Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 28, 2009
Statins show dramatic drug and cell dependent effects in the brain
A study in the October Journal of Lipid Research finds that similar statin drugs can have profoundly different effects on brain cells -- both beneficial and detrimental.

NIEHS awards Recovery Act funds to address bisphenol A research gaps
Researchers studying the health effects of the chemical bisphenol A (BPA) gathered in North Carolina to launch an integrated research initiative to produce data that will allow for a comprehensive assessment of its possible human health effects.

Toward bold new anti-cancer medicines
Bold new strategies in the battle against cancer may turn forms of the disease that presently are incurable into manageable conditions that can be controlled for long periods of time, according to an article in the current issue of Chemical & Engineering News, ACS' weekly newsmagazine.

Expert to discuss phosphorus' impact on Gulf 'dead zone'
Dr. Curtis Richardson, an internationally acclaimed ecologist and wetland soil scientist at Duke University, will share his perspectives on current phosphorus research as part of the William H.

The IUD is the most popular long-acting contraceptive amongst Europeans
A European study has defined the profile for the usage of long-acting contraceptive methods.

Stem cell therapy may offer hope for acute lung injury
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine have shown that adult stem cells from bone marrow can prevent acute lung injury in a mouse model of the disease.

New tactics in Guam rhino beetle invasion
Canines and a bio-control organism come to the rescue of Guam's coconut trees in efforts to control an invasive species plaguing the island.

Salk Institute scientist receives $15.6 million CIRM disease team award
The Salk Institute has been awarded a $15.6 million grant by the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine for translational research focusing on developing a novel stem-cell based therapy for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis -- or Lou Gehrig's Disease.

A decade later, lifestyle changes or metformin still lower type 2 diabetes risk
Intensive lifestyle changes aimed at modest weight loss reduced the rate of developing type 2 diabetes by 34 percent compared with placebo in people at high risk for the disease, researchers conclude based on 10 years of data.

Should children undergo surgery without a long period of fasting after feeding?
Children can tolerate the stress of surgery when they are fed until two hours before surgery, because there was no difference regarding stomach residue and metabolic changes among patients that underwent surgery after fasting for short and long periods.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity problems associated with low folate levels in pregnant women
It has long been suggested that healthy folate levels in expectant mothers goes hand in hand with healthy nervous system development in their children.

Not a healthy state for all Latinos in the US
Where Latinos are born and their immigration status affect the quality of health care they receive in the US, according to Professor Michael Rodríguez and colleagues from the UCLA Department of Family Medicine and the Network for Multicultural Research on Health and Healthcare based in Los Angeles, California.

AAPS workshop on special dosage forms
AAPS is pleased to present the workshop on Special Dosage Forms -- What's New with In Vitro Drug Release?

Adolescents think school bullying 'will keep on happening' and resign themselves to it
A research work conducted at the University of Granada reveals that schoolchildren see the victims as

Combinatorial therapy elicits spinal cord regeneration more than a year after injury
New research finds that adult neurons can still regenerate as long as 15 months after a spinal cord injury.

Gossip in the workplace: A weapon or gift, new research from IU
Gossip in the workplace can be a weapon in reputational warfare or a gift and can offer clues to power and influence not found on organizational charts.

Stanford scientists turn stem cells into precursors for sperm, eggs
Human embryonic stem cells derived from excess IVF embryos may help scientists unlock the mysteries of infertility for other couples struggling to conceive, according to new research from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

New assessment process seeks to more accurately identify students' knowledge base
Have you ever wanted to write an anxiety-free test that accurately measured what you have learned?

Residents play key role in CT colonography awareness and promoting the radiology specialty
Residents can serve a vital role in educating Congress, the medical community, and the general public regarding the efficacy of cutting-edge technologies like CT colonography as well as the importance of radiologists' training and education and the role that radiologists serve in the provision of quality health care, according to an article published in the November issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Travel of a mis-swallowed long spoon to the jejunum
Foreign-body ingestion is a relatively common presentation at emergency departments, but long metallic spoon swallowing is an infrequent occurrence.

The physics of fluids, sports, magnetic medicine
The 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics takes place from Nov.

Regeneration can be achieved after chronic spinal cord injury
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that regeneration of central nervous system axons can be achieved in rats even when treatment delayed is more than a year after the original spinal cord injury.

Spain, in position 16, among the world countries where citizens live happy for more years
Spain holds position number 16 in the world ranking of countries where people live happier for more years, according to the last update of the World Database of Happiness in whose preparation have collaborated researchers of different Spanish universities, such as the University of Granada.

Gamma-ray photon race ends in dead heat; Einstein wins this round
A pair of gamma-ray photons -- one possessed of a million times the energy of the other -- arrived at virtually the same instant at NASA's orbiting Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, after a 7.3 billion year race across the universe.

Follow the launch of ESA's SMOS and Proba-2 satellites
ESA's SMOS and Proba-2 satellites are scheduled for launch on Monday, Nov.

NIH-funded researchers transform embryonic stem cells into human germ cells
Researchers funded in part by the National Institutes of Health have discovered how to transform human embryonic stem cells into germ cells, the embryonic cells that ultimately give rise to sperm and eggs.

Clemson research receives grant to study breast cancer reconstruction
The Avon Foundation for Women has awarded the Clemson University Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering a $195,000 grant to support research to develop new ways to improve reconstructive breast surgery using engineered tissue that contains anti-cancer properties.

Study targets stroke prevention in children with sickle cell anemia
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators were recently awarded a $23 million federal grant to launch a national study of the drug hydroxyurea to prevent first strokes in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia.

Multicultural education focus of new UOG publication
Two University of Guam professors from very different disciplines team up to raise awareness of factors that facilitate teaching in multicultural classrooms.

Cedars-Sinai researchers awarded $5.5 million from California Institute of Regenerative Medicine
A team of Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute stem cell researchers led by Eduardo Marban, M.D., Ph.D., has been awarded a four-year, $5.5 million grant from the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine to fund research leading to clinical trials of new treatments for heart attack patients.

Lifestyle changes, drug lower type 2 diabetes risk
Intensive lifestyle changes aimed at modest weight loss reduced the rate of developing type 2 diabetes by 34 percent over 10 years in people at high risk for the disease.

Dendritic cells spark smoldering inflammation in smokers' lungs
Inflammation still ravages the lungs of some smokers years after they quit the habit.

USC physician-researchers receive $16 million grant from state stem cell agency
Physician-researchers at the University of Southern California received a nearly $16 million grant from the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine to fund the development of a stem cell-based treatment for age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss and blindness among the elderly.

A new explanation of 'Asian paradox'
There is abundant evidence of an association between Helicobacter pylori chronic infection and gastric cancer.

Study shows hormone replacement therapy decreases mortality in younger postmenopausal woman
Several observational studies over the years showed that HRT use by younger postmenopausal women was associated with a significant reduction in total mortality.

Launching an 'attention movement' in a distracted society
What can happen when we lose our ability to sustain focus?

Grant to fund exploration of fossil plants in Patagonia
Dinosaurs may be the focus of much Cretaceous fossil hunting, but a Penn State researcher and his colleagues are hot on the trail of fossil plants in Patagonia, Argentina, thanks to a $1.57 million grant from the National Science Foundation as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

Mortality rates reduced among children whose mothers received iron-folic acid supplements
Offspring whose mothers had been supplemented with iron-folic acid during pregnancy had dramatically reduced mortality through age 7.

Remotely operated vehicles and satellite tags aid turtle studies
Researchers are using a remotely operated vehicle and satellite-linked data loggers to learn more about turtle behavior in commercial fishing areas and to develop new ways to avoid catching turtles in fishing gear.

Mirinae intensifying while moving away from the northern Marianas
Typhoon Mirinae is moving west and away from the Northern Marianas Islands on a track to a landfall in the Philippines by the weekend.

Gastroenterologists explore relationship between bacteria in the gut and breast cancer
Gastroenterologists at Rush University Medical Center are working on a new research study funded by the US Department of Defense to chart the presence of microorganisms found within the gut and to explore how microbial imbalances may impact diseases like breast cancer.

Musical sensibility can help shape teaching, research education
Education professor Liora Bresler says the underlying similarities between teaching, research and music can be a powerful metaphor for education and qualitative inquiry.

Member of NFL Hall of Fame diagnosed with degenerative brain disease
The Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy at Boston University School of Medicine announced today that a recently deceased member of the NFL Hall of Fame suffered from the degenerative brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy when he died, becoming the 10th former NFL player diagnosed with the disease.

Circadian surprise: Mechanism of temperature synchronization in drosophila
New research reveals a pathway that links peripheral sensory tissues with a

Benefit of memantine in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease not proven
There is no scientific proof that patients with moderate or severe Alzheimer's disease benefit from drugs containing the agent memantine.

Trees facilitate wildfires as a way to protect their habitat
Fire is often thought of something that trees should be protected from, but a new study suggests that some trees may themselves contribute to the likelihood of wildfires in order to promote their own abundance at the expense of their competitors.

Plenary lecturers share science and policy perspectives
Worldwide leaders in agricultural research, science policy, and soil science will address emerging developments in plant and soil sciences as daily plenary lectures during the 2009 Annual Meetings of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Nov.

Fermi telescope caps its first year with a glimpse of space-time
During its first year of operations, NASA's Fermi Gamma Ray Space Telescope mapped the extreme sky with unprecedented resolution and sensitivity.

Knocking nanoparticles off the socks
Scientists in Switzerland are reporting results of one of the first studies on the release of silver nanoparticles from laundering those anti-odor, anti-bacterial socks now on the market.

Gene therapy repairs injured human donor lungs for the first time
For the first time, scientists in the McEwen Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University Health Network have successfully used gene therapy to repair injured human donor lungs, making them potentially suitable for transplantation into patients.

Study: depression can lead to inflated reports of physical symptoms
New research shows people who feel depressed tend to recall having more physical symptoms than they actually experienced.

Recovery Act funds expand studies of stem cell biology
NIH's National Institute of General Medical Sciences is using $5.4 million of Recovery Act funds to accelerate basic studies of induced pluripotent stem cells.

Genetic links to fungal infection risk identified
Two genetic mutations that may put individuals at increased risk of fungal infections have been identified by scientists from UCL and Radboud University, increasing understanding about the genetic basis of these infections and potentially aiding the development of new treatments.

New findings connect diet and intestinal bacteria with healthier immune systems
Insoluble dietary fiber, or roughage, not only keeps you regular, say Australian scientists, it also plays a vital role in the immune system, keeping certain diseases at bay.

Obesity expert named Life Scientist of the Year
A Monash University physiologist, whose research into weight management, obesity and diabetes has led to significant medical breakthroughs and drug design, has been awarded one of the nation's top research honors.

Greater use of in-patient diagnostic imaging improves patient outcomes without significantly impacting costs
Hospitals that make greater use of in-patient diagnostic imaging exams achieve lower in-hospital mortality rates with little or no impact on costs, according to a peer-reviewed study of more than one million patient outcomes in more than 100 hospitals nationwide published in the November issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Why fish oils help and how they could help even more
New research from Queen Mary, University of London and Harvard Medical School has revealed precisely why taking fish oils can help with conditions like rheumatoid arthritis.

BRC for Mental Health gets cash for CRIS
The specialist National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health at South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London has been awarded nearly £1 million from the NIHR to support the development of the BRC's Case Register Interactive Search system.

Physicist makes new high-res panorama of Milky Way
Cobbling together 3,000 individual photographs, a physicist has made a new high-resolution panoramic image of the full night sky, with the Milky Way galaxy as its centerpiece.

Is short-term Celecoxib intervention a effective method for preventing gastric carcinogenesis?
Helicobacter pylori has been accepted as an important pathogen inducing gastric cancer.

Lymphoma Research Foundation announces recipients of CLL/SLL Research Initiative grants
The Lymphoma Research Foundation is pleased to announce that David Frank, M.D., Ph.D., of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Thomas Kipps, M.D., Ph.D., Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, are the recipients of the second round of funding under the Foundation's Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Research Initiative.

Maize research reduces poverty in West and Central Africa
An analysis of three and half decades of maize research in African farming communities finds big benefits.

LANL Roadrunner models nonlinear physics of high-power lasers
Los Alamos scientists are using an adapted version of VPIC, a particle-in-cell plasma physics code, to model the nonlinear physics of laser backscatter energy transfer and plasma instabilities to assist colleagues at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory as they attempt to reach fusion ignition at the National Ignition Facility next year.

INFORMS presents 11 new Fellows Awards
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences today announced 11 new recipients of the annual INFORMS Fellows Award.

Next-generation microcapsules deliver 'chemicals on demand'
Scientists in California are reporting development of a new generation of the microcapsules used in carbon-free copy paper, in which capsules burst and release ink with pressure from a pen.

How do we fund plant breeding?
Stakeholders from public and private sectors of the plant breeding community will share their perspectives on the current funding landscape during the symposium,

Springer to partner with Brazilian Computer Society
Springer has recently signed agreements to publish two journals in association with the Brazilian Computer Society -- the Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society and the new quarterly Journal of Internet Services and Applications.

American Cancer Society calls for new strategies to monitor exposure to environmental carcinogens
A new report from an American Cancer Society scientific advisory subcommittee on cancer and the environment says exposure to carcinogens should be minimized or eliminated whenever feasible, and calls for new strategies to more effectively and efficiently screen the large number of chemicals to which the public is exposed.

Rot-resistant wheat could save farmers millions
CSIRO researchers have identified wheat and barley lines resistant to Crown Rot -- a disease that costs Australian wheat and barley farmers $79 million in lost yield every year.

New technique for injectable facial fillers improves comfort, recovery
Less pain during injections for wrinkle-fighting facial fillers. Less swelling afterward.

UD start-up company prepares to commercialize novel detector for medical, military applications
PAIR Technologies, a start-up company established by University of Delaware researchers and a former DuPont scientist, is preparing to commercialize a high-precision detector -- a planar array infrared spectrograph -- that can identify biological and chemical agents in solids, liquids and gases, in quantities as small as an atom, and in less than a second.

Researchers rest their case: TV consumption predicts opinions about criminal justice system
People who watch forensic and crime dramas on TV are more likely than nonviewers to have a distorted perception of America's criminal justice system, according to new research from Purdue University.

Prevention or delay of diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin can last at least 10 years
Prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin can persist for at least 10 years.

North Carolina sea levels rising 3 times faster than in previous 500 years, Penn study says
An international team of environmental scientists has shown that sea-level rise in North Carolina is accelerating, a jump that appears to have occurred during a time of industrial change.

Autosub6000 dives to depth of 3.5 miles
The United Kingdom's deepest diving Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, Autosub6000, has been put through its paces during an extremely successful engineering trials cruise on the RRS Discovery, Sept.

Depressed pregnant women could be at higher risk for severe response to flu infection
Pregnant women with significant symptoms of depression tend to have a stronger biological reaction to the seasonal flu vaccine than do women with lower depression levels, according to a new study.

Blast from the past gives clues about early universe
Astronomers studied the most distant object yet seen in the universe, a giant stellar blast from more than 13 billion years ago, and learned tantalizing facts about the blast itself and the environment of the star that exploded in the early universe.

Pain thresholds linked to inflammation and sleep problems in arthritis patients
Despite recent advances in anti-inflammatory therapy, many rheumatoid arthritis patients continue to suffer from pain.

Researchers find room design can enhance patient care
The design of a consultation room can improve the quality of a visit to the physician's office.

EPA's new green parking lot allows scientists to study permeable surfaces that may help the environment
The US Environmental Protection Agency today announced a study that will investigate ways to reduce pollution that can run off paved surfaces and improve how water filters back into the ground.

High-definition colonoscopy detects more polyps, Mayo Clinic researchers say
High-definition colonoscopy is much more sensitive than standard colonoscopy in finding polyps that could morph into cancer, say researchers at the Mayo Clinic campus in Florida.

Experts unveil new CVD guidelines and position papers
Several new guidelines and position papers offering the most up-to-date information to ensure that clinicians practice evidence-based medicine were released at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress 2009 this week.

MicroRNA-mediated metastasis suppression
Metastases are responsible for over 90 percent of cancer deaths.

2009 Annual Meetings emphasize sustainability
The 2009 Annual Meetings of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America are just around the corner, Nov.

Pumpkin skin may scare away germs
The skin of that pumpkin you carve into a Jack-o'-Lantern to scare away ghosts and goblins on Halloween contains a substance that could put a scare into microbes that cause millions of cases of yeast infections in adults and infants each year, according to a new study in the current issue of ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Exercise keeps dangerous visceral fat away a year after weight loss, finds UAB study
A study conducted by exercise physiologists in the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Human Studies finds that as little as 80 minutes a week of aerobic or resistance training helps not only to prevent weight gain, but also to inhibit a regain of harmful visceral fat one year after weight loss.

Bad driving may have genetic basis, UCI study finds
Bad drivers may in part have their genes to blame, suggests a new study by UC Irvine neuroscientists.
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