Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 04, 2009
Where are the female scientists in research articles?
A recent research article published in the journal Scientometrics by a team from the University of Extremadura has proved something that was already obvious to its scientific community -- the extreme imbalance between the visibility of its male and female scientists.

New research uncovers deep origins of the 'Hawaiian hotspot'
Findings suggest the Hawaiian hotspot is the result of a lower-mantle plume.

Cholesterol-lowering drugs also may protect stem cell transplant patients from GVHD
Cholesterol-lowering drugs known as statins are among the most prescribed medicines in the US.

FDA-approved drug may slow beta cell destruction in type 1 diabetes patients
New findings by UT Southwestern researchers suggest that a drug already used to treat autoimmune disorders might also help slow the destruction of insulin-producing cells in patients recently diagnosed with insulin-dependent (type 1) diabetes.

Greenhouse gas carbon dioxide ramps up aspen growth
The rising level of atmospheric carbon dioxide may be fueling more than climate change.

Epilepsy patients caught in treatment gap are not getting state-of-the-art care
Experts are concerned that many epilepsy patients do not receive optimal care and continue to experience seizures despite improvements in diagnosis and a plethora of new therapies introduced over the last fifteen years.

Muscle cell infusion shown to strengthen sphincters in animals in Stanford study
A new study shows that muscle cells grown in the lab can restore an intestine's ability to squeeze shut properly.

New study cites lower rate of quakes along some subduction zones
As the relative speed of the plates around a fault increases, is there a corresponding increase in the number of earthquakes produced along the fault?

UD scientists take theoretical research on 'nasty' molecule to next level
Some atoms don't always follow the rules. Take the beryllium dimer, a seemingly simple molecule made up of two atoms that University of Delaware physicists Krzysztof Szalewicz and Konrad Patkowski and colleague VladimĂ­r Spirko of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic report on in the Dec.

Texas AgriLife researchers helping
Dr. Daniel Leskovar, a Texas AgriLife Research plant physiologist at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Uvalde, has been investigating ways to help vegetable plants make a less stressful transition from the greenhouse to the field.

How nutrition affects healthy aging
A new study of the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Aging could help to understand the positive effect of dietary restriction on healthy aging.

Tufts University to lead research team for 'Digging into Data Challenge' grant
Tufts University Professor Gregory Crane will lead a team of international researchers to use computer data analysis techniques to track topics about the Greco-Roman world in a million documents, spanning thousands of years.

Case Western Reserve researchers' new pathway discovery published as 'Paper of the Week'
Case Western Reserve University researchers, from the School of Medicine's Department of Nutrition, discovered two new metabolic pathways by which products of lipid peroxidation and some drugs of abuse, known as 4-hydroxyacids, are metabolized.

Stem cells battle for space
The body is a battle zone. Cells constantly compete with one another for space and dominance.

Human guinea pigs wary of high-paying medical trials
New research shows that people equate large payments for participation in medical research with increased levels of risk.

ORNL receives Recovery Act funding for Carbon Fiber Technology Center
A new, stimulus-funded research center at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory could help strengthen the very

Chicken pox vaccine reduces shingles risk in kids -- study of 172,000 kids used EHRs
A new Kaiser Permanente study found the chicken pox vaccine also reduces the risk of shingles among children.

Researchers find increased dairy intake reduces risk of uterine fibroids in black women
Boston University School of Medicine researchers at the Slone Epidemiology Center found that black women with high intake of dairy products have a reduced incidence of uterine leiomyomata (fibroids).

Are stroke survivors taking their medicine?
a new UCLA study to determine whether the use of antithrombotic medications among stroke survivors increased over a seven-year period found that in each of the years, approximately 20 percent of survivors were not taking these medications -- a figure that did not decrease during the time period.

Using 'The Brain Advantage' in business
Business leaders can use what researchers have learned about the brain to manage their own brains and other people more effectively.

Diffusion tensor imaging increases ability to remove benign tumors in children
A new study published this week in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics finds that operative plans for removing juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma, or JPA, tumors in the thalamus of the brain can be augmented with Diffusion Tensor Imaging, or DTI.

Scientists discover gene module underlying atherosclerosis development
By measuring the total gene activity in organs relevant for coronary artery disease, scientists at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have identified a module of genes that is important for the recruitment of white blood cells into the atherosclerotic plaque.

Californians -- and their cell phones -- will help computer scientists monitor air pollution
UC San Diego computer scientists are creating a network of environmental sensors that will help you avoid air pollution hot spots in everyday life.

Scientists think 'killer petunias' should join the ranks of carnivorous plants
Scientists from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and the Natural History Museum believe that carnivorous behavior in plants is far more widespread than previously thought, with many commonly grown plants -- such as petunias -- at least part way to being

New therapy targets for amyloid disease
A major discovery is challenging accepted thinking about amyloids -- the fibrous protein deposits associated with diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's -- and may open up a potential new area for therapeutics.

New forest fire detection system prototype installed at Lake Tahoe
Graham Kent, Nevada Seismological Laboratory director at the University of Nevada, Reno is leading the installation, testing and maintenance of a novel way to monitor forests fires and other environmental data with the prototype of a new camera system developed by Sony-Europe.

Potential new 'twist' in breast cancer detection
Working with mice, scientists at Johns Hopkins publishing in the December issue of Neoplasia have shown that a protein made by a gene called

ACP expresses views on key issues in H.R. 3590, Senate 'Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act'
The American College of Physicians today sent a letter to Senate leaders sharing the college's views on key issues in H.R.

Intelligent blood bags
Have the blood supplies got too warm? Do they match the patient's blood group?

E2 -- Energy technology conference and networking reception, Dec. 7
The Environmental Entrepreneurship Lab will host a conference on December 7, 2009, on smart grid energy technologies.

U-Iowa study helps advance heart-related research
Using a new mathematical model of heart cells, University of Iowa investigators have shown how activation of a critical enzyme, calmodulin kinase II (CaM kinase), disrupts the electrical activity of heart cells.

Most runaway teens return home with help of family ties, study finds
Despite the stereotypes about runaway teens, more than two-thirds of newly homeless youth leave the streets, resolve their family differences, and go home.

News brief -- childhood cancer survivor study report: Late recurrence is a risk for some cancers
Late recurrence is a risk for some pediatric cancers, particularly Ewing sarcomas and tumors of the central nervous system, according to a new study published online December 4 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Safe journey for works of art
Valuable paintings travel long distances when they are shipped from one place to another.

Weight-loss proves effective cure for sleep apnea
For obese men, a dramatic weight loss can be an effective way to improve moderate to severe sleep apnea, scientists at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet report.

For low-income families with special needs kids, where you live matters
Caring for a child with special health care needs usually means higher medical expenses for a family, particularly for low-income families, who spend a large share of their income on their child's care.

How to read brain activity?
The electroencephalogram is widely used by physicians and scientists to study brain function and to diagnose neurological disorders.
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