Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 19, 2010
Pay-for-performance programs show positive impact on low-performing physicians
Pay-for-performance (P4P) programs are payment models that reward workers for meeting certain performance measures for quality and efficiency.

Bleeding risk associated with image-guided biopsies is low
Even among patients who have taken aspirin in proximity to an image-guided percutaneous biopsy, risk of major bleeding associated with the procedure is low, according to a study in the March issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Scientists identify critical enzyme in healthy heart function
Scientists are reporting the first-ever data to show that the enzyme calcineurin is critical in controlling normal development and function of heart cells, and that loss of the protein leads to heart problems and death in genetically modified mice.

Rise of sexual predators in energy boomtowns highlights social problems
Research into the social and environmental effects on communities that are economically dependent on oil and gas industries has revealed

Fungal fumes clear out crop pests
A cocktail of compounds emitted by the beneficial fungus Muscodor albus may offer a biologically based way to fumigate certain crops and rid them of destructive pests.

Panel challenges colleges and universities to improve science education for future doctors
In their report

Mild traumatic brain injury, not so mild after all
Douglas Smith, M.D., director of the Center for Brain Injury and Repair and professor of neurosurgery at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, will present information on the molecular mechanism at play in mild TBI (mTBI), commonly called concussions.

AADR awards the 2010 Distinguished Scientist Award to John Greenspan
The American Association for Dental Research has announced that John Greenspan, University of California, San Francisco, is the recipient of the 2010 AADR Distinguished Scientist Award.

More, better biodiesel
Higher yields of better-performing biodiesel could be produced using a new method developed by chemists at UC Davis.

Contrast-enhanced MRI could play a key role in differentiating between common types of arthritis
Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging may help physicians differentiate between rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis in the hand and wrist enabling more targeted therapies unique to each condition, according to a study in the March issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Geoengineering takes a ride in the shipping lanes
Ships blowing off steam are helping researchers understand how man-made particles might be useful against global warming.

Computer games can teach schools some lessons
If schools adopted some of the strategies that video games use, they could educate children more effectively, according to Arizona State University professor James Gee.

Small and mighty cyclone Gelane reaches category 4 strength
NASA satellites monitoring and studying Cyclone Gelane over the last several days have watched the storm become more powerful and more compact.

OUP adds 2 top economics journals to prestigious list
Oxford Journals, a division of Oxford University Press, has announced two new publishing partnerships with the Quarterly Journal of Economics, on behalf of Harvard University, and the Review of Economic Studies, on behalf of Review of Economic Studies Ltd.

Study: Consumers don't want wallet phones; airline, movie tickets on cell phones more acceptable
Of the things users expect their cell phones to be -- address book, calendar, camera, music player -- a wallet isn't one of them, according to research by a Kansas State University marketing professor.

The Philippines triples its rice yield
In the last 50 years, the Philippines has more than tripled its rice yield, while the world average rice yield has increased only about 2.3 times.

Idea of restoring 'natural systems' misses mark as response to climate change challenges
Professor Brad Allenby says approaches to formulating geoengineering solutions to global environmental challenges such as climate change are often too one-dimensional.

AADR awards the 2010 Jack Hein Public Service Award to David C. Johnsen
The American Association for Dental Research has announced David C.

AADR awards the 2010 Distinguished Mentoring Award to Irwin D. Mandel
The American Association for Dental Research has announced Irwin D.

Smart electricity transmission systems needed to achieve the full potential of renewable energies
A new JRC lead-authored report on transmission network planning highlights that a radical change in coordinated network planning and operation is needed to accommodate market liberalization and the increasing integration of renewable power sources.

How nerve cells grow
Brain researcher Hiroshi Kawabe has discovered the workings of a process that had been completely overlooked until now, and that allows nerve cells in the brain to grow and form complex networks.

Carnegie Mellon's Edward S. Rubin to discuss US energy strategies
Carnegie Mellon University's Edward S. Rubin will discuss US energy strategies needed to mitigate global climate change.

Public opinion expert Dan Yankelovich proposes new strategy for developing an informed public
How can the United States benefit from an

Food allergies: The enemy within
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre has co-authored new international guidelines which should better protect consumers, by promoting the harmonized, accurate and reliable testing of potentially lethal food allergens by analytical laboratories worldwide.

ASLO and Duke University Press partner to launch Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments
Duke University Press and the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography partnered to launch a new online-only journal.

Tiny molecules may tell big story about cardiovascular disease risk
Tiny bits of molecular

Next-Generation Suborbital Researchers Conference a hit, 2011 follow up conference planned
The Next-Generation Suborbital Researchers Conference has brought the research and education communities together with suborbital vehicle providers and government funding agencies for the first time.

ESA chooses 3 scientific missions for further study
Dark energy, habitable planets around other stars, and the mysterious nature of our own sun, have been chosen by ESA as candidates for two medium-class missions to be launched no earlier than 2017.

AADR awards 2010 Neal W. Chilton Fellowship in Clinical Research to Dolphus Dawson, III
The American Association for Dental Research has announced Dolphus Dawson, III, as the 2010 AADR Neal W.

Farmers' markets offer different strokes for different folks
Farmers' markets are not created equal. Some sell only fresh produce while others offer entertainment and a wide variety of vendors.

Fueling the future with fish tank residue: Sandia scientist discusses use of algae as a biofuel
As Americans demand new and cleaner ways to meet the country's energy needs, researchers are turning to algae as a promising new fuel source.

Engineering education must break out of 'techie' box
Facing the engineering challenges of the 21st century will demand a broadening of engineering education far beyond equipping students with technical expertise.

Scientists unlock mystery in important photosynthesis step
An international team of scientists, including two from Arizona State University, have taken a significant step closer to unlocking the secrets of photosynthesis, and possibly to cleaner fuels.

Strategic cooperation sets the scene for geological disposal of nuclear waste in Europe
A group of eight European radioactive waste management organisations have set up the

More efficient methods of food-recall notices needed
Consumers need faster, more efficient ways of being notified when there is a recall of food products.

New study finds link between marine algae and whale diversity over time
A new paper by researchers at George Mason University and the University of Otago in New Zealand shows a strong link between the diversity of organisms at the bottom of the food chain and the diversity of mammals at the top.

Loyola among world's top centers in pathology competition
Loyola University Medical Center ranked among the top hospitals in the world in a recent research competition for pathologists in training.

Poll: Hypothetical anthrax attack and antibiotics
In a national poll, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health have found that, in response to a fictional scenario describing a significant anthrax attack in their city or town, most Americans (89 percent) will likely follow public health recommendations to obtain prophylactic antibiotics.

Progesterone for traumatic brain injury tested in Phase III clinical trial
Researchers at 17 medical centers soon will begin using the hormone progesterone to treat patients who experience traumatic brain injury.

Rockefeller Foundation supports expansion, training of e-health work force in developing world
The Rockefeller Foundation has awarded a $630,100 project support grant to the American Medical Informatics Association to support the implementation of a global e-health training program in sub-Saharan Africa designed for primary care providers, technical staff and health policymakers.

Local social dynamics key to success of tropical marine conservation areas
As biologists and ecologists propose ever-larger conservation areas in the tropics, ones that encompass multiple countries, social scientists say it's local people banding together with their community leaders who ultimately determine the success or failure of such efforts in many parts of the world.

Shift cost of port security from government to private industry, says INFORMS study
An incentive system for shippers could help push some of the costs and responsibilities of port security from the federal government to private industry, according to the Management Insights feature in the current issue of Management Science, the flagship journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Better care at any hour for palliative patients
Accessing out-of-hours care is still a challenge for UK palliative care patients, even several years after the introduction of phone help line services like NHS24 and NHS Direct.

Dust from distant lands may affect climate and health in the Americas and Europe
Dr. Joe Prospero from the University of Miami shares new evidence that dust storms may exist in the arctic, possibly caused by receding glaciers, which may be making deposits similar to those transported from the deserts of Africa to the southern US and Caribbean.

Dust in the Earth system
Dust is a powerful thing. Not the stuff that we wipe off the coffee table on a regular basis, but the tiny particles floating around in the Earth's atmosphere, which originate primarily from deserts in North Africa and the Middle East.

AADR presents honorary membership to Senator Tom Harkin
The American Association for Dental Research is presenting an honorary membership to Senator Tom Harkin (D-Iowa).

AADR awards the 2010 AADR William B. Clark Fellowship to Isabel Gay
The American Association for Dental Research has announced Isabel Gay as the recipient of the 2010 AADR William B.

Rockefeller scientist to discuss stress of poverty at AAAS
A Rockefeller neuroscientist says socioeconomic inequality is a key public health issue.
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