Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 26, 2010
Penn joins international collaboration in government and academics to research 'soft matter'
The University of Pennsylvania's Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter has entered into a multiyear agreement with specialty chemical producer Rhodia and the French National Center for Scientific Research to launch an international, public-private research collaboration in soft condensed matter.

Breast cancer screening: No added value through mammography
Do we need a revision of current recommendations for breast cancer screening?

Tackling the challenges of survival in a changing world
It is almost impossible to ignore the effects of global climate change on the planet and the current challenge is to document these changes and predict which populations are most at risk.

Increasing neurogenesis might prevent drug addiction and relapse
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center hope they have begun paving a new pathway in the fight against drug dependence.

Cells of aggressive leukemia hijack normal protein to grow
Researchers have found that one particularly aggressive type of blood cancer, mixed lineage leukemia, has an unusual way to keep the molecular motors running.

Jefferson surgeon receives Outstanding Performance Award from American College Of Surgeons
Adam Berger, M.D., a cancer liaison physician at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, recently received an Outstanding Performance Award for going above and beyond the scope of the normal duties of serving as a liaison between the hospital's cancer program and the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer.

Blacks less likely to know they have heart condition or to use treatment for it, says Mayo Clinic
A large nationwide study that includes neurologists from Mayo Clinic has found that blacks are substantially less likely than whites to know that they have atrial fibrillation or to use warfarin, the most common treatment for the condition.

How can accidental captures of loggerhead turtles be reduced?
Spanish scientists have studied interactions between the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) and fishing gear such as longline hooks used at the water surface, mass beachings, and the effects of climate change on these animals.

Offering hope for tissue regeneration
Researchers at Rhode Island Hospital have discovered how cells communicate with each other during times of cellular injury.

Chitosan as alternative to growth-promoting antibiotics for ruminants
The natural-occurring biopolymer known as chitosan is being put forward as an effective alternative to growth-promoting antibiotics in the diet of ruminants, according to research carried out by scientists at the Basque technological center, Neiker-Tecnalia.

Stents as good as surgery for clogged carotid arteries
The CREST trial that compared traditional surgery with less-invasive stenting to clear dangerously clogged carotid arteries in the neck is being called

UW-Madison physicists build basic quantum computing circuit
Exerting delicate control over a pair of atoms within a mere seven-millionths-of-a-second window of opportunity, physicists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison created an atomic circuit that may help quantum computing become a reality.

ONR Global opens doors in Prague
Building on a successful technology-sharing partnership with the Czech Republic that dates back to 1999, the US Office of Naval Research's Global division opened a new international science and technology office in Prague today.

The pig and its pancreas
The incidence of diabetes is rising worldwide. Using genetic engineering techniques in pigs, scientists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat in Munich have created a new model of this metabolic disorder, which recapitulates many features of the disease, and promises to contribute significantly to improvements in diagnosis and therapy.

Hypnosis can help control pain among women with metastatic breast cancer, UB Researcher finds
Hypnosis can help alleviate the pain and suffering experienced by women being treated for breast cancer, according to a study by a University at Buffalo School of Social Work professor.

UAB study shows African-Americans have highest stroke rate, southerners more likely to die
Latest REGARDS data includes more than 26,500 participants followed for nearly five years with a documented 299 strokes.

Hiding the honeypots
Armies of networked computers that have been compromised by malicious software are commonly known as Botnets.

A number of European companies working together to create innovative facades with nanomaterials
Tecnalia-Construccion is taking part, together with other European companies and technological centres, in the FACOMP project, the main goal of which is to develop lighter structural materials and with better performances, particularly thermal and durability, for the construction sector.

CeBIT 2010: Intelligent energy management for the home
In order to save energy, consumers need to be able to obtain up-to-date information at any time about the energy consumption of their appliances, and be able to control them while away from home.

Twice as many women to be diagnosed with gestational diabetes
Two to three times more pregnant women may soon be diagnosed and treated for gestational diabetes, based on new measurements for determining risky blood sugar levels for the mother and her unborn baby, according to a study by investigators at Northwestern University.

New cancer treatment gives hope to lymphoma and leukemia patients
Cancer researchers have high hopes for a new therapy for patients with certain types of lymphoma and leukemia.

'From Earth to the Universe' wins prize for excellence in astronomy education and public outreach
The International Year of Astronomy 2009/Mani Bhaumik Prize for Excellence in Astronomy Education and Public Outreach has been awarded to From Earth to the Universe.

Blacks more likely to have undiagnosed key stroke risk factor, have higher stroke incidence
One study finds blacks are more likely to have an undiagnosed key risk factor for stroke: atrial fibrillation.

Scanning for skin cancer: Infrared system looks for deadly melanoma
Researchers have developed a noninvasive infrared scanning system to help doctors determine whether pigmented skin growths are benign moles or melanoma, a lethal form of cancer.

New genetic test for cause of intellectual disability to be launched
For the second time in as many months the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health has signed a licensing agreement with US-based Athena Diagnostics Inc. to market a new genetic test.

Multiple sclerosis, Italian researchers discover a possible onset mechanism for the disease
After the contact with an innocuous modified bacterium, some lab mice develop an autoimmune disease.

Gene signature may improve colon cancer treatment
A gene signature, first identified in mouse colon cancer cells, may help identify patients at risk of colon cancer recurrence, according to a recent study by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center researchers.

Media advisory: NAE Grand Challenges Summit to be held in Raleigh
North Carolina State University and Duke University will host the first of five summits on the National Academy of Engineering's Grand Challenges for Engineering.

CeBIT 2010: Live 3-D TV
This is the year in which 3-D cinema and 3-D TV will make the breakthrough.

The most frequent error in medicine
Only 71 percent of patients age 65 or older who are referred to a specialist are actually scheduled to be seen by that physician.

Climate may keep beautiful killer plant in check
The flowering plant -- purple loosestrife -- has been heading north since it was first introduced from Europe to the eastern seaboard 150 years ago.

The new ID card
Fraunhofer researchers are devising and facilitating technical systems for the use and security of the new digitally-readable personal identity card.

Study: Choice between stroke-prevention procedures influenced by patient age
New data reported at a scientific meeting from the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy vs.

New 'alien' invaders found in the Milky Way: Queen's University astronomer
As many as one quarter of the star clusters in our Milky Way -- many more than previously thought -- are

Smoking significantly increases risk of aneurysm in people with certain genes
Researchers have confirmed three gene changes that raise the risk that a blood vessel in the brain will weaken and balloon out (aneurysm), creating a life-threatening chance of rupture.

News brief: Poorer breast cancer survival associated with micrometastases in axillary lymph nodes
Metastases that were 2 millimeters or less in diameter (

NHGRI launches online genomics center for educators of nurses, physician assistants
An online tool to help educators teach the next generation of nurses and physician assistants about genetics and genomics was launched today by the National Human Genome Research Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.

MSU scientists unlock key enzyme using newly created 'cool' method
A team of Michigan State University scientists -- using a new cooling method they created -- have uncovered the inner workings of a key iron-containing enzyme, a discovery that could help researchers develop new medicines or understand how enzymes repair DNA.

IEEE-USA President praises US job growth initiative by Invest in America Alliance
IEEE-USA President Evelyn Hirt praises the Intel-led Invest in America Alliance for its $3.5 billion initiative to support investment in US-based technology companies over the next two years, and for its commitment to significantly increase jobs for college graduates.

4 ORNL researchers named American Physical Society fellows
Four scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been named fellows of the American Physical Society.
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