Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 13, 2010
Study: Guillain-Barré Syndrome cases low after 2009 H1N1 vaccine
A new study finds that reports of a neurologic disease called Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) have been low after 2009 H1N1 vaccination, according to a research study that will be presented as part of the late-breaking science program at the American Academy of Neurology's 62nd Annual Meeting in Toronto, April 10-17, 2010.

A lab rat -- created in the lab
Prof. Amit Gefen of Tel Aviv University has concluded that tissue necessary for animal trials can be produced from fat, skin, bone and muscle cells.

Birds of a feather don't always respond together to infection
A Princeton University-led research team is the first to have documented that different populations of the same animal species respond differently with fever when fighting infection in the wild.

Community research guidelines set stage for 'real world' scholarship
Academia is sometimes viewed as an

Health care reform 'important' even to those who want new law repealed
Fifty-eight percent of Americans support repealing the health care reform legislation that was signed into law by President Barack Obama in March, according to a new national survey conducted April 6-10 by researchers from Indiana University's Center for Health Policy and Professionalism Research.

Creepy crawly cockroach ancestor revealed in new 3-D model
An early ancestor of the cockroach that lived around 300 million years ago is unveiled in unprecedented detail in a new three-dimensional

New adult malnutrition strategies could improve diagnosis and treatment
A new consensus statement on adult malnutrition suggests classifying patients in three categories related to the cause of malnutrition, according to an international committee of nutrition researchers.

Groundbreaking MS research to be presented at American Academy of Neurology Annual Meeting
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine will present several studies at the American Academy of Neurology Annual Meeting, including a potential new drug for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and surprising trends showing a reduction in the disease's severity.

ESA's ice mission delivers first data
ESA's CryoSat-2 has delivered its first data just hours after ground controllers switched on the satellite's sophisticated radar instrument for the first time.

Improving data collection and estimation methods for child and adult mortality
Three research papers and a perspective published in PLoS Medicine this week highlight the importance of gathering accurate information on numbers of deaths, and suggest ways of improving estimates in countries where complete vital registration systems do not exist.

Tapeworm brain infection 'serious health concern'
Tapeworm infections of the brain, which can cause epileptic seizures, appear to be increasing in Mexico and bordering southwestern states, Loyola University Health System researchers report.

Anti-aging hormones: Little or no benefit and the risks are high
In the wake of the American Medical Association's Council on Science and Public Health's recently released report,

Wild ferrets are spreading throughout the island of La Palma
Scientists from the Canary Islands have compiled data on wild ferrets in La Palma and the damage they cause in the ecosystem, to confirm that the island is the one with the highest number of naturalized animals in the archipelago.

Towards treating female sexual dysfunction: Research reveals secrets of female sexual arousal
By using a novel prototype drug, researchers have discovered more about the mechanisms underlying female sexual arousal.

'Love handles' repurposed for breast reconstruction in women without enough belly fat
A new technique using tissue from those below-the-waist

Prostate cancer linked to increased risk of blood clots, particularly in patients receiving hormone treatment
Men with prostate cancer are at increased risk of potentially life-threatening thromboembolism (formation of a blood clot), particularly those receiving endocrine therapy (hormone therapy).

What causes seizure in focal epilepsy?
In focal epilepsy, seizures are generated by a localized, synchronous neuronal electrical discharge that may spread to large portions of the brain.

Turning planetary theory upside down
The discovery of nine new transiting exoplanets is announced today at the RAS National Astronomy Meeting.

SNM receives grant from AHRQ for comparative effectiveness research
SNM has been awarded a $48,000 grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to hold a conference to develop research on the comparative effectiveness of positron emission tomography and other molecular imaging techniques.

TCT 2010 to have significant impact on interventional cardiology practices and patient care
TCT 2010 will provide significant clinical research updates to technologies and practices in interventional cardiology that will directly affect patient care.

Carnegie Mellon's Jessica Zhang wins Investigator Award
Carnegie Mellon University's Jessica Zhang was awarded a prestigious Young Investigator Award of $510,00 for three years.

Democracy not vital for Internet to flourish in some countries
As the Internet spreads across the globe, countries don't necessarily need democracy to join the online community, a new study from Ohio State University has found.

Global study shows 'health' joins 'green' as business strategy
The 2010 Health Engagement Barometer being released at the 7th Annual World Heath Care Congress in Washington, D.C., shows the general public expects businesses outside the health industry to be involved in health in ways that go well beyond the health of their employees.

Weight-loss surgery lowers risk of pregnancy complications in obese women
Obese women who undergo bariatric surgery before having a baby have a much lower risk of developing serious health problems during pregnancy, finds a study published on bmj.com today.

Use of certain anticonvulsant medications may be associated with increased risk of suicide
An analysis of prescription and clinical claims data suggests that the use of certain anticonvulsant medications may be associated with an increased risk of suicide, attempted suicide or violent death, according to a study in the April 14 issue of JAMA.

Malaria: Poor data on key mosquito control tool a threat to effective malaria prevention
Despite wide acclaim as a successful policy there is currently almost no quantitative evidence showing how well spraying the walls of people's homes with mosquito-killing insecticide really works against malaria.

New research tools for BRAMS via Sonomax Technologies
Sonomax Technologies Inc. has been selected by Montréal's International Laboratory for Brain, Music and Sound Research (BRAMS) to provide miniaturized, real-time, in-ear, digital signal processing devices to investigate experience-dependent brain plasticity in humans.

CSHL scientists discover how a tumor suppressor induces senescence and staves off cancer
The Retinoblastoma (RB) gene controls a vast and potent tumor suppression pathway, which is disabled in virtually all tumor cells because of mutations in the gene.

Cultural identity of indigenous society of Patagonia restored
Argentinean and Spanish researchers have shown that indigenous societies in Patagonia, the southernmost region of the Earth inhabited by humans over the past 13,000 years, were not static and marginal as had always been thought, but in fact had high levels of social organization.

New patented technology for improving cardiac CTs receives NIH support
Researchers from Virginia Tech and GE Global Research Center are developing novel cardiac computed tomography (CT) architectures and methods, including a newly patented approach to a long-standing challenge in local CT image reconstruction.

UCLA study compares bypass surgery to angioplasty
A new UCLA study compares the safety and efficacy of heart bypass surgery to angioplasty with drug-eluting stents in patients with left main coronary artery disease, a diagnosis affecting thousands of individuals.

DNA analysis suggests whale meat from sushi restaurants in L.A., Seoul originated from Japan
An international team of Oregon State University scientists, documentary filmmakers and environmental advocates has uncovered an apparent illegal trade in whale meat, linking whales killed in Japan's controversial scientific whaling program to sushi restaurants in Seoul, South Korea, and Los Angeles, Calif.

STI, HIV counseling inadequate in male teens
Despite national guidelines aimed at improving sexual health services for teenagers, most sexually active boys -- even those who report high-risk sexual behaviors -- still get too little counseling about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections during their visits to the doctor, according to a study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

Gene identified for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
A mutation in a brain protein gene may trigger irregular heart beat and sudden death in people with epilepsy, according to new research in the April 14 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

Argonne's CARIBU charge breeder breaks world record for efficiency
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have pushed the limits of charge breeding and broken a long-standing world record for ionization efficiency of solids.

Tobacco policies: Smoking bans reduce exposure to secondhand smoke and reduce heart attacks
In countries and states that have introduced policies that restrict smoking in public, people have less exposure to secondhand smoke.

New nano-tool synthesized at Scripps Research Institute
Two chemists at the Scripps Research Institute have synthesized a new nano-scale scientific tool -- a tiny molecular switch that turns itself on or off as it detects metallic ions in its immediate surroundings.

New treatment helps control involuntary crying and laughing -- common in MS, ALS patients
Pseudobulbar affect is a neurologic condition of involuntary, sudden and frequent episodes of laughing or crying, and is quite common in patients with underlying neurologic diseases or injuries, especially those with multiple sclerosis (MS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Traditional 'heel stick' test is not an effective screening tool for CMV in newborns
The heel-stick procedure, a routine screening test for several metabolic and genetic disorders in newborns, is not effective in screening for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, a leading cause of hearing loss in children, says a news study published in JAMA.

Fear of getting fat seen in healthy women's brain scans
When healthy women see an image of an overweight stranger, it lights up a part of their brain that processes identity and self-reflection.

National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping comes to Houston
UH has increased its cadre of laser mapping researchers, expanding pioneering work in homeland security, disaster recovery, oil and gas exploration, wind farm site planning and environmental studies.

Investigational immune intervention slows brain shrinkage in Alzheimer's patients
An investigational intervention using naturally occurring antibodies in human blood has preserved the thinking abilities of a group of mild- to moderate-stage Alzheimer's patients over 18 months and significantly reduced the rate of atrophy (shrinkage) of their brains, according to a study performed at the NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center.

DNA testing of newborn's blood not effective for identifying hearing loss infection
DNA analysis of dried blood samples routinely collected from newborns did not effectively identify an infection that is a major cause of hearing loss in children, according to a study in the April 14 issue of JAMA.

People living in communities near oil sands can breathe easy: U of A study
University of Alberta researcher Warren Kindzierski's study found that despite ongoing oil sands development, people living in the communities near Alberta's oil sands should feel confident that the air they are breathing is safe.

Give dirty mouths a brush
Toothpaste that contains triclosan/copolymer is better than regular fluoride toothpastes at killing the kinds of bacteria that live in people's mouths, according to a study published in the January/February 2010 issue of General Dentistry, the peer-reviewed clinical journal of the Academy of General Dentistry.

'Vicious circle' offers new acute leukemia treatment target
Researchers have discovered a network of protein and microRNA molecules that, when imbalanced, contributes to abnormally high levels of a protein called KIT and favors the development of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Drinking tap water may help you avoid dentist's drill
Tooth decay affects children in the United States more than any other chronic infectious disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Endangered quolls taught to turn their noses up at toxic toad
Ecologists in Australia have successfully trained a critically endangered marsupial -- the northern quoll -- to turn its nose up at toxic cane toads.

Blinded by jealousy?
Jealousy really is

Jefferson researcher receives 2010 Pancreatic Cancer Action Network-AACR Career Development Award
Molecular biologist Jonathan Brody, Ph.D., assistant professor, department of surgery at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, has been awarded a 2010 Pancreatic Cancer Action Network -- American Association of Cancer Research Career Development Award in memory of Skip Viragh.

Astronomers find 9 new planets and upset the theory of planetary formation
The discovery of nine new planets challenges the reigning theory of the formation of planets, according to new observations by astronomers.

Migraine: Aspirin and an antiemetic is a reasonable option
A single dose of 900-1,000 mg aspirin can substantially reduce migraine headache pain within two hours, for more than half of people who take it.

As Obama seeks to revamp No Child Left Behind, a scientist asks why we educate children at all
The differences between the Bush and Obama approaches to education, significant though they are in the debate over American education, are relatively narrow compared to the huge range in objectives of education systems worldwide, according to Joel E.

Chagas disease a negelected and unrecognized, but growing, cause of stroke
An estimated 18 million people worldwide are infected with the chronic form of Chagas disease, resulting in 50,000 deaths each year.

World's top expert on expertise elected to elite academy
K. Anders Ericsson has spent much of his career studying what makes the world's best musicians and athletes the best.

Helping fathers of sexually abused children
The preliminary results of a Université de Montréal study show that fathers of sexually abused children can suffer from anxiety, depression and grief.

Case Western Reserve receives nearly $8M to help providers enable adoption of EHRs in Ohio
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has received $7,942,500 in federal stimulus funds from the Ohio Health Information Partnership, the state designated entity for health information exchange development.

OHSU awarded $5.8 million to expand health information technology education
Oregon Health & Science University has been awarded $5.8 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds to advance the widespread adoption and meaningful use of health information technology by educating professionals to work in this rapidly growing field.

Workshop to look at movement of skilled workers
The movement of skilled workers, the countries they come from, their influence on the economy and their contributions to the development of their home countries are some of the topics of

Human working memory is based on dynamic interaction networks in the brain
A research project of the Neuroscience Center of the University of Helsinki sheds light on the neuronal mechanisms sustaining memory traces of visual stimuli in the human brain.

Why are allergies increasing?
Allergies have become a widespread in developed countries: hay fever, eczema, hives and asthma are all increasingly prevalent.

Brain cancer: Study focuses on forgotten cells
Glioblastoma can often be removed surgically, but the brain tumor often reappears, because some tumor cells remain in the brain.

Stanford researchers find electrical current stemming from plants
Stanford engineers have generated electrical current by tapping into the electron activity in individual algae cells.

Long-distance larvae speed to new undersea vent homes
Working in a rare,

Darwin was right
A University of Missouri researcher has compiled research that shows how Darwin's sexual selection is the best explanation of the differences between women and men including from infancy, relationships with friends, mate choices, to brain and cognition.

New drug design technique could dramatically speed discovery process
Scientists here are taking the trial and error out of drug design by using powerful computers to identify molecular structures that have the highest potential to serve as the basis for new medications.

Dual approach gives a more accurate picture of the autistic brain
A new study, the first of its kind, combines two complementary analytical brain imaging techniques, to provide a more comprehensive and accurate picture of the neuroanatomy of the autistic brain.

State of Sao Paulo hosts conference on science, technology and innovation
Sao Paulo Conference on Science, Technology and Innovation, scheduled for April 12-13, at the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, in the city of Sao Paulo will lay the groundwork for the 4th National Conference on Science, Technology and Innovation, which will take place in the national capital of Brasilia from May 26-28.

Study finds wide variation in those infected by H1N1
An analysis of blood samples taken before, during and after an epidemic wave of influenza A(H1N1) in Singapore in 2009 finds variation in infection risks and antibody levels, with younger age groups and military personnel having higher infection rates than other groups, according to a study in the April 14 issue of JAMA.

Genetically engineered crops benefit many farmers, but the technology needs proper management to remain effective
Many US farmers who grow genetically engineered crops are realizing substantial economic and environmental benefits -- such as lower production costs, fewer pest problems, reduced use of pesticides, and better yields -- compared with conventional crops, says a new report from the National Research Council.

NRC chairman says SILEX needs a careful look
As global leaders discuss ridding the world of nuclear weapons, the chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission has acknowledged that a new laser technology -- which could lead to even more global proliferation -- deserves a closer examination.

Smoking may counteract benefit of moderate drinking on stroke risk
New research finds any beneficial effect of drinking moderate amounts of alcohol on stroke may be counteracted by cigarette smoking, according to research that will be presented as part of the late-breaking science program at the American Academy of Neurology's 62nd Annual Meeting in Toronto, April 10-17, 2010.

Patients without health insurance more likely to delay seeking care for heart attack
Patients who do not have health care insurance, or those with insurance but financial concerns about accessing health care, are more likely to delay seeking emergency care for a heart attack, according to a study in the April 14 issue of JAMA.

Calculating agriculture's phosphorus footprint
Balancing phosphorus levels in crop lands is a key factor that is often overlooked in discussions of global food security, according to a paper published in the International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology.

Weight-loss surgery significantly reduces risk of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy
Obese women who have bariatric surgery before getting pregnant are at significantly lower risk for developing dangerous hypertensive disorders during pregnancy than those who don't, according to a study of medical insurance records by Johns Hopkins experts.

New data show sustained 5-year benefit of Neupro (Rotigotine Transdermal System) for symptoms of restless legs syndrome
The latest safety and efficacy results for rotigotine in the treatment of moderate to severe restless legs syndrome are presented at 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology.

Dying: Millions of women in childbirth, newborns and young children
As G8 leaders prepare for a June meeting at which maternal and child health problems will take top priority, a new analysis details the extent of the problem today: 350,000-500,000 women die in childbirth each year, 3.6 million newborns fail to survive their first month, and an additional 5.2 million children die before age 5.

National honor to history-making undersea explorer
Dr. Don Walsh, who co-piloted the historic 1960 deep-sea voyage of the Trieste, will be honored by the US Department of the Navy in a ceremony on at 10 a.m.

Scientists find new genes for cancer, other diseases in plants, yeast and worms
From deep within the genomes of organisms as diverse as plants, worms and yeast, scientists have uncovered new genes responsible for causing human diseases such as cancer and deafness.

High-performance computing reveals missing genes
Scientists have used high-performance computing to locate small genes that have been missed by scientists in their quest to define the microbial DNA sequences of life.

Diet alone will not likely lead to significant weight loss
Newly published research by scientists at Oregon Health & Science University demonstrates that simply reducing caloric intake is not enough to promote significant weight loss.

American Association for Cancer Research hosts 101st Annual Meeting 2010 in Washington, D.C.
Scientific breakthroughs in molecular targeting, translational cancer research and cancer prevention will take center stage when more than 17,000 scientists from around the world gather at the Walter E.

Selected highlights of the research being presented at the Experimental Biology 2010 meeting
Mark your calendar for Experimental Biology 2010, taking place in Anaheim, Calif., from April 24-28.

Sequence is scaffold to study sleeping sickness
Researchers have published the genome sequence for T. b. gambiense -- the strain of Trypanosoma brucei responsible for almost all cases of sleeping sickness in humans.

UI researchers analyze implications of 'intelligent design' for human behavior
Although evolutionists and creationists strongly disagree about the role that intelligent design plays in the origins of bodies and brains, they curiously agree about the role that intelligent design plays in the origins of human inventiveness.
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