Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 10, 2010
Many veterans not getting enough treatment for PTSD
Study shows there are still significant barriers to veterans getting a full course of PTSD treatment.

Headache may linger years later in people exposed to World Trade Center dust, fumes
Workers and residents exposed to dust and fumes caused by the collapse of the World Trade Center on Sept.

Developmental delay in brain provides clue to sensory hypersensitivity in autism
New research provides insight into why fragile X syndrome, the most common known cause of autism and mental retardation, is associated with an extreme hypersensitivity to sounds, touch, smells, and visual stimuli that causes sensory overload and results in social withdrawal, hyperarousal, and anxiety.

Short-term radiation therapy successful on breast cancer
An intense three-week course of radiation therapy is just as effective as the standard five-week regimen for women with early stage breast cancer.

Study finds racial gaps continue in heart disease awareness
Minority women's awareness remains behind that of white women. Only about half of women were aware of heart attack warning signs or said they would dial 9-1-1 if they thought they were having heart attack symptoms.

ASGE recognizes 32 endoscopy units for quality and safety
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy has recognized 32 endoscopy units as part of its program specifically dedicated to promoting quality in endoscopy, in all settings where it is practiced in the United States.

Annals of Surgical Oncology adds new society affiliation
The Annals of Surgical Oncology, the official journal of the Society of Surgical Oncology, has announced an additional society affiliation with the American Society of Breast Surgeons beginning in 2010.

Eczema in early childhood and psychological problems
Eczema in early childhood may influence behavior and mental health later in life.

Selective brain damage modulates human spirituality
New research provides fascinating insight into brain changes that might underlie alterations in spiritual and religious attitudes.

First blinded study of venous insufficiency prevalence in MS shows promising results
More than 55 percent of multiple sclerosis patients participating in the initial phase of the first randomized clinical study to determine if persons with MS exhibit narrowing of the extracranial veins, causing restriction of normal outflow of blood from the brain, were found to have the abnormality.

People with anxiety disorder less able to regulate response to negative emotions, study shows
People with generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, have abnormalities in the way their brain unconsciously controls emotions.

'Fingerprinting' method reveals fate of mercury in Arctic snow
A study by University of Michigan researchers offers new insight into what happens to mercury deposited onto Arctic snow from the atmosphere.

Gladstone's Robert Mahley to receive Research!America advocacy award
Robert W. Mahley, M.D., Ph.D., president of the J. David Gladstone Institutes, will receive Research!America's 2010 Builders of Science Award.

Orion in a new light
The Orion Nebula reveals many of its hidden secrets in a dramatic image taken by ESO's new VISTA survey telescope.

First member of the wheat and barley group of grasses is sequenced
A few grass species provide the bulk of our food supply and new grass crops are being domesticated for sustainable energy and feedstock production.

Diabetes drug ups risk for bone fractures in older women
A Henry Ford Hospital study finds women with type 2 diabetes who take a commonly prescribed class of medications to treat insulin resistance may be at a higher risk for developing bone fractures.

New genome sequence will aid study of important food, fuel crops
A global initiative that includes key scientists from Oregon State University has successfully sequenced the genome of the wild grass Brachypodium distachyon, which will serve as a model to speed research on improved varieties of wheat, oats and barley, as well as switchgrass, a crop of major interest for biofuel production.

Researchers find how brain hears the sound of silence
A team of University of Oregon researchers have isolated an independent processing channel of synapses inside the brain's auditory cortex that deals specifically with shutting off sound processing at appropriate times.

Supra-glacial lakes focus of study
Rising temperatures on the Greenland ice sheet cause the creation of large surface lakes called supra-glacial lakes.

Study finds new stent improves ability to keep vessels open for dialysis patients
A nationwide study led by a University of Maryland physician, published Feb.

Mother bats expert at saving energy
In order to regulate their body temperature as efficiently as possible, wild female bats switch between two strategies depending on both the ambient temperature and their reproductive status.

2010 FEBS/EMBO Women in Science award honors Ingrid Grummt
The European Molecular Biology Organization and the Federation of European Biochemical Societies announced Ingrid Grummt from the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, Germany, as the winner of the 2010 FEBS/EMBO Women in Science Award.

Burden of HIV/TB infections increasingly falling on Hispanic community
The results of an innovative study to understand what factors may influence who contracts tuberculosis (TB)/HIV co-infection in San Diego show a significant shift in the ethnic makeup of the disease, with the majority of cases now coming from the Hispanic community.

Migraine may double risk of heart attack
Migraine sufferers are twice as likely to have heart attacks as people without migraine, according to a new study by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

Making the case for the social sciences
Issues such as redundancies, parenting and poverty often hit the headlines -- but the crucial research behind the stories rarely gets the same attention.

NTU sets up centre on micro-organism research for environmental engineering and sustainability
The National Research Foundation and the Ministry of Education announced the funding support for a Research Centre of Excellence called the Singapore Centre on Environmental Life Sciences Engineering to be set up at the Nanyang Technological University, in collaboration with the National University of Singapore.

PCs around the world unite to map the Milky Way
At this very moment, tens of thousands of home computers around the world are quietly working together to solve the largest and most basic mysteries of our galaxy.

Lower Medicare fees do not increase volume of patient care, study finds
Do physicians provide more services to Medicare patients to make up for lower Medicare fees?

Are bees also addicted to caffeine and nicotine?
Bees prefer nectar with small amounts of nicotine and caffeine over nectar that does not comprise these substances at all, a study from the University of Haifa reveals.

Springer to partner with the Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik
Springer and the Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik (Society for Biological Systematics) will collaborate to publish the society's official journal Organisms Diversity & Evolution beginning in 2010.

Racial discrimination in Union Army pensions detailed by new study
An analysis of Union Army pension applications found that the program shifted away from its color-blind roots 20 years after the Civil War ended.

Defeatism is undermining evidence that chronic fatigue syndrome can be treated
An air of defeatism exists within the medical profession about chronic fatigue syndrome that is undermining evidence that it can be treated, argue three senior doctors in this week's BMJ.

APA announces draft diagnostic criteria for DSM-5
The American Psychiatric Association today released the proposed draft diagnostic criteria for the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).

First wild grass species and model system for energy crops sequenced
As the US Department of Energyworks toward developing sustainable sources of clean renewable energy, perennial grasses have emerged as major candidates for the commercial production of cellulosic biofuels from feedstocks.

fMRIs reveal brain's handling of low-priority ideas
Brain networks that allow individuals to put social decisions on the back burner are impacted by genetics, a new study indicates.

Mexican-Americans come closest to meeting national physical activity goals
When it comes to meeting national health goals for physical activity, Mexican-Americans are the most active group in America and may benefit from exercise that researchers typically have not measured, according to research by scholars at the University of Chicago and Arizona State University.

Prevention is key research goal for premature babies, scientists say
Preterm birth is a complex problem and many factors including family history, infection and stress all may play a role in raising a woman's risk of having a premature baby according to

Scientists discover origin of HIV transmission among male partners
A team of scientists, led by a virologist from the University of California, San Diego's Center for AID Research, has discovered the origin of strains of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among men who have sex with men.

Star chef points the way
Master chef Johann Lafer is a virtuoso in the kitchen -- and with modern technology too.

Researchers discover first genes for stuttering
Researchers have identified three genes as a source of stuttering in some people.

Migraine may be linked to heart disease
People with migraine may be at an increased risk of heart attack and other risk factors for heart disease, according to a study published in the Feb.

American Institute of Physics (AIP) announces the winners of the 2009 AIP Science Communication Awards
The American Institute of Physics (AIP) announced the three winning entries in the 2009 Science Communication Awards today.

Intense sweets taste especially good to some kids
New research from the Monell Center reports that children's response to intense sweet taste is related to both a family history of alcoholism and the child's own self-reports of depression.

Estate gift of $3.9 million will help Caltech chemists focus on innovative research
A gift of $3.9 million from the estate of Edward and Ruth Hughes to the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) will support graduate research fellowships in the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.

Prepregnancy, obesity and gestational weight gain influence risk of preterm birth
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine's Slone Epidemiology Center and Boston University School of Public Health have found that prepregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in African-American participants from the Black Women's Health Study.

Nurses unite to improve cardiovascular practice
Geneva, situated at the heart of Europe, provides a fitting setting for the 10th Annual Spring Meeting of the European Society of Cardiology Council on Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professionals, March 12-13, 2010, with its special theme:

MDC researchers develop new tool to investigate ion channels
Neurotoxins from cone snails and spiders help neurobiologists of the Max Delbrück Cente, Berlin-Buch, Germany, to investigate the function of ion channels in neurons.

Tigers in serious trouble around the world, including here in the US
As many Asian countries prepare to celebrate Year of the Tiger beginning Feb.

Study reveals a need to evaluate and regulate 'electronic cigarettes'
Electronic cigarettes should be evaluated, regulated, labeled and packaged in a manner consistent with cartridge content and product effect -- even if that effect is a total failure to deliver nicotine as demonstrated in a study supported by the National Cancer Institute and led by a Virginia Commonwealth University researcher.

Review calls for renewed action to create a fairer society
Politicians from all parties must renew their commitment to tackling health inequalities if we are to create a fairer society, say researchers on bmj.com today.

Predicting prognosis and treatment response in a subset of pancreatic cancer patients
Specific chemical modifications to proteins called histones, which are found in the nucleus of cells and act as spools around which DNA is wound, can be used to predict prognosis and response to treatment in subsets patients with pancreatic cancer, a study by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center has found.

Blocking cell movement for cancer, MS treatment
University of Adelaide researchers in Australia are finding new ways to block the movement of cells in the body which can cause autoimmune diseases and the spread of cancer.

Study finds surprising new branches on arthropod family tree
Any way you look at it -- by sheer weight, species diversity or population -- the hard-shelled, joint-legged creepy crawlies called arthropods dominate planet Earth.

Alternative futures of a warming world
An international team of climate scientists will take a new approach to modeling the Earth's climate future, according to a paper the Feb.

Most pandemic plans in Ontario hospitals have not been tested: Queen's University study
One quarter of Ontario hospitals surveyed in a Queen's University-led study do not have an influenza pandemic plan and few plans that do exist have been tested.

International Diabetes Federation awards $2 million to 9 global diabetes research projects
IDF reinforces its support to translational research in diabetes with the second round of its funding program, BRIDGES (Bringing Research in Diabetes to Global Environments and Systems).

Benefits of badger culling not long lasting for reducing cattle TB, says study
Badger culling is unlikely to be a cost-effective way of helping control cattle TB in Britain, according to research published today in PLoS ONE.

Bowel disease link to blood clots
People living with inflammatory bowel disease are known to be at high risk of blood clots when admitted to hospital during a flare-up of their disease but now new research by scientists at the University of Nottingham has shown that those who are not admitted to hospital during flare-ups are also at risk.

European research initiative EUREKA presented at Research & Technology for the first time
For the first time the European research initiative EUREKA will be represented with its own stand at Research & Technology, which forms part of HANNOVER MESSE 2010 (April 19-23).

Self-control impaired in type 2 diabetics
Type 2 diabetes, an increasingly common complication of obesity, is associated with poor impulse control.

Basque farm animal sector suffering from lack of new generation to take over sheep farms
The Ph.D. thesis of the University of the Basque Country researcher, Ms Guadalupe Ramos Truchero, tackled the reasons why the Basque animal husbandry sector, specifically that of dairy sheep farming, is currently suffering from the lack of new generations to take over the running of the farms.

Scott & White Memorial Hospital uses device to revolutionize treatment of traumatic aortic injury
Scott & White Memorial Hospital vascular surgeons Clifford Buckley, M.D., and Ruth Bush, M.D., performed one of the nation's first implants of a Next Generation Conformable GORE TAG Thoracic Endoprosthesis device for the treatment of a traumatic aortic transection as part of a national clinical trial.

Silver nanoparticles may one day be key to devices that keep hearts beating strong and steady
Diamonds and gold may make some hearts flutter on Valentine's Day, but in a University at Buffalo laboratory, silver nanoparticles are being designed to do just the opposite.

USDA scientists sequence genome of grass that can be a biofuel model crop
Brachypodium distachyon can be used by plant scientists the way other researchers use lab mice to study human disease -- as a model organism that is similar to but easier to grow and study than important agricultural crops, including wheat and barley.

Soothing infants with food focus of childhood obesity study
Both genetics and parents who comfort their infants with food are the focus of a study funded for $1 million by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestion and Kidney Disease investigating risk factors for childhood obesity.

A face is more than the sum of its parts
In a new study published in the March 2010 issue of Elsevier's Cortex, researchers have found that the condition is linked to an inability to process faces as a whole, or holistically.

Waking the dead
For the first time, scientists have reconstructed the nuclear genome of an extinct human being.

Exploring the limits: Understanding the challenges facing Winter Olympic champions
As the world turns its sporting gaze towards Vancouver for the 2010 Winter Olympics, the Physiological Society journal Experimental Physiology marks the occasion with a special issue exploring the biological and environmental challenges elite winter athletes must overcome to win gold.

Tracing natural hazards by taking Earth's pulse
Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are caused by processes deep within the Earth.

Blood clotting finding may lead to new treatments
A key protein that causes the blood to clot is produced by blood vessels in the lungs and not just the liver, according to new research published today in the journal PLoS ONE, led by scientists at Imperial College London.
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