Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 15, 2009
National Institutes of Health award Clemson $9.3 million for tissue regeneration center
Clemson University has received a $9.3 million, five-year National Institutes of Health grant to establish a Center of Biomedical Research Excellence for Tissue Regeneration.

Concordia University to construct new building for genomics research
Judith Woodsworth, president and vice-chancellor of Concordia University is pleased to announce the construction of a new building for the Centre for Structural and Functional Genomics.

AACR, NCI and EORTC to host molecular targets and cancer therapeutics conference
The AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics is the location to hear about late-breaking data on emerging cancer therapies.

Gene mutation may reveal clues for treating lung diseases
A genetic mutation found in four children born with multiple abnormalities may provide insight into potential treatments for newborn lung distress and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

ID3 provides career counseling for blood progenitors, driving the creation of gamma-delta T cells
Researchers from Fox Chase Cancer Center describe how a protein called Id3 coaxes blood progenitor cells in the thymus into becoming gamma-delta T cells.

Stimulus grant of nearly $9 million to UC San Diego funds big study of young brains
Thanks to a grant of $8,950,590 provided through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, researchers at the University of California, San Diego, looking for the biological bases of differences in human behavior will use sophisticated gene-mapping tools and imaging technology to collect a wealth of data about brain development in children.

ResearchToolkit.org provides 1-stop Web resource for health researchers
Group Health Research Institute; University of Washington, Institute of Translational Health Sciences; Duke Translational Medicine Institute; and Wayne State University have developed a new Web site to help researchers create and sustain successful multisite research collaborations.

UIC study finds girls aware of HPV vaccine's benefits
A University of Illinois at Chicago study finds girls and young women do not believe the human papillomavirus vaccine protects them against other sexually transmitted infections, nor do they believe they should stop cervical cancer screening.

Technology brings new insights to one of the oldest Middle Eastern languages still spoken
New technologies and academic collaborations are helping scholars at the University of Chicago analyze hundreds of ancient documents in Aramaic, one of the Middle East's oldest continuously spoken and written languages.

Giant impact near India -- not Mexico -- may have doomed dinosaurs
A mysterious basin off the coast of India could be the largest, multi-ringed impact crater the world has ever seen.

1 in 25 adults aged 15-64 years worldwide using cannabis, despite adverse health effects
In 2006, it was estimated that 166 million adults worldwide aged 15-64 years (1 in 25 people in that age range) had used cannabis, despite the risks of its adverse effects on health.

Caltech researchers reveal unexpected sources of nitrogen fixation
Researchers at the California Institute of Technology have identified an unexpected metabolic ability within a symbiotic community of microorganisms that may help solve a lingering mystery about the world's nitrogen cycling budget.

Discovery of enzyme structure points way to creating less toxic anti-HIV drugs
By discovering the atomic structure of a key human enzyme, researchers at the University of Texas at Austin have pointed the way toward designing anti-HIV drugs with far less toxic side effects.

Improved diet and exercise alone unlikely to cure obstructive sleep apnea in obese patients
A study in the Oct. 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine found that while a strict diet and exercise program may benefit obese patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea, it is unlikely to eliminate the condition.

New method proposed to calculate reduction in road accident deaths
A team of engineers from the University of Almeria has developed a methodology to help meet the EU objective of cutting road deaths by 50 percent between 2000 and 2010.

Scientists give flies false memories
By directly manipulating the activity of individual neurons, scientists have given flies memories of a bad experience they never really had, according to a report in the Oct.

Climate change threatens rice production
Once-in-a-lifetime floods in the Philippines, India's delayed monsoon, and extensive drought in Australia are taking their toll on this year's rice crops, demonstrating the vulnerability of rice to extreme weather.

FSU researcher wins $2.4M in grants to pursue early detection of autism
A Florida State University College of Medicine researcher has been awarded two separate grants from the National Institutes of Health totaling $2.4 million to continue her work in detecting autism in children as young as 18 months.

Montana State University historian heads international project on 19th century scientist
Montana State University historian Michael Reidy is leading an international effort to transcribe and publish the letters of John Tyndall, one of the most influential scientists of the 19th century but relatively unknown today.

The food-energy cellular connection revealed
Our body's activity levels fall and rise to the beat of our internal drums -- the 24-hour cycles that govern fundamental physiological functions, from sleeping and feeding patterns to the energy available to our cells.

Concordia University to build innovative environmental chamber
Judith Woodsworth, president and vice-chancellor of Concordia University, is pleased to announce the building of a new environmental chamber with an integrated solar simulator.

Scientists remove amyloid plaques from brains of live animals with Alzheimer's disease
A breakthrough discovery in mice may lead to a new treatment for Alzheimer's disease that actually removes amyloid plaques -- considered a hallmark of the disease -- from patients' brains.

UNC scientists win $1.6 million stimulus award to accelerate decoding of human genome
UNC's Morgan Giddings, Ph.D., and Xian Chen, Ph.D., have been awarded a $1.6 million two-year

Being a standout has its benefits, study shows
Standing out in a crowd is better than blending in, at least if you're a paper wasp in a colony where fights between nest-mates determine social status.

New research by UM law professor analyzes efficacy of the FCC's current rules
University of Miami Law Professor Lili Levi has recently authored a research paper titled

Public expresses need for government intervention to reduce socio-economic disparities in health
As Congress debates the public health care option, a recent study reveals greater public support for reducing health care disparities among socio-economic groups (i.e. by income or education) than among racial groups.

Stretching the Golgi: a link between form and function
A research team at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine has provided a surprisingly simple explanation for the mechanism and features of the

Tiny test tube experiment shows reaction of melting materials at the nano scale
Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin have conducted a basic chemistry experiment in what is perhaps the world's smallest test tube, measuring a thousandth the diameter of a human hair.

NIMBioS hosts 200 undergraduates at national research conference
Nearly 200 undergraduates and faculty from more than 40 academic institutions in North America will gather Oct.

Scientists visualize assembly line gears in ribosomes, cell's protein factory
Even as research on the ribosome, one of the cell's most basic machines, is recognized with a Nobel Prize, scientists continue to achieve new insights on the way ribosomes work.

UT Southwestern study shows how substance in grapes may squeeze out diabetes
A naturally produced molecule called resveratrol, found in the skin of red grapes, has been shown to lower insulin levels in mice when injected directly into the brain, even when the animals ate a high-fat diet.

Concordia University to build innovative center for health research and training
Judith Woodsworth, president and vice-chancellor of Concordia University is delighted to announce the creation of the PERFORM Research Centre.

Gene linked with human kidney aging
A gene has been associated with human kidney aging, according to researchers from Stanford University, the National Institute on Aging, the MedStar Research Institute, and the HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology.

Olympus introduces new medical devices designed for laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery
Olympus, a precision technology leader creating solutions in health care, life science and consumer electronics products, today introduced three new surgical instruments designed for Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site surgery -- the QuadPort, the HiQ LS curved 5-mm diameter hand instruments and the EndoEYE LS Laparo-Thoraco Videoscope.

Do 3 meals a day keep fungi away?
The fact that they eat a lot -- and often -- may explain why most people and other mammals are protected from the majority of fungal pathogens, according to research from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

Magnetic leaves reveal Bellingham's most polluted byways
Tree leaves may be powerful tools for monitoring air quality and planning biking routes and walking paths, suggests a new study by scientists at Western Washington University in Bellingham.

Scientists discover protein receptor for carbonation taste
Scientists report they have discovered the protein receptor for carbonatoin in mice, whose sense of taste closely resembles that of humans.

$4 million NCI grant funds comparative effectiveness research at Southwest Oncology Group
New CANCERGEN center's vision is to make Southwest Oncology Group a national leader in cancer comparative effectiveness research.

Media, small businesses invited to ACS Webinar on impact of chemical industry trends on jobs
News media and scientists interested in finance, entrepreneurships and the chemical sciences are invited to an ACS Small & Medium Business Webinar Thursday, Oct.

Biomedical Research Centre searches for immunological biomarkers
Persistent inflammation and the activation of the immune system is the key pathological mechanism affecting many long-term conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, ulcerative colitis, and others.

First IBEX maps reveal fascinating interactions occurring at the edge of the solar system
The first all-sky maps developed by NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer spacecraft, the first mission to examine the global interactions occurring at the edge of the solar system, reveal surprising and intense interactions between our home in the galaxy and interstellar space.

New study provides insight on energy development and sage-grouse habitat in the intermountain West
A new study will shed light on oil and gas development potential in the Intermountain West.

Plant fossils give first real picture of earliest Neotropical rainforests
A team of researchers including a University of Florida paleontologist has used a rich cache of plant fossils discovered in Colombia to provide the first reliable evidence of how Neotropical rainforests looked 58 million years ago.

NSF authorizes $29 million for preliminary design of world's deepest underground laboratory
UC Berkeley's proposal to build the world's deepest underground laboratory in an abandoned South Dakota mine has received an additional $29 million in support from NSF.

Mayo Clinic clinicians develop new decision aid tool to help type 2 diabetes patients
Mayo Clinic clinicians and designers, along with colleagues from other institutions, have developed and tested a tool to involve patients more in their diabetes treatment and medication choices.

Elsevier announces launch of Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
Elsevier, a world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services announced today the launch of a new peer-reviewed scientific journal, Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology.

IBEX satellite finds ribbon-like structure at edge of heliosphere
The invisible structures of space are becoming less so, as scientists look out to the far edges of the solar wind bubble that separates our solar system from the interstellar cloud through which it flies.

NASA spacecraft provides first view of our place in the galaxy
NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer, or IBEX, spacecraft has made it possible for scientists to construct the first comprehensive sky map of our solar system and its location in the Milky Way galaxy.

Research shows treating HIV-AIDS with interleukin-2 is ineffective
An international research team has demonstrated that treating HIV-AIDS with interleukin-2 is ineffective.

Grant to design neutrino detector
A consortium led by UC Davis physics professor Robert Svoboda will design the world's largest neutrino detector under a $4.4 million contract recently awarded by the National Science Foundation.

DNA against traffic in human beings
Granada will host on Oct. 26-27 an international meeting of experts in genetic identification and criminalistics.

Unusual bacteria help balance the immune system in mice
Medical researchers have long suspected that obscure bacteria living within the intestinal tract may help keep the human immune system in balance.

New AIAA book explores space architecture
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics has announced the publication of a new book,

Findings about veracity of peripheral vision could lead to better robotic eyes
Two Kansas State University psychology researchers have found that peripheral vision is most important for telling us what type of scene we're looking at.

Prophylactic administration of paracetamol to children receiving vaccinations can reduce vaccine response
Fever is part of the body's normal inflammatory process after receiving immunizations.

NEPAD-MSU land $10.4 million to improve African agricultural practices
The New Partnership for Africa's Development and Michigan State University will use a five-year, $10.4 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to connect African biosafety regulators with advances in technology -- an initiative aimed at reducing poverty through improved agricultural practices.

New laryngoscope could make difficult intubations easier
A new tool developed by a Medical College of Georgia resident and faculty member may make it easier to place assisted breathing devices under difficult circumstances.

AFOSR deepens commitment to the Latin-American science community
The Southern Office of Aerospace Research and Development, an international detachment of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, recently conducted its first basic research initiative meeting to discover talented researchers and create meaningful partnerships in Latin America.

Loss of tumor-suppressor and DNA-maintenance proteins causes tissue demise
A study published in the October issue of Nature Genetics demonstrates that loss of the tumor-suppressor protein p53, coupled with elimination of the DNA-maintenance protein ATR, severely disrupts tissue maintenance in mice.

Deaths to local soldiers matter in shaping war opinion
Americans think locally when they consider whether the loss of US troops overseas warrants troop withdrawals, a new nationwide study suggests.

Researchers identify promising therapeutic target for central nervous system injuries
Researchers have identified a promising therapeutic target for central nervous system injuries.

CCNY researchers study scientific collaboration in age of Internet
An interdisciplinary team of researchers at the City College of New York is studying how virtual organizations, where people work in different locations, sometime halfway around the world, change and affect the production of scientific knowledge.

Treatment not testicular cancer poses greatest risk to survivors' long-term health
Testicular cancer survivors can face an increased risk of long-term illness, not because of the malignancy, but the highly effective treatment they receive.

Paradigm shift needed to combat drug resistance
A McMaster University infectious disease expert explores the relationship between population mobility, globalization and antimicrobial drug resistance.

Cost effectiveness of blood pressure device evaluated
A study conducted by the University of Rochester Medical Center demonstrates that, for certain patient populations, an experimental device that lowers blood pressure may be a cost effective treatment.

Heart test found safe for pre-transplant kidney patients
A screening test that measures whether a patient's heart is healthy enough for a kidney transplant is not as dangerous as once thought, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

Bug barcode readers hold out promise of universal vaccines
Veterinary scientists have made a discovery that promises to deliver a new approach to fast development of cheap vaccines that are effective in all mammals -- not just humans or another particular species.

Smoking bans reduce the risk of heart attacks associated with secondhand smoke
Smoking bans are effective at reducing the risk of heart attacks and heart disease associated with exposure to secondhand smoke, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Study: Managers' hiring practices vary by race, ethnicity
Does the race of a hiring manager influence who gets hired?

BIDMC scientist John Rinn named one of the 'Brilliant 10' by Popular Science magazine
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center geneticist John Rinn, Ph.D., whose research has helped uncover a new class of RNA, has been named to this year's

Skin cells may provide early warning for cancer risk elsewhere in body
If susceptibility to cancer is the result of inherited genetic mutations, then DNA in all the body's cells should have these mutations.

New data showed type 2 diabetes patients experienced greater blood sugar reductions
A study, published online in the journal Current Medical Research and Opinion, showed that a greater percentage of patients with type 2 diabetes treated with the fixed-dose combination ACTOplus met (pioglitazone HCl and metformin HCl) as initial therapy reached the study goal of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of more than 7 percent compared to either component alone.

Patent challenges reduce pharmaceutical innovation and productivity, researchers suggest
The recent surge in Paragraph IV patent challenges is decreasing the incentives for pharmaceutical innovation and contributing to productivity and revenue declines in the pharmaceutical industry, according to a new study in Science.

Local farmers in Africa to benefit from school meal programs
A new project that aims to help local farmers in sub-Saharan Africa and to provide healthy school meals for local children launches today.

Powerhouses in the cell dismantled
All of life is founded on the interactions of millions of proteins.

Insect sense of smell wins Eppendorf/Science prize
Richard Benton has been awarded the 2009 International Grand Prize in Neurobiology by the journal Science and Eppendorf AG.

Quantum computer chips now 1 step closer to reality
In the quest for smaller, faster computer chips, researchers are increasingly turning to quantum mechanics -- the exotic physics of the small.

New essay by University of Miami law professor analyzes the story of a Haitian immigrant
University of Miami Law Professor Anthony V. Alfieri has recently authored an essay titled

Rare procedure documents how the human brain computes language
A study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine reports a significant breakthrough in explaining gaps in scientists' understanding of human brain function.

Stem cells offer new hope for kidney disease patients
Several cell-based therapy approaches could provide new treatments for patients with Alport syndrome, reports an upcoming paper in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Europe's number 1 scientific network signs off with launch of new report
Med-Vet-Net, arguably the EU's foremost Network of Excellence, has drawn the final curtain on five years of EC funding with the launch of a new report titled

Physical therapists play integral role in prevention, risk reduction, and treatment of lymphedema
As breast cancer awareness month is observed during October, the American Physical Therapy Association is hoping to shine a spotlight on lymphedema, a chronic, debilitating and often irreversible side effect of cancer treatment.

Fruit fly pest identified in wine grapes
A newly recognized pest in Oregon continues to concern fruit growers and researchers with the recent discovery of a spotted wing Drosophila fly in a sample of Willamette Valley wine grapes.

How the Moon produces its own water
The Moon is a big sponge that absorbs electrically charged particles given out by the Sun.

A case in point: Significance of medical case reports grows
BioMed Central is once again publishing the Journal of Medical Case Reports and Cases Journals.

Ljubljana center of Europe during EAU 9th Central European meeting
Ljubljana, the Slovenian capital, is hosting the EAU 9th Central European Meeting, which will be held on Oct.

No need for needles: Botox sponge treats intrinsic rhinitis
Injecting botulinum toxin (Botox) to treat intrinsic or allergic rhinitis may be a thing of the past as researchers have now shown that sponges soaked in botox are equally effective in treating the condition.

ASTRO, Gilda's Club Chicago join to promote cancer survivorship
As part of an initiative to give back to the communities in the cities visited during its annual scientific meetings, the American Society for Radiation Oncology is partnering with Gilda's Club Chicago to raise awareness of cancer survivorship issues.

Misuse of antibiotics not the only cause of resistance says report
The perception that antibiotic resistance is primarily the undesirable consequence of antibiotic abuse or misuse is a view that is simplistic and inaccurate, according to a recent report by the American Academy of Microbiology.

Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus may not be associated with human prostate cancer
The xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus which has previously been linked to prostate cancer has been found to have a dramatically lower prevalence among German prostate cancer patients, if any.

Global seed banking milestone celebrated by wildflower center, 122 other organizations
An international partnership of 54 countries led by the United Kingdom's Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and including the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center is celebrating a decade of work to set aside seeds for future generations from 10 percent of the world's wild flowering species.

News in red and blue: Messages about social factors and health can backfire
A University of Michigan study may give clues to why Republicans and Democrats disagree on nearly every aspect of health policies and reform.

In shaping our immune systems, some 'friendly' bacteria may play inordinate role
Out of the trillions of

New mathematical model more accurately diagnoses acute heart failure in emergency rooms
Researchers at St. Michael's Hospital have developed the first mathematical model in cardiology and emergency medicine to more quickly and reliably diagnose acute heart failure in emergency room patients.

UNH space scientists help catch the interstellar wind
On Thursday, Oct. 15, scientists and engineers from the University of New Hampshire's Space Science Center will celebrate the announcement of the first major results from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Interstellar Boundary Explorer mission, which will be published online Thursday in the journal Science in conjunction with a 2 p.m. press conference held at NASA headquarters in Washington, D.C.

NeuroAIDS is target of federal grant to Children's Hospital
A $6 million, five-year federal grant to the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia will enable researchers to investigate a novel approach in treating HIV infection -- a unique class of drugs focused on developing therapies for psychological and neurological effects in AIDS.

Satellite data look behind the scenes of deadly earthquake
Using satellite radar data and GPS measurements, Chinese researchers have explained the exceptional geological events leading to the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake that killed nearly 90,000 people in China's Sichuan Province.
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