Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 02, 2009
The Geological Society of America recognizes role models for women and minorities in the geosciences
The Geological Society of America recognized outstanding contributions from women and minorities with honors presented at the Presidential Address and Awards Ceremony Oct.

Virginia Tech, Wake Forest, Ford study simulated car crashes involving pregnant women
The model being developed could help Ford safety researchers better understand how crash forces specifically affect pregnant women and their developing babies.

Media alert: EUROECHO 2009
EUROECHO 2009 is the official congress of the European Association of Echocardiography, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, where techniques of noninvasive diagnostic imaging will be presented.

Lizards change their diet to avoid predators
A scientist from the University of Salamanca and another from Yale University have shown that the presence of predators affects the behavior of Acanthodactylus beershebensis, a lizard species from the Negev Desert in the Near East.

Andalusian Parliament is the first European one with a documental search engine based on AI
Researchers of the University of Granada have developed an intelligent searcher, so called SEDA, that will be used to catalogue the documentary collections of the Andalusian Parliament.

Toy recall of 2007 hurt innocent companies
The well-publicized toy recalls of 2007 took potentially harmful toys off the shelves and affected the companies that made them.

UGA researchers lead team in discovery involving devastating freshwater fish parasite, 'Ich'
Researchers from the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine have made an

Synthetic magnetism achieved by optical methods
Researchers have created

Scopus now available in Research4Life for scientists in the developing world
Scientists in developing world benefit from freely available web-integrated literature research tool with citation information, direct links to full-text articles, library resources, patent searches and reference management software.

Researchers demonstrate a better way for computers to 'see'
Combining screening techniques from molecular biology with high-performance gaming hardware advances the building and understanding of visual systems.

NHLBI grant awarded to Wake Forest, Pitt to improve banked blood
A new, $2.8 million, four-year federal grant will support researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and their collaborators at Wake Forest University as they study why the quality of stored transfusion blood degrades over time and how to address the problem.

2009 winner of the Manpei Suzuki international prize for diabetes research announced
The Manpei Suzuki Diabetes Foundation is pleased to announce the 2009 winner of the International Prize: Donald F.

Widowed facing higher mortality risk, MSU researcher finds
Married people in the United States are living longer these days, but the widowed are experiencing a higher mortality rate, according to new research by a Michigan State University sociologist.

Recalls, food worries spark booming business in food safety
Recalls of ground beef, peanut butter and other foods have done more than raise public awareness and concern about food safety.

Queen's study reveals the paths of Ontario secondary students to their post-secondary destinations
A new study by researchers at Queen's University looking at the transitions young people make from secondary school to university, college, apprenticeship and the workplace found that over 60 percent of first-year college enrollees do not come directly from secondary school, but that within one or two years after secondary school, a substantial number of youth enroll in college from the workforce.

Treatments for asthma and pre-term labor may increase risk of autism in developing fetus
Commonly prescribed beta 2 adrenergic agonist drugs for the treatment of asthma in pregnant women as well as pre-term labor may increase the incidence of autism-spectrum disorders, psychiatric pathology, cognitive problems and poor school performance in their children, according to a new study published in the December 2009 issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

King crab family bigger than ever
Sally Hall, a Ph.D. student at the University of Southampton's School of Ocean and Earth Science at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton has formally described four new species of king crab, all from the deep sea.

Soy peptide lunasin has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory properties
Two new University of Illinois studies report that lunasin, a soy peptide often discarded in the waste streams of soy-processing plants, may have important health benefits that include fighting leukemia and blocking the inflammation that accompanies such chronic health conditions as diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

Strong regional climatic fluctuations in the tropics
Climatic fluctuations close to the equator show a different pattern to climate change in the Arctic and Antarctic.

Stick and slide: Computer simulation advances understanding of molecular motors
A new study reveals how molecular motors that power important subcellular movements can generate cyclical motion.

Louisiana Tech faculty, students making an 'impact' on atomic supercollider
Faculty and students from Louisiana Tech University are playing an important role in what has been described as

Parents encourage underage drinking
Half of Australian adults and 63 percent of Australians on a higher income believe 15 to 17 year olds should be allowed to consume alcohol under parental supervision at home, according to the latest MBF Healthwatch survey.

Male and female shopping strategies show evolution at work in the mall
Male and female shopping styles are in our genes -- and we can look to evolution for the reason.

New computer model could lead to safer stents
A team of researchers in the MIT-Harvard Division of Health Sciences and Technology has developed a computer model that explains why those drugs (which include rapamycin and its analogs as well as paclitaxel) can accumulate in the arteries and cause blood clots.

Suzaku spies treasure trove of intergalactic metal
Every cook knows the ingredients for making bread: flour, water, yeast and time.

Young adults who exercise get higher IQ
Young adults who are fit have a higher IQ and are more likely to go on to university, reveals a major new study carried out at the Sahlgrenska Academy and Sahlgrenska University Hospital.

Annual screening with breast ultrasound or MRI could benefit some women
Results of a large-scale clinical trial provide the first strong evidence of the benefit of annual screening ultrasound for women with dense breasts who are at elevated risk for breast cancer.

'Smell of old books' offers clues to help preserve them
Scientists may not be able to tell a good book by its cover, but they now can tell the condition of an old book by its smell.

A superbright supernova that's the first of its kind
A superbright supernova found in a dwarf galaxy by a robotic search is the first confirmed example of a pair-instability supernova, the result of the partial core collapse and thermonuclear detonation of an enormously massive star, like the earliest stars in the Universe.

PSA value at 2 years post-treatment can predict long-term survival in prostate cancer patients
Prostate cancer patients who have a prostate-specific antigen value of less than or equal to 1.5 at two years after external beam radiation therapy are less likely to have a cancer recurrence and cancer-related death, according to a study in the Dec.

Discovery makes brain tumor cells more responsive to radiation
Duke University Medical Center researchers have figured out how stem cells in the malignant brain cancer glioma may be better able to resist radiation therapy.

Apathy common in dementia patients with brain changes
Dementia patients with a certain type of changes in their brain's white matter are more likely to be apathetic than those who do not have these changes, reveals a patient study carried out by the Sahlgrenska Academy and Sahlgrenska University Hospital.

Study suggests adult stem cells may help repair hearts damaged by heart attack
Adult stem cells may help repair heart tissue damaged by heart attack according to the findings of a new study to be published in the Dec.

Videos can help cancer patients choose level of care they prefer
Patients with terminal brain cancer who watched a brief video illustrating options for end-of-life care were significantly more likely to indicate a preference for comfort measures only than were patients who listened to a verbal description of treatment choices.

Nida getting knocked by winds, and 97W piquing interest
Nida is now a tropical storm, and is being knocked around by wind shear in the Western Pacific.

The buzz on fruit flies: New role in the search for addiction treatments
Fruit flies may seem like unlikely heroes in the battle against drug abuse, but new research suggests that these insects -- already used to study dozens of human disease -- could claim that role.

Team approach results in dramatic improvement in timely heart attack care
Health care professionals using new time-saving strategies to coordinate care for patients having a heart attack saw dramatic improvement in

Study shows pine bark improves circulation, swelling and visual acuity in early diabetic retinopathy
According to the National Institute of Health, 40 percent to 45 percent of Americans diagnosed with diabetes already have some stage of diabetic retinopathy.

Alcohol companies target youths with magazine ads, new study shows
Alcoholic beverages popular among youths are more likely to be advertised in magazines with high youth readership than alcoholic drinks consumed mainly by adults, resulting in disproportionately high youth exposure to such targeted alcohol ads, according to a new study.

NRL sensor observes first light
The Special Sensor Ultraviolet Limb Imager developed by NRL's Spacecraft Engineering Department and Space Science Division, launched Oct.18, 2009, on the US Air Force Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F18 satellite, observed first light on Dec.

Hope for men with nonobstructive infertility
It has been thought that men with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA), a lack of sperm in the semen not caused by an obstruction within the reproductive system, are poor candidates for in vitro fertilization.

High-risk women reluctant to take tamoxifen to prevent breast cancer, U-M study finds
Even when women at high-risk of breast cancer are well-informed about the risks and benefits of using the drug tamoxifen for prevention, only 6 percent said they were likely to take it.

Era of Hope Scholar Award funds unique breast cancer research
A novel approach to detecting and targeting flaws in first line of defense against cancer has earned an Era of Hope Scholar Award from the US Department of Defense for a scientist at the University of Texas M.

SAGE to publish 'The Labour of Leisure,' by Chris Rojek
SAGE, the world's leading independent academic publisher, is delighted to announce the publication of

Hope for patients with type 2 diabetes
The outlook for individuals with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease is not as grim as originally believed, according to new Saint Louis University research published in Circulation, the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Geological Society of America honors service to the society and to society for 2009
Awards recognizing outstanding service in pursuit of the mission and goals of The Geological Society of America were presented at the Presidential Address and Awards Ceremony Oct.

Patients can safely skip pre-surgery stress tests and beta blockers
Physicians should

Scent signals stop incest in lemurs
Chemical identifiers secreted from the genital glands of lemurs, allow them to avoid incest and also to engage in nepotism.

Smokeless tobacco called 'moist snuff' is contaminated with harmful substances
A new study on the smokeless tobacco product called moist snuff -- placed between lip and gum -- has led scientists in Minnesota to urge the tobacco industry to change manufacturing practices to reduce snuff's content of carcinogens.

A cell's 'cap' of bundled fibers could yield clues to disease
Research engineers have discovered that in healthy cells, a bundled

Champions Biotechnology signs exclusive agreement with Tel Aviv University for cancer drug
US drug company obtains worldwide rights for an antibody fragment developed by Tel Aviv University that may have an advantage in treating cancer patients.

Primary text books in the Basque Country reflect new procedures for learning Spanish very well
This research shows how the articles laid down in the primary education curriculum reflect the framework of the Ley de Ordenacion General del Sistema Educativo for the Spanish language in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country and thus verifies that the targets of the communicative approach present in these articles are also reflected in this teaching material.

Role of evidence based medicine in clinical decision-making addressed by ACP in testimony
The controversy over recent breast cancer screening guidelines offers an opportunity to engage individual patients in an informed discussion of the importance of evidence-based clinical efficacy assessments in contributing to better care decisions, Donna Sweet, M.D., M.A.C.P., today told the Subcommittee on Health of the House Energy and Commerce Committee.

Newly explored bacteria reveal some huge RNA surprises
Yale University researchers have found very large RNA structures within previously unstudied bacteria that appear crucial to basic biological functions such as helping viruses infect cells or allowing genes to

Chances of surviving cardiac arrest at home or work unchanged in 30 years
The chance of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has not improved since the 1950s, according to a report by the University of Michigan Health System.

Study finds logging effects vary based on a forest's history, climate
A Smoky Mountain forest's woodland herb population has shown that climate may play a role in how forest understories recover from logging, according to Purdue University research.

Music and speech based on human biology
A pair of studies by Duke University neuroscientists shows powerful new evidence of a deep biological link between human music and speech.

Obesity will snuff out health benefits gained by smoking declines
If obesity trends continue, the negative effect on the health of the US population will overtake benefits gained from declining smoking rates.

The hidden lives of proteins
An important Brandeis study appearing in the Dec. 3 issue of Nature raises the curtain on the hidden lives of proteins at the atomic level.

Program to study neurobehavioral impact of khat use
Mustafa al'Absi, Ph.D., professor of behavioral sciences at the University of Minnesota Medical School -- Duluth Campus, and director of the Duluth Medical Research Institute, has received funding and launched a new first-of-its-kind international research initiative:

UF researchers take part in DNA sequencing for entire Pacific island
University of Florida researchers are collecting marine invertebrates on the French Polynesian island of Moorea as part of a massive effort to inventory the DNA sequence of every living species there.

New guidelines for treating complicated skin and soft tissue infections
New evidence-based recommendations developed by the Surgical Infection Society to guide physicians in the diagnosis and management of complicated skin and soft tissue infections have been published in Surgical Infections, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc.

Technological 'breakthroughs' will drive economic recovery, ACS CEO says
Technological breakthroughs based on years of basic scientific research will be a driving force in strengthening the American economy and leading our country into a robust future, the Executive Director & CEO of the American Chemical Society predicted Tuesday at a conference on innovation and the economy.

Balancing protein intake, not cutting calories, may be key to long life
Getting the correct balance of proteins in our diet may be more important for healthy aging than reducing calories, new research funded by the Wellcome Trust and Research into Ageing suggests.

STPSat-1 successfully completes extended mission
The STPSat-1 was decommissioned Oct. 7 after completing almost two and a half years of successful on-orbit operation.

Caltech scientists show how ubiquitin chains are added to cell-cycle proteins
Researchers from the California Institute of Technology have been able to view in detail, and for the first time, the previously mysterious process by which long chains of a protein called ubiquitin are added by enzymes called ubiquitin ligases to proteins that control the cell cycle.

Distrust of men doesn't stall low-income mothers' romantic unions
Ninety-six percent of low-income mothers who participated in a recent study on gender-based distrust indicated a strong general feeling of distrust of the opposite sex.

Brandeis studies evaluate visionary approach to improving eyesight
Joseph Balboni loves sports. An avid tennis player and golfer, as well as baseball fan, the 46-year-old insurance agent became increasingly frustrated over time as his eyesight dimmed due to keratoconus, a degenerative eye disorder.

Springer launches Journal of the Knowledge Economy
Springer is founding the Journal of the Knowledge Economy, a new quarterly publication sponsored by the Norwegian Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education.

£10m ($16.6 million) funding boost to eliminate elephantiasis globally
The Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine has been awarded £10 million ($16.6 million) by the UK Department for International Development to support endemic countries in tackling lymphatic filariasis -- a crippling disease more commonly known as elephantiasis.

Lasers used to make first boron-nitride nanotube yarn
Researchers have used lasers to create the first practical macroscopic yarns from boron nitride fibers, opening the door for an array of applications, from radiation-shielded spacecraft to stronger body armor, according to a just-published study.

No widespread impact of wind power projects on surrounding residential property values in the US
A major new Berkeley Lab report finds that proximity to wind energy facilities does not have a pervasive or widespread adverse effect on the property values of nearby homes.

Ecstasy may be linked to sleep apnea
New research shows that recreational users of the drug known as ecstasy may be at a higher risk for sleep apnea.

Waterpipe tobacco smokers inhale same toxicants as cigarette smokers
Smoking tobacco through a waterpipe exposes the user to the same toxicants -- carbon monoxide and nicotine -- as puffing on a cigarette, which could lead to nicotine addiction and heart disease, according to a study led by a Virginia Commonwealth University researcher published in the December issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Defining feeding milestones in neonates helps improve quality of life
A recent study conducted by researchers and physicians at Nationwide Children's Hospital sheds new light on feeding challenges often faced by premature infants.

A little magic provides an atomic-level look at bone
A new study using solid-state NMR spectroscopy to analyze intact bone paves the way for atomic-level explorations of how disease and aging affect bone.

Rural America more prosperous than expected
For many people

Some birds listen, instead of look, for mates
Looks can be deceiving, but certain bird species have figured out that a voice can tell them most of what they need to know to find the right mate.

TGen team honored for best paper at scientific conference
A team of scientists at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) won a $1,000 prize for best scientific paper presented at BIBM09, a premier bioinformatics and biomedicine conference.

BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS lauds US Health Organization
Dr. Julio Montaner, director, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, and president, International AIDS Society, congratulated Dr.

New CRC screening combination increases detection by 10 percent
The combination of sigmoidoscopy and fecal immunochemical test (FIT) detects advanced proximal (right-sided) tumors better than either test alone.

Ecstasy use may lead to sleep apnea
Repeated use of the drug popularly known as

Elsevier announces affiliation between the ASiT and the IJS
Elsevier, a world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce that the Association of Surgeons in Training has affiliated with the International Journal of Surgery.

How can risk-taking and self-destructive behavior in young people be prevented?
At the beginning of 2010, the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department at the Center for Psychosocial Medicine at Heidelberg University Hospital will conduct a study named

New company enters growing brain fitness market
One of the world's leading cognitive science institutes announced today it has created a new company with MaRS, Canada's premiere innovation center, to develop and market brain fitness products to help adults extend their memory and cognitive abilities longer in the lifespan.

New algorithms for computerized, large-scale surveillance
A recent AFOSR-funded technology should enable the Air Force to achieve advances in object and target detection technology by using sophisticated algebraic theories called groups, rings and fields.

Why we outlive our ape ancestors
In spite of their genetic similarity to humans, chimpanzees and great apes have maximum lifespans that rarely exceed 50 years.

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute initiates 13 new projects to advance asthma control
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health has approved the award of 13 contracts to local organizations across the country to develop, implement and test science-based approaches to improve asthma control using evidence-based national guidelines for diagnosing and managing asthma.

JQI researchers create 'synthetic magnetic fields' for neutral atoms
Achieving an important new capability in ultracold atomic gases, researchers at the Joint Quantum Institute, a collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Maryland, have created

Outpatient disc treatment gives long-term back pain relief
A randomized, controlled study comparing standard conservative therapy to a minimally invasive treatment called percutaneous disc decompression for painful herniated disc revealed that while both treatments help patients in the short run, only disc decompression kept patients pain free up to two years later.

Stevens team wins First Place in ISPE Student Poster Competition
A team comprised of undergraduate students from Stevens Institute of Technology was awarded top honors in a national poster contest hosted by the International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering.

Antarctica served as climatic refuge in Earth's greatest extinction event
A new fossil species suggests that some land animals may have survived the end-Permian extinction by living in cooler climates in Antarctica.

Report shows CIMT may improve arm use in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy
Constraint-induced movement therapy is a potentially effective form of intervention for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy, but more research is needed, according to a new systematic review published in the November issue of Physical Therapy, the scientific journal of the American Physical Therapy Association.

Targeted breast ultrasound can reduce biopsies for women under 40
Targeted breast ultrasound of suspicious areas of the breast, including lumps, is a safe, reliable and cost-effective alternative to invasive biopsies for women under age 40, according to the findings of two new studies.

Latest epidemic? High cholesterol, obesity in fruit flies
How do fruit flies get high cholesterol and become obese?

Discovery of the Jekyll-and-Hyde factors in 'coral bleaching'
Scientists are reporting the first identification of substances involved in the Jekyll-and-Hyde transformation that changes harmless marine bacteria into killers that cause

Moore School of Business to host leading international scholars at 'Frontiers' conference
Global business experts, including economists, sociologists and political scientists, from the world's leading business schools and universities will convene in Charleston, S.C., Dec.

Study explains how exercise helps patients with peripheral artery disease
Peripheral artery disease affects 5 million individuals in the US and is the leading cause of limb amputations.
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