Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 02, 2010
Plastic electronics could slash the cost of solar panels
By producing plastics that are translucent, malleable and able to conduct electricity, researchers have opened the door to broader use of the materials in a wide range of electrical devices.

Caltech scientists uncover structure of key protein in common HIV subgroup
Scientists from the California Institute of Technology have provided the first-ever glimpse of the structure of a key protein -- gp120 -- found on the surface of a specific subgroup of the human immunodeficiency virus, HIV-1.

Nation's largest organization of ecologists offers expert database
The Ecological Society of America, the nation's largest organization of ecological scientists, unveiled its updated resource for policymakers and members of the media today: the Rapid Response Team database, an ESA resource for several years that is now fully searchable.

April 2010 Lithosphere highlights
Lithosphere carries on from earlier work suggesting a Late Cretaceous-Paleogene

Thyroid condition increases stroke risk in young adults
Young adults with overactive thyroid face a 44 percent increased risk of stroke compared to those with normal thyroid function, according to a study reported in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

MIT makes significant step toward lightweight batteries
A team of researchers at MIT has made significant progress on a technology that could lead to batteries with up to three times the energy density of any battery that currently exists.

Materials Design welcomes South Korean distributor
Materials Design announces an exclusive distribution agreement with Kyung Won Engineering & Communication.

Tropical Storm 23S born in Southern Indian Ocean
According to data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, or TRMM satellite mostly light to moderate rain is falling in the latest tropical cyclone born in the waters of the Southern Indian Ocean.

Operating room radiography to transform surgery
In a move that could change the way many patients undergo surgery, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital has installed five state-of-the-art Siemens Artis zeego medical imaging systems that provide faster, more accurate 3-D images of the body with a quality never before attainable.

Ecologists receive mixed news from fossil record
In a paper to appear in the May issue of American Naturalist, University of Chicago paleontologists explore how the ecological information provided by fossil assemblages is determined by their process of accumulation.

Eating disorders, obesity and communications experts tackle 'weighty matters'
The news media is missing the mark when it comes to communicating realistic and helpful information about health and weight to Americans, according to a panel assembled in New York City.

Attitude toward everyday activity important for healthy lifestyle
Exploring underlying attitudes toward everyday physical activity -- for example, walking to a nearby co-worker's office rather than sending an email -- may open new opportunities for promoting healthier, more active lifestyles, according to Penn State researchers.

Neuroscientists show how brain stores memories of specific fears
The brain is capable of holding and retrieving memories for specific fears, revealing a more sophisticated storage and recall capacity than previously thought, neuroscientists have found.

Most women unaware of risk for debilitating fractures
Underscoring what researchers call a serious international public health concern, results from the Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women showed that among women at an elevated level of risk for osteoporosis-associated fractures, there is a failure to perceive the implications of having important risk factors.

NASA's TRMM satellite maps Cyclone Paul's extreme rainfall totals in Australia
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite has been called a

Ohio Third Frontier awards million-dollar grant to YSI-University of Cincinnati team
The Ohio Third Frontier Commission approved a $1.1 million award to YSI Inc., Riehl Engineering and UC for a carbon nanotube-based nutrient sensor project.

Jefferson physician named 2010 Emergency Department Director of the Year
Rex G. Mathew, M.D., F.A.C.E.P., vice president of emergency medicine clinical operations at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital has been named the Emergency Department Director of the Year by the Emergency Medicine Foundation and Blue Jay Consulting.

Strung along -- easing holiday traffic pain
This Easter, motorists will experience the familiar frustration of being stuck on a motorway in a stop-start traffic jam that eventually disperses with no apparent cause.

Out of this world: New study investigates infection of human cells in space
At 3:21 a.m. PDT on April 5, ASU Biodesign Institute researchers Cheryl Nickerson and her team, including Jennifer Barrila and Shameema Sarker, will see their latest experiment launched into low-Earth orbit aboard the space shuttle Discovery on mission STS-131.

Children's Hospital Boston's Pain Treatment Service is named Clinical Center of Excellence
Children's Hospital Boston's Pain Treatment Service has been named a

Study reveals that logging debris suppresses development of an invasive competitor, Scotch broom
Countless studies and reports exist describing how a landscape is impacted after logging Douglas-fir: What is the impact on the soil?

UH President signs Memorandum of Understanding with Dublin Institute of Technology
University of Houston President Renu Khator and President Brian Norton of the Dublin Institute of Technology in Dublin, Ireland, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding between the two institutions.

Traces of early Native Americans -- in sunflower genes
New information about early Native Americans' horticultural practices comes not from hieroglyphs or other artifacts, but from a suite of four gene duplicates found in wild and domesticated sunflowers.

Longer-lasting flowers: Fresh ideas from ARS researchers
Tomorrow's fragrant bouquets and colorful potted plants might last longer, thanks to ARS floriculture research.

New technology enables machines to detect microscopic pathogens in water
A new system developed by Texas AgriLife Research automatically scans a water sample and points to potential pathogens much faster than what humans can accomplish.

Engineers turn noise into vision
Princeton engineers have developed new technique for revealing images of hidden objects may one day allow pilots to peer through fog and doctors to see more precisely into the human body without surgery.
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