Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 06, 2009
Lasers put a shine on metals
Polishing metal surfaces is a demanding but monotonous task, and it is difficult to find qualified young specialists.

Air pollution increases infants' risk of bronchiolitis
Infants who are exposed to higher levels of air pollution are at increased risk for bronchiolitis, according to a new study.

Brown professor to lead $6 million NIH grant to study rare brain disease
Walter Atwood, professor of medical science, will lead research efforts to determine how the JC virus, which can cause a rare brain disease known as PML, attaches to host cells.

Local health investigation sheds light on gastroschisis birth defect
Results of an investigation conducted by University of Nevada, Reno researchers, public health officials and area physicians published this week in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, indicate that Washoe County experienced a cluster of a particular birth defect, gastroschisis, during the period April 2007-April 2008.

Prevention experts urge modification to 2009 H1N1 guidance for health care workers
Three leading scientific organizations specializing in infectious diseases prevention issued a letter to President Obama today expressing their significant concern with current federal guidance concerning the use of personal protective equipment by health care workers in treating suspected or confirmed cases of 2009 H1N1 influenza.

Past climate of the northern Antarctic Peninsular informs global warming debate
The seriousness of current global warming is underlined by a reconstruction of climate at Maxwell Bay in the South Shetland Islands of the Antarctic Peninsula over approximately the last 14,000 years, which appears to show that the current warming and widespread loss of glacial ice are unprecedented.

Less than 1 in 3 Toronto bystanders who witness a cardiac arrest try to help: Study
Researchers at St. Michael's Hospital working in conjunction with EMS services, paramedics and fire services across Ontario found that a bystander who attempts CPR can quadruple the survival rate to over 50 percent.

Ants are friendly to some trees, but not others
Tree-dwelling ants generally live in harmony with their arboreal hosts.

PET imaging response a prognostic factor after thoracic radiation therapy for lung cancer
A rapid decline in metabolic activity on a PET scan after radiation therapy for non-small cell lung cancer is correlated with good local tumor control, according to a study presented by researchers at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital at the 51st ASTRO Annual Meeting.

Can stress-reducing Transcendental Meditation help CHD patients prevent future heart attacks?
The National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute will fund a $1 million collaborative study by the Center for Natural Medicine and Prevention at Maharishi University of Management Research Institute and Columbia University Medical Center to determine whether the stress-reducing Transcendental Meditation technique can help patients with coronary heart disease prevent future heart attacks, strokes and death.

Researchers find new way to attack inflammation in Graves' eye disease
A small group of patients with severe Graves' eye disease experienced rapid improvement of their symptoms -- and improved vision -- following treatment with the drug rituximab.

Monell Center joins with CAS to host Beijing meeting on taste and smell research
The Monell Center and the Chinese Academy of Sciences are co-hosts of the Beijing International Meeting on Research in Taste and Smell.

eStadium application brings multimedia sports features to smartphones
The eStadium application allows fans sitting in the stands of an athletic event to access video replays, up-to-the-second statistics, player bios, play-by-play analysis and a wealth of other information designed to enhance the thrill of the game.

A new computer simulator allows to design military strategies based on ants' movements
Researchers from the University of Granada (Spain) have designed a system for the mobility of military troops within a battlefield following the mechanisms used by ant colonies to move They have used settings of Panzer General, a commercial war video game, for the development of this software.

Pathogen protection and virulence: Dark side of fungal membrane protein revealed
Researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech and Montana State University have discovered a fungal protein that plays a key role in causing disease in plants and animals and which also shields the pathogen from oxidative stress.

Magnetic nanoparticles to simultaneously diagnose, monitor and treat
The future for magentic nanoparticles appears bright With the design of

New statement outlines ATS positions on research, education, advocacy
The ATS has issued an official statement that outlines the Society's position on research, training, education, patient care and advocacy.

Poll: Many parents, high-priority adults who tried to get H1N1 vaccine unable to get it
A new national poll from Harvard School of Public Health researchers found that a majority of adults who tried to get the H1N1 vaccine for themselves or their children have been unable to do so.

Vein Clinics of America announces $150,000 grant to American College of Phlebology Foundation
Vein Clinics of America announced today its commitment of $150,000 to the American College of Phlebology Foundation over the next five years.

DNA molecules in moss open door to new biotechnology
Plasmids, which are DNA molecules capable of independent replication in cells, have played an important role in gene technology.

New finding suggests prostate biopsy is not always necessary
Researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have discovered that some elevated prostate-specific antigen levels in men may be caused by a hormone normally occurring in the body, and are not necessarily a predictor of the need for a prostate biopsy.

Cetuximab continues to increase survival in patients with head and neck cancer for up to 5 years
Adding cetuximab to radiation therapy prolongs survival in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer compared with radiotherapy alone, and this improvement persists for up to 5 years.

Higher carotid arterial stenting rates associated with poorer clinical outcomes
Among eligible Medicare beneficiaries, increased use of carotid arterial stenting procedures to treat carotid stenosis -- the narrowing of the carotid artery -- is associated with higher rates of mortality and adverse clinical outcomes, including heart attack and stroke, according to researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.

NHLBI stops enrollment in study on resuscitation methods for cardiac arrest
Enrollment has ended early in a large, multi-center clinical trial comparing two distinct resuscitation strategies delivered by emergency medical service providers to increase blood flow during cardiac arrest.

DNA barcodes: Creative new uses span health, fraud, smuggling, history, more
Some 350 experts from 50 nations gathering in Mexico for their 3rd global meeting will outline the latest creative applications of DNA barcoding, including several projects related to human health, fraud, smuggling, the food chain and reconstructing environmental history.

Hodgkinson Prize goes to 'Handbook of Community Movements and Local Organizations'
Springer's Handbook of Community Movements and Local Organizations, edited by Ram A.

AIBS publishes Darwin articles open access
Two articles about Charles Darwin and his development of the theory of evolution by natural selection have been published in the AIBS journal BioScience and have been made open to the public in honor of the 150th anniversary of the publication of

UWM study explores why women leave engineering careers
A study getting under way at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee is the first systematic study of women's retention in engineering.

Blood test identifies women at risk from Alzheimer's
Middle-aged women with high levels of a specific amino acid in their blood are twice as likely to suffer from Alzheimer's many years later, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Computer predicts reactions between molecules and surfaces, with 'chemical precision'
An international team of scientists from the Netherlands, Spain, Norway, Argentina and the United States has shown in a paper to be published in Science shortly how the chemistry of surface reactions underpinning catalysis can be modeled accurately with computers.

We spend more on products with detailed nutritional information
People would be willing to pay more for products that carry detailed nutritional information than for the so-called light items.

Nitrogen loss threatens desert plant life, study shows
As the climate gets warmer, arid soils lose nitrogen as gas, reports a new Cornell study.

SNM applauds House action to build medical isotopes reactor in the US
SNM applauds the US House of Representatives for its passage of H.R.

Society of Interventional Radiology hosts oncology therapies Webinar, offers resources
Registration is now open for the Society of Interventional Radiology's

Babies with an accent
Newborns cry differently depending on their mother tongue.

Carnegie Mellon researchers link health-care debate to risk of dying in US and Europe
A new Web site,, developed by researchers at Carnegie Mellon allows users to explore differences in the probability of dying across European countries and the US states for men and women of different ages and races.

'Dropouts' pinpoint earliest galaxies
Astronomers, conducting the broadest survey to date of galaxies from about 800 million years after the Big Bang, have found 22 early galaxies and confirmed the age of one by its characteristic hydrogen signature at 787 million years post Big Bang.

Perfectly proportioned
The manufacture of parts by compaction and sintering involves filling a die with metal powder.

Possible help in fight against muscle-wasting disease
A compound already used to treat pneumonia could become a new therapy for an inherited muscular wasting disease.

Psychiatric impact of torture could be amplified by head injury
Depression and other emotional symptoms in survivors of torture and other traumatic experiences may be exacerbated by the effects of head injuries, according to a study from the Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma, based at Massachusetts General Hospital.

The University of Oklahoma joins Kyoto University for international symposium in Japan
The University of Oklahoma will partner with Kyoto University to present the International Symposium on Radar and Modeling Studies of the Atmosphere Nov.

Biologists, educators recognize excellence in evolution education
The National Association of Biology Teachers will recognize Leonard C. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to