Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 30, 2010
U Alberta find could shield humans from influenza virus
Katharine Magor, a U of A associate professor of biology, has identified the genetic detector that allows ducks to live, unharmed, as the host of influenza.

Regulation of mindin expression and the signaling pathway
Mindin has an indispensable role in both innate and adaptive immunity.

Researchers look at reducing yield loss for crops under stress
Research being done at Iowa State University's Plant Sciences Institute could show how plants in dry areas of the world can overcome the stress of the environment and produce profitable crops.

New cancer therapy may fight cardiovascular disease
New drugs that are helping fight a multifront war on cancer may do the same for cardiovascular disease, Medical College of Georgia researchers said.

Valuable baseline data of recent hepatitis A in Asian area
There has been an apparent epidemiological shift in hepatitis A virus seroprevalence and a change in the peak age of HAV hepatitis in Korea, and the cases of acute hepatitis A have increased rapidly during the past 10 years due to the emergence of susceptible adults.

Bacon or bagels? Higher fat at breakfast may be healthier than you think, says UAB research
According to a new University of Alabama at Birmingham study, published online March 30 in the International Journal of Obesity, mice fed a meal higher in fat after waking had normal metabolic profiles.

Do words hurt?
After a pain experience it is enough to simply imagine a needle or hear a word of pain at the next vaccination appointment to activate our pain memory, was one result of a study by Prof.

Grocery shoppers who try harder to track costs do worse, study finds
Almost one in three US households shop on a budget -- and one in six can only afford basic necessities.

Researcher modernizes US power grid
Although the US electric power industry is one of the greatest engineering marvels of the 20th century, aging technology and an increase in demand create problems for the electricity infrastructure that need to be fixed.

Motivation by anticipation: Expecting rapid feedback enhances performance
The timing of expected feedback impacts individuals' performance: Students who were told they would receive feedback quickly on their presentations earned higher grades than students who expected feedback at a later time.

Color it ready -- Webb Telescope instrument now at Goddard
The cosmos is filled with color, and color is a key in determining age, chemical composition and how far objects are from Earth.

Mount Sinai finds meta-cognitive therapy more effective for adult ADHD patients
Mount Sinai researchers have learned that meta-cognitive therapy, a method of skills teaching by use of cognitive-behavioral principles, yielded significantly greater improvements in symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults than those that participate in supportive therapy.

Hormone replacement in joint fluid has potential regenerative effect
German researchers determined that concentrations of the sex hormones, testosterone in men and estrogen in women, may have a positive effect on the regenerative potential of cartilage tissue.

Flavonoids in orange juice suppress oxidative stress from high-fat, high-carb meal
Eating foods containing flavonoids -- orange juice, in this case -- along with a high-fat, high-carbohydrate fast-food meal neutralizes the oxidative and inflammatory stress generated by the unhealthy food and helps prevent blood vessel damage, a new study by University at Buffalo endocrinologists shows.

Minority women least likely to gain access to a doctor, study says
One in three South Asian, West Asian or Arab women -- one of the fastest growing segments of Canada's population -- say they have trouble accessing a doctor to address an urgent health concern or to monitor health problems.

Leader in genetics, Dr. David L. Rimoin, receives ACMG Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award
Dr. Rimoin was recognized for his decades of contributions to genetic medicine, for his research into skeletal dysplasias and heritable disorders of connective tissue, and for helping to organize the field of medical genetics into creditable associations like the ACMG.

Common house ants form supercolonies, prosper in urban settings
One of the most common house ant species might have been built for living in a forest, but the ants have found ways to take advantage of the comforts of city living.

SuperPower and UH sign high temperature superconducting wire license agreements
The University of Houston executed two license agreements with SuperPower, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Royal Philips Electronics.

The pill for ovarian cysts
A study evaluated for Faculty of 1000 suggests a simple and effective remedy for ovarian

A push makes neuron longer
Some neurons from spinal cord have quite long neurites, but the molecular mechanism of long-neurite outgrowth has been still mysterious.

Clinicopathologic factors on postoperative tumor recurrence and long-term survival
The unique anatomical position of caudate lobe hepatocellular carcinoma and the relatively small number of surgical cases means that the impact of clinicopathologic factors on postoperative tumor recurrence and long-term survival have not been reported.

Research shows why we forget to take our medicine, and what we can do about it
For many people, remembering to take a daily medication can be the difference between life and death.

Genes under control
The organelles of photosynthesis -- the chloroplasts - have their own DNA, messenger RNA and ribosomes for forming proteins.

UT Southwestern researchers find clues to TB drug resistance
Two new tuberculosis studies by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers provide good news and bad news about the bacterium that infects nearly a third of the world's population and a disease that kills nearly 2 million people each year.

University of Cincinnati's William Vanooij earns first Ohio Patent Award from Ohio Academy of Science
Emeritus faculty member continues entrepreneurial streak by garnering the first Ohio Patent Award from the Ohio Academy of Science and the Ohio State Bar Association Intellectual Property Law Section.

TRMM measures Cyclone Paul's rainfall from space
Having been hit by two tropical cyclones so far this season, Queensland had been the center of tropical cyclone activity, but with the recent arrival of Tropical Cyclone Paul, it is now the Northern Territory's turn to experience heavy rains and gusty winds.

Giggles give clues to hyena's social status
The giggle call of the spotted hyena tells other hyenas not only the age and identity of the animal, but also its social status, according to a new UC Berkeley study.

Melior enters drug discovery collaboration with Rett Syndrome Research Trust
Melior Discovery Inc. announced today that it has entered into collaboration with the Rett Syndrome Research Trust to screen drug candidates in an in vivo model of Rett syndrome.

Will genetics ever have the promised impact on medical practice?
Since the discovery of gene sequencing in the late 1970s, it was predicted that genetics would revolutionize medicine and provide answers to the causes of many of our common killers.

Targeted agent blocked growth of deadly brain cancer in preclinical studies
A drug already in clinical trials to treat a variety of tumors shows a remarkable ability to shut down growth of glioblastoma in both laboratory cells and in animals, say researchers from Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center and the University of California, San Francisco.

Reducing fuel consumption in medium- and heavy-duty vehicles
Medium- and heavy-duty vehicles -- such as tractor-trailers, transit buses, and work trucks -- consume about 26 percent of transportation fuel used in the US.

European hematologist receives award to conduct research in US
The European Hematology Association and the American Society of Hematology have selected Ingmar Bruns, M.D., as the seventh recipient of the EHA-ASH Research Exchange Award, which serves to strengthen ties between North American and European scientific communities.

Innovative thinking on agriculture in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Nations of the Greater Mekong Subregion need to

Misinformation about antibiotics can travel to large audience via Twitter: study
Misunderstandings about proper use of antibiotics have the potential to spread widely through social networks such as Twitter, according to a report in the April issue of AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology Inc.

Young salamanders' movement over land helps stabilize populations
In research published in the March 29, 2010, issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a University of Maryland-led team of researchers describe how species of stream salamanders find new homes by moving both within streams and over land to adjacent streams during multiple life stages, and how this movement may help to stabilize their populations.

Bile sends mixed signals to E. coli
Bile secretions in the small intestine send signals to disease-causing gut bacteria allowing them to change their behavior to maximize their chances of surviving, says Dr.

World record: Julich supercomputer simulates quantum computer
A quantum computer could provide an enormous improvement in the processing speed of existing computers.

Nonspecific marker of non-erosive reflux disease
Non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) is the most common disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.

Author of Ph.D. applies innovative techniques for visual navigation by mobile robots
The Computational Intelligence Group of the Faculty of Informatics at the University of the Basque Country have carried out research work in a number of different fields.

U of I researchers say foliar fungicides may not be the answer for hail-damaged corn
University of Illinois researchers may have debunked the myth that foliar fungicides can improve corn's tolerance to hail damage.

Predictors of loss of hepatitis B surface antigen in patients co-infected with HIV and HBV
Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) poses a treatment challenge.

Adapting to change? Remember the good, forget the bad!
It's not easy being a bacterium and constantly having to adapt to whatever your environment throws at you.

Head-scratching ad claims can alienate consumers, study finds
Advertising that touts head-scratching scientific ingredients or other details only an expert could appreciate can turn consumers away instead of reeling them in, according to a new University of Illinois study.

Story tips from the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory April 2010
A new pulsed magnet technique developed for ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source shatters previous field strength limits for pulsed neutron scattering experiments.

University of Minnesota physicists play role in Large Hadron Collider research
University of Minnesota professors who played a significant role in the Large Hadron Collider research are available for comment on the project's latest milestone.

Study shows chocolate reduces blood pressure and risk of heart disease
Easter eggs and other chocolate may be good for you -- at least in small quantities and preferably if it's dark chocolate -- according to research that shows just one small square of chocolate a day can lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

A predilection for certain symmetries
Ordered materials with 7-fold, 9-fold or 11-fold symmetries are never observed in nature.

What if all software was open source? A code to unlock the desktop
A new system makes it possible to add custom features to Microsoft Word, Adobe Photoshop, Apple iTunes or any other program.

The Global Summit on International Breast Health
The Breast Health Global Initiative and the Latin American & Caribbean Society of Medical Oncology will convene the fourth biennial BHGI Global Summit on International Breast Health June 9-11, 2010, in Chicago, bringing together collaborating national and international organizations to address the optimization of breast health care delivery in limited-resource countries.

New national study examines weight training-related injuries
The popularity of weight training has grown over the past decade.

Bionic Vision Australia puts bionic eye in sight
Bionic Vision Australia today unveils their wide-view neurostimulator concept -- a bionic eye that will be implanted into Australia's first recipient of the technology.

Doctors report alarming increase in mumps-related testicle problems among young males
Urologists at a leading Irish hospital have reported an alarming increase in the number of teenage boys and young men developing mumps orchitis.

Essential oils to fight superbugs
Essential oils could be a cheap and effective alternative to antibiotics and potentially used to combat drug-resistant hospital superbugs, according to research presented at the Society for General Microbiology's spring meeting in Edinburgh this week.

Study uses Chinese wolfberries to improve vision imperfections caused by type 2 diabetes
A Kansas State University researcher is exploring the use of Chinese wolfberries to improve vision deficiencies that are common for type 2 diabetics.

Square Kilometer Array: The international radio telescope for the 21st century
COST organizes a strategic international workshop to be held in Rome's Palazzo Rospigliosi March 30-31, 2010, in order to explore the benefits of research infrastructure of the SKA.

McGill students brace for subatomic collisions
On March 30, 2010, the Large Hadron Collider will begin colliding subatomic particles at previously unattainable energies, and McGill students will be onsite eagerly awaiting the results.

Cancer therapy using unique imaging, delivery system focus of NSF CAREER Award
The researcher will develop and use a novel sensing system called the

McMaster researcher leads development of promising drug for inflammation
NSAIDs remain the most common treatment to relieve symptoms of arthritis and other inflammatory disorders, but these medications are also known to cause severe, sometimes life-threatening adverse effects within the body, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract.

Ancient snakes living on Madagascar
Blind snakes have been discovered to be one of the few species now living in Madagascar that existed there when it broke from India about 100 million years ago, according to a study that will be published in the March 31, 2010, issue of the Royal Society journal Biology Letters.

Toads' earthquake exodus
Common toads (Bufo bufo) can detect impending seismic activity and alter their behavior from breeding to evacuation mode, suggests a new study in the Zoological Society of London's Journal of Zoology.

Promoting healing by keeping skeletal stem cells 'young'
Scientists seeking new ways to fight maladies ranging from arthritis and osteoporosis to broken bones that won't heal have cleared a formidable hurdle, pinpointing and controlling a key molecular player to keep stem cells in a sort of extended infancy.

CGIAR's 'Outstanding Scientist of the Year' says solution to world's water woes lies in agriculture
Dr. David Molden, winner of the CGIAR award for

Exploration in toddlers activated by fathers
A new study has found that fathers give toddlers more leeway and that allows them to actively explore their environments, according to a new study on parent-child attachment published in Early Child Development and Care.

Experts call to end secrecy surrounding approval of new drugs
Changes are urgently needed to end the secrecy surrounding approval of new drugs in Europe, argue experts on bmj.com today.

National Center for Secure and Resilient Maritime Commerce releases annual report
The Center for Secure and Resilient Maritime Commerce at Stevens Institute of Technology has released its first annual report.

Madagascar's mouse lemurs and more
These are PLoS ONE papers publishing March 31.

St. John's wort collection mined for its medicinal value
A unique collection of St. John's wort (Hypericum) curated by Agricultural Research Service scientists in Ames, Iowa, is providing university collaborators with genetically diverse, well-documented sources of this herb to use in studies examining its medicinal potential.

The consequences of brain contusion
It has been thought that the loss of physical and psychological function after traumatic brain injury is closely related to injuries in brain structures.

Vanderbilt sets up 1 of 8 virtual control rooms for LHC in US
A team of Vanderbilt physicists who are collaborating on the LHC have set up virtual control room on campus so that they can participate fully in the experiments without spending nearly as much time traveling to and from Switzerland.

Brain estrogen shows promise as schizophrenia treatment
An estrogenic drug that influences neurotransmitter and neuronal systems in the brain is showing promise as an effective therapy for women who suffer from schizophrenia.

Radon in residential buildings: A risk factor for lung cancer
About 1900 deaths from lung cancer per year in Germany are due to radon within residential buildings.

Obesity, hypertension, alcohol and diuretic use -- gout risk factors for women
A study by Boston University School of Medicine researchers is the first to examine the relationship between uric acid levels and gout risk in women, also evaluated purported risk factors for gout and found that increasing age, obesity, hypertension, alcohol use and diuretic use to be among leading contributors for women.

New path to solar energy via solid-state photovoltaics
Berkeley Lab researchers have found a new mechanism by which the photovoltaic effect can take place in semiconductor thin-films.

BBSRC and NSF join together to promote new ideas to enhance photosynthesis
Leading bioscience funding bodies in the UK and US announce plans to promote scientific proposals in the potentially transformational area of enhanced photosynthesis.

Researchers harness the power of plants to fight hemophilia
University of Florida and University of Central Florida researchers have devised a way that potentially could help patients develop tolerance to the therapeutic protein needed to treat hemophilia.

Depression affects how women with PMDD respond to stress, pain
These findings give physicians more reason to search for a more specific diagnosis and could possibly lead to more precise treatments, said UNC's Susan Girdler, Ph.D.
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