Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 30, 2009
Vaccination is essential to prevent world's leading child killer: Pneumonia
Marking the first international World Pneumonia Day on Nov. 2, the GAVI Alliance plans to immunize 130 million children in poor countries against pneumonia, the world's leading child killer.

November 2009 Geology and GSA Today highlights
Geology covers a range of topics, including tsunami geomorphology, sag pond deposits, ooids and seawater chemistry, hillslope weathering, volcanoes and the nature of volcanic eruptions, minerals, marine sediments, paleoseismic faults, oxygen isotope records, bolide impact and banded iron formations, trace metal pollution from mining and metallurgy, tidal cycles, and Barchan dunes.

UAB earns $2.1 million grant to boost math teacher readiness
The Greater Birmingham Mathematics Partnership, a partnership between the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham-Southern College and area school districts, has earned a $2.1 million National Science Foundation grant to provide professional development programs for middle-school math teachers and research the impact of the programs.

Bacteria 'invest' wisely to survive uncertain times, UT Southwestern scientists report
Like savvy Wall Street money managers, bacteria hedge their bets to increase their chances of survival in uncertain times, strategically investing their biological resources to weather unpredictable environments.

Why do animals, especially males, have so many different colors?
Why do so many animal species -- including fish, birds and insects -- display such rich diversity in coloration and other traits?

Forsyth Medical Center launches region's first comprehensive teleneurology program
Rural and small, suburban hospitals in North Carolina and Virginia can now provide a higher level of emergency stroke and critical neurology care, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, as part of a new teleneurology program announced Oct.

AIP awards Industrial Physics Prize
The American Institute of Physics is awarding the 2010 Prize for Industrial Applications of Physics next month to Robert Street of the Palo Alto Research Center in California.

Caltech researchers show efficacy of gene therapy in mouse models of Huntington's disease
Researchers at the California Institute of Technology have shown that a highly specific intrabody (an antibody fragment that works against a target inside a cell) is capable of stalling the development of Huntington's disease in a variety of mouse models.

Researchers develop innovative imaging system to study sudden cardiac arrest
A research team at Vanderbilt University has developed an innovative optical system to simultaneously image electrical activity and metabolic properties in the same region of a heart, to study the complex mechanisms that lead to sudden cardiac arrest.

USU scientists report major advance in human antibody therapy against deadly Nipah virus
A collaborative research team from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Australian Animal Health Laboratory and National Cancer Institute, a component of the National Institutes of Health, reports a major step forward in the development of an effective therapy against two deadly viruses, Nipah virus and the related Hendra virus.

Shire reports tolerability/clinical effects results of Daytrana from study in adolescents with ADHD
Shire plc, today announced findings at a major medical meeting from a Phase IIIb study of the tolerability and effectiveness of Daytrana in adolescents aged 13-17 years diagnosed with ADHD.

This is your brain on fatty acids
Saturated fats have a deservedly bad reputation, but Johns Hopkins scientists have discovered that a sticky lipid occurring naturally at high levels in the brain may help us memorize grandma's recipe for cinnamon buns, as well as recall how, decades ago, she served them up steaming from the oven.

SMU Geothermal Lab awarded $5.25 million DOE grant
SMU's DOE grant to provide content for the National Geothermal Database is part of the $338 million Recovery Act funding package announced by Energy Secretary Steven Chu.

Asia's biggest 'tiger' unviels promise for wild tigers
China received praise here today from the International Tiger Coalition for promising to work with its neighbors to end tiger trade and bring back wild tigers.

Media availability: The role of biomedical research in malaria eradication
Although malaria has been controlled in many local and regional populations, the permanent elimination of malaria parasites throughout the world remains an elusive goal, and the disease continues to claim nearly one million lives each year.

Travel may be hazardous to dialysis patients
If you're sick, traveling to a foreign land may boost your spirits, but jeopardize your health, according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 42nd Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in San Diego, Calif.

Cummings School awarded USAID grant targeting emerging infectious diseases
Tufts University has been tapped by the United States Agency for International Development as part of a multidisciplinary team that will receive a grant of up to $185-million to create better synergies among veterinarians, doctors and public health officials in responding to emerging infectious diseases.

Clean energy, skin cream, platinum, pollution and plasmas
The AVS 56th International Symposium & Exhibition next month in San Jose, Calif., will showcase advances in alternative energy, materials research, nanotechnology, and medicine.

'Mindful' teaching combats classroom burn-out
Overcoming classroom pressures calls for

Progress made on Group B streptococcus vaccine
Scientists supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, have completed a phase II clinical study that indicates a vaccine to prevent Group B Streptococcus infection is possible.

Unlocking mysteries of the brain with PET
Inflammatory response of brain cells -- as indicated by a molecular imaging technique -- could tell researchers more about why certain neurologic disorders, such as migraine headaches and psychosis in schizophrenic patients, occur and provide insight into how to best treat them, according to two studies published in the November issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

FSU, Duke partner to study impact of Gulf's 'dead zone' on shrimp fishery
A team of researchers from the Florida State University, Duke University and the National Marine Fisheries Service will study the environmental and economic impacts of the vast

For gay and straight men, facial attraction operates similarly
New research suggests that regardless of sexual orientation, men prefer sexual dimorphism in faces.

UT Southwestern ophthalmologist Cavanaugh wins Cornea Society's highest honor
Dr. H. Dwight Cavanagh, vice chairman of ophthalmology at UT Southwestern Medical Center, has been named the 2009 recipient of the prestigious Castroviejo Medal, one of the top ophthalmology prizes in the world.

HyBIS explores the Casablanca seamount
In October, the hydraulic benthic interactive sampler HyBIS maintained by the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton made 10 dives over the Casablanca Seamount, a four-kilometer high seamount located some 300 miles west of Morocco.

1 disease, not 1 demographic
Asian-Americans have higher instances of certain types of cancer, yet screening rates remain dismal.

Social media require 'Community Relations 2.0'
Social media sites, armed with the power of instant advocacy, have ushered in the era of

U of M part of $185 million funded team tasked to improve global response to emerging pandemics
Experts from the University of Minnesota will soon be on the frontlines working to help developing countries better respond to emerging animal diseases that pose a threat to human health.

New analyses of dinosaur growth may wipe out 1/3 of species
Paleontologists Mark Goodwin and Jack Horner have dug for 11 years in Montana's Hell Creek Formation in search of every dinosaur fossil they can find, accumulating specimens of all stages of development.

Heavy metals accumulate more in some mushrooms than in others
A research team from the University of Castilla-La Mancha has analyzed the presence of heavy metals in 12 species of mushroom collected from noncontaminated natural areas, and has found that the levels vary depending on the type of mushroom.

Health information not communicated well to minority populations, MU researcher finds
According to the Institute of Medicine, more than 90 million Americans suffer from low health literacy, a mismatch between patients' abilities to understand health care information and providers' abilities to communicate complex medical information in an understandable manner.

Typhoon Mirinae already raining on the Philippines
Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite revealed that Typhoon Mirinae's cold thunderstorm clouds were already over sections of the central and northern Philippines on Oct.

Jumping on the bandwagon
When Homeland Security's Tom Chirhart went looking for volunteers to test a new multiband radio that allows first responders to talk to one another across different frequency bands, the line of interested agencies was long and very eager.

'Gastrointestinal Conditions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders'
A major symposium on gastrointestinal conditions in children with autism will be held Nov.

Pandemic flu vaccine campaigns may be undermined by coincidental medical events
The effectiveness of pandemic flu vaccination campaigns -- like that now underway for H1N1 -- could be undermined by the public incorrectly associating coincidental and unrelated health events with the vaccines.

Immunotherapy demonstrates long-term success in treating lymphoma
Targeted immunotherapy has been an attractive new therapeutic area for a number of cancers because it has the potential to destroy tumor cells without damaging surrounding normal tissue.

Drug shows promise in treating dangerous complication of erectile disorder
Thousands of men are afflicted with an embarrassing and painful condition that triggers spontaneous, long-lasting erections.

MedImmune to present 4 abstracts on RSV and influenza at 47TH Annual IDSA Meeting
MedImmune announced today it will present four abstracts at the 47th Annual Meeting of Infectious Disease Society of America being held here Oct.

New tests for identifying potentially deadly adulterants in pharmaceutical ingredients
To further protect patients from adulterated medicines, the US Pharmacopeial Convention today announced revised standards for four ingredients widely used in prescription and over-the-counter drugs.

Background rates of adverse events must be taken account of during H1N1 vaccination campaigns to avoid public panic
Adverse health events -- such as sudden deaths, spontaneous abortions and Guillain-Barré syndrome -- will occur in the general population whether or not they have been vaccinated against H1N1 influenza.

'Technology' plays large role in wealth inheritance
A new study reveals the important role inherited wealth plays in sustaining economic inequality in small scale societies.

'Energy Infrastructure & Development in Israel'
The Office of Academic Entrepreneurship at Stevens Institute of Technology, in cooperation with the Consulate General of Israel in New York and the New Jersey-Israel Commission, has invited the Chief Scientist from the Israeli Ministry of Infrastructure, Dr.

Hutchinson Center researcher secures $7.9 million NCI grant for esophageal cancer research
Thomas Vaughan, M.D., head of the Epidemiology Program in the Public Health Sciences Division of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, has received a three-year, $7.9 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to study genetic susceptibility for Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma, a rapidly fatal cancer whose incidence has increased more than 500 percent in the past 30 years, faster than any other cancer in the United States.

Inconspicuous leaf beetles reveal environment's role in formation of new species
Unnoticed by the nearby residents of St. Johnsbury, Vt., tiny leaf beetles that flit among the maple and willow trees in the area have just provided some of the clearest evidence yet that environmental factors play a major role in the formation of new species.

Short heels make elite sprinters super speedy
What is it about elite sprinters that gives them the edge over nonsprinters in the 100-meter dash?

Lessons from oil industry may help address groundwater crisis
Although declining streamflows and half-full reservoirs have gotten most of the attention in water conflicts around the United States, some of the worst battles of the next century may be over groundwater, experts say -- a critical resource often taken for granted until it begins to run out.

Donor race may impact kidney transplant survival
The race of kidney donors may affect the survival rates of transplant recipients according to a study by Henry Ford Hospital.

New dinosaur species from Montana
A husband and wife team of American paleontologists has discovered a new species of dinosaur that lived 112 million years ago during the early Cretaceous of central Montana.

Balancing use of the radio spectrum
Scientists monitor passive radio-wave emissions from diverse objects such as hurricanes and distant galaxies to study Earth's environment and climate and learn more about the universe.

Harvesting energy from nature's motions
By taking advantage of the vagaries of the natural world, Duke University engineers have developed a novel approach that they believe can more efficiently harvest electricity from the motions of everyday life.

Contracts foster trust, but flexibility is needed, research says
While detailed contracts can foster trust between parties, there needs to be flexibility in negotiating potential changes, according to research recently published in MIS Quarterly.

Iranian scholars share Avicenna's medieval medical wisdom
For pulmonary ailments, certain medieval physicians had a useful medical textbook on hand offering detailed information remarkably similar to those a modern doctor might use today.

ESC events in Asia tackle management of diabetes and cardiovascular disease
With the rapidly increasing problem of cardiovascular (CVD) disease in Asia Pacific, there is an urgency to raise awareness of risk factors.

UT alumnus honored for invention that revolutionized coronary artery disease treatment
Back in the 1970s, while watching an angioplasty to widen clogged coronary arteries, John Simpson, Ph.D., M.D., thought there had to be an easier way to perform the procedure.

Breakthrough in fight against Hendra virus
There has been a breakthrough in the fight against the deadly Hendra virus following the development of a treatment which shows great potential to save the lives of people who become infected with the virus.

Sight gone, but not necessarily lost?
Like all tissues in the body, the eye needs a healthy blood supply to function properly.

Angry faces: Research suggests link between facial structure and aggression
Angry words and gestures are not the only way to get a sense of how temperamental a person is.

Say yes to a clinical trial; it may be good for your health
Study finds that heart failure patients willing to take part in clinical trials have a better prognosis than those unwilling to do so.
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