Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 09, 2009
Antimicrobials: Silver (and copper) bullets to kill bacteria
Dana Filoti of the University of New Hampshire will present thin films of silver and copper she has developed that can kill bacteria and may one day help to cut down on hospital infections.

New nanocrystalline diamond probes overcome wear
Researchers at the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science at Northwestern University have developed, characterized, and modeled a new kind of probe used in atomic force microscopy, which images, measures, and manipulates matter at the nanoscale.

Expectant moms, babies subjects of new Singapore study to prevent obesity and diabetes in adults
A major, long-term study of pregnant mothers and their fetuses as well as infant children to determine just how profoundly environmental factors early in life influence the onset of diseases such as obesity and diabetes in later years.

Young tennis players who play only 1 sport are more prone to injuries
Gifted young athletes are under increasing pressure to play only one sport year round.

NASA satellites make a movie and get rainfall, wind info on Ida
NASA satellites are amazing examples of technology. The TRMM satellite peers into tropical cyclones and can tell how much rain is falling per hour and where.

Reduced muscle strength associated with risk for Alzheimer's
Individuals with weaker muscles appear to have a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease and declines in cognitive function over time, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Special issue of medical journal explores Latino health and health care
The Network for Multicultural Research on Health and Healthcare at UCLA, a consortium of researchers from major research institutions around the country, has produced a special supplement of the Journal of General Internal Medicine examining Latinos and health care, shedding light on important issues that have been left out of the health-care reform debate.

The bizarre lives of bone-eating worms
Female Osedax marine worms feast on submerged bones via a complex relationship with symbiotic bacteria, and they are turning out to be far more diverse and widespread than scientists expected.

CEOs make it out like their companies will save the world
Many businesses feel that the content of annual reports has become more important than ever due to the tough business climate induced by the financial crisis and the growing pressure to be environmentally and socially responsible.

JCI online early table of contents: Nov. 9, 2009
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Nov.

Engineers image nanostructure of a solid acid catalyst and boost its catalytic activity
Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and Raman, infrared and UV-visible spectroscopies pinpoint sub-nanometer clusters of tungsten oxide mixed with tiny amounts of zirconium as the active catalytic species in the catalyst.

Population movement can be critical factor in dengue's spread
Human movement is a key factor of dengue virus inflow in Rio de Janeiro, according to results from researchers based at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Brazil.

Experts offer strategies for working with immigrant victims of violence
Last year, the United States provided asylum and resettlement assistance for nearly 80,700 people from other countries, an increase from 71,300 individuals in 2007, according to the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants.

Iowa State psychologist is conducting 2 new studies on eyewitness misidentifications
Gary Wells, a Distinguished Professor of psychology at Iowa State University who developed the dominant theory of how mistaken identifications occur, has begun work on two new studies to explore the thought processes of eyewitnesses when their memory fails as they still try to identify the perpetrator of a crime.

Laser surgery does not appear to have long-term effects on corneal cells
Laser eye surgery to correct vision problems does not appear to be associated with lasting changes to cells lining the inside of the cornea at nine years after the procedure, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Scientists explain binding action of 2 key HIV antibodies; could lead to new vaccine design
A very close and detailed study of how the most robust antibodies work to block the HIV virus as it seeks entry into healthy cells has revealed a new direction for researchers hoping to design an effective vaccine.

American Academy of Nursing strengthened by induction of palliative care expert
Patricia Berry, Ph.D., A.P.R.N., F.A.A.N., associate professor at the University of Utah College of Nursing was formally inducted into the American Academy of Nursing Saturday as one of the 2009 new Fellows.

Physician bias might keep life-saving transplants from black and Hispanic patients
Physician bias might be the reason why African-Americans are not receiving kidney/pancreas transplants at the same rate as similar patients in other racial groups.

Study: Credit crisis, debt load a double whammy for investment
Firms with heavy long-term debt that came due amid the nation's recent credit crisis slashed investment more than three times as much as companies whose paybacks ducked the meltdown, a new University of Illinois study found.

News brief: Age-specific evaluation of HPV DNA testing vs. cytology screening
Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing with cytology triage is more sensitive than conventional cytology screening for detecting cervical lesions, according to a new study published online Nov.

Scientists call for ban on alcohol-industry sponsorship of sport
The alcohol industry's sponsorship of sport should be banned and replaced with a dedicated alcohol tax modeled on those employed by some countries for tobacco, say scientists.

CSHL study shows that some malignant tumors can be shut down after all
More than half of all human cancers have mutations that disable a protein called p53.

Newly discovered fat molecule: An undersea killer with an upside
A chemical culprit responsible for the rapid, mysterious death of phytoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean has been found by collaborating scientists at Rutgers University and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Cataract surgery does not appear associated with worsening of age-related macular degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration does not appear to progress at a higher rate among individuals who have had surgery to treat cataract, contrary to previous reports that treating one cause of vision loss worsens the other, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Risk of hip fracture in postmenopausal women rises steeply with age
Among postmenopausal women, the risk of hip fractures increases steeply with age and is seven times higher in 70-year-olds than in 50-year-olds, according to a study in this week's PLoS Medicine.

European Urology: Male factor infertility associated with comorbidities
The December issue of European Urology, the official journal of the European Association of Urology, features an article entitled

Nano bubble gum for enhancing drug delivery in gut
Of the many characteristic traits a drug can have, one of the most desirable is the ability for a drug to be swallowed and absorbed into the bloodstream through the gut.

Scripps team shows diet switching can activate brain's stress system, lead to 'withdrawal' symptoms
In research that sheds light on the perils of yo-yo dieting and repeated bouts of sugar-bingeing, researchers from the Scripps Research Institute have shown in animal models that cycling between periods of eating sweet and regular-tasting food can activate the brain's stress system and generate overeating, anxiety, and withdrawal-like symptoms.

Stem cells restore cognitive abilities impaired by brain tumor treatment, UCI study finds
Human embryonic stem cells could help people with learning and memory deficits after radiation treatment for brain tumors, suggests a new UC Irvine study.

NASA's TRMM Satellite sees most of Ida's heaviest rain stayed off coasts
NASA and the Japanese Space Agency's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite flew over Ida and captured her rainfall when she passed by Nicaragua, Honduras and Belize this weekend.

Charles Darwin and modern biology
The Springer journal Naturwissenschaften is publishing a special issue

Scientists successfully reprogram blood cells
Researchers have transplanted genetically modified hematopoietic stem cells into mice so that their developing red blood cells produce a critical lysosomal enzyme -- preventing or reducing organ and central nervous system damage from the often-fatal genetic disorder Hurler's syndrome.

NASA satellites see Ida spreading out before landfall
NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites are keeping a close eye on Tropical Storm Ida, and both have instruments aboard that show her clouds and rains are already widespread inland over the US Gulf coast states.

Mayo researchers find robotic repair for vaginal prolapse has significant benefits
New Mayo Clinic research has found that robotic surgery for vaginal prolapse dramatically reduces patient hospital stay and recovery time.

New study reveals handwriting is real problem for children with autism
Handwriting skills are crucial for success in school, communication, and building children's self-esteem.

The world's most common operation
As many as 10 million people around the world suffer from cataracts.

£3.2m ($5.4 million) research project to capture brilliance of butterfly wings
The brilliance of butterfly wings has inspired a £3.2 million ($5.4 million) three-year research project that promises to deliver innovation in the fields of security, energy and the environment.

Association for Molecular Pathology's 15th Annual Meeting and Exhibits
The Association for Molecular Pathology invites the media to follow its upcoming 2009 Annual Meeting and Exhibits and learn about the latest advances in clinical molecular diagnostics.

UCSD discovery allows scientists for the first time to experimentally annotate genomes
Bioengineers at UC San Diego have made a breakthrough development that will now allow scientists to perform full delineation of the location and use of genomic elements.

UCI embryonic stem cell therapy restores walking ability in rats with neck injuries
The first human embryonic stem cell treatment approved by the FDA for human testing has been shown to restore limb function in rats with neck spinal cord injuries -- a finding that could expand the clinical trial to include people with cervical damage.

Interdisciplinary research team developing novel drug detection technology
With the support of a $2.7 million Recovery Act grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse, an interdisciplinary team headed by Vanderbilt chemist John McLean and physicist John Wikswo will attempt to determine whether an individual's white blood cells retain chemical memories of exposure to drugs like cocaine and alcohol that can be read reliably and unambiguously.

Unravelling the pathology of dementia
Combination therapies to tackle multiple changes in the brain may be needed to combat the growing problem of dementia in aging societies, according to a study published this Week in the open access journal PLoS Medicine.

FDA-approved drugs eliminate, prevent cervical cancer in mice
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health have eliminated cervical cancer in mice with two FDA-approved drugs currently used to treat breast cancer and osteoporosis.

Popular anti-platelet therapy reduces risk of cardiovascular events in men and women
A new study, published in the Nov. 17, 2009, issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, adds to a growing body of research seeking to evaluate and understand possible sex differences associated with anti-platelet therapies.

Discussing adverse events with patients improves how they rate their hospital care
A survey of patients had who experienced some sort of adverse event during their hospitalization found that, although caregivers discussed the event with patients less than half the time, those patients to whom the adverse event had been disclosed rated the quality of their care higher than did patients whose caregivers did not address the problem.

News brief: Detecting overall survival benefit derived from progression-free survival
Overall survival may be a reasonable primary endpoint when the median survival post-progession (SPP) is less than six months, but it is too high a hurdle when SPP is longer than 12 months, according to a new study published online Nov.

The GOES-12 satellite sees Large Hurricane Ida nearing landfall
Residents of the US Gulf coast thought they were getting a break this hurricane season until Ida showed up.

Remains of Minoan-style painting discovered during excavations of Canaanite palace
The remains of a Minoan-style wall painting, recognizable by a blue background, the first of its kind to be found in Israel, was discovered in the course of the recent excavation season at Tel Kabri.

Drought resistance explained
Scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Grenoble, France, and the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas in Valencia, Spain, discovered that the key to plants' responses to drought lies in the structure of a protein called PYR1 and how it interacts with the plant hormone abscisic acid.

Mood improves on low-fat, but not low-carb, diet plan
After one year, a low-calorie, low-fat diet appears more beneficial to dieters' mood than a low-carbohydrate plan with the same number of calories, according to a report in the Nov.

Targeting PKC-theta protein: a way to inhibit harmful immune responses?
A concern after leukemia patients receive bone marrow from a person who is not an identical genetic match is that immune cells arising from the donor bone marrow will attack the patient's body.

Words, gestures are translated by same brain regions, says new research
Researchers have shown that the brain regions that have long been recognized as a center in which spoken or written words are decoded are also important in interpreting wordless gestures.

U. of I. business professor wins international award
A University of Illinois business professor who champions programs to combat poverty and promote marketplace literacy has earned an international award, joining past winners that include Mother Teresa and the former vice president of India.

Mount Sinai finds those with more difficult to treat forms of HCV are half as likely to get treated
A new study by Mount Sinai researchers has for the first time found that patients with more difficult to treat forms of hepatitis C are half as likely to initiate treatment for the disease, when compared to patients with hepatitis C that is easier to treat.

Rutgers computer scientists work to strengthen online security
If you forget your password when logging into an e-mail or online shopping Web site, the site will likely ask you a security question: What is your mother's maiden name?

EU grants nearly 1.5 million euros ($2.25 million) for complementary medicine research network
A three-year project called CAMbrella will receive nearly 1.5 million euros ($2.25 million) of European Union funding to establish a research network for the study of complementary medicine.

Advance growing animal penile erectile tissue in lab may benefit patients
In an advance that could one day enable surgeons to reconstruct and restore function to damaged or diseased penile tissue in humans, researchers at the Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine have used tissue engineering techniques to completely replace penile erectile tissue in rabbits.

Scientists uncover new key to the puzzle of hormone therapy and breast cancer
The use of postmenopausal hormone therapy has decreased over time in the United States, which researchers suggest may play a key role in the declining rate of atypical ductal hyperplasia, a known risk factor for breast cancer.

National Academy report cites Ames Laboratory's strength in new materials research
The US is no longer the world leader in development of new crystalline materials, according to a report by the National Academy of Sciences.

Addition of capecitabine improves recurrence-free survival in breast cancer patients but with increased adverse events
The addition of capecitabine to a standard chemotherapy regimen for breast cancer improves recurrence-free survival.

Amyloid beta protein gets bum rap
Saint Louis University research could lead to better medicines for Alzheimer's disease.

Ice cream researchers making sweet strides with 'functional foods'
A comfort food, a tasty treat, an indulgence -- ice cream conjures feelings of happiness and satisfaction for millions.

Fewer emergency patients seen within recommended time frame
One in four emergency department patients in 2006 waited longer to be evaluated by a clinician than recommended at triage, an increase from one in five in 1997, according to a report in the Nov.

New transparent insulating film could enable energy-efficient displays
Materials scientists have found a way to transform a chemical long used as an electrical conductor a thin film insulator potentially useful in transistor technology and in devices such as electronic books.

Forget all about it: Traumatic memories can be erased
It is well known that fear memories are permanent. However, a recent paper in Science, evaluated by three Faculty Members for F1000, reports an extraordinary finding that supports the use of a drug to control recollections of traumatic incidents.

National anti-gun violence program largely successful, Michigan State finds
Project Safe Neighborhoods -- a community-based policing effort launched in 2001 -- has been largely successful in its goal of reducing violent crime, according to an analysis by Michigan State University, the national research and training partner of the federal initiative.

New imagining technique could lead to better antibiotics and cancer drugs
A recently devised method of imaging the chemical communication and warfare between microorganisms could lead to new antibiotics, antifungal, antiviral and anti-cancer drugs, said a Texas AgriLife Research scientist.

FDA approved leukemia drugs shows promise in ovarian cancer cells
The drug Sprycel, approved for use by the US Food and Drug Administration in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, significantly inhibited the growth and invasiveness of ovarian cancer cells and also promoted their death, a study by researchers with UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center found.

Health researchers call for alcohol industry to prove no harm in funding of sports
Researchers from Australia and the UK are calling for a new approach to the debate over whether alcohol industry sponsorship of sports increases drinking among sports participants.

UAB, partners seek safe carbon dioxide storage for 'greener' power generation
The US Department of Energy has announced plans to fund research at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Engineering on technologies that would help reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the capture and permanent safe storage, or sequestration, of carbon dioxide.

Hundreds of genes distinguish patients likely to survive advanced melanoma
Some patients can live for years with melanoma that has spread beyond the skin to other organs.

CSIRO hosts Australia's first ICT summit in China
The first summit between Australia and China on the topic of future information and communication technologies is underway in Shanghai.

What is the meaning of 'one'?
Rice University evolutionary biologists David Queller and Joan Strassmann argue in a new paper that high cooperation and low conflict between components, from the genetic level on up, give a living thing its

Sniffing out memories
Why are some smells irrevocably tied to certain memories? Weizmann Institute scientists found that our brain shows unique activity the first time we encounter a smell in the context of a particular experience.

Squeak, squeak -- can you hear me now?
What do you get when you cross a mouse with poor hearing and a mouse with even worse hearing?

BUSM researchers show dieters can experience neurobiological similarities of drug addicts
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have shown that intermittent access to foods rich in fat and sugar induces changes in the brain which are comparable to those observed in drug dependence.

Once-daily INTUNIV (guanfacine) extended release tablets now available in US pharmacies
Shire PLC announced the availability of INTUNIV in pharmacies nationwide for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents ages 6-17.

Failing the sniff test: Researchers find new way to spot fraud
Companies that commit fraud can find innovative ways to fudge the numbers, making it hard to tell something is wrong by looking at their financial statements.

Children with autism more likely to have handwriting problems
Children with autism may have lower quality handwriting and trouble forming letters compared to children without autism, according to a study published in the Nov.

Language support in schools vital for children with autism
Teachers and parents must be vigilant in observing difficulties with language comprehension, reading and spelling in children and young people with autism, Asperger's syndrome and ADHD.

First Bose-Einstein condensation of strontium
In an international first, scientists from the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information produced a Bose-Einstein condensate of the alkaline-earth element strontium, thus narrowly winning an international competition between many first-rate scientific groups.

Back pain permanently sidelines soldiers at war
Military personnel evacuated out of Iraq and Afghanistan because of back pain are unlikely to return to the line of duty regardless of the treatment they receive, according to research led by a Johns Hopkins pain management specialist.

Indiana U. at APHA: Studies about why men and women use lubricants during sex
Personal lubricants have long been recommended to women to improve the comfort of intercourse and to reduce the risk of vaginal tearing, which can increase risks for STIs and HIV.

Size matters: Obesity leading risk factor of left atrial enlargement during aging
Aside from aging itself, obesity appears to be the most powerful predictor of left atrial enlargement, upping one's risk of atrial fibrillation (the most common type of arrhythmia), stroke and death, according to findings published in the Nov.

St. Jude and UF Proton Therapy Institute to begin proton therapy clinical trial
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and the University of Florida Proton Therapy Institute have formed a collaboration to provide proton therapy for St.

Connection between depression and osteoporosis detailed by Hebrew University researchers
Research carried out among thousands of people has shown a clear connection between depression and a loss of bone mass, leading to osteoporosis and fractures.

NASA's GOES Project offers real-time hurricane alley movies
NASA's Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Project is offering real-time HDTV movies of the east- and west-coast

AACR, NCI and EORTC to host Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics International Conference
Scientists and industry leaders from around the world will gather in Boston Nov.

Look ma, no mercury in fillings!
Tooth enamel is hardest material in the human body because it's made almost entirely of minerals.

Using science to save lives of mothers and children in Africa
The lives of almost 4 million women, newborns and children in sub-Saharan Africa could be saved every year if well-established, affordable health care interventions reached 90 percent of families.

3 IVF attempts double chances
Just one in three women gives birth after a single IVF attempt, but the cumulative chance of a live birth increases with each cycle -- where women are offered three cycles nearly two thirds go on to have babies, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.

Journal of the Royal Society Interface celebrates 5th anniversary with £5000 ($8,400) EPSRC award
To celebrate its fifth year of publication, Journal of the Royal Society Interface in conjunction with the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council honored the best research article published in the journal at an awards ceremony in London on Nov.

November/December 2009 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features new research highlights from the Nov/Dec issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

Breast density associated with increased risk of cancer recurrence
A new study finds that women treated for breast cancer are at higher risk of cancer recurrence if they have dense breasts.

Researchers complete draft genome sequence for cassava
A $1.3 Million grant from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation will fund the next phase of research that is critical to global food security.

For young boys with cancer, testicular tissue banking may be option to preserve fertility
Boys diagnosed with cancer before reaching puberty have a unique option for possibly preserving future fertility, which is often endangered by cancer therapies.

Dust control research leads to a NIOSH grant to facilitate adoption of hazard controls
In the construction industry, respiratory disease, often leading to disability or an increased risk of cancer, is a major public health concern.

The Malawi government's program to cut childhood pneumonia deaths
In this week's PLoS Medicine, Penelope Enarson (International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Child Health Lung Division, Paris, France) and colleagues in Malawi and South Africa describe the development, scale-up and achievements of this program.

Researchers show how to divide and conquer 'social network' of cells
On Noah's Ark animals came in twos: male and female.

GREENBioPharma -- Dec. 2-3, 2009
Sponsored by Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News and organized by BioConferences International Inc., GREENBioPharma is the sustainability conference of the year.

Yoga boosts heart health
Heart rate variability, a sign of a healthy heart, has been shown to be higher in yoga practitioners than in nonpractitioners, according to research to be published in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Medical Engineering and Informatics.

Ideal nanoparticle cancer therapies surf the bloodstream
Eric Shaqfeh studies blood at Stanford University, using computer models that simulate how the fluid and the cells it contains move around.

Elsevier sponsors 2009 Semantic Web Challenge
Elsevier announced the winners of the 2009 Semantic Web Challenge, which took place at the International Semantic Web Conference held in Washington, D.C., from Oct.

Antarctica glacier retreat creates new carbon dioxide store
Large blooms of tiny marine plants called phytoplankton are flourishing in areas of open water left exposed by the recent and rapid melting of ice shelves and glaciers around the Antarctic Peninsula.

Teenage obesity linked to increased risk of MS
Teenage women who are obese may be more than twice as likely to develop multiple sclerosis as adults compared to female teens who are not obese, according to a study published in the Nov.

Studies show marine reserves can be an effective tool for managing fisheries
Studies conducted in California and elsewhere provide support for the use of marine reserves as a tool for managing fisheries and protecting marine habitats.

Women with asthma feel worse
Women with asthma are more anxious, find it harder to sleep and are more tired during the day than their male counterparts, but nevertheless tend to be better at following their treatment, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg in close collaboration with Sahlgrenska University Hospital.

Research at UH offers extreme solar makeover
A pioneer in solar power in the 1990s before it became

Study examines quality and duration of primary care visits
Adult primary care visits have increased in quality, duration and frequency between 1997 and 2005, according to a report in the Nov.

March of Dimes honors Dr. Gail Harrison for outstanding work in maternal-fetal nutrition
Gail Harrison, Ph.D., M.N.S., a professor in the department of community health sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles School of Public Health, will receive March of Dimes Agnes Higgins Award for outstanding achievement in maternal-fetal nutrition at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association.

RIT scholars explore the impact of imaging on our reality
Imaging is the use of machines to enhance humans' ability to perceive things, often by producing visible phenomena that cannot be seen with the naked eye.

Interstitial macrophages: immune cells that prevent asthma
The continual presence in the air of the microbe-derived molecule LPS promotes asthma in some individuals.

Improving university-community research partnerships
A community-based participatory research study found that demystifying Institutional Review Board policy and providing education to community leaders in the area of human subjects protections strengthened the research capabilities of local organizations and improved university-community ties.

Wet ethanol production process yields more ethanol and more co-products
Using a wet ethanol production method that begins by soaking corn kernels rather than grinding them, results in more gallons of ethanol and more usable co-products, giving ethanol producers a bigger bang for their buck -- by about 20 percent.

Well-traveled wasps provide hope for vanishing species
They may only be 1.5 mm in size, but the tiny wasps that pollinate fig trees can travel over 160 km in less than 48 hours, according to research from scientists at the University of Leeds.

Computerized support keeps prominence of name brand drugs at bay
Simple computerized alerts can help curb the impulse to prescribe unnecessarily expensive, heavily marketed drugs.

Theory about long and short-term memory questioned by UCL scientists
The long-held theory that our brains use different mechanisms for forming long-term and short-term memories has been challenged by new research from UCL, published today in PNAS.

NSAIDs prevent early sign of Alzheimer disease in mice
If taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen is to protect you from developing Alzheimer disease then you will have to start taking them at a very early age according to new research in a mouse model of the disease that is to be published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Plasma-in-a-bag for sterilizing devices
The practice of sterilizing medical tools and devices helped revolutionize health care in the 19th century because it dramatically reduced infections associated with surgery.

Darwin meets Facebook
Natural history plans to chart life on earth, yet the discipline risks being buried under a landslide of painstakingly collected data that isn't always used.

Book by UC Riverside biologist explains Darwin's 'Origin of Species'
Many people have tried to read Charles Darwin's

University of Basque Country research proposes improvements for electronic voting by Internet
What are known as Information and Communication Technologies can enhance the concept of democracy, boosting public participation.

Exposure to several common infections over time may be associated with risk of stroke
Cumulative exposure to five common infection-causing pathogens may be associated with an increased risk of stroke, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the January 2010 print issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to