Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 16, 2010
GOES-13 is America's new GOES-EAST satellite
The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite known as GOES-13 became the official GOES-EAST satellite on April 14, 2010.

£3M awarded for climate model to predict disease outbreak
Scientists at the University of Liverpool are working with international partners on a £3 ($4.6) million project to further understanding of how climate modeling can help predict the spread of infectious diseases in Africa.

Icelandic volcanoes can be unpredictable and dangerous, say Texas A&M prof
If history is any indication, the erupting volcano in Iceland and its immense ash plume could intensify, says a Texas A&M University researcher who has explored Icelandic volcanoes for the past 25 years.

2010 Student Conference on Conservation Science
The Center for Biodiversity and Conservation at the American Museum of Natural History announces the 2010 Student Conference on Conservation Science to take place in New York City this November.

2 Hopkins scientists awarded European honorary doctorates
Two genetics researchers from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have been awarded prestigious honorary Doctor of Medicine degrees by European scientific institutions.

Terra Satellite sees Iceland volcano's ash moving into Germany
NASA's Terra satellite has captured another image of Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull volcano ash cloud, now moving into Germany.

Dance therapy improves seniors' gait, balance, researcher finds
For seniors, dancing isn't just for fun; it also can be therapeutic.

You've come a long way on film, baby!
A female director wins best director at the Oscars. A female-driven movie wins two Academy Awards, including best adapted screenplay.

Chinese scientists discover marker indicating the developmental potential of stem cells
Researchers in China are reporting that they have found a way to determine which somatic cells -- or differentiated body cells -- that have been reprogrammed into a primordial, embryonic-like state are the most viable for therapeutic applications.

New studies help establish potential of artificial liver support devices
Results from two studies presented today at the International Liver Congress 2010 have shown that treatment with extracorporeal devices may not confer a survival advantage for severe liver failure patients, despite positive dialysis effects.

Table grapes' new ally: Muscodor albus
Small but mighty, a beneficial microbe called Muscodor albus may help protect fresh grapes from troublesome gray mold.

First evidence that chitosan could repair spinal damage
Spinal injuries are some of the most debilitating that anyone can suffer.

Diagnosis murder
Black holes have long been beloved of science fiction writers for their destructive capabilities and peculiar ability to warp space time.

Patient-reported outcomes study shows improvements in quality of life among patients after 1 year of treatment with TYSABRI
Biogen Idec and Elan Corporation plc today announced results from a one-year, longitudinal health outcomes study in which patients with multiple sclerosis (who received 12 infusions of TYSABRI (natalizumab) reported improvements in quality of life measures, as well as reduced fatigue and overall improved cognitive function, as measured by validated tools.

TGen-Asuragen partner to advance pancreatic cancer research
The Translational Genomics Research Institute and Asuragen Inc. today announced a research agreement that could lead to ways of detecting cancer before it spreads.

Genetic signatures provide new direction in liver cancer
Results of an international clinical study conducted in Europe and the US presented today at the International Liver Congress 2010, the Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Liver in Vienna, Austria, have identified a genomic portrait able to predict recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma, the fifth most common cancer in men.

EAU launches new and updated clinical guidelines for 2010
A number of updated guidelines are presented at the Anniversary Congress of the European Association of Urology held in Barcelona, from April 16-20.

SNM applauds temporary freeze on Medicare cuts
On April 16, the president signed a bill granting temporary relief from looming cuts to Medicare reimbursement rates.

Genetics expert Bert Vogelstein reviews history, challenges and future of cancer genetics research
In a plenary session scheduled for Monday, April 19, at 8 a.m. at the AACR annual meeting in Washington, D.C., Bert Vogelstein, M.D., will offer his definition of the landscape of cancer genetics research for an audience of more than 10,000 scientists.

UD's Zhuang wins NSF Early Career Award for research on how cells bypass damaged DNA
Zhihao Zhuang, assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of Delaware, has won the National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award.

Who is injured determines who gets the blame
University of Missouri researchers conducted a study to determine how much public blame is placed on organizations who undergo crises.

New phase II study supports potential of gs-9450 as new treatment option for steatohepatitis
Results from a multinational phase II study presented today at the International Liver Congress 2010 have shown that treatment with the caspase inhibitor GS-9450 can reduce markers of liver damage in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH -- the most serious form of nonalcoholic liver disease) as demonstrated by reduced levels of alanine and aspartate aminotransferases, hepatic enzymes that indicate cell damage.

High dose UDCA therapy does not improve overall liver histology in obesity related hepatitis
Results of a German study presented today at the International Liver Congress 2010, the Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Liver in Vienna, Austria, have shown that overall, treatment with high dose (23-28mg/kg/d) ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is no more effective than placebo in the treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, the most advanced form of nonalcoholic liver disease associated with cirrhosis of the liver.

Critical record of Afghanistan's natural heritage blooms again
The Wildlife Conservation Society announced the restoration of Kabul University's herbarium -- a once-threatened collection of nearly 25,000 preserved plant specimens -- in a multipartner effort that will vastly improve Afghan research capacity and inform decision-making regarding the future management and protection of Afghanistan's environment.

Improving network firewalls
Managing firewall rules has proven to be a complex, error-prone, expensive and inefficient for many large-networked organizations, according to a research team writing in the International Journal of Internet Protocol Technology.

Top federal officials to speak at May 13-14 AAAS Forum on Science and Technology Policy
White House Science Adviser John P. Holdren, Food and Drug Commissioner Margaret A.

Perimeter Institute congratulates Cliff Burgess on CAP-CRM Prize
Perimeter Institute Associate Faculty member Clifford Burgess has won the 2010 CAP-CRM Prize in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics.

Clinical advances
New data presented today at the International Liver Congress 2010 found a link between chronic hepatitis B virus and progression to cancers other than hepatocellular carcinoma.

Experts honored at EAU Opening Ceremony
On April 16, 2010, the European Association of Urology opened its 25th Anniversary Congress.

UC to test targeted treatment for prostate cancer
With a new partnership with Areva Med, University of Cincinnati researchers will investigate the use of a new drug in stopping the growth of prostate cancer tumors.

Ocean salinities show an intensified water cycle
Evidence that the world's water cycle has already intensified is contained in new research to be published in the American Journal of Climate.

Structure of inner-ear protein is key to both hearing and inherited deafness
Using a combination of crystallization and physics-based simulations, researchers defined the structure of a protein, cadherin-23, that helps mediate our perception of sound.

James E. Cloern wins Ketchum Award
The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution has chosen James E. Cloern, a senior research scientist at the US Geological Survey for the last 34 years, as the recipient of the 2010 Bostwick H.

New findings on taste and smell
Scientists and physicians from around the globe are meeting in St.

Sparks wins distinguished mentoring award from Northeastern Association of Graduate Schools
Donald L. Sparks, the University of Delaware's S. Hallock du Pont Chair of Soil and Environmental Chemistry and director of the Delaware Environmental Institute, has won the Geoffrey Marshall Mentoring Award from the Northeastern Association of Graduate Schools.

Lionfish invasion continuing to expand
Their numbers continue to expand. They are spreading throughout the Caribbean Sea.

The Atmosphere Research Group evaluates dynamic atmosphere in Mediterranean
The University of the Basque Country is one the bodies involved in the European CIRCE project on impact of climate change on the Mediterranean and working jointly with the Spanish Consolider project, GRACCIE, which is drawing up a research consortium to work on gradual and abrupt climate changes.

New insights into treatment options for patients suffering from severe alcoholic hepatitis
Results from two French studies presented today at the International Liver Congress 2010 press conference will help inform clinical practice in the treatment of patients with severe or acute alcoholic hepatitis.

Scientists discover new genetic sub-code
In a multidisciplinary approach, Professor Yves Barral, from the biology department at ETH Zurich and the computer scientists Dr.

MUHC leads pan-Canadian initiative on respiratory disease
The leading cause of hospitalization and the third leading cause of death in Canada, namely chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is one of the least understood diseases.

Kindle e-reader motivates less-enthusiastic readers, K-State professor finds
A K-State professor is finding that electronic readers allow children to interact with texts in ways they don't interact with the printed word.

'Advances in Wound Care' just published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc. publishers
The publication of the new book

Clinical study shows patients gain limb movement years after stroke
A clinical study led by Brown University has found that stroke patients can regain limb movement long after an injury through intensive therapy with specially trained personnel and newly created robotic aids.

CWRU study examines effectiveness of telemonitoring vital signs
Like the bleeps of an alarm clock, TeleCare, a home monitoring device, gives the chronically ill a wake-up call:

G1 HCV patients who achieve an early viral response can be successfully treated within 6 months
Twenty-four weeks of treatment could be sufficient to cure between 93 and 100 percent of treatment-naive chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 (G1) infected patients if they have a fast antiviral response to telaprevir with peginterferon and ribavirin , according to new research presented today at the International Liver Congress 2010, the Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of the Liver in Vienna, Austria.

Discovery could help diabetics and others with slow-to-heal wounds
A new discovery about the wound-healing process could lead to better treatments for diabetics and other patients who have wounds that are slow to heal.

Media opportunity: Tyler Prize Laureate Lecture
On Earth Day, April 22, 2010, two leading US conservationists and recipients of this year's prestigious Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement -- one of the world's first international environmental awards to be established -- will deliver public lectures featuring their seminal work in restoring and protecting animal habitats.

Lunar polar craters may be electrified
As the solar wind flows over natural obstructions on the moon, it may charge polar lunar craters to hundreds of volts, according to new calculations by NASA's Lunar Science Institute team.

Sexual violence aggravates the 31 armed conflicts of 2009
UAB School for a Culture of Peace presents its annual
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