Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 24, 2009
Montana State University study explores violent world of raptors
A journey that started with a box of bird feet carried three Montana State University graduate students into the gruesome world of raptors and led to their findings being published.

Unacculturated Hispanics in US at higher risk for HIV
Researchers surveyed 600 Hispanics recruited from Los Angeles County sexually transmitted disease clinics, community-based organizations and needle-exchange programs.

High salt intake directly linked to stroke and cardiovascular disease
High salt intake is associated with significantly greater risk of both stroke and cardiovascular disease, concludes a study published on bmj.com today.

Exposure to both traffic, indoor pollutants puts some kids at higher risk for asthma later
New research from the University of Cincinnati presents strong evidence that the

Researchers identify proteins in lung cancer cells that may provide potential drug targets
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and the Boston University Biomedical engineering department have identified a number of proteins whose activation allows them to distinguish between cancer and normal cells with almost 97 percent accuracy.

America's increasing food waste is laying waste to the environment
Food waste contributes to excess consumption of freshwater and fossil fuels which, along with methane and carbon dioxide emissions from decomposing food, impacts global climate change.

New tool for helping pediatric heart surgery
A team of researchers at the University of California, San Diego, and Stanford University has developed a way to simulate blood flow on the computer to optimize surgical designs.

A coating for life
Prof. Meital Zilberman of Tel Aviv University has developed a new patent-pending dissolvable fiber platform that can be used to coat both metal stents, which are currently available, and biodegradable stents now in development.

Intelligence inside metal components
Up to now, extreme production temperatures made it impossible to equip metallic components with RFID chips during the operating process.

Reduced skin infections in Northern Australian Aboriginal children
A community-based program aimed at reducing the burden of skin disease across remote communities in Australia's Northern Territory has been successful according to a study published Nov.

Molecule discovered that makes obese people develop diabetes
Many people who are overweight or obese develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes at some stage in their lives.

Severe and chronic pain in multiple areas associated with increased risk of falls in older adults
Older adults who reported chronic musculoskeletal pain in two or more locations, higher levels of severe pain, or pain that interfered with daily activities were more likely to experience a fall than adults who did not reports these types of pain, according to a study in the Nov.

Biology, training and profit sharing make best traders
Researchers have identified a group of traders consistently able to outperform the market, even during the credit crisis.

Eye floaters and flashes of light linked to retinal tear, detachment
Suddenly seeing floaters or flashes of light may indicate a serious eye problem that -- if untreated -- could lead to blindness, a new study shows.

Chronic pain found to increase risk of falls in older adults
Chronic pain is experienced by as many as two out of three older adults.

Tobacco smoke exposure before heart transplantation may increase the risk of transplant failure
A study conducted at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore provides the first direct evidence that cigarette smoke exposure prior to a heart transplant in either the donor, recipient, or both, accelerates the death of a transplanted heart.

Tecnalia Construction builds first seismic test bed in Spain
In its ongoing commitment to all kinds of testing involving the behavior of facades, the Building Envelopes Area at CIDEMCO-Tecnalia has completed the construction of the first seismic test bank created in Spain.

The hydrothermal explosion craters of Yellowstone and how they came to be
Yellowstone National Park is widely known for its more than 10,000 thermal features.

Queen's University Belfast 'powers' global wave industry
Queen's University Belfast has helped the global wave energy industry take a major stride forward with the launch of the world's largest working hydro-electric wave energy device by Aquamarine Power.

Addition of cetuximab to chemotherapy increases tumor shrinkage leading to more curative surgery in advanced colorectal cancer
Adding cetuximab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy can shrink tumors leading to increased potentially curative surgery in patients who have colorectal cancer with inoperable metastatic liver lesions, finds an article published online first in the Lancet Oncology.

Tulane University surgeon pioneers 'scarless' thyroid surgery
Tulane University School of Medicine surgeon Dr. Emad Kandil is one of the first in the country to perform a new form of endoscopic surgery that uses a small incision under the arm to remove all or a portion of the thyroid or parathyroid glands without leaving a scar on the neck.

High unexpressed anger in MS patients linked to nervous system damage, not disease severity
People with MS (multiple sclerosis) feel more than twice as much withheld anger as the general population, but expressed anger levels are similar.

Polyphenols and polyunsaturated fatty acids boost the birth of new neurons
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona researchers have confirmed that a diet rich in polyphenols and polyunsaturated fatty acids, patented as an LMN diet, helps boost the production of the brain's stem cells -- neurogenesis -- and strengthens their differentiation in different types of neuron cells.

IV drug treatment for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest may not improve long-term survival
Patients with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who received intravenous drug administration during treatment, recommended in life support guidelines, had higher rates of short term survival but no statistically significant improvement in survival to hospital discharge or long-term survival, compared to patients who did not receive IV drug administration, according to a study in the Nov.

'Too fat to be a princess?' UCF study shows young girls worry about body image
Nearly half of the 3- to 6-year-old girls in the University of Central Florida study worry about being fat.

Feeding the clock
When you eat may be just as vital to your health as what you eat, found researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.

New computer cluster gets its grunt from games
Technology designed to blast aliens in computer games is part of a new GPU (graphics processing units) computer cluster that will process CSIRO research data thousands of times faster and more efficiently than a desktop PC.

High vs. low hospital volume for angioplasty finds little difference in death rates
A study based on a contemporary registry of patients with myocardial infarction (heart attack) indicates that even though hospitals that perform a higher number of angioplasties are more likely to follow evidence-based guidelines and have shorter times to the angioplasty procedure, there appears to be no significant difference in outcomes such as length of hospital stay or risk of death, according to a study in the Nov.

Antidepressants: Benefit of reboxetine not proven
There is no scientific proof that people suffering from depression can benefit from taking reboxetine.

First black holes may have incubated in giant, starlike cocoons, says CU-Boulder study
The first large black holes in the universe likely formed and grew deep inside gigantic, starlike cocoons that smothered their powerful X-ray radiation and prevented surrounding gases from being blown away, says a new study led by the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Drug users know their stuff
Drug users are well informed about the harms associated with the drugs they use, and perceive alcohol and tobacco to be amongst the most dangerous substances, according to a survey by UCL and Imperial College London researchers.

Strategic management theory offers fresh take on the economic crisis
Research which appears in the November issue of Strategic Organization, published by SAGE, illustrates new ideas and philosophies in economics from strategic management.

Alzheimer's research sheds light on potential treatments for urinary tract infections
Research into Alzheimer's disease seems an unlikely approach to yield a better way to fight urinary tract infections, but that's what scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Atomic-level snapshot catches protein motor in action
The atomic-level action of a remarkable class of ring-shaped protein motors has been uncovered by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory using a state-of-the-art protein crystallography beamline at the Advanced Light Source.

Carnegie Mellon's Jay Whitacre receives funding from energy department
Carnegie Mellon University's Jay Whitacre is the primary technical investigator for one of 16 awards from the US Department of Energy in support of energy storage technologies.

Physical therapists reduce disability and improve function in single-level microdiskectomy patients
Patients who have undergone a single-level lumbar microdiskectomy for lumbar disk herniation experienced significant improvement in physical function following an intensive, progressive physical therapist guided exercise and education program, according to a research report published in the November issue of Physical Therapy, the scientific journal of the American Physical Therapy Association.

ISTSS lauds Matthew Friedman, Paula Schnurr
The International Society of Traumatic Stress Studies recently honored Dartmouth Medical School faculty members Matthew J.

Organizational psychologists use Rock Band to study how people achieve flow while at work
Using the video game Rock Band, organizational psychologists at Kansas State University found that -- like Goldilocks -- most people achieve flow with work that is neither too easy nor too hard but just right.

Plasma levels of GGT and ALB and their genetic correlations with cardiovascular risk factors
The purpose of this study published in the December 2009 issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine was to identify chromosomal regions containing genes that affect the variation in the plasma levels of GGT and albumin and to determine whether genes contributing to variation in these hepatic proteins also influence variation in known cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Opposites attract: Monkeys choose mating partners with different genes
The world's largest species of monkey

Female breadwinners bring home the bacon and tension
In nearly a third of US households, women are the sole or main breadwinners for their families, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Got a pain? -- Have a cup of Brazilian mint
Scientists at Newcastle University test the pain relieving properties of Hyptis crenata -- Brazilian mint.

In Germany, children with cancer have a high probability of survival
Internationally viewed, medical care in Germany for children with cancer is very good as far as survival is concerned.

Gene increases effectiveness of drugs used to fight cancer and allows reduction in dosage
The gene in question is a suicide gene, called

IQWiG calls for compulsory publication of all clinical trials
IQWiG is calling for registration and publication of the results of all clinical trials to be made obligatory.

Involving family in medical rounds benefits both family and medical team
Involving family members of pediatric cancer and hematology patients in medical rounds benefits both the family and the medical team, according to a new Indiana University School of Medicine study.

Most top medical journals have conflict of interest policies available for public review
Nearly 90 percent of medical journals with relatively high impact factors have policies addressing author conflict of interest available for public review, according to a report in the Nov.

University of Minnesota researchers develop virtual streams to help restore real ones
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a unique new computer model called the Virtual StreamLab, designed to help restore real streams to a healthier state.

New device enables early detection of cancerous skin tumors -- Ben Gurion U.
Researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev are developing a new device that detects cancerous skin tumors, including melanomas that aren't visible to the naked eye.

A sticky solution for identifying effective probiotics
Scientists have crystallized a protein that may help gut bacteria bind to the gastrointestinal tract.

Global study of salmon shows: 'Sustainable' food isn't so sustainable
Popular thinking about how to improve food systems often misses the point, according to the results of a three-year global study of salmon production systems published bye Dalhousie University, Ecotrust and the Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology.

Cell phones to provide picture of human interaction
Cell phones to their ears, a team of research participants will report their interpersonal interactions in real time to provide a better view of human behavior thanks to a $1 million grant from the National Institute of Aging as part of the National Institutes of Health's American Recover and Reinvestment Act funding.

Chemists get custom-designed microscopic particles to self-assemble in liquid crystal
Chemists and physicists have succeeded in getting custom-shaped particles to interact and assemble in a controlled way in a liquid crystal.

Rocket science leads to new whale discovery
Rocket science is opening new doors to understanding how sounds associated with Navy sonar might affect the hearing of a marine mammal -- or if they hear it at all.

Report shows dramatic decline in Siberian tigers
The Wildlife Conservation Society announced today a report revealing that the last remaining population of Siberian tigers has likely declined significantly due to the rising tide of poaching and habitat loss.

Oceans absorbing carbon dioxide more slowly, Yale scientist finds
The world's oceans are absorbing less carbon dioxide (CO2), a Yale geophysicist has found after pooling data taken over the past 50 years.

Discovery leads to effective treatment of painful skin condition
Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, in collaboration with a worldwide group of physicians and scientists, have discovered a remarkable treatment for a rare, yet debilitating, skin condition.

Metobolomics uncovers key indicators of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
A recent metobolomics study by researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center in Richmond found that impaired peroxisomal oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

Springer and the American College of Medical Toxicology to work together
Springer and the American College of Medical Toxicology have signed an agreement to collaborate on the publication of the Journal of Medical Toxicolog, the official journal of the ACMT, beginning in March 2010.

LSU gets to the bottom of things -- in Antarctica
Antarctica has long held secrets of the Earth's history locked in its icy depths, and until recently, there has been very little information on the environments that have been sealed beneath miles of ice for millions of years.

It can be predicted the reaction obese patients will have to a diet
The presence of increased body fat, and therefore higher levels of inflammatory substances in the blood, hinders the loss and maintenance of body weight as shown by a research project of the University of Navarra conducted by Estibaliz Goyenechea Soto, a scientist at the School of Pharmacy.

New study finds MRSA on the rise in hospital outpatients
The community-associated strain of the deadly superbug MRSA -- an infection-causing bacteria resistant to most common antibiotics -- poses a far greater health threat than previously known and is making its way into hospitals, according to a study in the December issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Early protein processes crucial to formation and layering of myelin membrane
A set of protein processes required in the early stage conversion of glucose into fatty acids are critical to the proper formation and layering of myelin membrane, according to an international team of researchers.

SNM's Conjoint Mid-Winter Meetings offer 4 scientific meetings in 1 location
SNM will hold its Conjoint Mid-Winter Meetings Jan. 27-Feb. 2, 2010, at the Albuquerque Convention Center in Albuquerque, N.M.

Children's Hospital Oakland scientists discover soy component may be key to fighting colon cancer
A study conducted by Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland scientists identifies a new class of therapeutic agents found naturally in soy that can prevent and possibly treat colon cancer, the third most deadly form of cancer.

Protein from pregnancy hormone may prevent breast cancer
Researchers have found that hormones produced during pregnancy induce a protein that directly inhibits the growth of breast cancer.

Researchers establish common seasonal pattern among bacterial communities in Arctic rivers
New research on bacterial communities throughout six large Arctic river ecosystems reveals predictable temporal patterns, suggesting that scientists could use these communities as markers for monitoring climate change in the polar regions.

Lupus Research Institute announces 2009 novel research grants
The Lupus Research Institute today named 12 new grant recipients for 2009.

CO2 emissions continue significant climb
The annual rate of increase in carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels has more than tripled in this decade, compared to the 1990s, reports an international consortium of scientists, who paint a bleak picture of the Earth's future unless

Alarming trend -- antiviral therapy to treat hepatitis C is declining in the US
Researchers from the University of Michigan determined that only 663,000 of the approximately 3.9 million Americans with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection received antiviral therapy between 2002 and 2007.

Statement on the politicization of evidence-based clinical research
The American College of Physicians, representing 129,000 internal medicine physicians and medical student members, believes that it is essential that research on the effectiveness and comparative effectiveness of different medical treatments not be influenced by political considerations.

Study shows flavanol antioxidant content of US chocolate and cocoa-containing products
This study confirms that the antioxidants and other plant-based nutrients in chocolate and cocoa products are highly associated with the amount of nonfat cocoa-derived ingredients in the product.
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