Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 12, 2010
Carnegie Mellon researchers seek to control blood loss
Carnegie Mellon University's Matt Obedier is developing a new hydrosurgery system to help physicians better manage excessive bleeding during surgery.

A sporting chance for active total knee replacement patients
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients may be able to participate in high-impact sports without increasing risk of early implant failure, according to a new study presented today at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Vitamin D and calcium interplay explored
Increasing calcium intake is a common -- yet not always successful -- strategy for reducing bone fractures.

A golden bullet for cancer
Nanocages that efficiently convert light to heat are the basis for a targeted form of phototherapy that would destroy tumors without making cancer patients sick.

Keystone Symposia awarded $1.37 million, 5-year NIH grant to fund ongoing diversity efforts
Keystone Symposia announces receipt of a $1.37 million, five-year MARC (Minority Access to Research Careers) Ancillary Training Activities grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences at the National Institutes of Health.

The new exercise HIT: do less
The usual excuse of

GOES-12 captures south Atlantic Tropical Storm 90Q far from Argentina's coast
The second-ever known tropical cyclone in the South Atlantic Ocean can't escape satellite eyes, and today, the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, GOES-12 captured a visible image of Tropical Storm 90Q now located off the coast of Argentina.

Improved patient care with telemonitoring
Telemonitoring may reduce the mortality of patients with heart failure by 20 percent.

Stevens to host Conference on Systems Engineering Research
Stevens Institute of Technology will host the annual Conference on Systems Engineering Research March 17-19, 2010.

Chinese medicine societies reject tiger bones ahead of CITES conference
WWF and TRAFFIC welcome a World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies statement urging its members not to use tiger bone or any other parts from endangered wildlife.

Clemson researcher receives grant to study engineering enrollment of women, minorities
Clemson University assistant professor of engineering and science education Julie Martin Trenor has received a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award to study social factors that influence underrepresented students' decisions to enter engineering fields.

Phylogenetic analysis of Mexican cave scorpions suggests adaptation to caves is reversable
A new study of the scorpion family Typhlochactidae, a group of nine dark-adapted species endemic to Mexico, shows that specialized traits are not necessarily an evolutionary dead end.

NASA's Aqua Satellite shows strong convection in Tropical Storm Ului
NASA's Aqua satellite flew over Tropical Storm Ului during the morning hours (Eastern Time) on March 12 and noticed a large area of strong convection in the storm's center, indicating strengthening.

Sturgeons, CITES and the caviar trade
Presenters at this event will review trends in sturgeon trade regulation over time, the history of CITES interventions and the current status of sturgeons and paddlefishes globally.

Securities analysts' reports new technology slow adoption, warns study in INFORMS journal
The reluctance of securities analysts to recommend investment in veteran companies using new techniques to grapple with radical technological change may be harming these companies as they struggle to compete, according to a new study in the current issue of Organization Science, a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Preventing gastric cancer with antibiotics
Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium found in about 50 percent of humans worldwide, can cause stomach ulcers and, in extreme cases, gastric cancer.

Tropical Storm Tomas approaching Nadi this weekend
Tropical Storm Tomas is on a southern track in the South Pacific Ocean, and residents of Nadi, Fiji will be watching it as it approaches the eastern side of the island late this weekend.

'Microtentacles' on tumor cells appear to play role in how breast cancer spreads
Researchers at the University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center have discovered that

Tumor surgery impairs sexuality
Sexual problems are frequent after operations for carcinoma of the rectum.

Brain Science Institute announces license agreement to develop treatments for neurological disease
Johns Hopkins University's newly formed Brain Science Institute's NeuroTranslational Program has entered into a licensing agreement with pharmaceutical company Eisai Inc. to discover and develop small molecule glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) inhibitors.

Mayo Clinic researchers find younger, more diverse patients having total knee replacements
A research team led by Mayo Clinic has found a national trend toward younger, more diverse patients having total knee replacement surgery.

Southampton oceanographers awarded IMarEST Denny Medal
At a ceremony held in London on March 11, scientists at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton were awarded the prestigious Denny medal by the Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology for the most worthy paper published in its technical proceedings.

New clues about the basis of muscle wasting disease
New findings that shed light on how genetic damage to muscle cell proteins can lead to the development of the rare muscle-wasting disease, nemaline myopathy, are reported today, March 15, in the Biochemical Journal.

National Science Foundation award will help K-State professor's research to thwart cyber attacks
A Kansas State University professor's research on thwarting cyber attacks is getting a boost from a National Science Foundation award for young faculty.

Look at Mie!
Rice students put calculations by German physicist Gustav Mie, made in 1908, to the test when they decided to look at the optical properties of single nanoparticles.

AgriLife scientists do groundwork for genetic mapping of algae biofuel species
Using green algae to produce hydrocarbon oil for biofuel production is nothing new; nature has been doing so for hundreds of millions of years, according a Texas AgriLife Research scientist.

Linking north and south: Exploring the connections between continent and sea
This new guidebook from the Geological Society of America features field trips associated with the March 2010 joint meeting of GSA's Northeastern and Southeastern Sections in Baltimore, Md.

Princeton scientists say Einstein's theory applies beyond the solar system
A team led by Princeton University scientists has tested Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity to see if it holds true at cosmic scales.

The use of cover crops in vineyards can help control the yield and quality of grapes and wine
Correct management of soil and irrigation is a vital factor in modern viticulture, due to the influence of the water balance of the vineyard on wine quality and the environmental impact of agricultural practices on vineyard soils.

ASTRO awards 17 Advocacy Day travel grants
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has awarded 17 residents in radiation oncology and radiation oncology nurses travel grants to attend the Society's seventh annual Advocacy Day taking place March 21-23, 2010, in Washington.

ATS issues statement on disorder of respiratory and autonomic nervous system regulation
The American Thoracic Society has released a new official clinical policy statement on congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, a disorder of respiratory and autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulation.

Foiling an attack on general relativity
In an attempt to explain away invisible dark matter and dark energy, some theorists have offered modified theories of gravity that try to improve on Einstein's General Theory of Relativity.

Exercising just got easier for busy people, study shows
Researchers have found that interval training does not have to be

CEIT-IK4 designs tool for operations on people with severe or profound auditory loss
A team of engineers from the CEIT-IK4 technological center and doctors from the University Hospital of Navarra have designed a new tool for operating on the inner ear with maximum precision, reducing the possibility of damage to the auditory function during the surgery.

Opposing functions of a key molecule in the development of organisms
Scientists headed by ICREA researcher Marco Milán, at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), reveal a surprising new function of Notch protein that contrasts with the one known to date.

Lost into space
Space physicists from the University of Leicester are part of an international team that has identified the impact of the sun on Mars' atmosphere.

Some older ER patients are getting the wrong medicines, U-M study finds
According to a U-M study, it is common for patients 65 and older to receive potentially inappropriate medications when treated in an emergency room.

New study identifies best treatment for childhood epilepsy
One of the oldest available anti-seizure medications, ethosuximide, is the most effective treatment for childhood absence epilepsy, according to initial outcomes published in this week's New England Journal of Medicine is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to