Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 14, 2009
Are most consumers planners when it comes to time and money? New study shows some benefits
Planning -- regarding money or time -- can bring tangible benefits to consumers.

'Environmental Atlas of Europe' unveiled at COP15
In support of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change taking place in Copenhagen, the European Environment Agency hosted the

Scientists suggest certain genes boost chances for distributing variety of traits, drive evolution
Genes that don't themselves directly affect the inherited characteristics of an organism but leave them increasingly open to variation may be a significant driving force of evolution, say two Johns Hopkins scientists.

Of girls and geeks: Environment may be why women don't like computer science
In real estate, it's location, location, location. And when it comes to why girls and women shy away from careers in computer science, a key reason is environment, environment, environment.

UNC scientists coordinate study of link between insulin use and cancer in people with diabetes
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill are coordinating a large, multi-site retrospective study on insulin users with type 2 diabetes.

New suppressor of common liver cancer
Tumor suppressor genes make proteins that help control cell growth.

Study strengthens link between sirtuins and life extension
A new paper from MIT biology professor Leonard Guarente strengthens the link between longevity proteins called sirtuins and the lifespan-extending effects of calorie restriction.

Prussian blue linked to the origin of life
A team of researchers from the Astrobiology Centre has shown that hydrogen cyanide, urea and other substances considered essential to the formation of the most basic biological molecules can be obtained from the salt Prussian blue.

Myopia appears to have become more common
Myopia (nearsightedness) may have been more common in Americans from 1999 to 2004 than it was 30 years ago, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Research on muscle development in pigs led to new basic knowledge on the evolution of mammals
Researchers have discovered a previously unknown gene ZBED6 that is unique to placental mammals.

Nanoprobes hit targets in tumors, could lessen chemo side effects
Tiny nanoprobes have shown to be effective in delivering cancer drugs more directly to tumor cells -- mitigating the damage to nearby healthy cells -- and Purdue University research has shown that the nanoprobes are getting the drugs to right cellular compartments.

Scientists uncover protective mechanism against liver cancer
A team of scientists from the UC San Diego School of Medicine and Osaka University in Japan have identified a protein switch that helps prevent liver damage, including inflammation, fibrosis and cancer.

Ethanol-powered vehicles generate more ozone than gas-powered ones
Vehicles running on ethanol will generate higher concentrations of ozone than those using gasoline, especially in the winter, Stanford researchers have found.

New planets around sun-like stars
An international team of planet hunters has found four new planets orbiting two nearby stars that are very similar to the sun.

Exercise improves survival rates for colorectal cancer patients
Men who have been treated for colorectal cancer can reduce their risk of dying from the disease by engaging in regular exercise, according to a new study by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

A new kind of micro-mobility
A new microscopic system devised by researchers in MIT's department of materials science and engineering could provide a novel method for moving tiny objects inside a microchip, and could also provide new insights into how cells and other objects are propelled around within the body.

DC-SCRIPT found to have prognostic value in breast cancer
DC-SCRIPT, or dendritic cell-specific transcript, is a key regulator of nuclear receptor activity that may have prognostic value in breast cancer, according to a new study published online Dec.

Reducing TV time helps adults burn more calories
Adults who used an electronic lock-out system to reduce their television time by half did not change their calorie intake but did expend more energy over a three-week period, according to a report in the Dec.

Killer cookies: To resist temptation, exaggerate the threat
Your ability to resist that tempting cookie depends on how a big a threat you perceive it to be, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

National survey tracks rates of common mental disorders among American youth
Only about half of American children and teenagers who have certain mental disorders receive professional services, according to a nationally representative survey funded in part by the National Institute of Mental Health.

IU study: Half of urban teen girls acquire STIs within 2 years of first sexual activity
Half of urban teenage girls may acquire at least one of three common sexually transmitted infections within two years of becoming sexually active, according to an Indiana University School of Medicine and Regenstrief Institute study published in the December 2009 issue of Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.

Consortium of universities to provide services
Three industry-led teams that include Carnegie Mellon University, the University of Pittsburgh and three other major research universities have been awarded contracts to provide a range of research and engineering services to the National Energy Technology Laboratory.

Brain plaques in healthy individuals linked to increased Alzheimer's risk
Scientists have long assumed that amyloid brain plaques found in autopsies of Alzheimer's patients are harmful and cause Alzheimer's disease.

'Rock-breathing' bacteria could generate electricity and clean up oil spills
A discovery by scientists at the University of East Anglia could contribute to the development of systems that use domestic or agricultural waste to generate clean electricity.

Characteristics of ultrafine particles from an engine fueled
The Key Laboratory for Power Machinery and Engineering of M.O.E., Shanghai Jiao Tong University in Shanghai, showed that the characteristics of ultrafine particles from a compression- ignition engine fueled with low sulfur diesel and evaluated the effects of diesel fuel sulfur on particulate matter from a compression-ignition engine.

The mammoths' swan song revised
Analysis of ancient DNA has shown that Woolly mammoths and prehistoric horses grazed on the North American Plains, for several thousand years longer than hitherto assumed.

Canadian first: The heart in telemonitoring
The electrophysiology team at the Montreal Heart Institute recently performed the first implantation of a new type of cardiac pacemaker (Accent RF) in Canada.

When it comes to fish families, the bigger and bossier the better
When given the choice between unfamiliar social groups, cichlid fish chose groups where the members are large and dominant.

Intensive therapy for narrowed arteries linked to fewer heart events
Intensive medical therapy, including aggressive control of blood pressure and cholesterol levels, for patients with asymptomatic plaque buildup in their carotid arteries (which supply blood to the brain) appears to be associated with reduced rates of cardiovascular events and reduced risk of microemboli (microscopic-sized blood clots) in the brain arteries, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the February 2010 print issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

A 'one health' approach to addressing emerging zoonoses: The HALI project in Tanzania
In this week's PLoS Medicine, Jonna Mazet (University of California, Davis) and colleagues describe their work in the Tanzania-based HALI Project.

Variable doses of radiation raise safety concerns for CT procedures
Radiation doses from common CT procedures vary widely and are higher than generally thought, raising concerns about increased risk for cancer, according to a new study led by UCSF imaging specialists.

Drinks industry supplanting government role in alcohol policies in sub-Saharan Africa
A recent comparison of proposed national alcohol policies in Lesotho, Malawi, Uganda and Botswana shows that the drinks industry has assumed a significant and detrimental role in designing national alcohol policies in sub-Saharan Africa.

Obesity epidemic taking root in Africa
The urban poor in sub-Saharan Africa are the latest victims of the obesity epidemic.

Steroid injections may slow diabetes-related eye disease
Injecting the corticosteroid triamcinolone into the eye may slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes that can cause vision loss and blindness, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Moral dilemma scenarios prone to biases
Picture the following hypothetical scenario: A trolley is headed toward five helpless victims.

Parents: Be mindful of hazardous holiday ornaments
A new study from Children's Hospital Boston's Division of Emergency Medicine has found that holiday decorations, particularly glass ornaments, are one more safety hazard parents must consider during the season.

Gas improves blood flow and organ status during minimally invasive surgery
As good as laparoscopy is in preventing some of the stresses of open surgery on the body, it does have drawbacks, including reduced blood flow and organ dysfunction.

Trial shows that sand playground surfaces reduce risk of arm fractures from falls
School playgrounds fitted with granite sand surfacing significantly reduce the risk of children fracturing arms in comparison with wood fiber surfaces, according to a randomized trial published this week in the open-access journal PLoS Medicine.

Study shows health care spending spurs economic growth
As the national discussion of health care focuses on costs, a new study from North Carolina State University shows that it might be more accurate to think of health care spending as an investment that can spur economic growth.

In rural areas, more women falling into health care gap
For Americans living in rural areas, obtaining and maintaining health care can be challenging.

Physical activity associated with lower risk of mortality in men with history of colon cancer
Increased physical activity appears to be associated with a lower risk of cancer-specific and overall death in men with a history of colorectal cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body, according to a report in the Dec.

Controlling key enzyme in brain offers clue for future obesity treatment
Researchers from Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital and elsewhere have determined that inhibiting the Sirt1 enzyme in the brain appears to help control food intake.

Regular coffee, decaf and tea all associated with reduced risk for diabetes
Individuals who drink more coffee (regular or decaffeinated) or tea appear to have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to an analysis of previous studies reported in the Dec.

DNA needs a good editor
Groundbreaking findings from Tel Aviv University's Professor Gil Ast and his team reveal a new mechanism to explain how splicing works.

New study turns up the heat on soot's role in Himalayan warming
A new modeling study from NASA confirms that when tiny air pollution particles we commonly call soot -- also known as black carbon -- travel along wind currents from densely populated south Asian cities and accumulate over a climate hotspot called the Tibetan Plateau, the result may be anything but inconsequential.

AIAA announces 2010 Fellows and honorary Fellows
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics is pleased to announce the election of the 2010 AIAA Fellows and Honorary Fellows.

U of A students reaffirm the work of a 1920s paleontologist
Three University of Alberta paleontology graduate students blew the dust off an 85-year-old dinosaur find to discover the original researcher had it right and a 1970s revision of his work was wrong.

Stevens Institute of Technology to host Cyber Security Policy Conference, Jan. 19-20
In January in our nation's capital, Stevens Institute of Technology will host a unique conference that will closely examine national and global cyber security policy.

Who gets expensive cancer drugs? A tale of 2 nations
The well-worn notion that patients in the United States have unfettered access to the most expensive cancer drugs while the United Kingdom's nationalized health care system regularly denies access to some high-cost treatments needs rethinking, a team of bioethicists and health policy experts says in a report out today.

New planet discoveries suggest low-mass planets are common around nearby stars
An international team of planet hunters has discovered as many as six low-mass planets around two nearby sun-like stars, including two

Witnesses to bullying may face more mental health risks than bullies and victims
Students who watch as their peers endure the verbal or physical abuses of another student could become as psychologically distressed, if not more so, by the events than the victims themselves, new research suggests.

Tendons shape bones during embryonic development
In all vertebrates, including humans, bones, muscles and tendons work together to give the skeleton its characteristic balance of stability and movement.

Strict blood sugar control in some diabetics does not lower heart attack, stroke risk
Strictly controlling blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetics with long-term, serious coexisting health problems such as heart disease and hypertension does not lower their risk of a heart attack or stroke, according to a UC Irvine Health Policy Research Institute study.

Minimally invasive surgery removes sinus tumor without facial disfiguration
With the advances in sinus endoscopy, many tumors can now be removed directly through the nose, avoiding the need for facial incisions or a craniotomy.

Imaging test detects Alzheimer's disease that is likely to progress
Early Alzheimer's disease detected by a compound that binds to brain plaques appears likely to progress into symptomatic Alzheimer's disease with dementia, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Tropical Storm Laurence set for second Australian landfall
Tropical Storm Laurence tracked through Darwin Australia this weekend before sliding back into the Timor Sea and now Laurence is forecast to make a second landfall in Australia.

New Horizons Forum to explore new challenges, future opportunities and emerging trends in aerospace
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics is pleased to announce that leaders from government, academia, and industry will convene in January in Orlando, Fla., at the New Horizons Forum to discuss new challenges, future opportunities, and emerging trends in aerospace programs, research and education.

Going vertical: Fleeing tsunamis by moving up, not out
When the next big earthquake strikes Indonesia, a tsunami could follow close behind, killing thousands of people stuck in traffic jams while attempting to evacuate.

Born in beauty: Proplyds in the Orion Nebula
A collection of 30 never-before-released images of embryonic planetary systems in the Orion Nebula are the highlight of the longest single Hubble Space Telescope project ever dedicated to the topic of star and planet formation.

LA BioMed to receive recovery act grants to advance scientific research and create jobs
LA BioMed expects to receive more than $4.5 million in grants from the stimulus package, including nearly $1 million from the highly competitive Challenge Grant program.

Hypoxia increases as climate warms
A new study of Pacific Ocean sediments off the coast of Chile has found that offshore waters experienced systematic oxygen depletion during the rapid warming of the Antarctic following the last

Study finds significantly worse outcomes in cancer patients with cognitive impairment
A new study has found that cancer patients with dementia have a dramatically lower survival rate than patients with cancer alone, even after controlling for factors such as age, tumor type and tumor stage.

Do consumers always approach pleasure and avoid pain? New study suggests an alternative
Whether it's doing sit-ups or eating steamed veggies instead of fries, it's often difficult to get ourselves to do something we know is beneficial.

Wiley-Blackwell launches new online medical reference tool -- Essential Evidence
International STMS publisher Wiley-Blackwell today announced the launch of Essential Evidence, a new product added to its online, evidence-based content resource Essential Evidence Plus.

Portions of Arctic coastline eroding, no end in sight, says new CU-Boulder study
The northern coastline of Alaska midway between Point Barrow and Prudhoe Bay is eroding by up to one-third the length of a football field annually because of a

Painkiller undermines aspirin's anti-clotting action
Millions of Americans take Celebrex for arthritis or other pain.

University of Toronto physicists lay the groundwork for cooler, faster computing
University of Toronto quantum optics researchers Sajeev John and Xun Ma have discovered new behaviors of light within photonic crystals that could lead to faster optical information processing and compact computers that don't overheat.

Does scent enhance consumer product memories?
It may seem odd to add scent to products like sewing thread, automobile tires, and tennis balls, as some companies have done.

Kansas scientists probe mysterious possible comet strikes on Earth
The research shows a potential signature of nitrate and ammonia that can be found in ice cores corresponding to suspected impacts.

Tropical Cyclone Mick forms quickly, hits Fiji in the southwestern Pacific
Tropical Cyclone Mick formed over the weekend in the southwestern Pacific Ocean and made a quick landfall over Fiji's main island of Viti Levu earlier today, Dec.

Tracking new cancer-killing particles with MRI
Researchers at Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have created a single nanoparticle that can be tracked in real time with MRI as it homes in on cancer cells, tags them with a fluorescent dye and kills them with heat.

Veiling in style: How does a stigmatized practice become fashionable?
Why are an increasing number of Turkish women wearing veils in a secular country where the practice is banned in public buildings?

Targeting brain cancer cell metabolism may provide new treatment
Inhibiting fatty acid synthesis in brain cancer cells may offer a new option to treat about 50 percent of deadly glioblastomas that are driven by amplified signaling of the epidermal growth factor receptor, according to a first-of-its-kind study by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Researchers find evidence of survival gains in bone marrow disease
A recent study, published in the December issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, demonstrates new survival data for the blood disorder myelofibrosis.

Study finds racial disparities exist in radiation therapy rates for early stage breast cancer
Black women are less likely than white women to receive radiation therapy after a lumpectomy, the standard of care for early stage breast cancer, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Texas M.

IUPUI researchers tackle protein mechanisms behind limb regeneration
The most comprehensive study to date of the proteins in a species of salamander that can regrow appendages may provide important clues to how similar regeneration could be induced in humans.

Studies quantify radiation doses, cancer risks from CT scans
Doses of radiation from commonly performed computed tomography scans vary widely, appear higher than generally believed and may contribute to an estimated tens of thousands of future cancer cases, according to two reports in the Dec.

Death rates and quality of life in patients admitted to intensive medical care unit
An unavoidable question in intensive medical care is how many improve or recover the quality of life they had prior to admission to an intensive care unit and how many disimprove and to what degree.

Study points way to development of drugs for deadly childhood leukemia
A new study could point the way to the development of better drugs to fight a deadly form of childhood leukemia called mixed-lineage leukemia.

Study finds over 90 percent of people with gum disease are at risk for diabetes
An overwhelming majority of people who have periodontal disease are also at high risk for diabetes and should be screened for diabetes, a New York University nursing-dental research team has found.

Biomedical Engineering Society's new journal to be published by Springer
Springer and the Biomedical Engineering Society have founded a new journal Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology.

Sucker-footed bats don't use suction after all
In first-time experiments in the wild, a researcher at Brown University has discovered that a species of bat in Madagascar, Myzopoda aurita, uses wet adhesion to attach itself to surfaces.

Good dentistry may have saved the dinosaurs
Infectious diseases can be transmitted by sneezing, touching, or -- for Tasmanian devils -- biting each other on the face, a habit that may have driven the dinosaurs to extinction through the transmission of a protozoan parasite.

Hindering HIV-1-fighting immune cells
Immune proteins called HLA molecules help to activate killer T cell responses against pathogens.

JCI online early table of contents: Dec. 14, 2009
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Dec.

Genetic link to heart failure
New research, to be published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, has identified a group of 12 genetic variants in the HSPB7 gene that is associated with heart failure in humans.

Research reveals further progress toward AIDS vaccine
Researchers from Thomas Jefferson University are one step closer to developing a vaccine against the AIDS disease.

Home heating efficiencies offer 'hat trick' of savings: UM study
Improving the energy efficiency of Maryland homes heated by natural gas would generate a

Book demystifies psychiatry for the general public
Psychiatric disorders are underdiagnosed, poorly treated and highly stigmatized, according to Washington University psychiatrists Charles F.

New study levels new criticisms at food industry
A new report authored by UA communication Professor Dale Kunkel faults food and beverage producers for continuing to saturate television with ads for high-calorie, low-nutrient products.

Volker Springel awarded 2009 Klung Wilhelmy Weberbank Prize for Physics
The astrophysicist Volker Springel has been honored with this year's Klung Wilhelmy Weberbank Prize for Physics for his important research in astrophysics.

Influenza in Africa should not be ignored
Influenza is circulating in Africa, but virtually no information or attention is evident, says a new essay in this week's PLoS Medicine.

Value of volunteering more than economic
With rising unemployment and fewer job vacancies, the current financial crisis has seen renewed policy emphasis in both Europe and the UK on volunteering as a route to employment, according to a new report from the Economic and Social Research Council.

Drinking coffee, decaf and tea regularly associated with a reduced risk of diabetes
Drinking more coffee (regular or decaffeinated) or tea appears to lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to an analysis of previous studies reported in the Dec.

SNM applauds FDA's issuing of new drug manufacturing requirements
The US Food and Drug Administration announced publication of a final regulation on current good manufacturing practices for the production of positron emission tomography drugs, as well as a guidance document describing acceptable approaches that would enable PET drug producers to meet the requirements in the proposed regulation.

I think step to the left, you think step to the east
Even the way people remember dance moves depends on the culture they come from, according to a report in the Dec.

SwRI's integrated avionics control NASA's WISE spacecraft
NASA's latest spacecraft, the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, launched Dec.

Master gene Math1 controls framework for perceiving external and internal body parts
Math1 is a master hub for the genes that control various parts of neural networks for hearing, balance, the unconscious sense of one's position in space called proprioception and in a new finding, interoception, which is associated with activities such as awakening because of a full bladder or a distended colon, said Dr.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about one article being published in the Dec.

Pandemic toolkit offers flu with a view
As communities brace for rising wintertime influenza cases, scientists are developing a mathematical and visual analytic toolkit to help health officials quickly analyze pandemics and craft better response strategies.

The global dynamics and spread of Hepatitis C virus 1a and 1b: A phylogeographical analysis
Research published in PLoS Medicine finds that the global spread of Hepatitis C virus coincided with widespread use of transfused blood and with the expansion of intravenous drug use.

California's troubled waters
New space observations reveal that since October 2003, the aquifers for California's primary agricultural region -- the Central Valley -- and its major mountain water source -- the Sierra Nevada -- have lost nearly enough water combined to fill Lake Mead, America's largest reservoir.

TRMM sees 05B winding down off the Sri Lanka coast
Tropical Depression 05B is dissipating on the east coast of Sri Lanka today and over the next couple of days, but not before bringing some moderate and heavy rain over the next couple of days to some areas in Sri Lanka and the southeast coast of India, from Chennai, southward.

Hospital re-admission high for dialysis patients treated in long-term care hospitals
A new study by University of Cincinnati nephrologists shows that most dialysis patients admitted to long-term care hospitals face readmission to acute care facilities, and those with acute kidney failure don't often recover full kidney function.

Study explores 'garbage disposal' role of VCP and implications for degenerative disease
It's important to finish what you start, say Jeong-Sun Ju and researchers from Washington University School of Medicine, St.

Scientists isolate new antifreeze molecule in Alaska beetle
Scientists have identified a novel antifreeze molecule in a freeze-tolerant Alaska beetle able to survive temperatures below minus 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

Interactive animations give science students a boost
For a generation of students raised and nurtured at the computer keyboard, it seems like a no-brainer that computer-assisted learning would have a prominent role in the college science classroom.

Ancient DNA, not fossilized bones, shows late survival of Ice Age megafauna
University of Alberta researchers are part of an international team that has used DNA samples from frozen dirt, not fossilized bones, to revise the history of North America's woolly mammoths and ancient horses.

Cardiovascular and suicide risk raised after prostate cancer diagnosis
Men newly diagnosed with prostate cancer have an increased risk of cardiovascular events and suicide, reports a new study in this week's PLoS Medicine.

Study finds increased risk of death, stroke in postmenopausal women taking antidepressants
Women participating in the Women's Health Initiative study who reported taking an antidepressant drug had a small but statistically significant increase in the risk of stroke and of death compared with participants not taking antidepressants.

Low-cost temperature sensors, tennis balls to monitor mountain snowpack
Dime-sized temperature sensors, first built for the refrigerated food industry, have been adapted to sense mountain microclimates.

Antidepressants may change personality, leading to reduced depression, says Penn collaboration
Psychologists report the first placebo-controlled evidence that antidepressant medications -- particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs -- can substantially change patients' personalities.

Penn researchers find reproductive germ cells survive and thrive in transplants, even among species
Reproductive researchers have succeeded in isolating and transplanting pure populations of the immature cells that enable male reproduction in two species -- humans and mice.

Electronic patient records are not a panacea
Large-scale electronic patient record programs promise much but sometimes deliver little, according to a new study by UCL researchers that reviewed findings from hundreds of previous studies from all over the world.

World's first skeletal mount of Paluxysaurus jonesi reveals new biology
Scientists have prepared the first skeletal mount of the Texas state dinosaur, the giant Paluxysaurus jonesi, just unveiled at the new Museum of Science and History in Fort Worth.

Nearly 100 new species described by California Academy of Sciences in 2009
In 2009, researchers at the California Academy of Sciences added 94 new relatives to our family tree.

FDA researchers identify new MRI safety risk for patients with pacemakers
FDA researchers have found that certain cardiac pacemakers may inadequately stimulate a patient's heart while undergoing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan due to the magnetic pulses mixing with the electronic pulses from the pacemaker.

Theorists propose a new way to shine -- and a new kind of star
Physicists propose there may be a new stage for some dying stars.

Tool use in an invertebrate: The coconut-carrying octopus
Scientists once thought of tool use as a defining feature of humans.

Global warming could significantly impact US wine and corn production, Stanford scientists say
Stanford scientist Noah Diffenbaugh uses a very high-resolution computer model to forecast the impact of climate change on US wine and corn production.

OU Lab 1 of 4 in nation testing new exercise technique
University of Oklahoma Health and Exercise Department is one of four sites in the United States currently testing the restriction of blood flow and the reduction of external loads for maximum benefits with the KAATSU-Master training system.

New research backs FDA ban on flavored cigarettes
New research showing that thrill-seeking teenagers are especially susceptible to fruit-flavored cigarettes is in line with the recent ban on the sale of flavored cigarettes by the US Food and Drug Administration in September 2009.

How categories and environment create satisfied and well-informed consumers
Expert consumers like to be surprised by unusual product formats, while novices crave familiarity, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

First super-Earths discovered around sun-like stars
Two nearby stars have been found to harbor

Antidepressants may increase risk of stroke and death
Postmenopausal women who take antidepressants face a small but statistically significant increased risk for stroke and death compared with those who do not take the drugs.

Discovery of new gene called Brd2 that regulates obesity and diabetes
The chance discovery of a genetic mutation that makes mice enormously fat but protects them from diabetes has given researchers at Boston University School of Medicine new insights into the cellular mechanisms that link obesity to type 2 diabetes.

Racial differences in medication use
Older adults experience medication-related problems, including under treatment, suboptimal drugs, suboptimal dosing and non-adherence, which can have negative effects on their quality of life.

Black carbon deposits on Himalayan ice threaten Earth's 'Third Pole'
Black soot deposited on Tibetan glaciers has contributed significantly to the retreat of the world's largest nonpolar ice masses, according to new research by scientists from NASA and the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
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