Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 11, 2009
3-D microchips for more powerful and environmentally friendly computers
3-D microprocessors cooled from the inside through channels with a liquid coolant.

Journal highlights forest service early warning system
A national early warning system designed to assist land managers in rapidly detecting threats to forest health is featured in the cover article of the October 2009 issue of Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing.

Tropical Cyclone 05B forms southeast of Chennai, India
Tropical Cyclone 05B has formed out of

Physician advice a key motivator in baby's sleep position
The advice of a pediatrician to place infants on their backs to sleep appears to be the single most important motivator in getting parents to follow these recommendations, says a UT Southwestern researcher.

Magnetic field measurements of the human heart at room temperature
A new optical sensor developed by the American National Institute of Standards and Technology was successfully tested by the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt in the

Livestock lead to better health in developing nations, rising consumption poses challenge
In the face of reports about the ills livestock generate for the climate, environment and health, a new study published in the December issue of the journal Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability emphasizes that livestock production in developing and developed countries are very different animals.

Europe's flora is becoming impoverished
With increasing species richness, due to more plant introductions than extinctions, plant communities of many European regions are becoming more homogeneous.

Disease-free, overall survival inferior for black women with HR-positive breast cancer
Results are not explained by lack of access to care or more advanced stage.

Chinese-American and Korean-American women at highest risk for diabetes in pregnancy
A new Kaiser Permanente study found more than 10 percent of women of Chinese and Korean heritage may be at risk for developing diabetes during pregnancy.

VISTA: Pioneering new survey telescope starts work
A new telescope -- VISTA (the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy) -- has just started work at ESO's Paranal Observatory and has made its first release of pictures.

Academy hosts Philadelphia International Sustainability Conference, Dec. 15
Climate change, economic development, and energy security are the defining issues of our time, and success in addressing them depends upon the ability of China and the US to cooperate in the rapid, large-scale implementation of the best sustainability practices.

Elusive 'hot' electrons captured in ultra-thin solar cells
Harnessing the power of

Case Western Reserve University grants option to startup Thermalin Diabetes Inc.
Case Western Reserve University has granted an 18-month, exclusive option to startup Thermalin Diabetes Inc. regarding a portfolio of insulin analogs.

Scientific panel evaluates soy infant formula safety
Members of the media are invited to attend a press availability period at noon on Friday, Dec.

Space agencies join forces to systematically observe climate variables
Over 30,000 people from 190 nations are gathered at the two-week UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen.

Roe of marine animals is best natural source of omega-3
The roe of hake, lumpsucker and salmon is the best dietary source of omega-3, according to a study carried out by researchers at the University of Almeria.

NICE guidelines ration affordable osteoporosis drugs
Low cost osteoporosis drugs are strictly rationed for the under-75s, and UK physicians hampered by restrictive guidelines, according to findings which appear today in the journal Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease, published by SAGE.

'Extreme' genes shed light on origins of photosynthesis
While most school children understand that green plants photosynthesize, absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen, few people consider the profound global-scale effects that photosynthesis has had on Earth.

Study shows how gene action may lead to diabetes prevention, cure
A gene commonly studied by cancer researchers has been linked to the metabolic inflammation that leads to diabetes.

Easily led 'ash-tray': Adolescent smokers prone to drug abuse
It is common knowledge that smoking is a health risk but why do teens become addicted to smoking more easily than adults?

Anti-estrogens may offer protection against lung cancer mortality
Anti-estrogen therapy significantly decreased the risk of lung cancer death.

AGU session marks 30th anniversary of report on climate change projections
In 1979, the National Academy of Sciences issued a report estimating that global average temperatures would increase between 2 and 3.5 degrees Celsius by the middle of the 21st century if carbon dioxide concentrations were to double.

New inherited eye disease discovered
University of Iowa researchers have found the existence of a new, rare inherited retinal disease.

UA-led study grapples with health effects of low-intensity warfare
A study led by UA anthropologist Ivy Pike establishes a conceptual framework for measuring the health as well as the social impacts of violence in northern Kenya.

Ants touted in Financial Times' 'books of the year'
Pulitzer-Prize winner and Arizona State University professor Bert Holldobler and Edward O.

More mental health care called for in wake of Ft. Hood shootings
The recent shootings at the Ft. Hood, Texas, army base, allegedly by an army psychiatrist, have placed much-needed focus on mental health care in the army.

AOptix Technologies and NuCrypt demonstrate physical-layer quantum encryption for the Air Force
AOptix Technologies Inc., a leading edge developer of ultra-high bandwidth laser communication solutions, and NuCrypt, a provider of technology for ultra-high security over optical communication networks, disclosed today the recent completion of a first-of-its-kind quantum encryption test over free space optical links for the United States Air Force Research Laboratory located in Rome, New York, with funding provided by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research in Arlington, Va.

AOptix Technologies completes Air Force flight test program of laser communications system
AOptix Technologies Inc., a leading edge developer of ultra-high bandwidth laser communication solutions, disclosed today the completion of a two-phase flight test program for the United States Air Force Research Laboratory located in Rome, New York, with funding provided by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research in Arlington, Va.

Surgery on beating heart thanks to robotic helping hand
If you've been waiting for the day to arrive when computers actually start performing surgery, that moment might soon be upon us.

Most eligible patients miss out on cardiac resynchronization therapy for heart failure
Less than half of patients with heart failure likely to benefit from a pacemaker including the capacity for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) actually receive such an implantable device.

Einstein faculty member receives prestigious Fulbright award
Lisa Marie Nathan, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor of obstetrics & gynecology and women's health at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, has been awarded a Fulbright Scholar grant for research aimed at reducing Rwanda's high rate of maternal mortality.

Moderate weight loss in obese people improves heart function
Obese patients who lost a moderate amount of weight by eating less and exercising more improved their cardiovascular health, says a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Bacteria provide new insights into human decision making
Scientists studying how bacteria under stress collectively weigh and initiate different survival strategies say they have gained new insights into how humans make strategic decisions that affect their health, wealth and the fate of others in society.

Math goes viral
At least a dozen Alberta high-school calculus classrooms were exposed to the West Nile virus recently.

Rice physicists find reappearing quantum trios
Using atoms at temperatures colder than deep space, Rice University physicists have delivered overwhelming proof for a 1970 theory that was largely scoffed at when it first appeared.

Why England's soccer team keeps losing on penalties
A new study may explain why the England soccer team keeps losing in penalty shootouts -- and could help the team address the problem in time for the World Cup 2010.

IOM report on national vaccine plan
While vaccines help prevent many diseases in the United States, we lack immunization protection against several serious illnesses, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine that identifies priority areas for updating the National Vaccine Plan.

New research identifies modifiable risk factors for heart disease
New findings published in the Dec. 15-22, 2009, Prevention and Outcomes Focus Issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology aim to disentangle the influence of menopause versus chronological aging in upping women's post-menopausal risk for heart disease, evaluate the role of smoking status, physical activity and diet-induced weight loss in certain patient populations, and more fully describe the effects of intensive lipid-lowering therapy on subsequent cardiovascular events.

Weir in space and dimmed sun creates 200-million-mile-long lab bench for turbulence research
Physicists at the University of Warwick working in space plasmas have made clever use of the Ulysses spacecraft and the solar minimum to create a massive virtual lab bench to provide a unique test for the science underlying turbulent flows.

Scientists identify natural anti-cancer defenses
Canadian researchers have discovered a novel molecular mechanism that prevents cancer.

Editor of Springer classic human genetics reference receives prize
Arno Motulsky, the senior editor of the 4th edition of Springer's classic reference and textbook Vogel and Motulsky's Human Genetics, was recently given the Victor A.

Novel detection method unmasks circulating breast cancer cells
Circulating metastatic breast cancer cells can lose their epithelial receptors, a process that enables them to travel through the bloodstream undetected, according to research from the University of Texas M.

Blood stem cell transplant regimen reverses sickle cell disease in adults
A modified blood adult stem cell transplant regimen has effectively reversed sickle cell disease in nine of 10 adults who had been severely affected by the disease, according to results of a National Institutes of Health study in the Dec.

TRMM Satellite sees Cyclone Cleo coming to a close
Rainfall in the once-known Cyclone Cleo has really diminished over the last 24 hours, and the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite has confirmed it.

Clinical trial advances new approach to re-sensitizing breast cancer
A new drug cocktail might be the right mix to fight breast cancer after it becomes resistant to standard therapy.

New discoveries could improve climate projections
New discoveries about the deep ocean's temperature variability and circulation system could help improve projections of future climate conditions.

MDC researchers identify a scaffold regulating protein disposal
How does a cell manage to identify and degrade the diverse types of defective proteins and thus protect the body against serious diseases?

Targeted therapy prolongs life in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer
Lapatinib plus trastuzumab are significantly better than lapatinib alone in extending the lives of breast cancer patients whose tumors are HER2-positive, according to Kimberly Blackwell, M.D., associate professor of medicine at Duke University Medical Center.
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