Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 07, 2010
FDNY rescue workers show lasting lung damage from 9/11 World Trade Center dust
A study of nearly 13,000 rescue workers from the Fire Department of the City of New York shows that the significant proportion who suffered acute lung damage after exposure to World Trade Center dust have not recovered normal lung function in the years since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

Hawaiian submarine canyons are hotspots of biodiversity and biomass for seafloor animal communities
Underwater canyons have long been considered important habitats for marine life, but until recently, only canyons on continental margins had been intensively studied.

Entertainment needs drive innovative mobile phone uses in India
A new study on how people in India use mobile computing devices suggests that users devise new and innovative uses for them, if they have sufficient motivation.

Successful short-term peg-interferon monotherapy for chronic hepatitis
The standard duration of interferon therapy for chronic hepatitis C could be shortened according to the virological and clinical status of each patient.

Pitt-led international study identifies human enzyme that breaks down potentially toxic nanomaterials, opens door to novel drug delivery
An international study based at the University of Pittsburgh provides the first identification of a human enzyme that can biodegrade carbon nanotubes -- the superstrong materials found in products from electronics to plastics -- and in laboratory tests offset the potentially damaging health effects of being exposed to the tiny components, according to findings published online in Nature Nanotechnology.

Riso develops new method for manufacturing complex ceramic components in one go
With a new grant the Fuel Cells and Solid State Chemistry Division at Riso DTU will seek to manufacture complex ceramic components by means of well-known, simple methods.

For osteoporosis patients, exercise pill one step closer to reality
For osteoporosis patients unable to exercise, help may be on the way.

Teachers learn how to handle behavior problems through video training program
Behavior problems in the classroom can interfere with instruction, child development and academic achievement.

Digital divide changing but not for students torn by it
When students enter college, they either have it or they don't.

Potential new Alzheimer's drugs advancing in clinical trials
After years of preparation and anticipation, scientists who discover and develop new medications are about to answer a key question about Alzheimer's disease: Will drugs that block formation of abnormal clumps of protein in the brain called amyloid-beta slow the progression of the devastating disease?

Cosmopolitan eels
Genetic variations among moray eels don't show any geographic patterning, apparently because a long-lived larval form called a leptocephalus maintains gene flow among populations.

First animals to live without oxygen discovered
Deep under the Mediterranean Sea small animals have been discovered that live their entire lives without oxygen and surrounded by 'poisonous' sulphides.

Researchers discover new approach for identifying smokers at highest risk for developing lung cancer
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine in collaboration with investigators at the University of Utah, have discovered a new approach for identifying smokers at the highest risk for developing lung cancer.

Toward a better dining experience: The emerging science of molecular gastronomy
A new and relatively little-known scientific discipline called molecular gastronomy has quietly revolutionized the dining experience in some famous restaurants and promises to foster a wider revolution in other restaurant and home kitchens.

New studies show reduced depression with Transcendental Meditation
The Transcendental Meditation technique was effective at reducing symptoms of depression, according to studies conducted at Charles Drew University in Los Angeles and University of Hawaii in Kohala.

Astronomers capture a rare stellar eclipse in opening scene of year-long show
For the first time, a team of astronomers has imaged the eclipse of the star Epsilon Aurigae by its mysterious, less luminous companion star.

Drought can cut national rice production by 99 percent
Drought is threatening rice production across Asia this season. Australia is a startling example, where, in recent years drought has cut rice production dramatically, including one season where it was reduced by 99 percent from previous averages.

SAE International partners with Elsevier
AE International, a world leader in the development and distribution of engineering information for the mobility industry, is teaming with Elsevier, the world's leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information.

Brown University scientists discover new principle in material science
A research team led by Brown University engineers has discovered a new mechanism that governs the peak strength of nanostructured metals.

Consumers over age 50 should consider steps to cut copper and iron intake
With scientific evidence linking high levels of copper and iron to Alzheimer's disease, heart disease, and other age-related disorders, a new report in ACS' Chemical Research in Toxicology suggests specific steps that older consumers can take to avoid build up of unhealthy amounts of these metals in their bodies.

UBC graduate student finds a 'start/stop switch' for retroviruses
A University of British Columbia doctoral candidate has discovered a previously unknown mechanism for silencing retroviruses, segments of genetic material that can lead to fatal mutations in a cell's DNA.

Educate individuals to prevent sky-rocketing health care costs
Educating individuals about the costs of health care could save money and lead to a more efficient use of the health care system, reports a new study.

Scientists unravel brain-hormone circuit that helps police diabetes, female fertility
New findings by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers suggest that the hormones leptin and insulin work together in specific neurons in the hypothalamus region of the brain to affect both the regulation of blood sugar levels in the body and, surprisingly, female fertility.

Urine test for kidney cancer a step closer to development
A team of researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Eastern US forests resume decline
A comprehensive study finds that urban expansion is the main cause of a net loss of forested land in the eastern United States over recent decades.

Parents keep diabetic teens on track
Teenagers and

Review of polls suggests new health care law's implementation likely to be dogged by politics
A review of 33 polls taken before and after Congressional voting and when President Obama signed into law major health care reform has found that partisan differences are stark.

Myths about teens busted in new guide for parents
The new book,

Health reform law likely to improve access to affordable coverage
Robert B. Doherty, ACP's senior vice president of governmental affairs and public policy, analyzes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.

Astronomers take close-up pictures of mysterious dark object
For the first time, astronomers have directly observed the mysterious dark companion in a binary star system that has puzzled skywatchers since the 19th century.

Carbon dioxide may explain 'near death experiences'
Near death experiences, reported to include sensations such as life flashing before the eyes, feelings of peace and joy, and apparent encounters with mystical entities, may be caused by raised levels of carbon dioxide in the blood.

Triton's summer sky of methane and carbon monoxide
According to the first ever infrared analysis of the atmosphere of Neptune's moon Triton, summer is in full swing in its southern hemisphere.

Traditional Inuit knowledge combines with science to shape weather insights
Inuit forecasters in the Canadian Arctic equipped with generations of observational experiences are helping scientists learn more about Arctic weather by providing information and stories that can be combined with statistical climate measurements.

Expression of gelatinases in gastric cancer and superficial gastritis
A research team in Mexico, led by Dr. Clara Luz Sampieri from the Institute of Public Health of Veracruzana University investigated genetic expression of MMP2 and MMP9 in gastric tumor and gastritis tissues using a population from Mexico.

Retreating patients with hepatitis C: Telaprevir boosts cure rate
Adding the investigational drug telaprevir to standard treatment for hepatitis C infection cures about half the patients willing to give therapy a second try.

Habitat of elusive northern squid documented by researcher
Squid and octopus play an important but often overlooked role as key prey in the Arctic marine food web.

UTHealth receives $15 million for health information technology research
An elderly woman suspected of having a stroke arrives confused at the emergency room.

CryoSat-2 ready for launch
Following yesterday's launch dress rehearsal and the debriefing today, the Russian State Commission has given the go-ahead to launch ESA's ice mission tomorrow at 15:57 CEST.

Insolvency risk lower for private equity-backed companies
Private equity-backed buyouts are less likely to fail than nonprivate equity-backed buyouts, according to a report published today by a team of academics.

A tumor suppressor in the gastrointestinal tract
Colorectal cancer is a major type of human cancer. Knowledge regarding the molecular basis for the etiology of this disease can help in identifying novel biomarkers for its early diagnosis or in improving the efficacy of interventionregimens.

Deadly fungus threatens 9 bat species in Ga., Ky., N.C., S.C. and Tenn., expert says
Research Ecologist Susan Loeb, Ph.D., a leading bat expert with the USDA Forest Service's Southern Research Station, today identified nine bat species in Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee that she believes are most threatened by white-nose syndrome, a fungus that kills bats and appears to be rapidly spreading south from the northeastern United States.

Drosophilists fly into D.C. for 51st Annual Drosophila Research Conference
More than 1,600 genetics researchers who use Drosophila melanogaster (the fruit fly) as the workhorse to study basic aspects of biology ranging from memory to cancer, will be gathering in Washington, D.C., for the 51st Annual Drosophila Research Conference, sponsored by the Genetics Society of America, and beginning this evening at the Marriott Wardman Park.

Getting heavier, younger: U-M study shows generational shift in obesity
If you were born between 1966-1985 chances are you weigh more than your Mother did at the same age, according to a new study by the University of Michigan Health System.

Searching for brain's defenses to ward off infections, prevent memory loss
Researchers at the Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine and School of Medicine will look for evidence within the brain for human beta defensin peptide function -- proteins important to the peripheral body's natural defense system against infection from the outside environment.

Connect 2 Congress lets you track your senator, 1 vote at a time
Most of us know who the President is, but fewer can name their US Senators or Representatives.

Henry Ford Hospital atudy: Hepatitis C infection doubles risk for kidney cancer
Physicians at Henry Ford Hospital have found that infection with the hepatitis C virus increases the risk for developing kidney cancer.

NC State research may revolutionize ceramics manufacturing
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new way to shape ceramics using a modest electric field, making the process significantly more energy efficient.

90 percent of children with intermittent exotropia will become nearsighted by 20 years of age
Intermittent exotropia, a condition in which the eyes turn outward while looking at an object.

Society of Interventional Radiology, Custom Computer Specialists announce HI-IQ licensing agreement
The Society of Interventional Radiology and Custom Computer Specialists Inc.

Genetic factor shown to regulate both heart failure and aneurysm disease
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researchers have identified a major indicator of two deadly diseases of the heart and blood vessels: heart failure and aortic aneurysm.

Does smoking compound other MS risk factors?
A new study shows that smoking may increase the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) in people who also have specific established risk factors for MS.

A well-defended territory is what some female hummingbirds find most attractive in a mate
Scientists recently discovered that it is in the best interest of male purple-throated caribs to defend and maintain a territory with a high density of nectar-producing flowers.

Research corroborates mindfulness meditation effective in Marriage and Family Therapy curriculum
Mindfulness meditation helps students improve their ability to be emotionally present in therapy sessions with clients.

Hooking up or dating: Who benefits?
Carolyn Bradshaw, from James Madison University in Virginia, and colleagues explored the reasons that motivate college men and women to hook up or to date, as well as the perceived relative benefits and costs of the two practices.

Wake Forest earns patent for efficient, inexpensive fiber-based solar cells
Wake Forest University has received the first patent for a new solar cell technology that can double the energy production of today's flat cells at a fraction of the cost.

New agent chokes off energy supply, kills cancer cells
Researchers have designed an experimental drug that chokes off the energy supply of cancer cells.

When is the suitable time to perform follow-up liver biopsies in Wilson disease patients?
Wilson disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of copper accumulation that is characterized by hepatic, neurological and psychiatric manifestations.

Controls for animals' color designs revealed
The vivid colors and designs animals use to interact with their environments have awed and inspired since before people learned to draw on the cave wall.

New survey techniques improve narwhal population estimates
Estimates of narwhals summering in Canadian Arctic waters have improved because of new techniques developed by an international team of scientists.

OptiNose's novel intranasal sumatriptan product highly effective in treating migraines
OptiNose, a leader in nasal drug delivery systems, is pleased to announce the publication in Cephalalgia of results from its Phase II clinical study investigating the efficacy and tolerability of its novel, intranasal drug/device product for the treatment of migraine.

Delayed retirement among Americans may bolster future of Social Security and Medicare, study finds
An unprecedented upturn in the number of older Americans who delay retirement is likely to continue and even accelerate over the next two decades, a trend that should help ease the financial challenges facing both Social Security and Medicare, according to a new study.

Scientists find out why living things are the size they are -- and none other
If you consider yourself to be too short or too tall, things are looking up, or down, depending on your vertical disposition.

Vitamin C and E supplements do not reduce risk for blood pressure disorders of pregnancy
Taking vitamin C and E supplements starting in early pregnancy does not reduce the risk for the hypertensive disorders and their complications that occur during pregnancy, according to a study by a National Institutes of Health research network.

NSF releases Open Government plan
In response to President Obama's Open Government Directive, the National Science Foundation is finding ways to make its work more accessible to the general public.

Genesis climbs a mountain to prove wireless Internet can deliver advanced telecoms
A research project has brought remote rural regions closer to receiving reliable telephone and multimedia services over the Internet.

Toddlers appreciate good intentions, Queen's study finds
Researchers at Queen's University have discovered that toddlers as young as 21 months appreciate good intentions, and will do their best to reward the efforts of people who try to help them.

UTHealth to serve as Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston has been awarded $15.3 million to establish a Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center.

Glycemic index and glycemic load of some popular Chinese traditional foods
The glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) are closely related to some chronic diseases, however, little was known about the GI and GL values of Chinese traditional foods even in the latest international GI and GL tables.

New hope for treating hepatitis C: Telaprevir
Researchers found that telaprevir, a protease inhibitor, combined with standard hepatitis C treatment, cures a significantly higher number of difficult-to-treat patients than standard treatment alone.

New honorary doctors at Karolinska Institutet
Every year, the Board of Research at Karolinska Institutet awards honorary doctorates to people who have made vital contributions to the university.

BUSPH study links rheumatoid arthritis to vitamin D deficiency
Women living in the northeastern United States are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis, suggesting a link between the autoimmune disease and vitamin D deficiency, says a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher.

UNC's Dr. Sean McLean receives Robert Wood Johnson Foundation award
Sean E. McLean, M.D., has been selected as a 2010-2014 Harold Amos Medical Faculty Development Program scholar.

International team discovers element 117
An international team of scientists from Russia and the United States has discovered the newest superheavy element, element 117.

Carnegie Mellon releases ROBOTC2.0 programming language for educational robots
Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Academy announces the release of ROBOTC2.0, a programming language for robots and an accompanying suite of training tools that are easy enough for elementary students to use, but powerful enough for college-level engineering courses.

Supplement your stem cells
A nutritional supplement could stimulate the production of stem cells integral for repairing the body.

Plant growth aided by insect-feeding animals
Add insect-feeding birds, bats and lizards to the front lines of the battle against global climate change.

Most women unaware of risk for debilitating fractures
Underscoring what researchers call a serious global public health concern, results from a new study led by Columbia University Medical Center reveal that many women at an elevated level of risk for osteoporosis-associated fractures fail to perceive the implications of the risk factors.
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