Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 17, 2010
A blue mystery
As one of the

Profiting on the Internet
An expert in e-commerce reports in the International Journal of Technology Marketing that while unique use of the technology is not enough to generate competitive value, there are approaches that allow companies to improve their performance and so their bottom line.

Behind a child with aggressive behavior there is a negative family environment
Children who use violence usually come from conflict-ridden families; as has been shown by a number of research studies.

Astronomers observe fast growing primitive black holes
The most distant quasars found in the early universe, a mere 800 million years after the Big Bang, have been observed by an international team of astronomers including members from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen.

Strategies increase health-care worker vaccination rates -- protecting patients
Health-care personnel influenza immunization rates have remained low, despite recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other leading health-care organizations that all health-care personnel receive annual flu vaccines.

An organic approach to pest control -- releasing super-sexed (but sterile) male insects
An improved method for sustainable pest control using

A unique approach to corporate strategy
In today's challenging economic environment, finding ways to differentiate and grow a business is more important than ever.

New analysis points to ivory enforcement failures in parts of Africa, Asia
Urgent law enforcement action by governments in Central and West Africa and Southeast Asia is crucial to addressing the illicit ivory trade, according to a new analysis of elephant trade data released today.

Spider silk reveals a paradox of super-strength
Since its development in China thousands of years ago, silk from silkworms, spiders and other insects has been used for high-end, luxury fabrics as well as for parachutes and medical sutures.

Beyond the genome
Internationally renowned researchers will deliver cutting-edge presentations including Elaine Mardis, Washington University School of Medicine, St.

First parasitic nematodes reported in biofuel crops
Researchers at the Energy Biosciences Institute at the University of Illinois have discovered widespread occurrence of plant-parasitic nematodes in the first reported nematode survey of Miscanthus and switchgrass plants used for biofuels.

International team of scientists reports discovery of a new planet
An international team of scientists, including several who are affiliated with UC Santa Barbara, has discovered a new planet the size of Jupiter.

Selenium protects men against diabetes
The role of selenium in diabetes has been controversial, with some studies suggesting that it raises diabetes risk and others finding that it is protective.

40 percent of surface disinfectants ineffective in eliminating viruses that cause gastroenteritis
Some 40 percent of commercial disinfectants used to clean surfaces are believed to be ineffective in eliminating noroviruses, a group of viruses responsible for more than half of all food-borne gastroenteritis outbreaks.

Difficulty trusting and reaching out to others may shorten diabetes patients' lives
Being overly cautious or dismissive in relating to others, including health-care providers, may shorten the lives of people with diabetes.

A marine Mr. Mom: Male pipefish gives birth, but some are deadbeat dads, study shows
Male pipefishes and their seahorse cousins are the only males that actually become pregnant and give birth, but pipefishes likely will never win any

Omega 3 curbs precancerous growths in those prone to bowel cancer
A purified form of an omega 3 cuts the number and size of precancerous bowel growths (polyps) in people whose genetic makeup predisposes them to bowel cancer, finds research published ahead of print in the journal Gut.

DNA nanotechnology breakthrough offers promising applications in medicine
A team of McGill Chemistry Department researchers led by Dr.

Disabling Skp2 gene helps shut down cancer growth
Increased understanding of the Skp2 gene and its relation to cellular senescence may lead to the development of novel agents that can suppress tumor development in common types of cancer, researchers from the University of Texas M.

Prescribed burns may help reduce US carbon footprint
The use of prescribed burns to manage Western forests may help the United States reduce its carbon footprint.

Prescribed burns may help reduce US carbon footprint
The use of prescribed burns to manage western forests may help the United States reduce its carbon footprint.

Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas or pancreatic endocrine tumor?
A research team from China investigated differential points of solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas and pancreatic endocrine tumor.

Long neglected nutritional training for doctors at all levels needed now
The profession must take advantage of changes in medical education to ensure that all health professionals, but especially gut specialists, are given adequate training in nutrition, urge Dr.

Researchers find new chemotherapy combination shows promise in endometrial cancer
Researchers from the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center report that in a small study of women with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer, gemcitabine and cisplatin, when used in combination, produced a response rate in fifty percent of patients.

Planck sees tapestry of cold dust
Giant filaments of cold dust stretching through our Galaxy are revealed in a new image from ESA's Planck satellite.

Feeling lonely adds to rate of blood pressure increase in people 50 years old and older
Chronic feelings of loneliness take a toll on blood pressure over time, causing a marked increase after four years.

Canadian Stroke Congress 2010
The inaugural Canadian Stroke Congress takes place in Quebec City on June 7-8, 2010, with a workshop day on June 6.

Securities analysts' reports slow adoption of new technology, warns INFORMS journal study
The reluctance of securities analysts to recommend investment in veteran companies using new techniques to grapple with radical technological change may be harming these companies as they struggle to compete, according to a new study in the current issue of Organization Science, a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Springer book wins Texty Award
The Text and Academic Authors Association has chosen the Springer book

UH inks Memorandum of Understanding with prestigious engineering institute in India
The University of Houston and the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding that will allow the two universities to explore new methods of cooperation in instruction and academic exchange.

Duke technique is turning proteins into glass
Duke University researchers have devised a method to dry and preserve proteins in a glassified form that seems to retain the molecules' properties as workhorses of biology.

Could regulating intestinal inflammation prevent colon cancer?
Every day, our gut comes in contact with bacteria, inducing an inflammatory response that is tolerated and controlled.

Light twists rigid structures in unexpected nanotech finding
In findings that took the experimenters three years to believe, University of Michigan engineers and their collaborators have demonstrated that light itself can twist ribbons of nanoparticles.

Nurses' research settles a common cancer concern: Skin care
Given the complexity of cancer treatment, skin care may seem like a small matter.

Carnegie Mellon's Granger Morgan to testify Geoengineeringing issues before Congressional Science Committee
In testimony to the US House Science Committee, Carnegie Mellon's M.

Bees see super color at super speed
Bees see the world almost five times faster than humans, according to new research from scientists at Queen Mary, University of London.

Study: Low levels of vitamin D linked to higher rates of asthma in African-American kids
Researchers at Children's National Medical Center have discovered that African-American children with asthma in metropolitan Washington, D.C., are significantly more likely to have low levels of vitamin D than healthy African-American children.

High levels of mercury found in Cataraqui River: Queen's study
The Inner Harbour on the Cataraqui River in Kingston, Ont., has mercury levels in sediment more than two times the Canadian government's most severe effect limits, according to a Queen's University study.

Smithsonian hosts 2010 International CAM Workshop in Panama
Researchers from nine countries will discuss one system that plants use to cope with stress at the 2010 International CAM Workshop, hosted by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute at the Earl S.

Study shows strong interest in palliative care programs, services and integration vary across nation
A study from the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center reports that cancer centers in the United States provide patients and their families with palliative care, though the depth, range and integration of programs and services widely vary.

Dogs likely originated in the Middle East, new genetic data indicate
Dogs likely originated in the Middle East, a new genetic analysis by an international team of scientists, led by UCLA biologists, indicates.

Targeting blood vessels, immune system may offer way to stop infection-caused inflammation
Treating virulent influenza, sepsis, and other potentially deadly infections long has focused on looking for ways to kill viruses and bacteria.

Chemists influence stem-cell development with geometry
University of Chicago scientists have successfully used geometrically patterned surfaces to influence the development of stem cells.

Fungi can change quickly, pass along infectious ability
Fungi have significant potential for

Hypnotherapy eases irritable bowel syndrome symptoms
Hypnotherapy seems to be very effective for easing the distressing symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, and in a goodly proportion of cases, clears up symptoms altogether, reveal experts during a wide ranging discussion of the condition in a Frontline Gastroenterology podcast.

DOE Joint Genome Institute 5th Annual Meeting on March 24-26, 2010
Researchers from all over the world will be at the Marriott in Walnut Creek for the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute 5th Annual Genomics of Energy and Environment Meeting, which will feature genomics research in the fields of clean energy generation and the environment.

Getting turned on
Scientists have identified a mechanism that switches on an extremely important process for the proper functioning and survival of our body's cells.

First temperate exoplanet sized up
Combining observations from the CoRoT satellite and the ESO HARPS instrument, astronomers have discovered the first

USC Information Sciences Institute to be recognized for key role in Internet development
More than 50 pioneers and leaders key to the Internet's ongoing development over the past 40 years will gather Friday, March 19, to recognize the role of the University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute in the Internet's success.

High Arctic species on thin ice
A new assessment of the Arctic's biodiversity reports a 26 percent decline in species populations in the high Arctic.

Modified home video game shows promise for improving hand function in teens with cerebral palsy
Rutgers engineers have modified a popular home video game system to help teenagers with cerebral palsy improve their hand functions.

Prior herbicide use -- not irrigation -- is critical to herbicide efficacy
Crop and herbicide use history are more critical to herbicide efficacy and environmental safety than the timing and amount of irrigation water used, according to Agricultural Research Service scientists.

Sharks from deep waters of Cantabrian Sea are opportunist hunters
A team of Spanish researchers has studied the diet of three species of sharks living in the deep waters in the area of El Cachucho, the first Protected Marine Area in Spain, which is located in the Cantabrian Sea off the coast of Asturias.

Layered graphene sheets could solve hydrogen storage issues
Stacked sheets of graphene may be a promising material for capturing and storing hydrogen for future fuel-cell systems according to recent research at NIST and the University of Pennsylvania.

Some clinical trials explicitly exclude gay and lesbian patients
All clinical trials have guidelines that clearly state who can and cannot participate, but according to the National Institutes of Health these guidelines are typically based on age, gender, previous treatment history, the type and stage of a disease, and other medically relevant factors.

Genetics Society of America's 51st Annual Drosophila Research Conference
Representatives of the media are invited to attend the 51st Annual Drosophila Research Conference in Washington, D.C., April 7-11, 2010, sponsored by the Genetics Society of America.

LSUHSC research increases understanding of drug metabolism
Research led by Wayne L. Backes, Ph.D., professor of pharmacology and associate dean for research at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Medicine, has found that drug metabolism depends not only upon which enzymes are present in an individual, but also how they interact, and that can be the difference in whether a drug is safely eliminated from the body or is converted into a toxic or carcinogenic byproduct.

When mom has an eating problem
Norwegian research reveal the nature of emotional problems experienced by mothers with eating difficulties.

Brandeis scientists sniff out the evolution of chemical nociception
Whenever you choke on acrid cigarette smoke, feel like you're burning up from a mouthful of wasabi-laced sushi, or cry while cutting raw onions and garlic, your response is being triggered by a primordial chemical sensor conserved across some 500 million years of animal evolution, report Brandeis University scientists in a study in Nature this week.

Efforts to steer patients to lower-cost physicians may be based on misleading rankings, study finds
Insurance practices that encourage patients to receive care from physicians who keep medical costs low are based on unreliable estimates of doctor performance and may not achieve the intended savings, according to a new study.

ASTRO publishes supplement on protecting cancer patients by reducing radiation doses, side effects
The Quantitative Analysis of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic review has been published in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, the official journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology to update recommendations for the safe irradiation of 16 organs.

China's first open-access journal Nano Research listed in Science Citation Index
Thomson ISI has announced that Nano Research, an English-language journal jointly published by Springer and Tsinghua University Press, is now listed in the Science Citation Index-Expanded.

New statistical method for genetic studies could cut computation time from years to hours
In a new study to be published in the April edition of Nature Genetics, Eleazar Eskin, associate professor of computer science at UCLA Engineering, and his research group unveil a new computational strategy for genome-wide association studies that corrects for population structure and is both faster and easier to use.

Tomas moving away from Fiji Islands after causing damages
Cyclone Tomas hit the north and east areas of Fiji as a Category 4 cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, and has now moved south of them.
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