Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 18, 2009
Altering malignant cells' structure said to possibly slow spread of cancer
Cancer may spread throughout the human body when malignant cells travel in the blood stream.

New support tools point way to better health policymaking
A comprehensive review of evidence-informed health policymaking was recently launched in BioMed Central's open access journal Health Research Policy and Systems.

Talking aloud helps to solve mathematical problems more quickly, according to a study
A research work conducted at the UGR proves that thinking aloud or drawing while solving problems helps students to find more quickly the right solution.

Data indicates rising adoption of technology in Canadian clinical trials
A research team led by Dr. Khaled El Emam, the Canada research chair in electronic health information at the CHEO Research Institute, evaluated the use of technology in Canadian clinical trials, and found that a significant proportion (41 percent) have moved away from collecting and managing trial data using only paper records.

Postural sway among abstinent alcoholics can be improved up to a point
Excessive sway during quiet standing is a common and significant consequence of chronic alcoholism, even after prolonged sobriety, and can lead to fall-related injury and even death.

FSU study: States need economic freedom to benefit from natural resources
States with small governments, low taxes and labor market freedom enjoy greater benefits from natural resource development than states with large and intrusive government policies, according to a new study by a Florida State University researcher.

New study explores role of sexual, social behaviors in seniors' well-being
Researchers and the general public have a new resource for information on the health and intimate relationships of older people, thanks to a new supplemental issue of the Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological and Social Sciences (Volume 64B, Supplement 1).

Tiny whispering gallery
A tiny sensor that exploits the same physics as the whispering gallery in St.

How the daisy got its spots ... and why
Dark spots on flower petals are common across many angiosperm plant families and occur on flowers such as some lilies, orchids and daisies.

W. M. Keck Foundation announces successful completion of distinguished young scholars program
The W. M. Keck Foundation, a leading supporter of pioneering medical research, science and engineering, today announced the successful completion of its Distinguished Young Scholars Program, a groundbreaking initiative created to give the nation's most promising young scientists the resources they need to pursue potentially breakthrough research projects in biomedical research.

Disparity in use of implantable devices to prevent sudden death in heart failure patients
A study of heart failure patients who meet national guidelines for devices that stabilize and strengthen the heart's electrical system found that only half of eligible patients received the devices.

Bioactive glass nanofibers produced
A team of researchers from the University of Vigo, Rutgers University in the United States, and Imperial College London in the United Kingdom, has developed

Disordered eating may affect 10 to 15 percent of women
Several maladaptive eating behaviors, beyond anorexia, can affect women. Indeed, some 10 to 15 percent of women have maladaptive eating behaviors and attitudes according to new study from the Université de Montréal and the Douglas Mental Health University Institute published in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

St. Jude faculty member named American Association for the Advancement of Science 2009 Fellow
Charles Sherr, M.D., Ph.D., co-chair of Genetics and Tumor Cell Biology at St.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The following are tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology:

Doctors' bedside skills trump medical technology
Sometimes, a simple bedside exam performed by a skilled physician is superior to a high-tech CT scan.

UCLA nanosystems institute, Japan's NOF Corp. to collaborate on drug-delivery research
The association between California NanoSystems Institute and Japan-based NOF Corp.

The how and why of freezing the common fruit fly
Using a microscope the size of a football field, researchers from The University of Western Ontario are studying why some insects can survive freezing, while others cannot.

Bourbon versus vodka: Bourbon hurts more the next day, performance is the same
Many alcoholic beverages contain byproducts of the materials used in the fermenting process.

Rate of autism disorders climbs to 1 percent among 8-year-olds, say UAB, CDC researchers
A new study shows that one in 110 American 8-year-olds is classified as having an autism spectrum disorder, a 57 percent increase in ASD cases compared to four years earlier.

Research project yields better understanding of the defective protein that causes cystic fibrosis
A team of researchers studying the protein that, when defective or absent, causes cystic fibrosis has made an important discovery about how that protein is normally controlled and under what circumstances it might go awry.

Eileen Friel, Lowell Observatory director, named AAAS Fellow
Eileen Friel, Lowell Observatory director, was selected as one of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellows.

Researchers discover new ways to treat chronic infections
Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York, have identified three key regulators required for the formation and development of biofilms.

UC Riverside plant scientist's research ranked on top 10 breakthrough list for 2009
Research contribution by Sean Cutler, a scientist at the University of California, Riverside, has been named by Science magazine as one of the top 10 breakthroughs of the year.

Minority elders continue to face health care, employment disparities
The premiere issue of an aging-focused newsletter deals with two pressing societal concerns -- the economic downturn and health care reform -- from the perspective of older minority adults.

Rapid-acting insulin analogues: No additional benefit for children with type 1 diabetes
Due to a lack of suitable studies, it remains unclear whether children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes benefit more or less from long-term treatment with rapid-acting insulin analogues than with short-acting human insulin.

Joint mathematics meetings in San Francisco Jan. 13-16, 2010
Approximately 6,000 mathematicians will attend the annual meetings of the American Mathematical Society and Mathematical Association of America at the Moscone Convention Center in San Francisco, Calif., Jan.

Fear of lawsuits may prompt some doctors to overprescribe antibiotics
Investigators surveyed 162 health-care providers to determine whether medical liability concerns were as important as antibiotic cost and formulary restrictions in selecting treatment regimens.

Added sugar in raisin cereals increases acidity of dental plaque
Elevated dental plaque acid is a risk factor that contributes to cavities in children.

Research suggests link between infertility, low egg reserve, and breast/ovarian cancer gene (BRCA1)
In a paper published last week in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, researchers at New York Medical College concluded that mutations in the BRCA1 gene, which have been linked with early onset breast cancer, are also associated with some infertility indicators.

1 percent -- 1 in 110 -- CDC issues new autism prevalence report
The US Centers for Disease Control reports that autism affects 1 in every 110 American children, representing a 57 percent increase from 2002 to 2006, and 600 percent increase in two decades.

Transplant guide highlights daily infection risks from factors like pets and food
People who have had solid organ transplants need to think carefully about a wide range of infection risks in their daily lives, long after the initial post-transplant period.

The use and misuse of alcohol and marijuana can be traced to a common set of genes
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States.

New Commonwealth Fund survey of young adults finds wide majority support health reform
An overwhelming majority -- 88 percent -- of young adults across the political spectrum think it is important for Congress and the President to pass health reform legislation that would assure affordable health insurance for all and improve health care, according to a Commonwealth Fund survey released today.

Caltech scientists discover fog on Titan
Saturn's largest moon, Titan, looks to be the only place in the solar system -- aside from our home planet, Earth -- with copious quantities of liquid (largely, liquid methane and ethane) sitting on its surface.

What's his name again? How celebrity monikers can help us remember
Famous mugs do more than prompt us into buying magazines, according to new Université de Montréal research.

International Biometric Society co-publishes journal with Springer
The International Biometric Society has chosen Springer as the co-publisher of its Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics.

Alcohol outlets lead to specific problems among youth and young adults
Alcohol research has clearly demonstrated a connection between alcohol outlets and alcohol-related problems.

Heading off coastline hazards
Sea level is rising, yet Americans continue to develop beaches with little regard for this fact.

Skull bone may hold the key to tackling osteoporosis
Scientists at Queen Mary, University of London have uncovered fundamental differences between the bone which makes up the skull and the bones in our limbs, which they believe could hold the key to tackling bone weakness and fractures.
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