Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 19, 2010
A biotherapy strategy for esophageal cancer in the future
A research team from China focused on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and characterized sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor expression pattern and investigated the role of S1P receptors on ESCC cells proliferation and migration.

Americans turn to Al-Jazeera for raw images of war, UA study finds
Research by Shahira Fahmy in the UA School of Journalism showed that visitors to Al-Jazeera's website, including Americans, went there looking for graphic images of war that US media generally don't publish.

Urban wildlife: Some birds crave cement, not trees
Not all animals crave green spaces. Some thrive in urban ecosystems composed of concrete and glass and this particularity will be addressed by Danielle Dagenais, a professor at the Universite de Montreal School of Landscape Architecture, as part of the Sommet sur la biodiversite et le verdissement de Montreal on April 27 and 28.

Meat, especially if it's well done, may increase risk of bladder cancer
People who eat meat frequently, especially meat that is well done or cooked at high temperatures, may have a higher chance of developing bladder cancer, according to a large study at the University of Texas M.

Plastic chips monitor body functions
A small blood lab that fits into the pocket of a jacket can quickly analyze the risk of blood clots in legs prior to a long distance flight; a sensor wristband for measuring electric smog can warn pacemaker patients of life-threatening exposure:

Tracing Listeria monocytogenes in a commercial chicken cooking plant
Incoming raw poultry is the primary source of Listeria monocytogenes contamination in commercial chicken cooking plants, according to a 21-month study conducted by Agricultural Research Service scientists and their collaborators at the University of Georgia.

Research pinpoints action of protein linked to key molecular switch
A study led by UNC's Keith Burridge, Ph.D., professor of cell and developmental biology, published online April 18 in the journal Nature Cell Biology, demonstrates that a protein called Rho GDI1 is a key to maintaining a balance of Rho proteins that allow optimal cellular functioning.

New satellite image of ash spewing from Iceland's volcano
In this image taken just under two hours ago (14:45 CET) by ESA's Envisat satellite, a heavy plume of ash from the Eyjafjallajoekull Volcano is seen traveling in a roughly southeasterly direction.

Biomarkers accurately predict which men may need treatment for prostate cancer
A blood test for certain forms of prostate specific antigen and measurement of DNA content in biopsy tissue accurately predict which men with potentially nonlethal prostate cancers may eventually need treatment, say Johns Hopkins scientists.

Beetles stand out using 'Avatar' tech
A new study suggests that jewel scarab beetles find each other -- and hide from their enemies -- using the same technology that creates the 3-D effects for the blockbuster movie,

Food vs. fuel: MSU scientists say growing grain for food is more energy efficient
Using productive farmland to grow crops for food instead of fuel is more energy efficient, Michigan State University scientists concluded, after analyzing 17 years' worth of data to help settle the food versus fuel debate.

'Touch the Earth' to display at Earth Day on National Mall
NASA will present the new tactile learning book,

Free UAB service to help parents advocate for safer playgrounds, gyms
Simple tools developed by researchers in the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Human Studies will help parents and teachers identify potential dangers on playgrounds and in gymnasiums and give them the means to lobby for safer conditions.

Bionanotechnology has new face, world-class future at Florida State
Imagine the marriage of hard metals or semiconductors to soft organic or biological products.

Scientists find chicken antibodies may help prevent H5N1 pandemic
Scientists have discovered for the first time that antibodies in common eggs laid by hens vaccinated against the H5N1 virus can potentially prevent a possible H5N1 pandemic, raising the possibility that the same principle could be applied to the current H1N1 influenza pandemic.

Biomarkers help predict prostate cancer progression
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have evaluated a simple, more specific blood test that identifies patients undergoing proactive surveillance for low-grade, low-stage, nonpalpable prostate cancer who would eventually require treatment.

GEN reports on the promise of DNA vaccines
Laboratory research and clinical studies are beginning to demonstrate that DNA vaccines can be as effective as traditional vaccines, reports Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News.

How do ads depicting mixed emotions persuade abstract thinkers?
People who think more abstractly respond better to ads that portray mixed emotions, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Volcanic ash research shows how plumes end up in the jet stream
A University at Buffalo volcanologist, an expert in volcanic ash cloud transport, published a paper recently showing how the jet stream -- the area in the atmosphere that pilots prefer to fly in -- also seems to be the area most likely to be impacted by plumes from volcanic ash.

Gene variant may protect memory and thinking skills in older people
New research shows a gene variant may help protect the memory and thinking skills of older people.

Prognosis for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms
A research team from Japan investigated the prognostic significance of the coexistence of metachronous and synchronous cancer in branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMN).

JCI online early table of contents: April 19, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, April 19, 2010, in the JCI: A good mimic promotes nerve cell survival; Promoting recovery from effects of severe allergic reaction; Breathe easy with the protein LPCAT1; Too much insulin a bad thing for the heart?; Putting your BEST(2) channel forward to maintain a healthy colon; New insight into common kidney disease; and others.

Substance in breast milk kills cancer cells
A substance found in breast milk can kill cancer cells, reveal studies carried out by researchers at Lund University and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Therapy can help even very distressed married couples, largest study finds
The largest, most comprehensive clinical trial of couple therapy ever conducted has found therapy can help even very distressed married couples if both partners want to improve their marriage.

Breathe easy with the protein LPCAT1
The leading cause of death in infants born prematurely is respiratory distress syndrome.

Genetic basis for health benefits of the 'Mediterranean diet'
Eating a diet rich in the phenolic components of virgin olive oil represses several pro-inflammatory genes.

Tobacco company's new, dissolvable nicotine products could lead to accidental poisoning
A tobacco company's new, dissolvable nicotine pellet -- which is being sold as a tobacco product, but which in some cases resembles popular candies -- could lead to accidental nicotine poisoning in children.

Vitamin K may protect against developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, say Mayo Clinic researchers
In the first study of vitamin K and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk, researchers at the Mayo Clinic campus in Minnesota have found that people who have higher intakes of vitamin K from their diet have a lower risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Sensor gives valuable data for neurological diseases and treatments
A new biosensor developed at Purdue University can measure whether neurons are performing correctly when communicating with each other, giving researchers a tool to test the effectiveness of new epilepsy or seizure treatments.

The remarkable effects of fat loss on the immune system
Australian scientists have shown for the first time that even modest weight loss reverses many of the damaging changes often seen in the immune cells of obese people, particularly those with Type 2 diabetes.

'10 most wanted' plants inspected for clues to climate change
Students, gardeners, retirees, and other volunteers who are taking part in a nationwide initiative, Project BudBurst, are finding hints that certain plants are blooming unusually early, perhaps as a result of climate change.

Ischemic preconditioning alters hepatic blood supply
A research team from Switzerland and Germany investigated some underlying protective mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning (IP) and found that IP leads to a better blood supply to the liver, which then was associated with reduced hepatocellular damage and less complications following hepatectomies.

Probiotic without effect against Salmonella
Many tourists traveling abroad go down with diarrhea, which can be caused by salmonella.

MiRNA-21 linked to tumor suppressor loss, herceptin resistance
Overexpression of a specific type of microRNA can derail treatment by disabling an important molecular brake on breast cancer cell proliferation, according to evidence presented by researchers from the University of Texas M.

Key brain regions talk directly with each other, say Pitt scientists
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have found new evidence that the basal ganglia and the cerebellum, two important areas in the central nervous system, are linked together to form an integrated functional network.

Blood test for inflammation may be sign of colon cancer
A blood test used to determine the level of inflammation in the body may offer some help in assessing colon cancer risk, according to results of a study to be presented by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center's Gong Yang, M.D., M.P.H., at the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Why do grotesque fashion ads lure consumers?
Women's fashion magazines are chock full of ads, some featuring bizarre and grotesque images.

Secondhand smoke exposure associated with chronic sinus disease
Individuals who are exposed to more secondhand smoke in private and public settings appear more likely to have chronic rhinosinusitis, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Day care dilemma: When 'sick' children are unnecessarily sent home
In a new study, researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, working with Community Coordinated Child Care, have found that many metropolitan Milwaukee child care directors would unnecessarily send children with mild illnesses home.

New explanation for cardiac arrest
Researchers have discovered a new disorder linked to heart problems that stems from a genetic defect in the protein glycogenin.

Brand new species of bacterium found in the Gullmarsfjord north of Gothenburg
Researchers at the Sven Loven Centre for Marine Sciences at the University of Gothenburg have discovered a brand new species of bacterium found only in the Gullmarsfjord north of Gothenburg.

Campus green space more important for undergrads
Students' perceptions of their overall experience on campus may be most strongly associated with their academic accomplishments, but research has also found a solid relationship between undergraduates' use of campus green spaces and their perceptions of quality of life.

Breast cancer risk tied to grandmother's diet
Eating too much fat in pregnancy may be an indulgence that has a less-than-beneficial effect on generations to come, say researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Study: Secondhand smoke linked to common nasal and sinus condition
Nearly 40 percent of chronic rhinosinusitis diagnoses are linked to secondhand smoke, according to a Henry Ford Health System study.

Scripps Research scientists reveal how genetic mutations may cause type 1 diabetes
Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute have provided an answer to the 40-year-old mystery of how certain genetic mutations lead to type 1 diabetes.

UMCES ecologist Margaret Palmer recognized for promoting the role of science in public policy
Chesapeake Biological Laboratory Director Dr. Margaret Palmer has been honored by the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science with its President's Award for Excellence in Science Application for her work informing policymakers and the public about the environmental impacts of mountaintop mining.

Study concludes aerospace industry must evolve new ways to recruit and retain future engineers
Aerospace companies must consider offering newly recruited workers flexible job assignments and a variety of projects to remain competitive with other scientific fields of employment.

Buyer beware: Consumers in conflict may become victims to unwanted influence
When products don't easily fit into our goals, we experience conflict.

A howling success: The 5th howler monkey census on Barro Colorado Island
The fifth Howler Monkey census at the Smithsonian's Barro Colorado Island research station in Panama, organized by Katie Milton, University of California, Berkeley, revealed that monkey numbers have not changed significantly since the first census 33 years ago.

Promoting recovery from effects of severe allergic reaction
One of the life-threatening consequences of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that affects the function of multiple organ systems, is the widening of blood vessels that leads to a dramatic drop in blood pressure.

Being naughty or nice may boost willpower, physical endurance
New research from Harvard University suggests that moral actions may increase our capacity for willpower and physical endurance.

University of Miami College of Engineering to develop new methods for data analysis
A new grant from the US Office of Naval Research will fund the work of University of Miami College of Engineering professors and their collaborators from Indiana University and BAE Systems to develop automated methods for analyzing data.

Block by block: A campaign to combat diabetes
Rush University Medical Center and community organizations are collaborating on an unusual program to educate residents of a Chicago neighborhood about diabetes, increase early diagnosis and provide resources to improve medical care and self-management.

Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee to meet in Charleston, S.C.
The Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee will meet April 20-22, 2010, at the Francis Marion Hotel in Charleston, S.C.

How do older people use e-mail?
Researchers at the Universidad Pompeu Fabra have studied how older people interact and use e-mail in their daily life.

From bacteria to electricity: The future of green energy
Showcasing its energy research initiatives for an Earth Day event on April 22 at the Pentagon, the Office of Naval Research will highlight the microbial fuel cell, a device with the potential to revolutionize naval energy use by converting decomposed marine organisms into electricity.

Carnegie's Chris Field elected to American Academy of Arts & Sciences
Christopher Field, director of the Carnegie Institution's department of global ecology, is among the scientists elected this year to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Researchers identify new gene involved in the development of liver cancer
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have identified a new tumor-promoting gene that may play a key role in the development of liver cancer.

Children with cochlear implants appear to achieve similar educational and employment levels as peers
Deaf children who receive cochlear implants appear more likely to fail early grades in school, but they ultimately achieve educational and employment levels similar to their normal-hearing peers, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Aged female patients taking low-dose aspirin should be paid special attention
A research team from Japan demonstrated gender differences about the clinical features and risk factors of low-dose aspirin (LDA)-associated peptic ulcer.

Cell transplants may benefit children with cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurological disorder permanently affecting muscle movement that may be treated with transplanted olfactory sheathing cells (OECs).

Black or blue? Mulch color affects okra growth, yield
Plastic mulches have been used in vegetable production in the United States since the 1950s.

UAB researchers find 4 biomarkers important in colorectal cancer treatment prognosis
The science of microRNAs continues to generate new insights into cancer and disease treatment.

Researchers seeking better use of aircraft, personnel and fuel
Air Force Office of Scientific Research-funded Colorado State University researchers are trying to solve computationally difficult problems related to logistics planning, vehicle routing, resource allocation, circuit design, wireless frequency assignment and scheduling.

1 in 10 revelers plan on consuming more than 40 units of alcohol in a single evening
Using measures of blood alcohol concentration, self-assessed and observer-assessed drunkenness, a study in the North West of England has confirmed the overwhelming prevalence of extreme alcohol consumption in UK nightlife.

Ethnic groups show different cardiovascular risk profiles
There are striking differences in the cardiovascular risk profiles of four ethnic groups -- white, Chinese, South Asian and black -- living in Ontario, Canada, found a new study in CMAJ.

Should a brand like Sony extend into binoculars or scanners? It depends on the competition
Many companies grow by extending their brands into new types of products.

PaperFree Florida to help move physicians towards electronic health records
The University of South Florida will help doctors in West Central Florida move towards electronic health records, with the support of nearly $6 million in federal stimulus funds, university and political leaders announced.

New molecular therapy candidates for pancreatic cancer
A research team from Japan investigated expression of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) in pancreatic cancer cell lines.

Engineered antibodies directed against a promising therapeutic target on ovarian cancer cells
Stealthy and stubborn, ovarian cancer is a particularly vexing malignancy, difficult to diagnose in early stages and difficult to treat once it progresses further.

Obesity and weight gain near time of prostate cancer surgery doubles risk of recurrence
Johns Hopkins epidemiologists say that prostate cancer patients who gain five or more pounds near the time of their prostate surgery are twice as likely to have a recurrence of their cancer compared with patients whose weight is stable.

New immigrants have higher risk of diabetes than long-term residents
New immigrants, especially women and those of South Asian or African descent, have a higher risk of diabetes compared with long-term residents of Ontario, found a research study in CMAJ.

Enzyme found to be a predictive marker of survival in head and neck cancer
new research from Fox Chase Cancer Center suggests that levels of ERCC1 -- an enzyme that helps repair cisplatin-related DNA damage -- offer a predictive marker of survival in squamous carcinoma of the head and neck.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about three articles being published in the April 20 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

New species of human malaria recognized
Scientists investigating ovale malaria, a form of the disease thought to be caused by a single species of parasite, have confirmed that the parasite is actually two similar but distinct species which do not reproduce with each other, according to research published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

US needs new national strategy for era of cyber aggression, new paper concludes
Deterrence won't work as a posture for protecting the United States from those who seek to use cyber aggression to damage the country.

Chinese pigs 'direct descendants' of first domesticated breeds
Modern-day Chinese pigs are directly descended from ancient pigs which were the first to be domesticated in the region 10,000 years ago, a new archaeological and genetic study has revealed.

Electric drive concepts for the cars of the future
The prospects look good that wheel hub motors will successfully become the accepted drive concept for electric vehicles.

Probing public policy with a new lens
In each of two cities, a team of local agencies launches a campaign to keep children from joining gangs.

Argonne hosts annual Science Careers in Search of Women conference
On April 22, 2010, the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory will give a nod to the past while looking to the future.

Educational historian looks at origins of the culture wars
In his new book, Binghamton University educational historian Adam Laats turns his attention to Protestant fundamentalism in the 1920s.

Magnetic fields drive drug-loaded nanoparticles to reduce blood vessel blockages in an animal study
Scientists and engineers have used uniform magnetic fields to drive iron-bearing nanoparticles to metal stents in injured blood vessels, where the particles deliver a drug payload that successfully prevents blockages in those vessels.

Montana State University professor, students conduct research on the slopes
Montana State University health and human development professor John Seifert's research helps answer questions about how to be a better skier and have more fun in the process.

Conquering conker canker
Scientists have decoded the genome of a bacterium that is threatening the UK's historic landscape.

Blood test identifies people at risk for heart attack that other tests miss
A simple blood test can identify people who are at risk for a heart attack, including thousands who don't have high cholesterol, Oregon Health & Science University scientists say.

Electromobility: Fast-tracking innovation
Battery systems, chargers, wheel hub motors -- in the cars of the future, what will the components look like, and how will they interact with each other?

£110 million over 5 years secures Wellcome Trust's investment in Seeding Drug Discovery
The Wellcome Trust today announces an injection of £110 ($168) million to extend its Seeding Drug Discovery initiative for a further five years.

Gene test shows who could benefit from statins to reduce colon cancer risk: Study
A genetic test can help determine in which patients cholesterol-lowering statin drugs might have the most benefit in also reducing the risk of colorectal cancer, a new study from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center finds.

Patterns of growth changing in Inuit preschoolers
An International Polar Health health survey of Inuit children in northern Canada offers good news and bad.

Which treatment is effective in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis: Probiotic or placebo?
A research team from China compared the therapeutic effects of probiotics treatment and nonprobiotics treatment on ulcerative colitis in remission induction and maintenance.

Graphene: What projections and humps can be good for
Scientists of Leibniz University Hanover and of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt have now investigated in which way a rough base affects the electronic properties of graphene.

Patients with acne may get electronic follow-up care
Follow-up visits conducted via a secure Web site may result in similar clinical outcomes as in-person visits among patients with acne, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Airway obstructions uncommon but deadly in children
Cases of foreign bodies obstructing the airways of young children occur infrequently, but the death rate from such events is high, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Metformin may prevent lung cancer in smokers
Metformin, a mainstay of treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes, may soon play a role in lung cancer prevention if early laboratory research presented here at the AACR 101st Annual Meeting 2010 is confirmed in clinical trials.

2 NASA satellites capture last 3 days of Eyjafjallajokull's ash plume
NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites fly around the world every day capturing images of weather, ice and land changes.

PNNL's Posakony honored with AAES 2009 John Fritz Medal
Jerry Posakony, scientist at the US Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been honored by the American Association of Engineering Societies for his pioneering contributions to the fields of ultrasonics, medical diagnostic ultrasound and nondestructive evaluation technologies.

New insight into Parkinson's disease
New research provides crucial insight into the pathogenic mechanisms of Parkinson's disease, a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder.

Are doctors missing depression medication side effects?
A study from Rhode Island Hospital shows that patients report side effects from medication for the treatment of depression 20 times more than psychiatrists have recorded in the charts.

Study suggests indoor tanning may be an addictive behavior
Individuals who have used indoor tanning facilities may meet criteria for addiction, and may also be more prone to anxiety symptoms and substance use, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Language dysfunction in children may be due to epileptic brain activity
Epileptic activity in the brain can affect language development in children, and EEG registrations should therefore be carried out more frequently on children with severe language impairment to identify more readily those who may need medical treatment, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.

Taped consultations help patients understand heart surgery
Patients who receive an audiotape of their consultation before undergoing heart surgery appear to have more knowledge about their procedures and their health, and also have reduced anxiety and depression, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

NASA's Swift catches 500th gamma-ray burst
In its first five years in orbit, NASA's Swift satellite has given astronomers more than they could have hoped for.

New technology will mean shift for Internet advertising
Placing internet ads on websites will be easier and more profitable in the future thanks to a new technology developed at the University of Toronto that allows ads to be resized to fit any available website space.

Consumer remorse: Difficult choices can lead to second-guessing
Consumers who choose between two good product options build a

UMCES fisheries biologist Dr. David Secor receives USM Regent's Faculty Award for research
For his groundbreaking research focusing on population biology and ecology of fish, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science researcher Dr.

Consumers: Why do you like what I like, but I don't like what you like?
When we like a product, do we think others will like it, too?

UC Riverside entomologist recognized for research in citrus entomology
Robert Luck, a professor of entomology at the University of California, Riverside, has received the California Citrus Quality Council's prestigious Albert G.

NIDCD-funded chemosensory researchers present findings at AChemS 2010 Meeting
Scientists supported by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, one of the National Institutes of Health, will be presenting their latest research findings at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Association for Chemoreception Sciences.

Early predictors of severe acute pancreatitis
A research team from Lithuania and Germany investigated the secretion patterns of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and estimated the activation of various cellular subsets of leukocytes in peripheral blood of patients with severe and mild acute pancreatitis (AP).

Statins do not protect patients against risk of colorectal adenoma
Statins did not protect patients against colorectal adenomas, which are benign precursors of colorectal cancer, according to results of a secondary analysis of the Adenoma Prevention with Celecoxib trial.

Argonne to host next generation battery symposium May 3-4
Argonne National Laboratory will host on May 3-4 the symposium Research Opportunities in Electrochemical Energy Storage Beyond Lithium Ion: Computational Perspectives to discuss advanced battery technologies for transportation, electronics and renewable energy applications.

First-in-class drug BBI608 tested in patients with advanced cancer
Researchers at Boston Biomedical Inc., are working to develop a novel first-in-class cancer drug that works by targeting the stem like properties of some cancer cells, and so far, results of an ongoing Phase I clinical trial demonstrate early signs of a strong safety profile and clinical activity.

Obesity gene, carried by more than a third of the US population, leads to brain tissue loss
UCLA researchers have found that an obesity-related gene carried by nearly half of all Central and Western Europeans may also be associated with brain degeneration.

Springer expanded its service on
Springer Science+Business Media has expanded its service on the website, a free analytical online tool for discerning trends, patterns and subject experts within scientific research.

Weizmann Institute scientists discover: A gene that ties stress to obesity and diabetes
Weizmann Institute scientists have identified a gene that links mental stress to such metabolic diseases as obesity, diabetes and arteriosclerosis.

A good mimic promotes nerve cell survival
Researchers have now developed a two-step screening strategy that could prove useful in developing new therapeutics for the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions.

BATTLE links potential biomarkers to drugs for lung cancer
The first lung cancer clinical trial to guide targeted therapies to patients based on molecular signatures in tumor biopsies is a step toward personalized care and more effective, efficient clinical trials for new drugs, study leaders reported today during the American Association for Cancer Research 101st Annual Meeting 2010.

Cardiff takes a step towards quantum computing
Cardiff University physicists have discovered properties of hybrid light-matter particles, existing in the solid state matrix, which could one day lead to faster and more efficient computers and telecommunications.

John Theurer Cancer Center hosts hematologic malignancies program for physicians and patients
John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center will host a hematological malignancies conference for physicians and patients on Friday, April 23, and Saturday, April 24.

Teaching hospital status associated with death rate after colon surgery
When both cancer and benign diagnoses are taken into consideration, patients undergoing colon surgery appear to have increased odds of death if their procedure is performed at a teaching hospital, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease treated successfully with infliximab
A research team from Italy reported a case of a 23-year-old patient suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF) and Crohn's disease who was successfully treated with infliximab.

NRL researchers study galaxy mergers
Scientists at the Naval Research Laboratory have solved a long-standing dilemma about the mass of infrared bright merging galaxies.

Anemia following surgery for morbid obesity
A research team from United States evaluated the long-term heath issues of patients who underwent gastric bypass surgery.

Study finds treatment-resistant ringworm prevalent among children in metro elementary schools
Approximately 7 percent of elementary school children across the bi-state, Kansas City metropolitan area are infected with the fungus Trichophyton tonsurans, the leading cause of ringworm in the US, according to a new study published today in Pediatrics.

New bony-skulled dinosaur species discovered in Texas
Paleontologists have discovered a new species of dinosaur with a softball-sized lump of solid bone on top of its skull.

Stanford study identifies small molecules mimicking key brain growth factor
Stanford University School of Medicine researchers have identified several small molecules that mimic a key but cumbersome protein in the brain, a discovery that could open the door to new therapies for a variety of brain disorders.

NASA scientist publishes new book: 'Coming Climate Crisis? Consider the Past, Beware the Big Fix'
In the midst of seemingly unending questions about climate change, a new book by Claire L.

Does a man's estrogen level impact his risk of prostate cancer?
A high level of one type of estrogen in a man's body might increase his risk of developing prostate cancer. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to