Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 15, 2010
Cancer stem cells suppress immune response against brain tumor
Cancer-initiating cells that launch glioblastoma multiforme, the most lethal type of brain tumor, also suppress an immune system attack on the disease, scientists from the University of Texas M.

Alaska Marine Science Symposium to bring ocean experts together
Hundreds of marine scientists, fisheries experts and oceanographers from around the world will converge in Anchorage Jan.

Clemson faculty explore how to convert shipping containers into emergency housing
Resources to solve the housing crisis in Haiti may already be on hand.

UC Davis to study drug therapy to minimize death and disability from traumatic brain injury
A clinical trial of a new neuroprotective drug for people with traumatic brain injuries will be offered to patients seen in UC Davis Medical Center's level-1 trauma center, through an $8 million grant funded by the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program of the US Department of Defense.

Making it easier to save energy
Fraunhofer scientists are developing programs that help show at a glance how much energy devices are consuming.

Iowa State researchers part of $78 million national effort to develop advanced biofuels
Two teams of Iowa State University researchers are part of a $78 million US Department of Energy program to research and develop advanced biofuels.

LSU researchers receive $1.8 million to study Louisiana dialects
Louisiana is a cultural melting pot. Because of the state's unique DNA -- a combination of the history, politics and geographical location -- everything about

Biscayne 24-hour BioBlitz
Join National Geographic and the National Park Service at the Biscayne BioBlitz, a two-day, round-the-clock event, April 30-May 1.

Crucial differences found among Latino populations facing heart disease risks
Latinos are not all the same when it comes to risk of heart disease, and a new study by a Columbia University researcher shows key differences among Hispanic populations that doctors should take into account in trying to stem the risk of cardiovascular disease in this large and growing subset of the US population.

'Forensic science in court: The role of the expert witness'
Wilson Wall brings the worlds of science and law together to equip scientists to play the vital role of expert witness in a court room.

Cellular communication in the cancer microenvironment
In the Feb. 1 issue of G&D, Dr. Johanna Joyce and colleagues at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center lend new insight into the mechanism by which tumor-associated macrophages promote malignant progression.

Bacterial phylotype alterations in irritable bowel syndrome
A research team from Finland tested the capability of a set of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays targeting the 16S rRNA gene on a phylotype level to differentiate between irritable bowel syndrome symptom subtypes and healthy controls.

Update on pluripotent stem cells (hESC and iPS)
ESHRE invites you to attend its workshop on

Prognosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma
A research team from China statistically evaluated the clinical characteristics, pathology, treatment and prognosis of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) to determine whether these parameters could contribute to a better prediction of patient survival.

'Stress -- From molecules to behavior'
Stress can lead to scores of conditions with severe psychological, medical and sociological implications.

Genetic risk factor identified for Parkinson's disease
An international team of doctors and human geneticists has identified a new genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease.

Novel personalized medicine trial launched for metastatic colorectal cancer
Imagine if treatments for disease could be based not on a patient's diagnosis but instead on the characteristics of their tissue.

Harnessing the divas of the nanoworld
Boron nitride nanotubes have been notoriously difficult to grow, requiring special instrumentation, dangerous chemistry, or temperatures of over 1,500 degrees Celsius to assemble.

Use of mail-order pharmacies use could improve patients' medication adherence
Researchers find that patients with diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol who ordered their medications by mail were more likely to take them as prescribed by their physicians than patients who obtained medications from a local pharmacy.

Obama bestows highest presidential honor on early career scientists and engineers
At the White House yesterday, President Barack Obama bestowed on 100 men and women the United States government's highest honor for scientists and engineers in the early stages of their independent research careers -- the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

National Science Board releases Science and Engineering Indicators 2010
The state of the science and engineering enterprise in America is strong, yet its lead is slipping, according to data released at the White House today by the National Science Board.

Oxford University Press launches new librarian newsletter
Oxford University Press has launched Illuminea, a new quarterly newsletter for academic librarians and information professionals.

Parasitic wasps' newly sequenced genomes reveal new avenues for pest control
Researchers from the University of Geneva and the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics led an analysis of the sequenced genomes of parasitic wasps.

Oral sodium phosphate laxative inducing hyperphosphatemia relates with weight?
A research team from Argentina prospectively studied the frequency of hyperphosphatemia following the administration of oral sodium phosphate (OSP) in low-risk patients.

An alternative method of pancreatic biopsy
A research team from Taiwan assessed the safety, yield and clinical utility of percutaneous transgastric computed tomography-guided biopsy in patients with pancreatic masses.

New edition of popular lab manual presents latest techniques for probing cellular dynamics
In recent years, substantial advances have been made in microscopy techniques, enabling biologists to understand the details of cellular structure and dynamics at a level never before possible.

'Oil panic and the global crisis: Predictions and myths'
Stanford Proffesor separates fact from fiction and asks

FDA BPA decision is a step forward, but more needs to happen, says MU expert
Today, FDA officials declared that more research was needed and suggested reasonable steps to reduce exposure to BPA.

How sunlight causes skin cells to turn cancerous
A new study by could lead to new drug treatments for skin cancer.

Siblings play formative, influential role as 'agents of socialization'
Laurie Kramer, a professor of applied family studies at the University of Illinois, says that what we learn from our siblings when we grow up has -- for better or for worse -- a considerable influence on our social and emotional development as adults.

GOES-P spacecraft being processed in Florida
During the first three weeks in January, the latest in the series of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites also known as GOES-P is being processed and prepped for launch.

Measurement flights in the Arctic polar vortex
An international measurement campaign began yesterday in the northern Swedish city of Kiruna.

Treatment for chronic hepatitis C: A phase II study
A research team from Italy conducted a phase II study evaluating the molecular and clinical effect of ketoprofen plus pegylated interferon with or without ribavirin in patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C.

PNNL recognized for tech transfer
The Federal Laboratory Consortium has given PNNL two awards for partnering with companies to either develop new or advance existing technologies or processes that advance scientific research and manufacturing.

Roundtable discussion highlights vital role for palliative care in health-care reform
Opinion leaders in the field of palliative medicine explored the unparalleled opportunities that now exist for the palliative care community, which matches treatment to the desires of informed patients and their families, to help define evolving health care reform policy.

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in a diabetic patient
A research team from Taiwan reported a 41-year-old man with poorly controlled diabetic mellitus who developed superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome due to rapid weight loss.

OU researchers organize unique sessions for the American Meteorological Society's Annual Meeting
Researchers, scientists and students from the University of Oklahoma will be principal presenters in more than 60 sessions at the 90th Annual American Meteorological Society annual meeting in Atlanta Jan.

Scientists hope to end sleeping sickness by making parasite that causes it self-destruct
After many years of study, a team of researchers is releasing data today that it hopes will lead to new drug therapies that will kill the family of parasites that causes a deadly trio of insect-borne diseases and has afflicted inhabitants of underdeveloped and developing nations for centuries.

American Society for Microbiology announces plenary speakers for ASMCUE 2010
The 17th American Society for Microbiology Conference for Undergraduate Educators (ASMCUE) will be held May 20-23, 2010, at the Town & Country Resort and Convention Center in San Diego, Calif.

Poor people smoke more
Social status is intimately linked with health-related risk factors. In the current issue of Deutsches Arzteblatt International, Thomas Lampert, of the Robert Koch Institute in Berlin, inquires to what extent smoking, physical inactivity, and obesity are associated with social status.

Researchers identify proteins that might contribute to memory loss and Alzheimer's disease
A scientific group led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute have identified three kinases, or proteins, that dismantle connections within brain cells, which may lead to memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Studies demonstrate link among Alzheimer's disease, Down syndrome and atherosclerosis
Neuroscientists at the University of South Florida have demonstrated an association among Alzheimer's disease, Down syndrome and atherosclerosis.

Kentucky study advances new target for CNS drug development
Scientists at the University of Kentucky have discovered that the small molecule withaferin-A simultaneously targets two intermediate filaments, GFAP and vimentin, which are implicated in reactive gliosis, a damaging biological process common to a variety of diseases of the central nervous system and eye.

Patients with resectable esophageal adenocarcinoma benefit from neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy
A research team from China performed a meta-analysis to compare neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus surgery with surgery alone for resectable esophageal carcinoma by enough eligible published randomized controlled trials to date.

First steps taken toward the development of a malaria transmission-blocking vaccine
The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative today announced a new collaboration to initiate development toward a vaccine that may eventually help eliminate and eradicate malaria.

Wilder weather exerts a stronger influence on biodiversity than steadily changing conditions
An increase in the variability of local conditions could do more to harm biodiversity than slower shifts in climate, a new study has found.

New satellite maps of Haiti coming in
As rescue workers scramble to provide assistance to hundreds of thousands of people following Haiti's earthquake, Earth observation satellite data continues to provide updated views of the situation on the ground.

Post-Katrina New Orleans safety-net clinic patients report more efficient, affordable health care
A new Commonwealth Fund survey of safety-net clinic patients in New Orleans finds that, despite being disproportionately low-income and uninsured, these patients had fewer problems affording care and fewer instances of medical debt and inefficient care than most US adults. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to