Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 09, 2009
NIH prepares to launch 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine trial in people with asthma
The National Institutes of Health is preparing to launch the first government-sponsored clinical trial to determine what dose of the 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine is needed to induce a protective immune response in people with asthma, especially those with severe disease.

Receptor activated exclusively by glutamate discovered on tongue
One hundred years ago, Kikunae Ikeda discovered the flavor-giving properties of glutamate, a nonessential amino acid traditionally used to enhance the taste of many fermented or ripe foods, such as ripe tomatoes or cheese.

NIH launches 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine trials in HIV-infected pregnant women
The first clinical trials to test whether the 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine can safely elicit a protective immune response in pregnant women launched yesterday, and a trial to conduct the same test in HIV-infected children and youth will begin next week.

Medical professionals from developing nations to pursue hematology training
The American Society of Hematology is proud to announce the participants in the 2009 ASH Visitor Training Program, which builds hematologic capacity in developing countries.

Scientists obtain rocks moving into seismogenic zone
An international group of scientists aboard the Deep-Sea Drilling Vessel CHIKYU, operated by the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology for the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, return from a 40-day scientific expedition off the shore of the Kii Peninsula, Japan on Oct.

Award recognizes 30 years of anti-smoking work
An international award has today been given to the University of Adelaide's Professor Konrad Jamrozik, who has spent the past 30 years campaigning against smoking and helping smokers to kick the habit.

Developing enzymes to clean up pollution by explosives
Researchers at the University of York have uncovered the structure of an enzyme that can be used to reverse the contamination of land by RDX explosive.

KEAP1 Keeps major cancer-promoting protein at bay
A tumor-suppressing protein snatches up an important cancer-promoting enzyme and tags it with molecules that condemn it to destruction, a research team led by scientists at the University of Texas M.

UT's Eric Boerwinkle gets $26 million federal stimulus grant for biomedical research
Eric Boerwinkle, Ph.D., a professor at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, has received a $26 million federal stimulus grant to lead an effort to pinpoint genetic factors affecting the risk of heart, lung and blood diseases.

Hyper-SAGE boosts remote MRI sensitivity
Hyper-SAGE can increase the strength of a remote MRI or NMR signal 10,000 times, making it possible to detect ultra-low concentrations of clincal and environmental targets.

Researchers identify mechanism that helps bacteria avoid destruction in cells
Infectious diseases currently cause about one-third of all human deaths worldwide, more than all forms of cancer combined.

Medical center researchers honored for excellence
Wake Forest University School of Medicine honored eight of its researchers with awards for excellence at the 13th Annual Research Awards Day Oct.

Patients who received donated pacemakers survive without complications
The argument for pacemaker reuse has been debated for decades.

Common herbicides and fibrates block nutrient-sensing receptor found in gut and pancreas
Certain common herbicides and lipid-lowering fibrate drugs act in humans to block T1R3, a nutrient-sensing taste receptor also present in intestine and pancreas.

New Canadian research helps doctors care for kidney patients
Research funded by the Kidney Foundation of Canada and led by kidney specialists at Lawson Health Research Institute and the University of Western Ontario will make it possible for doctors to quickly and effectively access information relevant for patient care.

Breast cancer patients with high risk gene diagnosed 6 years earlier than generation before
Women with a deleterious gene mutation are diagnosed with breast cancer six years earlier than relatives of the previous generation who also had the disease and/or ovarian cancer, according to new research from the University of Texas M.

Mediterranean diet associated with reduced risk of depression
Individuals who follow the Mediterranean dietary pattern -- rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, whole grains and fish -- appear less likely to develop depression, according to a report of the University of Navarra, published in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry.

Study finds no relationship between PCR rate and race in women with breast cancer
Locally advanced breast cancer patients who received the same class of neoadjuvant chemotherapy were found to have no evidence of disease at the time of their surgery, or achieved pathological complete response, at the same rate regardless of race, according to researchers at the University of Texas M.

How RNA polymerase II gets the go-ahead for gene transcription
The central dogma of molecular biology states that genes make RNAs, which then make proteins.

People are still the weakest link in computer and internet security, study finds
Two decades ago, studies showed that computer users were violating best practices for setting up hack-proof passwords, and not much has changed since then.

No place like home: Africa's big cats show postcode preference
The secret lives of some of Africa's iconic carnivores, including big cats, are revealed in a new study in the journal Animal Conservation.

Increased levels of Muellerian-inhibiting substance could mean greater breast cancer risk
Women with increased levels of Muellerian-inhibiting substance, best known for regulating in utero sexual differentiation in boys, may be at a greater risk for breast cancer, according to a new study published online Oct.

Study of first high-resolution images of Pallas confirms asteroid is actually a protoplanet
Pallas is in the gray area between a small asteroid and a planet, researchers report in Science.

Patient safety clarion call: Honoring mandatory influenza vaccination for health care workers
In recognition of the hospitals, professional organizations, and government entities who have sounded a clarion call for patient safety by strengthening mandatory influenza vaccination policies for health care workers, the Immunization Action Coalition announces its online

Therapeutic Hypothermia journal announced by Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Therapeutic Hypothermia, a new online open access peer-reviewed journal, will focus on medical treatment which lowers a patient's body temperature to help reduce the risk of ischemic injury to tissues following a period of insufficient blood flow.

UCSD researchers pave the way for effective liver treatments
A combination of bioengineering and medical research at the University of California, San Diego, has led to a new discovery that could pave the way for more effective treatments for liver disease.

NY Gov. Paterson renews commitment to stem cell research in visit to Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
On a visit to Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Thursday afternoon, New York Governor David A.

MSU research: Small classes have long-term benefit for all students
Providing small classes for at least several consecutive grades starting in early elementary school gives students the best chance to succeed in later grades, according to groundbreaking new research from a Michigan State University scholar.

Award targets brain tumor research
SAIC-Frederick Inc., under its prime contract with the National Cancer Institute, has named the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) as one of five national centers selected to conduct cancer experiments using advanced computer simulations.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center awarded $38.2 million in research grants
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has been awarded $38.2 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Rising sea levels are increasing the risk of flooding along the south coast of England
A new study by researchers at the University of Southampton has found that sea levels have been rising across the south coast of England over the past century, substantially increasing the risk of flooding during storms.

Cancer drug is no different in effectiveness as gold standard treatment for macular degeneration
Investigators from Boston University School of Medicine and the VA Boston Healthcare System have shown, at six months in a small group of patients, that there is no difference in efficacy between bevacizumab and ranibizumab for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration.

Child safety seat education needs an extra boost
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death among children despite the widespread availability of effective child passenger restraint systems (CPRSs) such as child safety seats.

Although more older women receive breast-conserving therapy, gaps in treatment exist
According to a new study published in the October issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, although breast-conserving surgery (BCS), commonly known as lumpectomy, is increasingly being used to treat older women with nonmetastatic invasive breast cancer, there are still significant socioeconomic and geographic disparities in the use of this type of therapy.

Implementation of acute care surgery service provides more timely patient care
A new study published in the October issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons shows that the establishment of an acute care surgery service can help surgeons at academic medical centers provide more timely care to the growing number of patients who are transferred from the emergency room or smaller hospitals and who require an immediate operation.

NIH Women's Health Public Forum and Scientific Workshop in Chicago
The Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Northwestern Memorial Hospital will host a public forum and scientific workshop Oct.

Key new ingredient in climate model refines global predictions
For the first time, climate scientists from across the country have successfully incorporated the nitrogen cycle into global simulations for climate change, questioning previous assumptions regarding carbon feedback and potentially helping to refine model forecasts about global warming.

Researchers report benefits of new standard treatment study for rare pediatric brain cancer
A team of researchers led by the University of Texas M.
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