Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 23, 2009
Grant brings real-world science to Boston classrooms
A science curriculum will introduce students from Boston Public Schools to diseases that threaten global health.

University of Miami facility awarded prestigious LEED Green Building Certification
The University of Miami Field House, a multipurpose facility, has been awarded the LEED Gold certification established by the US Green Building Council.

Canadian scientists link fat hormone to death from potentially deadly blood infection
A new Canadian study has found that lower-than-normal levels of a naturally-occurring fat hormone may increase the risk of death from sepsis -- an overwhelming infection of the blood which claims thousands of lives each year.

Concurrent imaging of metabolic and electric signals in the heart
Cardiac rhythm disorders can result from disturbances in cardiac metabolism.

Wildlife Conservation Society to expand health surveillance through PREDICT
The Wildlife Conservation Society will play a key role in a new international effort to monitor diseases that move between animals and people in order to prevent the next global pandemic.

Caltech scientists first to trap light and sound vibrations together in nanocrystal
Researchers at the California Institute of Technology have created a nanoscale crystal device that, for the first time, allows scientists to confine both light and sound vibrations in the same tiny space.

Canadian Cardiovascular Society recognizes trailblazing work by U of Alberta heart researcher
A University of Alberta medical researcher being hailed as a world leader in his field will receive a major national award for his pioneering work in the development of a new class of drugs for the treatment of heart failure.

Plastic Surgery 2009 news briefs
Plastic Surgery 2009 news briefs are designed to keep journalists up-to-date on embargoed studies and other news being presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons held Oct.

NASA satellite still sees heavy rainfall in Tropical Storm Neki
Tropical Storm Neki continues moving north and over the weekend it will be in open waters in the Central Atlantic.

Patients in US 5 times more likely to spend last days in ICU than patients in England
Patients who die in the hospital in the United States are almost five times as likely to have spent part of their last hospital stay in the ICU than patients in England.

Learning the risks for stroke -- and taking action
The theme of this year's World Stroke Day on Oct.

Saving sand: South Carolina beaches become a model for preservation
While most people head to Myrtle Beach for vacation, a group of scientists have been hitting the famous South Carolina beach for years to figure out how to keep the sand from washing away.

Improved Endo Capsule Software enhances diagnostic experience
Olympus introduces its improved user-friendly Endo Capsule Software version 1.02A, a customized and comprehensive system for examining high resolution small bowel images.

Arctic sediments show that 20th century warming is unlike natural variation
The possibility that climate change might simply be a natural variation like others that have occurred throughout geologic time is dimming, according to evidence in a Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences paper.

Philippines breathing easier as Typhoon Lupit turns north
Typhoon Lupit is giving residents of Luzon a break from facing the storm head on.

ARVO Foundation and Pfizer Ophthalmics honor Carl B. Camras with translational research award
The ARVO Foundation for Eye Research and Pfizer Ophthalmics are pleased to announce a series of awards named in honor of Carl B.

March of Dimes establishes 2 new perinatal bioethics awards
The March of Dimes established two new awards to honor the work of established scholars in perinatal ethics and to encourage young researchers to enter the field.

Ph.D. student in K-State plant pathology selected for international fellowship
Bhanu Kalia, a Kansas State University graduate student inspired by the work of Dr.

UC Davis leads attack on deadly new diseases
In hopes of preventing the next global pandemic and a possible death toll into the millions, UC Davis today launches an unprecedented international effort to find and control diseases that move between wildlife and people.

Cleanliness is next to godliness: New research shows clean smells promote moral behavior
People in rooms freshly spritzed with Windex were more fair and generous than people in normal-smelling rooms.

Why antidepressants don't work for so many
More than half the people who take antidepressants for depression never get relief.

Conference outlines suborbital research opportunities
Researchers and educators whose research projects would benefit from a new generation of suborbital space vehicles can learn about this new opportunity at the Next-Generation Suborbital Researchers Conference.

Seeing previously invisible molecules for the first time
A team of Harvard chemists led by X. Sunney Xie has developed a new microscopic technique for seeing, in color, molecules with undetectable fluorescence.

New insight in the fight against the Leishmania parasite
Professor Albert Descoteaux's team at Centre INRS -- Institut Armand-Frappier has gained a better understanding of how the Leishmania donovani parasite manages to outsmart the human immune system and proliferate with impunity, causing visceral leishmaniasis, a chronic infection that is potentially fatal if left untreated.

Penn study: Transforming nanowires into nano-tools using cation exchange reactions
A team of engineers from the University of Pennsylvania has transformed simple nanowires into reconfigurable materials and circuits, demonstrating a novel, self-assembling method for chemically creating nanoscale structures that are not possible to grow or obtain otherwise.

'Difficult-to-treat asthma' may be due to difficult-to-treat patients
Difficult-to-treat asthma often may have more to do with patients who do not take their medication as instructed than ineffective medication, according to researchers in Northern Ireland.

Trembling hands and molecular handshakes
The heritable Fragile X tremor/ataxia syndrome is a common neurodegenerative disease.

Important new novel 2009 H1N1 flu advisory for cardiopulmonary transplantation
This year, the novel 2009 H1N1 influenza, previously called swine flu, has reached pandemic status.

Adolescents' gambling a part of a cluster of problem behaviors
Ten percent of young adolescent boys -- or one in 10 -- exhibit a symptom of conduct disorder as well as a symptom of risky or problem gambling, according to new research findings from the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions.

Despite risk, older African-Americans more likely than others to avoid flu vaccine
A study about why African-American seniors do or do not get influenza vaccinations finds that many of them do not have accurate and complete information about the flu itself, the safety and efficacy of the inoculations, and the ease and necessity of getting the shots.

Boys with urogenital birth defects are 33 percent more common in villages sprayed with DDT
Women who lived in villages sprayed with DDT to reduce malaria gave birth to 33 percent more baby boys with urogenital birth defects between 2004 and 2006 than women in unsprayed villages, according to a study fast-tracked for online publication.

Sex-based prenatal brain differences found
Prenatal sex-based biological differences extend to genetic expression in cerebral cortices.

How technology is changing the practice of architecture will be forum subject
NJIT's College of Architecture and Design will host a public forum on the changing status of technology in architectural practice and the emerging potential for the role of architecture in the design of the built environment.

Evolution of hyperactivity is focus of free public lecture at UC Riverside
Hyperactivity, the state of too much muscle activity, is the focus of a free public lecture at the University of California, Riverside, next week.

Childhood cancer survivors experience suicidal thoughts decades after diagnosis
Adult survivors of childhood cancer have an increased risk for suicidal thoughts, even decades after their cancer treatments ended, according to a study led by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists.

Iberian wolves prefer wild roe deer to domestic animals
A Spanish researcher has analyzed the preferences of wolves from the north east of the Iberian Peninsula to demonstrate that, in reality, their favorite prey are roe deer, deer and wild boar, ahead of domestic ruminants (sheep, goats, cows and horses).

Workshop tackles challenges in biomarker and drug development
A commentary published online Oct. 23 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute summarizes a set of critical decision points in cancer biomarker and drug development.

A long night falls over Saturn's rings
As Saturn's rings orbit the planet, a section is typically in the planet's shadow, experiencing a brief night lasting from six to 14 hours.

UAB creates national network to advance personalized medicine in rheumatoid arthritis
The University of Alabama at Birmingham is spearheading an effort to create a national database and repository to enable researchers to identify predictors of effectiveness of various treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Analysis of Congressional health reform bills highlights similarities, differences, costs
A new Commonwealth Fund report analyzes the similarities, differences, potential impacts and costs of current bills passed by the five committees of jurisdiction in the United States Congress: Finance Committee and Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committees in the Senate and the US House of Representatives' Ways and Means, Education and Labor, and Energy and Commerce committees.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The following are tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology:

Rensselaer to lead multimillion-dollar research center for social and cognitive networks
With $16.75 million in funding from the Army Research Laboratory, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will launch a new interdisciplinary research center devoted to the study of social and cognitive networks.

Buffalo neurologists investigate possible new underlying cause of MS
Neurologists at the University at Buffalo are beginning a research study that could overturn the prevailing wisdom on the cause of multiple sclerosis.
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