Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 16, 2009
Nanosatellites expected to benefit from advanced propulsion technology
A University of Michigan professor is developing an electric rocket thruster, NanoFET, that uses nanoparticle electric propulsion and enables spacecraft to travel faster and with less propellant than previous technology allowed.

AIAA to present awards at 28th Digital Avionics Systems Conference
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics will recognize key contributions to digital avionics and information systems at a noon awards luncheon on Thursday, Oct.

Television has less effect on education about climate change than other forms of media
A new study by George Mason University Communication Professor Xiaoquan Zhao suggests that watching television has no significant impact on viewers' knowledge about the issue of climate change.

Understanding the 'new atheism'
A number of bestselling books have argued that belief in God can no longer be defended on empirical grounds, and that the scientific worldview has rendered obsolete beliefs held by Christianity, Judaism and Islam.

Substance abuse diagnostic test for teens can also predict high risk sexual behavior
Alcohol and drug use are known contributors to adolescents engaging in dangerous sexual activity.

Yerkes researchers present at 39th Annual Society for Neuroscience Conference
Neuroscience researchers from the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, will present a wide range of research topics at the Society for Neuroscience's 39th annual meeting in Chicago, Oct.

Scientists demonstrate link between genetic defect and brain changes in schizophrenia
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine have found that the 22q11 gene deletion -- a mutation that confers the highest known genetic risk for schizophrenia -- is associated with changes in the development of the brain that ultimately affect how its circuit elements are assembled.

MedImmune to present data on RSV and influenza at 2009 AAP National Conference and Exhibition
MedImmune announced today it will present four abstracts at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2009 National Conference & Exhibition that add to the company's growing body of research on the burden of respiratory syncytial virus on children, as well as pediatric infectious disease prevention.

Which is promising as therapeutic targets in patients with biliary tract cancer? EGFR or HER2?
A research team from Germany analyzed the pathogenetic role and potential clinical usefulness of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC).

Nature of Eyreville cores, Chesapeake Bay impact structure, revealed
In 2005 and 2006, this multidisciplinary deep drilling project, conceived and organized by the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program and the US Geological Survey, continuously cored three boreholes to a total depth of 1.766 km near the center of the Chesapeake Bay impact structure in Northampton County, Va.

New findings on the formation of body pigment
The skin's pigment cells can be formed from completely different cells than has hitherto been thought, a new study from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet shows.

NASA satellite tracking Typhoon Lupit on a march toward the northern Philippines
Three instruments on NASA's Aqua satellite captured views of Typhoon Lupit on its western track toward the Philippines and are helping forecasters get an idea of its strength and behavior.

Meteorite from Sept. 25 fireball event recovered and presented
A meteorite the size of a golf ball, from a Sept.

National Science Foundation awards grant to Oklahoma structural biology group
The Oklahoma Structural Biology Nexus -- a new statewide group of structural biologists with similar interests in this high-tech field -- will establish a Robotics Crystallization Core Facility on the University of Oklahoma's Norman campus with the National Science Foundation award of a $360,000 grant for sophisticated robotics equipment.

More research needed on blast induced traumatic brain injury and vestibular pathology
Physical therapists are calling for definitive vestibular screenings and assessment measures for US military service members with blast-induced traumatic brain injuries.

TraDIS technique tackles typhoid
For the first time, researchers have looked at the need for every gene in a bacterial cell in just one experiment.

ESC press statement: Cigarettes on sale on the internet
The European Society of Cardiology wishes to comment on media reports this week that France is preparing to authorize the sale of cigarettes on the internet, to conform to European rights.

Field experiment on a robust hierarchical metropolitan quantum cryptography network
A hierarchical metropolitan quantum cryptography network upon the inner-city commercial telecom fiber cables is field in Wuhu, China.

NIH launches second phase of patient reported outcomes initiative
The National Institutes of Health announced today that it is awarding 15 new grants to further develop and test the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System.

New concept may enhance Earth-Mars communication
Direct communication between Earth and Mars can be strongly disturbed and even blocked by the Sun for weeks at a time, cutting off any future human mission to the Red Planet.

'Spaghetti' scaffolding could help grow skin in labs
Scientists are developing new scaffolding technology which could be used to grow tissues such as skin, nerves and cartilage using 3-D spaghetti-like structures.

On the road to fusion energy, an accelerator to study warm dense matter
Warm dense matter exists in the cores of gas giant planets and the preliminary stages of nuclear fusion, among other inaccessible places.

Springer and WINFOCUS found new journal
Springer and the WINFOCUS Society are founding a new publication, the Critical Ultrasound Journal.

Super sticky barnacle glue cures like blood clots
Barnacles are a major problem for the shipping industry. Working out how they stick to boat hulls is of major economic importance.

Trial raises doubts over alternative pain therapy for arthritis
Copper bracelets and magnetic wrist straps are ineffective in relieving arthritis pain, according to a new study led by a University of York academic.

Baja California residents watching for Hurricane Rick
Based on computer forecast models, the residents of southern and central Baja California should prepare over the weekend for now Tropical Storm Rick.

Promising novel treatment for human cancer -- Chrysanthemum indicum extract
A research team from China investigated the effects of Chrysanthemum indicum extract (CIE) on inhibition of proliferation and on apoptosis, and the underlying mechanisms, in a human hepatocellular carcinoma MHCC97H cell line.

Protein interaction network can respond Helicobacter pylori infection?
A research team from South Korea studied the complex reaction of gastric inflammation induced by Helicobacter pylori in a systematic manner using a protein interaction network.

Blue highways
In January, Williams College Professor of Chemistry Anne Skinner, along with six Williams students, will visit the headwaters of the Blue Nile to conduct archeological research.

Targacept's P.2b depression study succeeds: 6-point difference on HAM-D
Targacept Inc., a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing a new class of drugs known as NNR Therapeutics, today announced the presentation of data from its recently completed Phase 2b clinical trial of TC-5214 as an augmentation treatment in subjects with major depressive disorder, or MDD, who did not respond adequately to first-line treatment with the representative SSRI citalopram hydrobromide.

ICU patients on ventilators flex and stretch in study at Case Western Reserve University
Few people have thought about providing an exercise workout in the intensive care unit, especially for patients on ventilators -- even those who are comatose -- but a researcher from Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University will be doing some bedside coaching and exercising to get patients stretching and flexing their muscles.

New science approach to revolutionize welding
A multi-million pound engineering research project is using advanced thinking to revolutionize the welding industry -- and offering the prospect of saving lives.

Fish vision discovery makes waves in natural selection
Emory University researchers have identified the first fish known to have switched from ultraviolet vision to violet vision, or the ability to see blue light.

Elsevier's BrainNavigator research tool to launch new features at Neuroscience 2009 show
A new neuroscience research tool, developed in collaboration with the Allen Institute for Brain Science and used by the National Institutes of Health, will be showcased Oct.

Massive monitoring project to identify dairy air quality parameters
Optimizing expertise and equipment to get solid answers both producers and government agencies can use was the goal of a massive two-week air quality monitoring project at an eastern New Mexico dairy, according to project researchers.

UT student honored for research of life-threatening pregnancy complication
Roxanna Irani, a M.D./Ph.D. student at the University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston, has received a $10,000 fellowship for her efforts to better understand a condition known as pre-eclampsia that threatens the lives of expectant women and their unborn children.

Health care is only part of the puzzle: Social scientists analyze society's health and success
Social scientists from Harvard University have co-edited a new book that analyzes how cultural and social resources contribute to societal health and success.

What are coral reef services worth? $130,000 to $1.2 million per hectare, per year: experts
Experts concluding the global Diversitas biodiversity conference today in Cape Town described preliminary research revealing jaw-dropping dollar values of the

How to identify early graft dysfunction preoperatively?
A research team from Italy described a condition that they define as early graft dysfunction (EGD) which can be identified preoperatively.

Internationally highly visible
The DFG Research Centre for Renewable Therapies at the Technical University of Dresden, following a very successful first funding period, is being extended and will be funded for a further four years.

GOES-P satellite preparing for launch in March 2010
Just two months after the successful launch of the GOES-O spacecraft, now called GOES-14 in orbit, the NASA team removed the GOES-P spacecraft from storage and commenced its post storage testing.

Maternal HIV-1 treatment protects against transmission to newborns
Mothers receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy to treat HIV-1 infection are less likely than untreated mothers to transmit the virus to their newborns through breastfeeding, according to a new study.

Be overweight and live longer
Contrary to what was previously assumed, overweight is not increasing the overall death rate in the German population.

IBEX discovers that galactic magnetic fields may control the boundaries of our solar system
Galactic magnetic fields had a far greater impact on Earth's history than previously conceived, and the future of our planet and others may depend, in part, on how the galactic magnetic fields change with time.

Science study: Teacher participation in Columbia program improves student achievement in science
Research assembled over the last decade -- now published in the Oct.

A case of post-gastrectomy acute pancreatitis
A clinical research team from Taiwan reported a case of asymptomatic pancreatic divisum who underwent palliative subtotal gastrectomy for an advanced gastric cancer with liver metastasis.

University of the Basque Country study on proteins related to Alzheimer's
The cause, or at least one of the possible causes, of memory loss amongst Alzheimer sufferers is related to the location of certain proteins.

Cassini helps redraw shape of solar system
The solar system, as defined by the heliosphere, the region of the sun's influence, may have a quite different shape than scientists had thought.

World's oldest submerged town dates back 5,000 years
Archaeologists surveying the world's oldest submerged town have found ceramics dating back to the Final Neolithic.

Migratory route of Eleonora's falcon revealed for first time in the Western Mediterranean
Satellite tracking has allowed a research team to uncover the mysteries of the migration of Eleanora's falcon for the first time.

Satellite reveals surprising cosmic 'weather' at edge of solar system
The first solar system energetic particle maps show an unexpected landmark occurring at the outer edge of the solar wind bubble surrounding the solar system.
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