Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 12, 2009
LLNL licenses carbon nanotube technology to local company
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has exclusively licensed to Porifera Inc.

UT Southwestern receives $42 million in Recovery Act stimulus funding
UT Southwestern Medical Center has been awarded more than $42 million to date for basic and patient-oriented research from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the $787 billion stimulus package President Barack Obama signed into law in February.

Penn study provides first clear idea of how rare bone disease progresses
An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, is taking the first step in developing a treatment for a rare genetic disorder called fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), in which the body's skeletal muscles and soft connective tissue turns to bone, immobilizing patients over a lifetime with a second skeleton.

LA BioMed to launch study of testosterone in older men
LA BioMed is one of 12 research sites chosen to participate in a large national study of testosterone in older men.

Clinical studies show B&L's Lo-Torque design delivers better rotational recovery
Bausch & Lomb today announced that the company's Lo-Torque lens design demonstrates significantly better rotational recovery, which can lead to more consistent vision, compared with Acuvue's accelerated stabilization design.

Surgeon 'gluing' the breastbone together after open-heart surgery
An innovative method is being used to repair the breastbone after it is intentionally broken to provide access to the heart during open-heart surgery.

Researchers discover mechanism of insulin production that can lead to better treatment for diabetes
How a specific gene within the pancreas affects secretion of insulin has been discovered by researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in collaboration with Japanese and American universities.

Researchers gather in the UK to 'measure the impossible'
The National Physical Laboratory is hosting a conference bringing together researchers from across Europe looking into

Former LA BioMed investigator Emil D. Kakkis, M.D., Ph.D., and county supervisor Don Knabe honored
Former LA BioMed investigator Emil D. Kakkis, M.D., Ph.D., and Los Angeles County Supervisor Don Knabe received Spirit of Excellence awards at LA BioMed Discovery Gala.

findNano app puts nanotech in your pocket
The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies has developed findNano, an application for Apple's iPhone and iPod Touch that lets users discover and determine whether consumer products are nanotechnology-enabled.

Low-level laser therapy reduces pain after treatment for nonspecific neck pain
Low-level laser therapy reduces pain after treatment for non-specific neck pain, concludes an article published online first and in an upcoming edition of the Lancet.

Harvard nutrition expert offers family physician group no-cost alternative to funding from Coca-Cola
Leading Harvard School of Public Health nutrition and health researcher Walter Willett, M.D., Dr.P.H., has written a letter to the president-elect of the American Academy of Family Physicians offering an alternative to the organization's decision, announced in October, to accept a six-figure grant from the Coca-Cola Co., to develop Web content on beverages and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

New explanation for nature's hardiest life form
Got food poisoning? The cause might be bacterial spores, en extremely hardy survival form of bacteria, a nightmare for health care and the food industry and an enigma for scientists.

Cornell researchers identify a weak link in cancer cell armor
The seeming invincibility of cancerous tumors may be crumbling, thanks to a promising new gene therapy that eliminates the ability of certain cells to repair themselves.

The narrow line between love and jealousy
A new study carried out at the University of Haifa has found that the hormone oxytocin, also known as the

CSHL team solves structure of NMDA receptor unit that could be drug target for neurological diseases
A team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory reports on Thursday their success in solving the molecular structure of a key portion of a cellular receptor implicated in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and other serious illnesses.

Too much selenium can increase your cholesterol
A new study from the University of Warwick has discovered taking too much of the essential mineral selenium in your diet can increase your cholesterol by almost 10 percent.

UT Knoxville and ORNL researchers turn algae into high-temperature hydrogen source
In the quest to make hydrogen as a clean alternative fuel source, researchers have been stymied about how to create usable hydrogen that is clean and sustainable without relying on an intensive, high-energy process that outweighs the benefits of not using petroleum to power vehicles.

Hoping for a fluorescent basket case
The HIV/AIDS virus continues to ravage populations worldwide. Using a novel combination of optical techniques, LMU Munich researchers visualize how virus particles assemble and are released from infected cells to find new victims -- knowledge which could lead to new technologies for inhibiting this process.

Rethinking sexism: A daughter-father team examines how society maintains the status quo
A new study by a University of Miami researcher and his daughter shows that both men and women participate in maintaining a gender hierarchy in our society.

To make memories, new neurons must erase older ones
Short-term memory may depend in a surprising way on the ability of newly formed neurons to erase older connections.

Working together to design robust silicon chips
The EUREKA MEDEA+ microelectronics Cluster ROBIN project has resulted in much improved design methods for high performance silicon chips.

Louisiana Tech University honors outstanding faculty inventors
Several faculty members from Louisiana Tech University have received recognition for recent inventions, patents and licenses as well as their overall contributions to the institution's commercialization efforts.

African-Americans with colorectal cancer have poorer outcomes, lower survival rates
New research published in the November issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons shows that African-American patients with colorectal cancer are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced disease and are less likely to undergo surgical procedures compared with Caucasians, suggesting that improvements in screening and rates of operation may reduce differences in colorectal cancer outcomes for African-Americans.

Doctors' tests often miss high blood pressure in kids with kidney disease
Many children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who show normal blood pressure readings at the doctor's office have high blood pressure when tested at home, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

'Breeding Bio Insecurity' argues for change in biodefense policy
With their new book,

A glimpse at the Earth's crust deep below the Atlantic
Long-term variations in volcanism help explain the birth, evolution and death of striking geological features called oceanic core complexes on the ocean floor, says geologist Dr.

Playing sport up to the end of pregnancy is healthy for the baby and the mother
Contrary to more conservative customs, exercising up to the end of pregnancy has no harmful effect on the weight or size of the foetus.

How much water does the ocean have?
Short-term fluctuations in the spatial distribution of the ocean water masses

The use of stem cells in regenerative medicine may also be detrimental for health
A work performed by scientists from the universities of Granada and León has shown that transplantation of mononuclear cells isolated from human cord blood had a deleterious effect in rats with chronic liver disease.

Fertility procedures need not delay breast cancer treatment for younger women
A new study published in the November issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons shows that breast cancer patients under 40 years old who undergo fertility preservation do not face a significant delay in the treatment of their disease when their care is coordinated in a timely fashion.

Discoveries at NJIT including drug to stop brain injury receives $1.4M funding
A drug to stop bleeding during a brain injury and a mattress that will prevent bedsores are among the scientific discoveries at NJIT that received earlier this week more than a million dollars in funding from the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology.

Enjoying school key to tackling teenage pregnancy
Youth development programs that tackle deprivation and help children and young people enjoy school are successful in reducing teenage pregnancy rates, say researchers on bmj.com today.

Record high temperatures far outpace record lows across US
Spurred by a warming climate, daily record high temperatures occurred twice as often as record lows over the last decade across the continental United States, new research shows.

SEA to conduct expedition dedicated to measuring plastic marine debris in the North Atlantic Ocean
The Sea Education Association is preparing to conduct the first-ever research expedition dedicated solely to examining the accumulation of plastic marine debris in the North Atlantic Ocean.

California Academy of Sciences becomes first aquarium in US to breed dwarf cuttlefish
The California Academy of Sciences has established a successful captive breeding program for dwarf cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis.

Despite some benefit, drug ads can be harmful to your health
While the debate over prescription drug advertising persists, a new study released online in the American Journal of Public Health offers guidelines for improving drug ads in order to minimize potential harm and maximize benefits.

Genetic changes shown to be important indicators for disease progression in cervical cancer patients
Cervical cancer patients with specific changes in the cancer genome have a three- or fourfold increased risk of relapse after standard treatment compared to patients without these changes, according to a study by Norwegian researchers published Nov.

SNM applauds expanded medicare coverage for cervical cancer
SNM applauds the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' decision to lift restrictions and expand coverage of PET scans for women with cervical cancer.

NIAID announces new award to study the effects of radiation and aging on the human immune system
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded nearly $9.7 million over five years to the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Japan, to study the effects of atomic bomb radiation and aging on the human immune system.

People entering their 60s may have more disabilities today than in prior generations
A new study suggests that people now beginning to enter their 60s -- the Baby Boomer generation -- have more disabilities than their counterparts did in prior generations.

£4.9 million to develop metamaterials for 'invisibility cloaks' and 'perfect lenses'
Research into designing and building unique

Former Ida a huge rainmaker, causing flooding in the Mid-Atlantic
The GOES-12 satellite is tracking the coastal low, formerly known as Ida.

Majority of Nevada voters support new government oversight of food, Pew-commissioned poll finds
An overwhelming majority of Nevada voters -- 91 percent -- support food safety legislation that would give the Food and Drug Administration new authority to ensure the food Americans eat does not make them sick, according to a new poll commissioned by the Pew Health Group and conducted by Hart Research and Public Opinion Strategies.

MSU researchers study motivational impact of virtual workout partners
Based on evidence people work harder with a partner than when working alone, a team of Michigan State University researchers are pairing college-age students with a virtual workout partner to study the impact on exercise trends.

Teens' mental health affects how long they stay in school, new study shows
Queen's University researcher Steven Lehrer has won a prestigious international award in recognition of his contributions to health economics.

Quarter of a million children in England at risk of skin cancer from sunbeds
An estimated quarter of a million 11-17-year-olds in England are being put at increased risk of developing malignant melanoma by using sunbeds, warn researchers in a letter to this week's BMJ.

2 Earth-sized bodies with oxygen rich atmospheres found -- but they're stars not planets
Astrophysicists at the University of Warwick and Kiel University have discovered two earth sized bodies with oxygen rich atmospheres; however, there is a bit of a disappointing snag for anyone looking for a potential home for alien life, or even a future home for ourselves, as they are not planets but are actually two unusual white dwarf stars.

More pain means real gain in complex regional pain syndrome treatment
A new study in Clinical Rehabilitation has shown that for sufferers of Type I Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, working through the pain of an aggressive physiotherapy program often leads to far better results than a more cautious pain-free approach.

Gene knockout may cheer up mice
Removing the PKCI/HINT1 gene from mice has an antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effect.

Media, small businesses invited to ACS Webinar on impact of chemical industry trends on jobs
News media and scientists interested in finance, entrepreneurships and the chemical sciences are invited to join a free American Chemical Society Small & Medium Business Webinar for an opportunity to learn about beginning and growing a business in these difficult economic times.The webinar will focus on how to protect intellectual assets when both time and money are at a premium, and will discuss early stage agreements that are critical to protecting company knowledge and goodwill.

Shape of things to come: Structure of HIV coat could lead to new drugs, says Pitt team
Structural biologists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have described the architecture of the complex of protein units that make up the coat surrounding the HIV genome and identified in it a

Alberta's hidden valleys offer both resources and danger
Alberta is crisscrossed with hidden glacial valleys that hold both resource treasures and potential danger.

Coffee break: Compound brewing new research in colon, breast cancer
A compound in coffee has been found to be estrogenic in studies by Texas AgriLife Research scientists.

New water management tool may help ease effects of drought
Continued improvement of climate forecasts is resulting in better information about what rainfall may look like months in advance.

Underground mine ventilation subject of study
Virginia Tech researchers will use gas tracers as a means of remotely ascertaining information about ventilation control systems following a mine collapse or explosion.

New paper describes connections between Circadian and metabolic systems
A paper by University of Notre Dame biologist Giles Duffield and a team of researchers offers new insights into a gene that plays a key role in modulating the body's Circadian system and may also simultaneously modulate its metabolic system.

Consumption of certain fish during pregnancy associated with poorer cognitive performance
This is due to the presence of a pollutant -- mercury -- mainly in oily fish and canned fish, and to a lesser extent in white fish.

Europe and America couldn't be more different, right? Not so fast, says a UCLA historian
Marshalling quantitative data on subjects as diverse as the accuracy of clocks in public settings and colon cancer, a new book by a UCLA historian illustrates how differences between the United States and nations of western Europe are much smaller than commonly supposed.

New insights into the physiology of cockroaches
A study by scientists from the University of Valencia sheds new light on how the cockroach organism works.

Shire reports analysis examining emotional lability in children with ADHD taking Vyvanse
Shire PLC announced findings from a post hoc analysis examining emotional lability from Phase 3 study data with Vyvanse.

Dopamine enhances expectation of pleasure in humans
Enhancing the effects of the brain chemical dopamine influences how people make life choices by affecting expectations of pleasure, according to new research from the UCL Institute of Neurology.

Greenland ice cap melting faster than ever
Satellite observations and a state-of-the art regional atmospheric model have independently confirmed that the Greenland ice sheet is losing mass at an accelerating rate, reports a new study in Science.

Sweet as can be: How E. coli gets ahead
Scientists at the University of York have discovered how certain bacteria such as Escherichia coli have evolved to capture rare sugars from their environment giving them an evolutionary advantage in naturally competitive environments like the human gut.

No-entry zones for AIDS virus
The AIDS virus inserts its genetic material into the genome of the infected cell.

Funny, you don't look related
Using DNA evidence, UCLA biologists have solved a mystery that dates back to Charles Darwin: How can a wolf-like animal the size of a Labrador retriever end up on an island in sufficient numbers that a new population emerges and evolves into a new species?

In touch with molecules
The performance of modern electronics increases steadily on a fast pace thanks to the ongoing miniaturization of the utilized components.

Nanotech in space: Rensselaer experiment to weather the trials of orbit
Novel nanomaterials developed at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are scheduled to blast off into orbit on Nov.

Faithful mothers have healthier babies
Faculty of 1000 reviewers look at a study from New Zealand on whether prolonged exposure to the father's semen protects new mothers against pre-eclampsia and having an undersized baby.

Mechanical ventilation for patients with lung damage don't always work as planned
As more Canadians are diagnosed with H1N1 influenza infection, some will be admitted to hospital.

Majority of Ohio voters support new government oversight of food, Pew-commissioned poll finds
An overwhelming majority of Ohio voters -- 91 percent -- support food safety legislation that would give the Food and Drug Administration new authority to ensure the food Americans eat does not make them sick, according to a new poll commissioned by the Pew Health Group and conducted by Hart Research and Public Opinion Strategies.

Pushing light beyond its known limits
Scientists at the University of Adelaide have made a breakthrough that could change the world's thinking on what light is capable of.

Advances in malaria research show promise for fight against 1 of the world's deadliest diseases
In a novel approach at disseminating scientific research, the Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute will hold a Web summit to release the latest breakthroughs in malaria research, including new approaches to boosting mosquito immunity to malaria, mapping mosquito migrations, and the promise of a rapid sputum test that could revolutionize the way malaria is tracked and tested for in rural areas, which are hotbeds for the disease.

Majority of North Carolina voters support new oversight of food, Pew-commissioned poll finds
An overwhelming majority of North Carolina voters -- 89 percent -- support food safety legislation that would give the Food and Drug Administration new authority to ensure the food Americans eat does not make them sick, according to a new poll commissioned by the Pew Health Group and conducted by Hart Research and Public Opinion Strategies.

Springer launches new journal Food Digestion
Springer is founding a new journal Food Digestion, dedicated to a quickly growing area of research -- food science combined with the physiology of digestion.

Record highs far outpace record lows across US
Spurred by a warming climate, daily record high temperatures occurred twice as often as record lows over the last decade across the continental United States, new research shows.

Vacationing in Thailand over Greece? That's the dopamine talking
People constantly make complex decisions, from the more mundane -- which restaurant to go to for dinner or which movie to go see -- to the more profound -- whether to have kids or not.

Ida now a coastal low assaulting the Mid-Atlantic
Ida is one stubborn girl. Her remnants have moved out to sea and reformed as a powerful coastal low pressure system that's been raining on the mid-Atlantic since Tuesday night, Nov.

Doctors look after patients, but who is looking after doctors?
Doctors are looking after their patients' health, but who is looking after the health of the doctors themselves?

Government's NHS Plan linked to striking improvements in critical care
Survival among patients in intensive care units in England has improved significantly since the implementation of the NHS Plan in 2000, finds new research published on bmj.com today.

9 in 10 New Hampshire voters support new oversight of food, Pew-commissioned poll finds
An overwhelming majority of New Hampshire voters -- 90 percent -- support food safety legislation that would give the US Food and Drug Administration new authority to ensure the food Americans eat does not make them sick, according to a new poll commissioned by the Pew Health Group and conducted by Hart Research and Public Opinion Strategies.

Invisibility visualized: German team unveils new software for rendering cloaked objects
Scientists and curiosity seekers who want to know what a partially or completely cloaked object would look like in real life can now get their wish -- virtually.

Study finds many people with hemianopia have difficulty detecting pedestrians while driving, advocates for individual testing
Schepens Eye Research Institute scientists have found that -- when tested in a driving simulator -- patients with hemianopia have significantly more difficulty detecting pedestrians than normally sighted people.

ESA spacecraft may help unravel cosmic mystery
When Europe's comet chaser Rosetta swings by Earth tomorrow for a critical gravity assist, tracking data will be collected to precisely measure the satellite's change in orbital energy.

Research reveals lipids' unexpected role in triggering death of brain cells
The lipid that accumulates in brain cells of individuals with an inherited enzyme disorder also drives the cell death that is a hallmark of the disease, according to new research led by St.

IOS Press acquires 4 journals from Taylor & Francis
IOS Press BV acquired four journals from Taylor & Francis: Main Group Chemistry; International Journal of RF Technologies: Research and Applications; Bridge Structures -- Assessment Design and Construction; and the Journal of Neutron Research.

New polls, reports highlight the need to update the US food safety system
Over the next several weeks, the US Senate has an historic opportunity to take a major step toward improving food safety for all Americans.

New perspectives in marine anti-fouling research
Marine biofouling continues to pose problems for the shipping industry and for the environment.
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