Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 15, 2010
Guideline issued for treating sleep, constipation, sexual problems in Parkinson's disease
The American Academy of Neurology has issued a new guideline recommending the most effective treatments to help people with Parkinson's disease who experience sleep, constipation and sexual problems, which are common but often under-recognized symptoms.

Molecular study could push back angiosperm origins
Flowering plants may be considerably older than previously thought, says a new analysis of the plant family tree.

The sexual tug-of-war -- a genomic view
The genes that are most beneficial to males are the most disadvantageous for females, and vice versa.

Research identifies potential new use for cancer treatment
New research by the Centre for Immunology and Infection (a research center of the University of York and Hull York Medical School) suggests anti-angiogenic drugs may help in the treatment of a range of diseases including visceral leishmaniasis.

Controversial urological issues top EAU's Anniversary Congress in Barcelona
Some of the most controversial issues in urology will be discussed by leading experts during the five-day 25th Annual Congress of the European Association of Urology in the Fira Barcelona congress venue in Barcelona.

For better romantic relationships, be true to yourself
Be true to yourself, and better romantic relationships will follow, research suggests.

Studies provide more support for health benefits of coffee
Multitudes of people worldwide begin each day with a cup of steaming hot coffee.

Researchers recommend curriculum on unhealthy substance use
Educational leaders from Boston University School of Medicine believe teaching the subject of unhealthy substance use must be incorporated into internal medicine residency training and can be done within existing teaching venues.

Dying cancer patient visits to emergency departments can be avoided
Many visits by dying cancer patients to the emergency department can be avoided with effective palliative care, states an article in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Blacks have highest cancer rates of all racial ethnicities, yet feel less at risk, study finds
Mammograms, pap smears and early detection tests for prostate cancer, colorectal cancer and other malignancies are critical for catching cancer before it becomes deadly.

Private drinking water supplies pose challenges to public health
An estimated 3 to 4 million people -- about one in every eight Canadians -- drink water from private supplies.

A magical way to move kids
Dr. Dido Green of Tel Aviv University's School of Health Professionals has developed an innovative yet remarkably simple series of therapeutic exercises for children and young adults based on sleight-of-hand tricks used by professional magicians.

'My Brain Made Me Do It'
As scientists explore how the brain works, it's likely that new findings will alter our understanding of human nature, particularly free will.

Expert: Bracket seedings irrelevant after Sweet Sixteen round
For the average college basketball fan looking for an edge in a March Madness office pool, a University of Illinois expert in statistics and data analysis has some advice on how to pick winners: After the Sweet Sixteen round of play, ignore a team's seeding, which is a statistically insignificant predictor of a team's chances of winning.

Ceramic society launches new glass science and applications journal
The American Ceramic Society today launched a major peer-reviewed journal dedicated to applied glass research: the International Journal of Applied Glass Science.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about four articles being published in the March 16 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Panel: Properly designed pay-for-performance models can support medical professionalism
An expert panel convened by the American College of Physicians says that properly designed pay-for-performance (P4P) programs can strengthen the relationship between physicians and patients and increase the likelihood that physicians will deliver the best possible care.

Fruit flies and test tubes open new window on Alzheimer's disease
A team of scientists from Cambridge and Sweden have discovered a molecule that can prevent a toxic protein involved Alzheimer's disease from building up in the brain.

Imaging fat layer around heart can help predict disease
Imaging epicardial adipose tissue, or the layer of fat around the heart, can provide extra information compared with standard diagnostic techniques such as coronary artery calcium scoring.

SpringerImages exceeds 2 million images
Springer Science+Business Media's online image database, SpringerImages, which was launched in July 2009 with 1.5 million images, now includes over 2 million images.

Seeking dark matter on a desktop
Desktop experiments could point the way to dark matter discovery, complementing grand astronomical searches and deep underground observations.

Springer editorial board member receives Humboldt Research Award
Dr. Gottfried Otting, a professor at the Australian National University, Research School of Chemistry, has been elected the recipient of a Humboldt Research Award.

Timing is (almost) everything
What determines whether a scene is remembered or forgotten? According to a study published this week in the open access journal PLoS Biology, memory for visual scenes may not depend on attention level or what a scene contains, but when the scene is presented.

Sirolimus-eluting stent better than zotarolimus-eluting stent in everyday clinical practice
The widely used sirolimus-eluting stent is superior to the second-generation zotarolimus-eluting stent for patients in everyday clinical practice, concludes the SORT OUT III study published online first and in this week's edition of the Lancet.

Emerging interventional radiology treatment with drug-eluting stents saves limbs
In the United States, more than 100,000 amputations are performed each year on individuals with critical limb ischemia, the most severe form of peripheral arterial disease.

Erectile dysfunction strong predictor of death, cardiovascular outcomes
Men with cardiovascular disease and erectile dysfunction (ED) are at higher risk for death from all causes and also are more likely to suffer cardiovascular death, heart attack, stroke and heart failure hospitalization.

Why do sexually experienced girls resume sexual activity after abstinence?
An Indiana University School of Medicine study provides a better understanding of why sexually experienced girls resume sexual activity after periods of abstinence, information key to dealing with sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy in high school girls and beyond.

Device advances interventional radiology treatment to clear blocked carotid arteries, prevent stroke
An important interventional radiology advancement -- the use of a new cerebral protection device in combination with FDA-approved carotid stents in high-surgical-risk patients -- provides a minimally invasive, safe and effective way to prevent stroke from occurring during treatment to clear blocked carotid arteries, according to research released at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 35th Annual Scientific Meeting in Tampa, Fla.

Interventional radiology: Zapping uterine fibroids with heat from high-energy sound waves
There's a new interventional radiology tool showing promise in the treatment of uterine fibroids: magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS), a minimally invasive treatment that uses high-energy ultrasound waves to generate heat at a specific point to destroy uterine fibroid tissue and relieve symptoms.

GUMC researchers: Female sex chromosomes, not just hormones, help regulate blood pressure
Researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center have determined that something in female sex chromosomes appears to trigger a rise in blood pressure after the onset of menopause.

Autism Consortium study in Pediatrics shows CMA finds more genetic abnormalities than current tests
The Autism Consortium published the results of its comparison study of genetic testing methods for autism spectrum disorders in the journal Pediatrics today.

Duffy-negative blood types no longer protected from P. Vivax malaria
In a paradigm changing discovery, Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) malaria has been identified in a population historically thought to be resistant to the disease, those who do not express the Duffy blood group protein on their red blood cells, according to researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Pasteur Institute, and the Madagascar Ministry of Health.

Photos feature images of eyes, Hubble Telescope combined
Photographer Keith Carter will deliver a lecture March 24 in honor of receiving the 2010

Urban CO2 domes increase deaths, poke hole in cap-and-trade proposal
In the first study ever done on the local health effects of the domes of carbon dioxide that develop above cities, Stanford researcher Mark Jacobson found that the domes increase the local death rate.

Solomon Islands under warnings for Category 4 Cyclone Ului
There are two powerful cyclones in the Southern Pacific Ocean this week, Tomas and Ului.

Keeping up with the neighbors speeds vaccine use
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health conducted an analysis of worldwide use of Haemophilus influenza Type b vaccine (Hib) to determine what factors influenced a nation's adoption of the vaccine.

Monkeys choose variety for variety's sake
Given a choice between spending a token to get their absolute favorite food or spending it to have a choice from a buffet of options, capuchin monkeys will opt for variety.

Vitamin D levels have different effects on atherosclerosis in blacks and whites
Vitamin D is quickly becoming the

How muscle cells control fatty acid uptake
A new study from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet shows that the blood vessels and muscles of the heart can regulate the uptake of fatty acids that we ingest through meat, milk products and other food.

Baby's obesity risk: What's the mother's influence?
Ongoing studies funded by the Agricultural Research Service could provide new insights into recommendations to aspiring moms that they achieve a healthy weight before they become pregnant, and to gain only the recommended amount of weight during their pregnancy.

Driving retirement for seniors
Public safety should win against personal choice especially when it comes to elderly seniors who shouldn't drive, states an editorial in CMAJ.

Southern Ocean winds open window to the deep sea
Scientists have discovered how changes in winds blowing on the Southern Ocean drive variations in the depth of the surface layer of sea water responsible for regulating exchanges of heat and carbon dioxide between the ocean and the atmosphere.

Powerful Cyclone Tomas battering Northern Fiji islands
Tomas grew into a monster Category 4 cyclone and thrashed the northern Fiji Islands with heavy rains and maximum sustained winds of up to 170 mph (275 kph).

Spiritually developed -- but not necessarily mature
A person can reach a high level of spiritual development without being emotionally and psychologically mature.

Study: Mechanomyography to be accurate in detecting nerves during minimally invasive spine surgery
An electronic device is an accurate technique for locating and avoiding nerves during spinal procedures, suggests a study by Henry Ford Hospital researchers.

New teaching tools aid visually impaired students in learning math
Mastering mathematics can be daunting for many children, but researchers have found that children with visual impairments face disproportionate challenges learning math, and by the time they reach the college level, they are significantly under-represented in science, technology, mathematics and engineering disciplines.

Underpriveleged patients not as likely to be referred to specialty hospitals for brain tumors
African-American, Hispanic and economically disadvantaged patients with brain tumors are significantly less likely to be referred to high-volume hospitals that specialize in neurosurgery than other patients of similar age, the same gender, and with similar comorbidities, according to new research by Johns Hopkins doctors.

Study: Grass, fungus combination affects ecology
Fescue grass covers an area equivalent to 12 million football fields in the US, and a new study by ecologists at Rice University and Indiana University shows that the grass and a symbiotic fungus can affect local ecosystems in significant ways.

Super supernova: White dwarf star system exceeds mass limit
An international team led by Yale University has, for the first time, measured the mass of a type of supernova thought to belong to a unique subclass and confirmed that it surpasses what was believed to be an upper mass limit.

University of Michigan scientists identify chemical in bananas as potent inhibitor of HIV infection
A potent new inhibitor of HIV, derived from bananas, may open the door to new treatments to prevent sexual transmission of HIV, according to a University of Michigan Medical School study published this week.

3-D cell culture: Making cells feel right at home
Research in this week's Nature Nanotechnology takes aim at a biological icon: the two-dimensional petri dish.

High rates of drug-resistant TB among UK prisoners
UK prisoners are significantly more likely to have drug-resistant TB than other people with the disease, suggests research published ahead of print in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

A new system makes household communication networks more versatile
Researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid have developed a configuration which would improve household communication networks making them much more versatile, as a result of facilitating their functions and making them more flexible.

Trauma of war doubles asthma risk among civilians
Living through the trauma of war seems to increase the risk of developing asthma, suggests research published ahead of print in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Researchers identify a gene that may play a key role in atherosclerosis and other diseases
A new study suggests that a gene called HuR plays a critical role in inducing and mediating an inflammatory response in cells experiencing mechanical and chemical stresses.

Neuroimaging study describes Alzheimer's disease-like changes in elderly people without the disease
In a new study published in Biological Psychiatry, by Elsevier, researchers have related the findings that are emerging from PET-PIB imaging to changes in the function of brain circuits.

Using new approach, Mayo Clinic researchers find level of gene alters risk of Alzheimer's disease
Using sophisticated techniques that scan the genomes of patients, researchers at the Mayo Clinic campus in Florida have found that a gene appears to either help protect against development of Alzheimer's disease, or promote the disorder depending on the level of gene in the brain.

Amniotic fluid cells more efficiently reprogrammed to pluripotency than adult cells
In a breakthrough that may help fill a critical need in stem cell research and patient care, researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have demonstrated that skin cells found in human amniotic fluid can be efficiently

Researchers introducing sustainable agriculture practices to improve food security
Two Virginia Tech professors are leading research teams that will work with scientists and small-scale farmers in South America and the Caribbean to increase food production, improve soil quality, and reduce risks associated with climate change.

Oscillations at odds in the heart
Researchers in Germany show that a classical biological oscillator, the glycolytic oscillator, may increase damage to the heart during acute loss of oxygen (anoxia), and as may occur during ischemia.

Insurance status of gunshot trauma patients affects mortality outcomes
New research findings published in the March issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons indicates that despite similar injury severity, uninsured patients were significantly more likely to die after hospital admission for gunshot injury than were insured patients.

Wine vine: Microscopic photography reveals bacteria destroying grape plant cell wall
Like a band of detectives surveying the movement of a criminal, researchers using photographic technology have caught at least one culprit in the act.

Vertebroplasty: Integral to treating back pain in blood marrow cancer patients
Treating non-osteoporotic compression fractures in patients with multiple myeloma, a blood cancer, shows that the use of vertebroplasty -- a minimally invasive treatment performed by interventional radiologists using imaging guidance that stabilizes collapsed vertebrae with the injection of medical-grade bone cement into the spine -- results in a reduction of pain, medication usage and disability, according to researchers in the largest study of its kind at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 35th Annual Scientific Meeting in Tampa, Fla.

Palpable breast cancers are more common in women not undergoing annual mammography
New research findings published in the March issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons indicate that some breast cancers continue to be detected as a palpable lump rather than being found through mammographic screening.

Faculty of 1000 launches new Otolaryngology Faculty
Faculty of 1000 Medicine, the award-winning literature awareness service for the life sciences, has launched the much anticipated Otolaryngology Faculty.

Cardiac rehabilitation helps survival time in heart patients receiving stent therapy
A team of Mayo Clinic researchers have found that cardiac rehabilitation is associated with significantly reduced mortality rates for patients who have had stents placed to treat blockages in their coronary arteries.

Wealth buys health -- even in China
A new study from North Carolina State University shows that rich people tend to be healthier than poor people in China -- a trend also seen in the US.

Measuring protein movements with nanosecond resolution
Researchers who developed a method for observing nanosecond-scale movements of proteins have used it to distinguish two structural forms where only one was known.

Stanford computational feat speeds finding of genes to milliseconds instead of years
The proof-of-principle for his idea, to be published online March 15 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, opens a powerful, mathematical route for conducting stem cell research and shows the power of interdisciplinary collaborations in science.

New research shows babies are born to dance
A study of infants finds they respond to the rhythm and tempo of music and find it more engaging than speech.

Study assesses complications associated with nasal ventilation in newborns
More than 10 percent of newborns who receive oxygenation and ventilation using nasal continuous airway pressure in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may experience complications inside or outside the nose, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of Otolaryngology-- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Inappropriate uses of frozen plasma
Large amounts of frozen plasma are being used inappropriately, states a commentary in CMAJ.

Parents may not understand or recall risks associated with children's surgery
Parents of children undergoing ear, nose and throat surgery do not appear to remember all of the risks of the procedures explained to them by clinicians, even when detailed surgical risk counseling and data sheets are used, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

American Chemical Society announces a new iPhone application delivering fast-breaking science news
The American Chemical Society today introduced ACS Mobile, a new mobile software application for users of Apple's iPhone and iPod Touch devices that delivers fast-breaking research reports and science news.

Simple, low-cost steps enhance adolescents' health
Simple, low-cost measures such as wearing a pedometer to inspire walking and spending a few minutes a day meditating can put adolescents on the track toward better health, researchers report.

U of Minn. researcher finds people will forgo luxury for green products when status is on mind
University of Minnesota Carlson School of Management researcher Vlad Griskevicius and co-authors find that people will forgo luxury and comfort for a green item.

Errors made in Basque have been analyzed to be applied in automatic correctors and other tools
For a number of years now, the IXA group of the Faculty of Information Technology at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) has been undertaking research aimed at developing semi-automatic systems of benefit to the Basque language (Euskara).

Researchers discover chemical that may protect hearts of muscular dystrophy patients
Researchers at the University of Minnesota Medical School have discovered a chemical that may, over the long term, protect the hearts of Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients -- a fatal and most common form of muscular dystrophy in children.

U-M researchers solve a molecular mystery in muscle
The muscle-building abilities of hormones known as insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are legendary.

Study points to potential new drug for type 2 diabetes
An experimental oral drug has lowered blood sugar levels and inflammation in mice with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that the medication could someday be added to the arsenal of drugs used by millions of Americans with this disease, according to new research.

Study opens new avenue for developing treatments for genetic muscle-wasting disease
Scientists from the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute and the University of Ottawa have identified a promising new approach for developing drugs to treat Spinal muscular atrophy, the leading inherited cause of death in infants and toddlers.

Researchers uncover new data about Arl13b function in Joubert syndrome
Researchers in Ireland have gained new understanding of the role played by the cilial protein Arl13b in Joubert syndrome, a rare disorder characterized by developmental delay, mental retardation, and low muscle tone, among other symptoms.

Fruit flies and test tubes open new window on Alzheimer's disease
A team of scientists from Cambridge and Sweden have discovered a molecule that can prevent a toxic protein involved in Alzheimer's disease from building up in the brain.

Several CDM projects underway in Africa
The recently completed Africa Carbon Forum in Nairobi had significantly more participants than expected.

Urged on by urchins: How sea lilies got their get-up-and-go
Nature abounds with examples of evolutionary arms races. Certain marine snails, for example, evolved thick shells and spines to avoid be eaten, but crabs and fish foiled the snails by developing shell-crushing claws and jaws.

Mayo Clinic study on how to minimize radiation risks of angioplasty shows highest doses in men
Body size, gender and the complexity of heart disease significantly influence how much cumulative radiation skin dose that patients receive during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) therapy, also known as angioplasty, according to a new Mayo Clinic study.

Hybrid revascularization effective for left main coronary blockages
Hybrid revascularization is a combination of coronary artery bypass surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention.

When did the first 'modern' human beings appear in the Iberian Peninsula?
Research carried out by a group of archaeologists from the Centre for Prehistoric Archaeological Heritage Studies of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona at the Cova Gran site has contributed to stirring up scientific debate about the appearance of the first

UC Riverside hosts 19th Annual Pest Management Conference
The University of California, Riverside, will host the 19th Annual Urban Pest Management Conference on March 24, from 7:15 a.m. until 5 p.m., at the University Theatre.

New lunar images and data available to the public
The public can follow along with NASA on its journey of lunar discovery.

The attacks in Europe did not affect the stability of the market in the US
Researchers at the University of Valencia and the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya state that the terrorist attack which happened in New York on 9/11 had an effect on the volatility of the stock market in the Eurozone.

Accelerating decisions to adopt routine vaccination; COPD a growing problem
Jessica Shearer and colleagues analyze data from 147 countries to identify factors that influence the time taken to introduce routine vaccination, using vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) as a case study.

A better genetic test for autism
A large study from Children's Hospital Boston and the Boston-based Autism Consortium finds that a genetic test that samples the entire genome, known as chromosomal microarray analysis, has about three times the detection rate for genetic changes related to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) than standard tests.

Young Britons see significantly more smoking in movies than US peers
Young Britons see significantly more on-screen smoking in movies than their US peers, finds research published ahead of print in the journal Tobacco Control.

Brain plaques may explain higher risk of Alzheimer's based on mom's history
A family history of Alzheimer's is one of the biggest risk factors for developing the memory-robbing disease, which affects more than 5 million Americans and is the most common form of senile dementia.

New fossil amphibian provides earliest widespread evidence of terrestrial vertebrates
Carnegie Museum of Natural History researchers have described a new carnivorous amphibian from western Pennsylvania.

Study: Today's youth aren't ego-driven slackers after all
Today's youth are generally not the self-centered, antisocial slackers that previous research has made them out to be, according to a provocative new study co-authored by a Michigan State University psychologist.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings study finds link between hypoglycemia and mortality rates in critically ill
In a study published in the March issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, researchers report that they have found a link between mild to moderate hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and mortality in critically ill patients.

Synergy between 2 types of de-worming drugs found promising in a lab test
Combining two types of anti-worm treatments that work in different ways could head off the development of drug resistance and save money by allowing lower doses of both drugs to be used.

Robot teaches stroke survivors
Shaking hands with a robotic arm could be a new way to help stroke patients learn to use their arms again.

Study suggests environment may impact apes' ability to understand declarative communication
Bonobos and chimpanzees that had been reared in socio-linguistically rich environments (i.e., lots of opportunities for complex communicative interactions with humans) performed significantly better in the pointing, vocalizing and pointing-and-vocalizing conditions of an object-choice task than did chimpanzees that had been reared in standard laboratory settings.

Satellite symposia enhance scientific program with quality information and practical new knowledge
The IOF WCO-ECCEO10, to be held from May 5-8, 2010, in Florence, Italy, will feature a challenging scientific program that includes twelve nonconcurrent satellite symposia organized by leading companies in the bone field and led by internationally renowned bone experts.

Antiseptic cloths associated with reduced rate of treatment-resistant bacteria in the trauma center
Bathing trauma patients daily using cloths containing the antiseptic chlorhexidine may be associated with a decreased rate of colonization and infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other difficult-to-treat bacteria, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Cellular pathway could provide evidence of how cancer and obesity are linked
University of Alberta researcher Richard Lamb is on his way to understanding the correlation between cancer and obesity and it's a good example of how the scientific process works.

Entomologists to gather at UC Riverside to discuss vector-borne diseases and their impact
Leading insect vector biologists from around the world will gather at the University of California, Riverside, March 27-28, to discuss their latest research on vector-borne diseases in humans and plants.

Phobos flyby images
Images from the recent flyby of Phobos, on March 7, 2010, are released today.

UCLA Internet pioneer Leonard Kleinrock looks toward future, helps students do the same
Leonard Kleinrock, Distinguished Professor of Computer Science at UCLA Engineering, has come to be known as a father of the Internet due to his creation of the basic principles of packet switching, the technology underpinning the Internet.

Earthquake observatory in Northern Chile to monitor the last seismic gap
After the quake of Concepción, the remaining gap in the north of Chile now holds potential for a comparable strong quake and is, thus, moving more and more into the focus of attention.

New Hubble treasury project to survey first third of cosmic time
Astronomers will peer deep into the universe in five directions to document the early history of star formation and galaxy evolution in an ambitious new project requiring an unprecedented amount of time on the Hubble Space Telescope.

The formula for making teeth will soon be found
Each cusp of our teeth is regulated by genes which carefully control the development.

How plants put down roots
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology have investigated how the thale cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, forms its first roots: the root founder cell in the tiny group of cells contained in the seed is activated by a combination of a plant hormone and a transcription factor.

Impulsive-antisocial personality traits linked to a hypersensitive brain reward system
Normal individuals who scored high on a measure of impulsive/antisocial traits display a hypersensitive brain reward system, according to a brain imaging study by researchers at Vanderbilt University.

Harvard University releases Profiles Research Networking Software as open source
Harvard University has released Profiles Research Networking Software, a form of social networking and expertise mining technology, to the open source community.

Stellar McGill researcher receives Killam research fellowship
McGill University is pleased to announce that the Canada Council for the Arts has awarded a Killam Research Fellowship to Dr.

Sealing the deal to block heart failure in dogs with muscular dystrophy
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a severe form of muscular dystrophy that is fatal.

Vertebroplasty for patients with osteoporosis provides effective pain relief
Patient selection is key for vertebroplasty -- a minimally invasive treatment performed by interventional radiologists in individuals with painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures that fail to respond to conventional medical therapy -- to be effective and successful, according to a study of more than 1,500 persons who were followed over seven years.

Late-stage melanoma results in economic burden
Melanoma treatment in late stages of the disease is of significant cost in the population 65 years and older.

JHU astrophysicist and team win $5 million stimulus grant to build telescope
A Johns Hopkins team has won a $5 million NSF grant to probe what happened during the universe's first trillionth of a second, when it suddenly grew from submicroscopic to astronomical size in far less than time than it takes to blink your eye.

Studies find treating vitamin D deficiency significantly reduces heart disease risk
Researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Utah last fall demonstrated the link between vitamin D deficiency and increased risk for coronary artery disease.

Interventional radiologists examine simple test that might predict heart attacks
The prevalence of abnormal ankle-brachial index test results among individuals tested for peripheral arterial disease -- and who are not considered at high risk of a coronary heart event by Framingham-based risk factors -- is high and provides another way to identify those who may be at risk for future heart attacks, say researchers at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 35th Annual Scientific Meeting in Tampa, Fla.

Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation honors Michael C. Soulen as Dotter Lecturer
Michael C. Soulen, M.D., F.S.I.R., delivered the 2010 Dr. Charles T.

Potential CITES trade ban for rare salamander underscores wildlife e-commerce
A little-known Iranian salamander is poised to become the first example of a species requiring international government protection because of e-commerce -- a major threat to endangered wildlife that authorities are struggling to address.

Rock-a-bye baby: Uterine fibroid embolization shows fertility rates comparable to myomectomy
Uterine fibroid embolization, a minimally invasive interventional radiology procedure that blocks blood supply to treat painful uterine fibroids, has a comparable fertility rate to myomectomy, the surgical removal of uterine fibroids, for women who want to conceive, according to the first study on the subject released at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 35th Annual Scientific Meeting in Tampa, Fla.

Study documents increasing racial disparities in access to high quality care for brain tumors
African Americans and Hispanic patients appear less likely than white patients to have access to high-quality surgical care for brain tumors, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Surgeons use neck muscle, surrounding tissue as lip implant
Augmenting the lips with grafts of muscle and connective tissue from the neck appears to result in improved appearance for at least two years, according to a report in the March/April issue of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

JCI online early table of contents: March 15, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, March 15th, 2010, in the JCI: Targeted gene therapy beneficial to mice with spinal muscular atrophy; Sealing the deal to block heart failure in dogs with muscular dystrophy; Cancer drug beneficial in models of infectious disease; Why immune and conventional therapies combine to kill tumors; Possible new drug target for head and neck cancers; and others.

1 gene lost = 1 limb regained?
The absence of a single gene, called p21, confers a healing potential in mice long thought to be reserved only for creatures like flatworms, sponges, and some species of salamander: regeneration.

Studies reveal substantial increases in nonmelanoma skin cancers
Both new diagnoses and a history of nonmelanoma skin cancer appear to have become increasingly common, and the disease affects more individuals than all other cancers combined, according to two reports in the March issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

To the Antarctic or Brazil for new feathers
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology have studied the migratory behavior of thin-billed prions and discovered that the animals spend their molting season in two areas that are at a considerable distance from each other.

New CU-Boulder hand bacteria study holds promise for forensics identification
Forensic scientists may soon have a valuable new item in their toolkits -- a way to identify individuals using unique, telltale types of hand bacteria left behind on objects like keyboards and computer mice, says a new University of Colorado at Boulder study.

Exploring status quo bias in the human brain
The more difficult the decision we face, the more likely we are not to act, according to new research by UCL scientists that examines the neural pathways involved in

Targeted gene therapy beneficial to mice with spinal muscular atrophy
Spinal muscular atrophy is a neuromuscular disease characterized by progressive muscle wasting and weakness.

OFC/NFOEC 2010 to feature research breakthroughs on the future of broadband Internet
The world's largest international conference on optical communication and networking convenes next week, March 21-25, at the San Diego Convention Center.

UBC-Providence health team identifies a key predictor of cardiovascular death
Coronary artery disease (CAD) hospitalizes more than 160,000 Canadians every year, and almost one quarter of those patients die from this common form of heart disease. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to