Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 29, 2010
Biomarker could help doctors tailor treatment for rheumatoid arthritis
Investigators have identified a biomarker that could help doctors select patients with rheumatoid arthritis who will benefit from therapy with drugs such as Enbrel, a tumor necrosis factor-antagonist drug.

New vaccine effective in preventing TB in African patients with HIV infection
Investigators from Dartmouth Medical School have reported results of a clinical trial showing that a new vaccine against tuberculosis is effective in preventing tuberculosis in people with HIV infection.

UC Davis researchers identify brain protein for synapse development
A new study from UC Davis Health System identifies for the first time a brain protein called SynDIG1 that plays a critical role in creating and sustaining synapses, the complex chemical signaling system responsible for communication between neurons.

Grandpa's broken hip may mean weaker bones for his grandsons
If your grandfather has had a hip fracture, you too could be at risk.

Most patients gain weight after getting a new knee, UD study finds
You'd think folks who've had knee replacement surgery -- finally able to walk and exercise without pain -- would lose weight instead of put on pounds, but surprisingly that's not the case, according to a University of Delaware study.

Study recommends better handling of milk in restaurants
One-third of samples of milk and dairy products analyzed in various restaurants exceed the microbe contamination limits set by the European Union, according to a study carried out by researchers from the University of Valencia.

AGU Journal highlights - Jan. 29, 2010
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Next generation weather/environmental satellite marks major milestone
The development of a new series of weather and environmental monitoring satellites has marked a significant milestone with the delivery and the beginning of spacecraft integration efforts for a key science instrument.

Kentucky research looks at respiratory weakness in ICU morbidity
A University of Kentucky researcher is investigating respiratory weakness as a factor in the morbidity of intensive-care patients and will soon be testing new treatments that could improve long-term patient outcomes while reducing costs of care.

Study shows cigarette smoking a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease
A UCSF analysis of published studies on the relationship between Alzheimer's disease and smoking indicates that smoking cigarettes is a significant risk factor for the disease.

Tropical Storm Olga: Three times a lady
Just like 1980s song by the Commodores,

IVAC Executive Director Dr. Orin Levine commends Gates Foundation announcement
Today, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announced it would dedicate $10 billion over the next ten years to support vaccine research, development and delivery throughout the developing world.

Multiple sclerosis risk changes with the season
Previous studies have shown multiple sclerosis patients are more often born in spring than in any other season, indicating that there is an environmental risk factor for the disease.

Review and approval of oncology and hematology drugs at FDA from 2005 to 2007
Over a two and half year period, beginning in 2005 when the US Food and Drug Administration's oncology drug product's office began reviewing marketing applications, a total of 60 new oncology and hematology drugs were reviewed, of which 53 were approved, according to a new article published online Jan.

Hospital scanner could curb nuclear waste threat
Medical equipment used for diagnosis of patients with heart disease and cancer could be a key weapon in stopping nuclear waste seeping into the environment, according to new research.

University of the Basque Country researchers decode transcriptome for gray mullet
The Cell Biology in Environmental Toxicology research team at the Department of Zoology and Animal Cell Biology at the University of the Basque Country has decoded the transcriptome for the gray mullet.

PATH commends the Gates Foundation for their new commitment to fund vaccine innovation and delivery
On Friday, Jan. 29, speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Bill and Melinda Gates announced a new 10-year Gates Foundation commitment to funding vaccine development and delivery.

CCNY biologists identify new spiny pocket mouse species
Dr. Robert P. Anderson, associate professor of biology at the City College of New York, and Ph.D. student Eliécer E.

Bees recognize human faces using feature configuration
Martin Giurfa from the University of Toulouse, France, and Adrian Dyer from Monash University, Australia, have shown that bees can be trained to recognize human faces, so long as the insects are tricked into thinking that the faces are oddly shaped flowers.

New paper describes important advance in imaging of cell death
A new paper by researchers at the University of Notre Dame and Washington University School of Medicine describes important progress in using a synthetic probe to target dead and dying cells in mammary and prostate tumors in living animals

Europe seeks alternatives to natural latex from Asia
Some natural latexes are the main ingredient in the extraction of natural rubber, an indispensable raw material for all kinds of industries and essential for the manufacture of surgical gloves, condoms or tires.

2 NASA satellites see TD11S going extra-tropical
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite and NASA's Aqua satellite have observed the rainfall patterns and temperatures within Tropical Depression 11S, and they indicate the storm is becoming extra-tropical.

AAPM statement on quality radiation therapy
The American Association of Physicists in Medicine has issued a statement today in the wake of several recent articles in the New York Times yesterday and earlier in the week that discuss a number of rare but tragic events in the last decade involving people undergoing radiation therapy.

Quality of compounded medicines supported by new standards
To further protect the safety of patients taking individually prepared medications, the US Pharmacopeial Convention has developed new and revised quality guidelines for pharmacists who compound -- or individually prepare -- these life-saving drugs.

Linheng Li proposes novel theory for mammalian stem cell regulation
Linheng Li, Ph.D., investigator, together with Hans Clevers, M.D., Ph.D., director of the Hubrecht Institute in Utrecht, Netherlands, co-authored a prospective review published today by the journal Science that proposes a model of mammalian adult stem cell regulation that may explain how the coexistence of two disparate stem cell states regulates both stem cell maintenance and simultaneously supports rapid tissue regeneration.

Tropical Storm Nisha being battered by wind shear
Nisha is not expected to maintain its tropical storm status this weekend, because it is being battered by wind shear.

Nobel Laureate Roger Tsien to present national lecture at the Biophysical Society meeting
The 8,700-member Biophysical Society is pleased to announce that Roger Tsien will deliver the National Lecture at the Biophysical Society 54th Annual Meeting in San Francisco, Calif., Feb.

Springer adds Journal of Cancer Education to portfolio
Beginning this year, Springer will add the Journal of Cancer Education to its journals publishing program.

The Development Research Institute, Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Development Cooperation
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Development Cooperation category goes in this second edition to the Development Research Institute, DRI, at New York University, for

New computational tool for cancer treatment
Researchers in the Molecular Modeling group at the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and Dr.

ARS genetic analysis helps spot sugarcane rusts
Agricultural Research Service scientists have analyzed rust fungi from more than 160 sugarcane samples from 25 countries to provide a valuable resource for plant breeders and pathologists who are searching for genetic resistance to the deadly orange and brown rusts.

Natural gas supplies could be augmented with methane hydrate
Naturally occurring methane hydrate may represent an enormous source of methane, the main component of natural gas, and could ultimately augment conventional natural gas supplies.

Project A.L.S. and Packard Center take aim at ALS with $15 million program
Project A.L.S and the Robert Packard Center for ALS research at Johns Hopkins University announced that they will partner on P2ALS, a $15 million initiative designed to advance ALS research exponentially over the next three years.

Can blocking a frown keep bad feelings at bay?
Your facial expression may tell the world what you are thinking or feeling.

Promising new neuroimaging techniques for early detection of Alzheimer's disease
Investigators from the International Center for Biomedicine and the University of Chile, in collaboration with the Center for Bioinformatics of the Universidad de Talca, have discovered that two drugs, the benzimidazole derivatives lanzoprazole and astemizole, may be suitable for use as PET (positron emission tomography) radiotracers and enable imaging for the early detection of Alzheimer's disease.

Rwanda's Forest of Hope to expand by 21 percent, begin corridor for endangered chimpanzees
Efforts will begin this year to expand the Gishwati National Conservation Park in Rwanda by 21 percent and begin the development of a 30-mile forest corridor to Nyungwe National Park for a group of 14 chimpanzees facing extinction.

National Evacuation Conference to feature General Honoré as keynote
Retired General Russel Honoré, who served as commander of Joint Task Force Katrina, will headline an impressive lineup of keynote speakers and panelists set to appear as part of the 2010 National Evacuation Conference.
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