer solar cells a boost
Small bits of metal may play a new role in solar power.

Study: Body posture affects confidence in your own thoughts
Sitting up straight in your chair isn't just good for your posture -- it also gives you more confidence in your own thoughts, according to a new study.

Keeping children safe: Rethinking design
Injury is the leading cause of death for children over the age of 1 in industrialized countries and improving the safety of the manmade (built) environment will benefit children's health, according to an article in CMAJ.

Federal stimulus funding channels more than $40 million to Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have been awarded 60 research grants totaling nearly $40.4 million under the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Buried coins may hold key to solving mystery of ancient Roman population
In an article published online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, University of Connecticut theoretical biologist Peter Turchin and Stanford University ancient historian Walter Scheidel attempt to solve the mystery surrounding ancient Rome's population by focusing on the region's prevalence of coin hoards, those bundles of buried treasure that people hid to protect their savings during times of violence and political strife.

$16M in stimulus funding launches Seattle as a hub of comparative-effectiveness research in cancer
Researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Group Health Research Institute and the University of Washington schools of Public Health and Pharmacy have been selected to lead four projects backed by approximately $16 million in federal stimulus funding for comparative-effectiveness research in cancer.

JCI online early table of contents: Oct. 5, 2009
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Oct.

UCSF scientist receives Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Molecular biologist Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Ph.D., 60, of the University of California, San Francisco, today was named to receive the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Stereotactic radiosurgery preferred method of treating cancer patients with brain metastases
Cancer patients who receive stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and whole brain radiation therapy for the treatment of metastatic brain tumors have more than twice the risk of developing learning and memory problems than those treated with SRS alone, according to researchers at the University of Texas M.

NTU set to make waves in environment and water R&D
The Nanyang Technological University launches a first-of-its-kind research center in Singapore focusing on research in recovering resources from waste.

Renewable hydrogen production becomes reality at winery
The first demonstration of a renewable method for hydrogen production from wastewater using a microbial electrolysis system is underway at the Napa Wine Company in Oakville.

UBC researchers identify key behavior of immune response to Listeria
A team of University of British Columbia microbiologists has identified a key defense mechanism used by the immune system against Listeria with strong implications for the future development of vaccines.

Drivers with Parkinson's disease at higher risk of crashes in low visibility
Drivers with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease may be at higher risk of crashes on foggy days and other times of low visibility.

Building a better qubit
The qubits that carry quantum information are typically fragile, but a new method of combing six photons leads to robust qubits that are immune to many of the affects that threaten to scramble quantum data.

Light shed on the secret behind probiotic bacteria promoting health
Functional food is the food industry's fastest-growing product group, its leading products including dairy products which contain probiotics, that is, bacteria promoting health.

Antibiotic may be new stroke treatment
The antibiotic minocycline may revolutionize the treatment of strokes. A new study, published in the open access journal BMC Neuroscience, describes the safety and therapeutic efficacy of the drug in animal models.

Group Health Research Institute awarded $15 million in ARRA grants
Group Health Research Institute, formerly Group Health Center for Health Studies, will receive more than $15 million in federal stimulus funding from ARRA, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Protein helps cells duplicate correctly, avoid becoming cancer
A Purdue University researcher has discovered that the absence of certain proteins needed for proper cell duplication can lead to cancer.

Sushi: Food for the eye, the body and the soul
Sushi connoisseurs and novices alike will be delighted to indulge in Ole Mouritsen's new book,

7 new luminescent mushroom species discovered
Seven new glow-in-the-dark mushroom species have been discovered, increasing the number of known luminescent fungi species from 64 to 71.

Female parliamentarians in Uganda are disadvantaged -- despite positive discrimination
The aim of positive discrimination is to establish a more level playing field for disadvantaged groups.

NYU anthropologist to examine how human rights rankings are created under NSF grant
New York University Anthropology Professor Sally Engle Merry will examine how rankings of human rights are created under a three-year grant from the National Science Foundation.

A sudden Tropical Storm Grace explodes in far Eastern Atlantic
The latest tropical storm in the Atlantic Ocean may have escaped the notice of most when it formed just before midnight last night so far north and east in the Atlantic, away from where forecasters usually look for forming storms.

UC Riverside entomologist honored with Silver Medal from International Society
For his outstanding contributions to the discipline of chemical ecology, Ring Cardé, a distinguished professor and Alfred M.

New aging studies improving vaccine efficacy for the elderly
A new study from the Trudeau Institute in Saranac Lake, N.Y., demonstrates that immune system cells important for both pathogen resistance and vaccine efficacy live longer in older animals but because of this longevity acquire functional defects.

New drug aims to 'seek and destroy' many types of cancer
A new drug designed to

Cocaine vaccine may help some reduce drug use
A vaccine to treat cocaine dependence appears to reduce use of the drug in a subgroup of individuals who attain high anti-cocaine antibody levels in response, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Stanford analyses of flu pandemics project savings from earlier vaccinations
In a city the size of New York, starting a vaccination campaign a few weeks earlier could save almost 600 lives and more than $150 million, according to a study by scientists at Stanford University School of Medicine.

Study examines interventions for extremely preterm infants
When compared with infants born between 1993 and 1995, more infants born at 22 to 24 weeks' gestation at one academic medical center in 2001 to 2003 received life-sustaining interventions but were no more likely to survive, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

DNA test could be key to targeting treatments for head and neck cancer
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that a DNA test, which reveals the level of activity of a virus linked to the cause of tonsil, tongue and soft palate cancer, may help medics predict which patients will respond well to particular types of treatments.

Boeing and Notre Dame enter into research agreement
The Boeing Co. and Notre Dame have entered into a Master Sponsored Research Agreement, whereby Boeing will fund research projects at the University with a near-term focus on technology translation.

$7.5 million grant to fund TGen-UA Pharmacy medicinal chemistry program
The National Institutes of Health today awarded a $7.5 million grant to the Translational Genomics Research Institute and The University of Arizona to fund a drug discovery and development center that puts renewed focus on the role of medicinal chemistry.

Buried coins key to Roman population mystery?
University of Connecticut theoretical biologist Peter Turchin and Stanford University ancient historian Walter Scheidel recently developed a new method to estimate population trends in ancient Rome and waded into an intense, ongoing debate about whether the state's population increased or declined after the first century B.C.

VBI awarded $27 million from NIH to support infectious disease research
The NIAID funding will be used to integrate vital information on pathogens, provide key resources and tools to scientists, and help researchers analyze genomic, proteomic and other data arising from infectious disease research.

Intensive care units poorly equipped to care for the dying
Almost half of the patients who die in intensive care units die within 24 hours, but the environment is not equipped to provide good end-of-life care.

Air pollution may trigger appendicitis
A new study in CMAJ suggests that air pollution may trigger appendicitis in adults.

The high cost of treating alcohol-impaired drivers
The costs of drinking and driving are all too apparent, with alcohol involved in 41 percent of all motor vehicle crash fatalities in 2006.

Enhanced stem cells promote tissue regeneration
MIT engineers have boosted stem cells' ability to regenerate vascular tissue (such as blood vessels) by equipping them with genes that produce extra growth factors (naturally occurring compounds that stimulate tissue growth).

Asthmatic children: Did mom use her pump during pregnancy?
Expectant mothers who eschew asthma treatment during pregnancy heighten the risk transmitting the condition to their offspring, according to one of the largest studies of its kind published in the European Respiratory Journal.

Closing race, poverty and gender gaps in advanced high school course-taking
The latest research from the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management explores the wide disparities in advanced high school course-taking (such as Advanced Placement courses) among race, poverty and gender groups in Florida.

Antidepressant use during pregnancy associated with some adverse outcomes in newborns
Exposure to a certain class of antidepressant medications during pregnancy may be associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, a low five-minute Apgar score (a measure of overall health of the baby) and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New analyzers to unlock mineral value
Scientists are working on a new range of materials characterization analyzers and techniques that could help unlock the value contained in Australia's mineral deposits and improve processing performance, according to the October issue of Process. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to