Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 30, 2009
AGU journal highlights -- Dec. 31, 2009
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics: Indian Ocean climate event recurs quicker; Natural variability brings extra-cold 2008; Sea-ice loss stirs waters; Ice sculpting Martian land; Offshore quake could surge to Seattle; Permafrost thaw and groundwater runoff; Australian droughts' varied causes; Moon's exosphere; Saturn's auroral hiss; South America wetter in Little Ice Age; Continents' roots stress Earth's surface; Window into lunar volcanism; Plasma around Saturn; and Anthropogenic carbon dioxide fraction.

Young hunters most likely to be injured using tree stands, say UAB researchers
Young hunters between the ages of 15 and 34 are the most likely to suffer serious injuries in tree stand-related incidents, say researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Center for Injury Sciences.

Fewer left-sided colorectal tumors observed after colonoscopies
The prevalence of left-sided advanced colorectal neoplasms was lower in participants in a community setting, but not right-sided advanced neoplams, who had received a colonoscopy in the preceding 10 years, according to a new study published online Dec.

Engineered tobacco plants have more potential as a biofuel
Researchers from the Biotechnology Foundation Laboratories at Thomas Jefferson University have identified a way to increase the oil in tobacco plant leaves, which may be the next step in using the plants for biofuel.

Children more likely to catch swine flu, says new research
Young people aged under 18 years are more likely than adults to catch swine flu from an infected person in their household, according to a new study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Assessing lead time of selected ovarian cancer biomarkers
Concentrations of the biomarkers CA125, human epididymis protein 4, and mesothelin began to rise three years before clinical diagnosis of ovarian cancer, according to a new study published online Dec.

Cross-border conservation efforts can yield better results at less cost
Coordination of conservation efforts across national boundaries could achieve significantly higher results and at less cost than conservation actions planned within individual states, researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and in Australia have found.

Guideline: Widely used device for pain therapy not recommended for chronic low back pain
A new guideline issued by the American Academy of Neurology finds that transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation, a widely used pain therapy involving a portable device, is not recommended to treat chronic low-back pain -- pain that has persisted for three months or longer -- because research shows it is not effective.

ESA space telescope with CU-Boulder connection looks back to early galaxies
An instrument package developed in part by the University of Colorado at Boulder for the $2.2 billion orbiting Herschel Space Observatory launched in May by the European Space Agency has provided one of the most detailed views yet of space up to 12 billion years back in time.

Preparing for successful aging
It's never too early or too late to start working toward the goal of improving brain health.

Putting limits on vitamin E
A research group from Tel Aviv University has done the most comprehensive and accurate study of clinical data on vitamin E use and heart disease to date, and it warns that indiscriminate use of high-dose vitamin E supplementation does more harm than good.

Body's own veins provide superior material for aortic grafts
A vascular surgical technique pioneered at UT Southwestern Medical Center and designed to replace infected aortic grafts with the body's own veins has proved more durable and less prone to new infection than similar procedures using synthetic and cadaver grafts.

Short-term school closures may worsen flu pandemics, Pitt study finds
Closing schools for less than two weeks during a flu pandemic may increase infection rates and prolong an epidemic, say University of Pittsburgh researchers in a study published online in the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.

Severity of H1N1 influenza linked to presence of Streptococcus pneumoniae
The presence of the Streptococcus pneumoniae in samples that can be easily obtained in clinics and emergency rooms may predict risk of severe disease in H1N1 pandemic influenza.

Addictive effects of caffeine on kids being studied by UB neurobiologist
Caffeine is a stimulant drug, although legal, and adults use it widely to perk themselves up: Being
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