Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 05, 2010
Survey: Toyota owners maintain high overall satisfaction despite recalls
A report released today by Rice University's Jones Graduate School of Business found that despite the 8 million Toyota vehicles recalled since October 2009, current Toyota owners are not yet wavering in their support of or satisfaction with the company.

Applied Sport Psychology: A Case-Based Approach
Over 400 million people will watch the football World Cup final in Johannesburg this summer, yet one of the most important contests will be taking place before the players have walked onto the pitch as each athlete battles to win the psychological edge over their opponents.

Teaching self-control skills to children reduces classroom problems
Children taught skills to monitor and control their anger and other emotions improved their classroom behavior and had significantly fewer school disciplinary referrals and suspensions, according to a study by University of Rochester Medical Center researchers.

What should goldenrod do to avoid an insect attack? Duck
Plants and herbivores have always been involved in a sort of arms race, and plants' defensive strategies commonly involve thorns, spines, and chemical toxins.

Monuments monitored from a distance
A team of engineers from the University of Seville has created a system for monitoring historical monuments by remote control and detecting possible damage.

New study introduces the prospect for concurrent antiangiogenic/antitumorigenic therapy
Today, during the 39th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research, lead researcher M.

Periodontal pathogens enhance HIV-1 promoter activation in T cells
Today, during the 39th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research, lead researcher O.A.

Bovine respiratory disease
Oklahoma State University scientists and practitioners are riding herd on one of the most challenging concerns of the cattle industry: bovine respiratory disease.

Healing native rangeland may require combination of burning and rotational grazing
The application of summer patch burning to heal native rangeland may be best accomplished using rotational grazing, according to a Texas AgriLife Research range ecologist.

A fingerprint for genes
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics in Dresden, Germany, applied a new strategy to identify and characterize genes involved in endocytosis.

Exploring Echinacea's enigmatic origins
An Agricultural Research Service scientist is helping to sort through the jumbled genetics of Echinacea, the coneflower known for its blossoms -- and its potential for treating infections, inflammation and other human ailments.

Keeping safe -- online
Sunderland City Council has teamed up with a group of academic researchers to put on an exciting interactive event aimed at making internet users more aware of the problems of disclosing personal information online.

NEH grant promotes Rutgers research on history of babies
Janet Golden, a professor of history at Rutgers -- Camden, has earned a highly prestigious fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities to study the history of babies in modern America.

Life Technologies, TGen and US Oncology partner on groundbreaking breast cancer sequencing research
Life Technologies Corporation today announced that it is collaborating with the Translational Genomics Research Institute and US Oncology to sequence the genomes of 14 patients afflicted with triple negative breast cancer whose tumors have progressed despite multiple other therapies.

University of Chicago and Ataxia Foundation team up for annual scientific and patient meetings
The National Ataxia Foundation, in conjunction with the University of Chicago program in pathobiology and translational neuroscience, will hold its third annual Ataxia Investigators Meeting March 9-11, 2010, at the Hyatt Regency O'Hare, in Rosemont, Ill.

High weight associated with risk of colorectal tumors without microsatellite instability
The increased risk of colorectal cancer associated with obesity may be largely restricted to tumors that have no or low microsatellite instability, a common condition in most colorectal cancers, according to a new study published online March 5 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

American Society for Microbiology honors Maynard V. Olson
The 2010 American Society for Microbiology Promega Biotechnology Research Award will be presented to Maynard V.

Gluten intolerance in Finland has doubled
The occurrence of gluten intolerance in the Finnish population has doubled in the past 20 years.

The AACR to host second cancer research conference in Jordan
The second American Association for Cancer Research Dead Sea International Conference on Advances in Cancer Research: From the Laboratory to the Clinic provides attendees with an overview of the most advanced cancer research in a variety of fields, including the tumor microenvironment, microRNAs, signal transduction and novel therapeutic development.

NJIT electrical engineer Yanchao Zhang receives NSF CAREER Award
Yanchao Zhang, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the department of electrical and computer engineering at NJIT, has received a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award for his research project titled

P&G Beauty & Grooming presents advancements in skin care at AAD Annual Meeting
Research presented by P&G Beauty & Grooming scientists at the 68th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology (Miami Beach, Fla., March 5-9) examines skin care science from multiple perspectives, offering insights into how ingredient formulations, care regimens and gene expressions impact skin condition.

Successful treatment of periodontal disease lowered preterm birth incidences
Previous studies have explored the effect of periodontal treatment, irrespective of efficacy of treatment, in reducing infant prematurity.

SEBM Distinguished Scientist Awards for 2010
The Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine has established the Distinguished Scientist Award to recognize biomedical scientists whose seminal research accomplishments have established them as leaders in biomedicine, and who have made significant contributions to SEBM.

Improving care for low-birth-weight infants
Researchers at UC Irvine and the Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science will monitor the day-to-day health of low-birth-weight babies and their parents as part of a comprehensive initiative designed to combat chronic illnesses associated with low-weight births.

UAB Cancer Center, urologists affirm men should take lead in deciding prostate screening
Men should weigh the risks and benefits of the test and the treatment before undergoing prostate-cancer screening, according to Edward Partridge, M.D., the president-elect of the American Cancer Society National Board of Directors.

US doctors sanction transplant criteria for liver cancer patients
Liver transplantation specialists recently convened to address US guidelines for allocation of organs for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Media advisory: SNM's 57th Annual Meeting
Registration to the world's largest molecular imaging and nuclear medicine meeting now open -- and free -- for members of the media.

Studies on nutrients, gene expression could lead to tailored diets for disease prevention
Researchers at Kansas State University recently published an academic journal article discussing the potential for nutrigenomics, a field that studies the effects of food on gene expression.

Whetting Singapore's thirst for rice
Singaporeans consume around 275,000 tons of rice each year, which requires 688 billion liters of water to be produced -- 2.5 times Singapore's annual domestic water use.

Saving Peak District moorlands
Seventy-five percent of the world's heather moorlands are in the UK.

Michael J. Fox to be made honorary doctor at Karolinska Institutet
The renowned advocate and actor Michael J. Fox is to be made honorary doctor of medicine at Karolinska Institutet in recognition of his work raising funds and awareness for Parkinson's disease as the founder of the Michael J.

Nondrug techniques reduce pain in hospitalized patients
Nontraditional therapies relieve pain among a wide range of hospitalized patients as much as 50 percent, according to a first-of-a-kind study in the Journal of Patient Safety.

Recent research on memory/learning
Are we over estimating remembering and underestimating learning? Current research by Nate Kornell and Robert A.

Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages daily linked to diabetes
More Americans now drink sugar-sweetened sodas, sport drinks and fruit drinks daily, and this increase in consumption has led to more diabetes and heart disease over the past decade, researchers reported at the American Heart Association's 50th Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention.

Virus infections may be contributing factor in onset of gluten intolerance
Recent research findings indicate a possible connection between virus infections, the immune system and the onset of gluten intolerance, also known as celiac disease.

Carnegie Mellon experts will brief Silicon Valley business leaders
Carnegie Mellon University cybersecurity experts will brief a select group of senior executives from security, technology and the law enforcement sector about trustworthy computing, software security and business risks.

Summit seeks to spark call to action on facing world's biggest challenges
Engineers, scientists, government and education leaders from across the country will participate in the launch of a call to action by the National Academy of Engineering and the National Science Foundation.

Myths and realities of life in St. Ann's
About 300 residents from St. Ann's in Nottingham are expected to take part in a one day program of interactive workshops during the Economic and Social Research Council's Festival of Social Science.

Open-label continuation study supports long-term efficacy of Xenazine (tetrabenazine) for the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington's disease
Lundbeck Inc. announced the presentation of results from an open-label extension study of Xenazine (tetrabenazine) for treatment of chorea associated with Huntington's disease.

Positive aging: Technology and positive attitudes improving older people's lives
The population of the UK is aging. Sixteen percent of the UK population is 65 or older, and for the first time, there are more people over the age of 65 than there are under the age of 18.

McGill, Quebec biotech firm partner for new bone-disease treatment
Dr. Marc McKee of McGill University is collaborating closely with Enobia Pharma Inc., a Quebec biotech company, to develop innovative treatments for serious genetic bone diseases.

It's who you kill that matters, according to new research
A defendant is much more likely to be sentenced to death if he or she kills a

Low levels of vitamin D linked to muscle fat, decreased strength in young people
There's an epidemic in progress, and it has nothing to do with the flu.

New 'hearing' maps are real conversation starters
Innovative sound-mapping software based on human hearing has been developed to help architects design out unwanted noise.

Major depression more than doubles risk of dementia among adults with diabetes
Adults with both depression and diabetes are more than twice as likely to develop dementia compared to those with diabetes alone.

Texas AgriLife Research water quality lab receives accreditation
The Texas AgriLife Research water quality laboratory near Vernon has been accredited as a Biosafety Lab 2 for the Environmental Protection Agency method of E. coli isolation by the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference.
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